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Marshalltown Downtown Historic District

The Marshalltown Downtown Historic District is a historic district located in Marshalltown, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. At the time of its nomination it contained 96 resources, which included 79 contributing buildings, one contributing site, 16 non-contributing buildings; the historic district covers most of the city's central business district. All of it is within the original town of Marshalltown, laid out and recorded on August 15, 1853, as the village of Marshall. Confusion with a town with the same name in Henry County led this village to be renamed Marshalltown in 1862, it was incorporated the following year. The district contains a mix of commercial buildings, an opera house, a movie theater, a fraternal hall, warehouses; the civic buildings include the Marshall County Courthouse, sheriff's residence, municipal building, civic auditorium and public library. The buildings range in size from narrow, two-story commercial blocks to three-story corner blocks, the seven-story Hotel Tallcorn.

The period of significance is from 1862 to 1950, the buildings are constructed during that time frame. The commercial Italianate, Romanesque Revival, vernacular architecture are dominant. Prominent architects who have buildings in the district include John C. Cochrane and Miller, Harry E. Reimer, Josselyn and Todd. A tornado struck Marshalltown on July 19, 2018, it did significant damage to many buildings in the historic district, including the courthouse, city hall, the civic auditorium

Komagane, Nagano

Komagane is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2019, the city had an estimated population of 32,210 in 12937 households, a population density of 190 persons per km²; the total area of the city is 165.86 square kilometres. Komagane is located in a north-south valley of the Tenryu River between the Central and Southern Alps in south-central Nagano Prefecture at an average elevation of 676 meters, it is situated at the 220 km marker on the southern branch of the Chūō Expressway, Nagano Prefecture Ina Iijima Nakagawa Miyada Agematsu Ōkuwa Ōshika Per Japanese census data, the population of Komagane has grown over the past 40 years. The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, mild winters; the average annual temperature in Komagane is 11.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1486 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.3 °C, lowest in January, at around -0.4 °C. The area of present-day Komagane was part of ancient Shinano Province.

The city was founded on July 1, 1954 by the merger of the towns of Akaho and Miyata with the villages of Nakasawa and Ina. Komagane has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 15 members; the economy of Komagane is agricultural, with rice and pears, along with sake brewing as major components. The manufacturing sector includes electronics and precision instrumentation. Seasonal tourism is an important contributor to the local economy. Komagane has five public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the city government; the city has two public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education. The Nagano College of Nursing is located in Komagane. East Japan Railway Company - Iida Line Ina-Fukuoka - Komachiya - Komagane - Ōtagiri Chūō Expressway National Route 153 - Pokhara, sister city since April 18, 2001 Despite poor transportation infrastructure, the city derives a large proportion of its overall income from tourism.

The Silk Museum is situated to the east of the city, while on the western side of town the Komagatake Ropeway ascends Mount Komagatake in the Central Alps. The city has a youth hostel, onsen and a ski resort. Kōzen-ji, Buddhist temple with Japanese garden, one of the National Places of Scenic Beauty. Media related to Komagane, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons Official Website

Asylum in Australia

Asylum in Australia has been granted to many refugees since 1945, when half a million Europeans displaced by World War II were given asylum. Since there have been periodic waves of asylum seekers from South East Asia and the Middle East, with government policy and public opinion changing over the years. Refugees are governed by statutes and Government policies which seek to implement Australia's obligations under the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, to which Australia is a party. Thousands of refugees have sought asylum in Australia over the past decade, with the main forces driving movement being war, civil unrest and persecution; the annual refugee quota in 2012 was 20,000 people. From 1945 to the early 1990s, more than half a million refugees and other displaced persons were accepted into Australia. Most asylum seekers arrived by plane. However, there was an increasing number of asylum seekers arriving by boat in the late 2000s and early 2010s, met with some public disapproval.

