click links in text for more info

John Herschel

Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet was an English polymath, astronomer, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, did botanical work. Herschel originated the use of the Julian day system in astronomy, he named seven moons of Saturn and four moons of Uranus—the seventh planet, discovered by his father William Herschel. He made many contributions to the science of photography, investigated colour blindness and the chemical power of ultraviolet rays, his Preliminary Discourse, which advocated an inductive approach to scientific experiment and theory-building, was an important contribution to the philosophy of science. Herschel was born in Slough, the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel, he was the nephew of astronomer Caroline Herschel. He studied shortly at Eton College and St John's College, graduating as Senior Wrangler in 1813, it was during his time as an undergraduate that he became friends with the mathematicians Charles Babbage and George Peacock.

He started working with his father. He took up astronomy in 1816, building a reflecting telescope with a mirror 18 inches in diameter, with a 20-foot focal length. Between 1821 and 1823 he re-examined, with the double stars catalogued by his father, he was one of the founders of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1820. For his work with his father, he was presented with the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1826, with the Lalande Medal of the French Academy of Sciences in 1825, while in 1821 the Royal Society bestowed upon him the Copley Medal for his mathematical contributions to their Transactions. Herschel was made a Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1831. Herschel served as President of the Royal Astronomical Society three times: 1827–29, 1839–41 and 1847–49. Herschel's A preliminary discourse on the study of natural philosophy, published early in 1831 as part of Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet cyclopædia, set out methods of scientific investigation with an orderly relationship between observation and theorising.

He described nature as being governed by laws which were difficult to discern or to state mathematically, the highest aim of natural philosophy was understanding these laws through inductive reasoning, finding a single unifying explanation for a phenomenon. This became an authoritative statement with wide influence on science at the University of Cambridge where it inspired the student Charles Darwin with "a burning zeal" to contribute to this work. Herschel published a catalogue of his astronomical observations in 1864, as the General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters, a compilation of his own work and that of his father's, expanding on the senior Herschel's Catalogue of Nebulae. A further complementary volume was published posthumously, as the General Catalogue of 10,300 Multiple and Double Stars. Herschel considered astigmatism to be due to irregularity of the cornea and theorised that vision could be improved by the application of some animal jelly contained in a capsule of glass against the cornea.

His views were published in an article entitled Light in 1828 and the Encyclopædia Metropolitana in 1845. Discoveries of Herschel include the galaxies NGC 7, NGC 10, NGC 25, NGC 28 Declining an offer from the Duke of Sussex that they travel to South Africa on a Navy ship and his wife paid £500 for passage on the S. S. Mountstuart Elphinstone, which departed from Portsmouth on 13 November 1833; the voyage to South Africa was made to catalogue the stars and other objects of the southern skies. This was to be a completion as well as extension of the survey of the northern heavens undertaken by his father William Herschel, he arrived in Cape Town on 15 January 1834 and set up a private 21 ft telescope at Feldhausen at Claremont, a suburb of Cape Town. Amongst his other observations during this time was that of the return of Comet Halley. Herschel collaborated with Thomas Maclear, the Astronomer Royal at the Cape of Good Hope and the members of the two families became close friends. During this time, he witnessed the Great Eruption of Eta Carinae.

In addition to his astronomical work, this voyage to a far corner of the British empire gave Herschel an escape from the pressures under which he found himself in London, where he was one of the most sought-after of all British men of science. While in southern Africa, he engaged in a broad variety of scientific pursuits free from a sense of strong obligations to a larger scientific community, it was, he recalled the happiest time in his life. In an extraordinary departure from astronomy, Herschel combined his talents with those of his wife and between 1834 and 1838 they produced 131 botanical illustrations of fine quality, showing the Cape flora. Herschel used a camera lucida to obtain accurate outlines of the specimens and left the details to his wife. Though their portfolio had been intended as a personal record, despite the lack of floral dissections in the paintings, their accurate rendition makes them more valuable than many contemporary collections; some 112 of the 132 known flower studies were collected and published as Flora Herscheliana in 1996.

