Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull was an English nobleman who joined the Royalist side in the English Civil War after some delay and became lieutenant-general of the counties of Lincoln, Huntingdon and Norfolk. He was killed in a friendly fire incident after being captured by Parliamentary forces, he was the second son of Sir Henry Pierrepont of Holme Pierrepont and Frances Cavendish, daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardwick, his sister became Lady Manners of Haddon Hall. He married Gertude Talbot, daughter of Henry Talbot, Elizabeth Reyner on 8 Jan 1601 in Overton Longueville, Huntingdonshire; the earl had five sons, one of whom was 1st Marquess of Dorchester. Another was Francis Pierrepont, a colonel in the parliamentary army and afterwards a member of the Long Parliament. Robert had a daughter, Lady Frances who married Philip Rolleston, Esquire; the earl was succeeded by Henry. In 1633 he bought Thoresby Park, where his son Henry built the first Thoresby Hall in 1670.
He became an undergraduate of Oriel College, Oxford in 1596 and was a benefactor in the rebuilding of the college's Front Quad. He was Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire in 1601, became a JP for Nottinghamshire in 1608 and was appointed High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire in 1615, he was created Baron Pierrepont and Viscount Newark in 1627, being made Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull the following year. He remained neutral on the outbreak of the Civil War, declaring, in what was taken to be a prophetic curse: When.... I take arms with the King against Parliament, or with the Parliament against the King, let a cannon-ball divide me between them He became a Royalist, joining King Charles, was appointed lieutenant-general of royal forces in the counties of Lincoln, Huntingdon and Norfolk. Whilst defending Gainsborough he was taken prisoner, was killed on the 25 July 1643, aged 58, while being conveyed to Hull by boat along the River Trent. Royalist forces fired at his captors from the river bank, accidentally killing the Earl whose body was cut in two by a cannonball.
He was succeeded in his peerage by his son Henry. The author Frances Catherine Barnard was a descendant
Holles Street is a street in Marylebone in the City of Westminster in central London that runs from the south side of Cavendish Square to Oxford Street. The street was one of those laid out around 1729 when the area north of Oxford Street was urbanised on a grid pattern, it was named after John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, who in 1710 purchased the Manor of Marylebone. His daughter was Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer who married Edward Harley after whom Harley Street was named and who built Holles Street. Once the location of small shops and houses, the street is now entirely taken up the John Lewis department store on the western side and the former British Home Stores department store and other commercial units on the east, both of which have their main entrances on Oxford Street; the John Lewis store was started in 1936 but damaged by bombing during the Second World War and rebuilt in 1958-60. Barbara Hepworth's sculpture Winged Figure is on the Holles Street side of the John Lewis department store.
Media related to Holles Street at Wikimedia Commons
Welbeck is a village in Nottinghamshire, England to the south-west of Worksop. The village population is included in the civil parish of Holbeck. Welbeck became a coal-mining centre in 1912 and has a famous stately home, Welbeck Abbey, home of the Dukes of Portland, and, founded in the twelfth century as a monastery. Among the famous people from Welbeck is former cricketer, Ted Alletson, who held a batting world record for 50 years. Archduke Franz Ferdinand accepted an invitation from the Duke of Portland to stay at Welbeck Abbey and arrived with his wife, Sophie, by train at Worksop on 22 November 1913; this was a year before his assassination, which triggered off the First World War. The Archduke narrowly avoided being killed in a freak hunting accident during his stay; the Welbeck Colliery operated from 1912 to 2011, with a maximum of 1,400 miners producing 1.5 million tons per year. It was operated by UK Coal after the dissolution of the National Coal Board. In 2010 UK Coal were fined £1.2 million of safety breaches at Welbeck Colliery that resulted in the death of a worker.
Media related to Welbeck at Wikimedia Commons
Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer
Henrietta Harley, Countess of Oxford and Countess Mortimer was an English noblewoman, the only child and heiress of John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle and his wife, the former Lady Margaret Cavendish, daughter of Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Her hand was sought in marriage in her youth as a means of alliance with her powerful father. Suitors included the Intendant of the Court of a Count of the Holy Roman Empire in December 1703, the Elector of Hanover's son in June 1706, the Duke of Somerset's son Lord Hertford in 1707–1711, Count Nassau in 1709, Lord Danby in 1711, before her father settled on Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, they were married on 31 August 1713, at Wimpole Hall. She brought, through inheritance, Welbeck Abbey in Nottinghamshire and Wimpole Hall in Cambridgeshire to her husband, they had two children. Their son, Henry Cavendish Harley, Lord Harley, lived only four days, their only child to attain maturity was Margaret, so whilst Margaret inherited most of the combined Holles-Harley fortunes on her parents' deaths, the title of Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer passed to Edward's cousin.
Henrietta Place in Marylebone in the City of Westminster in central London was named after the Countess. Nearby Harley Street was named after her husband; the general area was owned by the Harleys and developed during their lifetimes, hence other streets are named after their family, too. This includes Wigmore Street and Wimpole Street. 11 February 1694 – 30 August 1713 Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles 31 August 1713 – 1724 Lady Henrietta Cavendish Harley 1724 – 9 December 1755 Henrietta Countess of Oxford
Edwinstowe is a large English village in Sherwood Forest, associated with the Robin Hood and Maid Marian legends. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 5,188; the etymology of the village name, "Edwin's resting place", recalls that the body of Edwin of Northumbria and Saint, was hidden in the church after he was killed in the Battle of Hatfield Chase, near Doncaster in AD 633. The battle against King Penda of Mercia occurred near the present-day hamlet of Cuckney, some five miles north-west of modern Edwinstowe. Edwinstowe is referred to twice in the Domesday Book as having five households, in addition to a priest and his four bordars, living in the hamlet in 1086. Legend has it. Edwinstowe's present-day popularity is due to the presence near the village of the Major Oak, a feature in the folk tales of Robin Hood. Thoresby Colliery served as Edwinstowe's main source of employment until July 2015, when the mine was permanently closed; the loss of one of the last remaining deep coal mines in the country has left tourism as the main factor in the local economy.
Nottinghamshire County Council's nearby Sherwood Forest Visitors' Centre is scheduled for redevelopment and improvement. A contract awarded to RSPB intended for completion by late 2017 had a projected cost of £5.3 million. Centre Parcs' Sherwood Forest holiday village is a local employer established in 1987, close to the edge of the village. There was a post windmill south of the Mansfield Road with a small box-style roundhouse, it was driven by two double-patent sails. The two schools in the village are King Edwin Primary School; the village has a business services provider, a St John's Ambulance amenity, an antiques centre, workshops, a fun park, a youth hostel, two arts and crafts centres, a village hall, a community pest-control centre. Leisure facilities include Thoresby Colliery Band and Youth Band, a high-wire forest adventure course, a mountain biking, cyclo cross and forest walks centre, a skate park, a forest fun park, an outdoor adventure park. Edwinstowe still has five pubs: the Black Swan, the Dukeries Lodge, Forest Lodge and Wedge, the Royal Oak.
Other caterers include the Edwinstowe Bistro Restaurant, the Cottage Tea Rooms, Launay's Restaurant. Environmental concerns are addressed under the Maun Valley Project Conservation Area. Edwinstowe railway station functioned between 1897 and 1955. A goods line remains; the nearest railway station today is at Mansfield. The village is served by half-hourly daytime Monday–Saturday bus services to Mansfield and Ollerton, six buses Monday–Saturday to Worksop, one bus Monday–Friday to Nottingham. Services once a week to Lincoln. In order of birth: King Edwin of Northumbria gave his name to the village; the legendary Robin Hood is said to have married Maid Marian here. John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle and landowner, was born here. E. Cobham Brewer, died at the vicarage, where his son-in-law was the vicar. Henry Morley, first-class cricketer, was died here. Fanny Jean Turing and activist, was born in the village, where her father was vicar. Fred Kitchen, self-educated writer and autobiographer, was born here.
Francis Woodhead, first-class cricketer, was born here. Philip Brett and conductor, was born here. Edwinstowe Parish Council, residents' and visitors' site Edwinstowe Historical Society GeoHack Edwinstowe grid reference SK613663
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, KG, was an English politician, part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution. He was known as Lord Danby and Marquess of Carmarthen when he was a prominent political figure, served in a variety of offices under Kings Charles II and William III of England, he was a prominent politician who had fallen out of favour due to corruption and other scandals but was restored to prominence under William. Osborne was the son of Sir Edward Osborne, Baronet of Kiveton and his second wife Anne Walmesley, widow of Thomas Middleton. Thomas Osborne was born in 1632, he was the grandson of Sir Hewett Osborne and great-grandson of Sir Edward Osborne, Lord Mayor of London, according to the accepted account, while apprentice to Sir William Hewett and lord mayor in 1559, made the fortunes of the family by leaping from London Bridge into the river and rescuing Anne, the daughter of his employer, whom he afterwards married.