As their home during their stay in the Cape, the Herschels had selected'Feldhausen', an old estate on the south-eastern side of Table Mountain. Here John set up his reflector to begin his survey of the southern skies. Herschel, at the same time, read widely. Intrigued by the ideas of gradual formation of landscapes set out in Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology, he wrote to Lyell on 20 February 1836 praising the book as a work that

The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation (album)

The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation is a 1968 debut album by The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation, a vehicle for drummer Aynsley Dunbar after stints in John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers and The Jeff Beck Group. The album was released in 1968 in Canada, Sweden, UK, US with a limited re-release the following year; the cover art was designed by Hipgnosis. All titles published by Lupus Music except'See See Baby' and'Memory of Pain'. Victor Brox: Vocals, Keyboard, Horns John Morshead: Lead Guitar and Vocals Alex Dmochowski: Bass Aynsley Dunbar: Drums Victor Gamm: Engineer

3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment

The 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment is an airborne elite regiment of the French Army heir to the 3rd Colonial Commando Parachute Battalion 3e BCCP created in 1948 and the 3rd Colonial Parachute Regiment 3e RPC. The regiment is part of the 11th Parachute Brigade; the battalion filled the ranks with the thousands throughout the various campaign battle courses of dissolutions and reformations. The battalions of this regiment are heir to the 1st Colonial Parachute Commando Demi-Brigade, another heir of the paratroopers of Free France, the Demi-Brigade of the SAS, of the Parachute Choc Groupment Battalions, whose regimental colors was decorated with the Légion d'honneur on July 1954. On January 8, 1948: creation of the battalion at Vannes. On November 9, 1948: administrative creation of the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion, 3e BCCP On October 1, 1950: became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Group, 3e GCCP. November 1, 1950: dissolution of the 3e GCCP. January 1, 1951: recreation of the battalion at Saint-Brieuc.

December 27, 1951: became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion, 3e BCCP. May 28, 1952: became the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion, 3e BPC. June 1, 1955: recreation of the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion at Mont-de-Marsan. November 1, 1955: became the 3rd Parachute Colonial Regiment, 3e RPC December 1, 1958: became the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment, 3e RPIMa. Created in January 1948, the 3rd Colonial Parachute Commando Battalion 3e BCCP joined Indochina on November of the same year. Cited twice at the orders of the armed forces, the battalion was dissolved after having sacrificed itself in October 1950. During this episode, the 3e BCCP of captain Cazaux and the 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion 1er BEP of Commandant Pierre Segretain, disappeared. Recreated on December 27, 1951, the battalion was designated as the 3rd Colonial Parachute Battalion 3e BPC, illustrating savoir faire while gaining another citation at the orders of the armed forces; the battalion was dissolved again, providing the reformation of another battalion.

Recreated again, the battalion was designated as the 3rd Colonial Parachute Regiment 3e RPC on November 1955 under the orders and disposition of Lieutenant-colonel Bigeard. Designated as the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment in December 1958, the regiment joined the metropole and stationed on July 1962; the regiment formed a part of the 11th Light Intervention Division 11e DLI. In 1968, the regiment intervened in Chad during the during the first civil war conflict; the regiment partook in various peacekeeping missions in Lebanon on numerous yearly designated occasions within the UNIFIL first integrated the corps of the Multinational Force in Lebanon. During one of these various peacekeeping interventions, the regimental commander colonel Jean Salvan was wounded; the regiment intervened in Djibouti, again in Chad, Central African Republic, New Caledonia, Gabon, the Gulf War, Zaire, Ex-Yugoslavia and Kosovo where the regiment acquired the fifth respective citation. The regiment has been deployed in combat, combat support and multipurposed facade mission operations throughout the world with the ongoing War on Terror on all exterior theatres of operations where the French Armed Forces are engaged in along the five continents.

The regiment is composed of 1120 personnel organized into 8 companies: Compagnie de commandement et de logistique – Command and logistics company Compagnie d'administration et de soutien – Administration and support company Compagnie d'éclairage et d'appui – Reconnaissance and support company 1re Compagnie de combat – 1st Combat company 2e Compagnie de combat – 2nd Combat company 3e Compagnie de combat – 3rd Combat company 4e Compagnie de combat – 4th Combat company Compagnie de réserve – Reserve company Except for the Legionnaires of the 1ème REG, 2ème REG, 2ème REP that conserve the Green Beret, the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret. The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29; the prière du Para was written by André Zirnheld in 1938. Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army, the insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946; the French Army insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed "winged armed dextrochere", meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards.

The insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the insignia represents "the right Arm of Saint Michael", the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the "Armed Arm of God"; this insignia is the symbol of righteous fidelity to superior missions. The French Army insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor. Since its creation, the regiment has endured the loss of 476 Officers, Sous-Officiers and paratroopers of the 3e RPIMa. Hymne du 3e RPIMa "Rien ne saurait t'émouvoir" The regimental colors of the 3rd Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment are as follows: Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures is decorated with: 3 palms one bronze star Croix de la Valeur militaire is decorated with: 2 palms The regiment has received one citation sans croix at the orders of the armed forces for the peace intervention in Lebanon in 1978, replaced with a citation bearing attribution of the Croix de la Valeur militaire with palm; the citation at the orders of the brigade was awarded for action while leading allied forces in Kosovo in 1999.