Osborne's father was a staunch Royalist. Thomas's elder half-brother Edward was killed in an accident in 1638, when the roof of the family home collapsed on him, their father, a loving parent, is said never to have recovered from the loss. Osborne, the future Lord Treasurer, succeeded to the baronetcy and estates in Yorkshire on his father Edward's death in 1647, after unsuccessfully courting his cousin Dorothy Osborne, married Lady Bridget, daughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, in 1651. Osborne was introduced to public life and to court by his neighbour in Yorkshire, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. In 1661 he was appointed High Sheriff of Yorkshire and was elected MP for York in 1665, he made the "first step in his future rise" by joining Buckingham in his attack on the Earl of Clarendon in 1667. In 1668 he was appointed joint Treasurer of the Navy with Sir Thomas Lyttelton, subsequently sole treasurer, he succeeded Sir William Coventry as commissioner for the state treasury in 1669, in 1673 was appointed a commissioner for the admiralty.
He was created Viscount Osborne in the Scottish peerage on 2 February 1673, a privy councillor on 3 May. On 19 June, on the resignation of Lord Clifford, he was appointed lord treasurer and made Baron Osborne of Kiveton and Viscount Latimer in the peerage of England, while on 27 June 1674 he was created Earl of Danby, when he surrendered his Scottish peerage of Osborne to his third son Peregrine Osborne, he was appointed the same year lord-lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire, in 1677 received the Garter. Danby was a statesman of different calibre from the leaders of the Cabal Ministry and Arlington, his principal aim was no doubt the maintenance and increase of his own influence and party, but his ambition corresponded with definite political views. A member of the old Cavalier party, a confidential friend and correspondent of Lauderdale, he desired to strengthen the executive and the royal authority. At the same time he was a keen partisan of the established church, an enemy of both Roman Catholics and dissenters, an opponent of all toleration.
He is credited with inventing "Parliamentary management", the first conscious effort to convert a mass of country backbenchers into an organised Government lobby. While he made full use of patronage for this purpose, he undoubtedly regarded patronage as an essential tool of Royal policy. In 1673 Osborne opposed Charles II's Royal Declaration of Indulgence, supported the Test Act, spoke against the proposal for giving relief to the dissenters. In June 1675 he signed the paper of advice drawn up by the bishops for the king, urging the rigid enforcement of the laws against the Roman Catholics, their complete banishment from the court, the suppression of conventicles. A bill introduced by him imposing special taxes on recusants and subjecting Roman Catholic priests to imprisonment for life was only thrown out as too lenient because it secured offenders from the charge of treason; the same year he introduced a Test Oath by which all holding office or seats in either House of Parliament were to declare resistance to the royal power a crime, promise to abstain from all attempts to alter the government of either church or state.
The king opposed and doubted the wisdom and practicability of this "thorough" policy of repression. Danby, ordered a return from every diocese of the numbers of dissenters, both Catholic and Protestant, in order to prove their insignificance, in order to remove the royal scruples. In December 1676 he issued a proclamation for the suppression of coffee-houses because of the "defamation of His Majesty's Government" which took place in them, but this was soon withdrawn. In 1677, to secure Protestantism in case of a Roman Catholic succession, he introduced a bill by which ecclesiastical patronage and the care of the royal children were entrusted to the bishops. In foreign affairs Danby showed a stronger grasp of essentials, he desired to increase English trade and power abroad. He was a determined enemy both to French ascendancy; as he wrote in a memorandum i
William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire
William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire was a British nobleman and politician. He was the eldest son of 1st Duke of Devonshire and Lady Mary Butler. A prominent Whig, he was sworn of the Privy Council in 1707, served as Lord President of the Council from 1716 to 1717 and 1725 to 1729, he married The Hon. Rachel Russell, daughter of William Russell, Lord Russell on 21 June 1688, they had five children: William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire Lady Rachel Cavendish married Sir William Morgan on 14 May 1723 Lady Elizabeth Cavendish married Sir Thomas Lowther, 2nd Baronet Lord James Cavendish Lord Charles Cavendish married Anne Grey on 9 January 1727, father of Henry Cavendish thePeerage.com Leo van de Pas genealogies familysearch.org Accessed 4 November 2007