On May 21, 2012, the regi

Kaula (month)

Kaulā is the twelfth month in the Nepal Era calendar, the national lunar calendar of Nepal. The month coincides with October in the Gregorian calendar. Kaulā begins with the new moon and the full moon falls on the 15th of the lunar month; the month is divided into the bright and dark fortnights which are known as Kaulā Thwa and Kaulā Gā respectively. Kaulā is a festive month. On the third day of the bright fortnight, masked dances of the Goddess Rudrayani are performed in Khokna, a village to the south of Kathmandu; the greatest event of the month is Dasain, known as Mohani in Nepal Mandala. It is the longest religious celebration in the country, starting from the 1st day of the bright fortnight and continuing till the full moon day. However, the main celebrations last for four days from the 8th to the 11th days; the festivities consist of religious services in the clan's shrine house, family feasts, sword processions and masked dances of deities. The 13th day of the dark fortnight is the start of Swanti.

The first two days are dedicated to dogs respectively. The 15th day is Lakshmi Puja; the day is the last day of the lunar Nepal Era, traditionally merchants closed their accounting books

Habibi (band)

Habibi is an American rock band from Brooklyn, New York. They are a blend of psychedelic rock and sixties girl group harmonies; the name Habibi means "my love," an Arabic word vocalist Rahill Jamlifard grew up using in her Iranian family. In 2011, former Detroiters, Lenaya Lynch and Rahill Jamalifard, decided to form a band blending their love of psychedelic garage rock and girl group harmonies, they joined Erin Campbell and Karen Isabel, musicians from the Brooklyn rock and roll scene, who both went to LaGuardia School of the Arts. They grew in popularity and found themselves playing the SXSW festival in Austin and the CMJ festival, they signed to released the self-titled 7-inch, Habibi. In 2012, Habibi's song "Sweetest Talk" was featured in actor/director James Franco's short film series Episodes of an Untitled Film. Lynch left the band due to an emergency in 2012 and Habibi found a replacement with the guitarist Caroline Partamian, who toured with the band for a year and until the return of Lynch in 2013.

In 2014, Burger Records released Habibi. The sound of Habibi is influenced both by the garage rock/girl group sounds from Detroit as well as the Middle Eastern melody structures that were shared by Lynch and Jamalifard, herself of Iranian descent. Jamalifard influences are related to her ancestry mentioning “Iran, nomads, the inspiration of poets like Hafez... my travels within the country.” In 2012, Interview Magazine wrote "Influenced by grunge, hip-hop, Motown, Habibi's sound—and band members—meet somewhere in the middle." Rahill Jamalifard - Lead Vocals, Tambourine Lenaya "Lenny" Lynch - Guitar, Vocals Erin Campbell - Bass, Vocals lyla vander - Drums Leah Beth Fishman - Guitar, Vocals Caroline Partamian - Guitar, Vocals Habibi Anywhere But Here Habibi La Luz / Habibi Cardamom Garden Burger Records discography

Lipis District

The Lipis District is a district located in north-west of Pahang, Malaysia. The district covers an area of 5,198 km². Lipis district is bordered by Cameron Highlands and Perak on the west, Jerantut on the east and Raub on the north and south, respectively. Lipis has subdistricts, the largest being Ulu Jelai; the district capital is Kuala Lipis. During the British colonization, Kuala Lipis was made the state's capital city. Kuala Lipis was the administrative capital of Pahang for 57 years from 1898 until 27 August 1955, when Kuantan was picked as the new capital. Lipis was blessed with many types of minerals such as tin and gold, products from the surrounding forests. Sungai Relau, near Merapoh, is an alternative entry point into Taman Negara, Malaysia’s Premier National park and one of the three embarkation points to Gunung Tahan, the highest mountain in Peninsular Malaysia standing at 2,187 meters above sea level. Lipis is home to 74,581 people, with the Malay/Bumiputra formed the majority, the Chinese with 10.5%, the Indian with 4%, while the others 0.2%.

There are a language of the Mayah people, remaining in Lipis District. Lipis district representative in the Federal Parliament List of Lipis district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly There is another state seat, governed by the Lipis District Council but is represented by the Cameron Highlands parliamentary constituency instead. Lipis District is divided into 10 mukims, which are: Batu Yon Budu Cheka Gua Hulu Jelai Kechau Kuala Lipis Penjom Tanjong Besar Telang The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census. Official website of Lipis District Council