In 2011-2012, asylum seekers arriving by boat outnumbered those arriving by plane for the first time. Three waves of asylum seekers arriving by boat have been identified: Vietnamese between 1976 and 1981; the visa policy of the current government is to detain persons entering or being in Australia without a valid visa until those persons can be returned to their home country. Australia is the only country in the world with a policy of mandatory detention and offshore processing of asylum seekers who arrive without a valid visa. Asylum policy is a contentious wedge issue in Australian politics, with the two major political parties in Australia arguing that the issue is a border control problem and one concerning the safety of those attempting to come to Australia by boat. Australia was viewed as a world leader in resettling refugees, with more than 870,000 refugees resettled in Australia since World War II, yet Australia is one of the world's poorest in providing durable solutions to people who come here to claim protection – people seeking asylum – if they come by boat.

This dichotomy has persisted into the present. The processing of people seeking asylum that have arrived in Australia for status determination has undergone significant change over the past decade; the process for refugee status determination is dynamic, with the government's humanitarian program diverging in process between on-shore and off-shore arrivals. While the Migration Act 1958 had drafted to give effect to Australia's obligations under international law the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its First Optional Protocol, recent legislative amendments by successive governments have uncoupled the Act from giving effect to the Convention; this has resulted in a softening on the impact of the Convention in interpreting the Act, leading to the government resiling from the protocol set out in the international agreement. The Migration Amendment Bill 2006 introduced by the Howard Government was withdrawn after an enquiry by a Senate Committee which reported on the Bill recommended that it should not proceed in light of the evidence presented to it, it became clear that it would be defeated in the Senate, with a number of Liberal Senators threatening to vote against it or abstain.

Six years another bill, designated the Migration Amendment Bill 2012 gave rise to a Senate Committee Inquiry, with one submission showing that it was identical to the 2006 Bill, except without a reporting requirement obliging the Minister to table in Parliament an annual report which detailed the arrangements for assessing refugee claims processed offshore as well as information about their accommodation, health care and education. This added to concerns expressed below about the lack of public scrutiny; however the bill was passed into law, becoming the Migration Amendment Act 2013. A new "fast track" assessment scheme was introduced in 2014 via the Migration and Maritime Powers Legislation Amendment Bill 2014; the definition of a fast track applicant was narrowed further by Immigration Minister Peter Dutton in an amendment to the definition under the "Migration Act 1958", which changed the date of arrival requirement from January 2012 to August 2012 for parents whose children wished to be put classified as fast track applicants.

Australia's humanitarian program is complex, but the basic structure is one of bifurcation between onshore and offshore processing of claims for people seeking asylum. While the onshore humanitarian program is common across most signatories to the 1951 Refugee Convention, it is Australia's offshore detention policy, the most controversial and criticized by civil society members. Australia is the only nation-state that employs a policy of shifting potential people seeking asylum by boat to other nation-states for processing of asylum claims; this policy receives support from both major political parties. In July 2019 it was estimated that there were about 30,000 people living in Australia who are ineligible for permanent residency, because they came to the country by boat before 2014. Recommendations to the government by the Australian Human Rights Commission to help improve the lives of these non-residents, some of whom live in poverty and suffer from mental health issues because of restrictions of their access to financial support and other welfare, their uncertain futures, was rejected.

A compliance interview done with the assistance of an interpreter, is one of the

Lars-Hendrik Röller

Lars-Hendrik Röller is a German economist who until he stepped down in 2011 was the president of the European School of Management and Technology. Since 2011, Röller has been the Director General for Economic and Financial Policy at the German Chancellery, a position that makes him Chancellor Angela Merkel's chief economic advisor. In 2002, Röller was awarded the Gossen Prize in recognition for his contributions to empirical industrial economics. A native of Frankfurt am Main, Lars-Hendrik Röller is the son of the former chairman of the board of Dresdner Bank, Wolfgang Röller. Lars-Hendrik Röller earned a B. Sc. in computer science from the Texas A&M University in 1981 as well as a M. Sc. in artificial intelligence and a M. A. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1982 and 1983. In 1987, Röller obtained a Ph. D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania, where he briefly worked as lecturer, with a thesis on the theory and application of contestable markets. He became assistant professor and associate professor and full professor of economics at INSEAD in Fontainebleau.

Since 1994, Röller has worked in Berlin in various functions, directing the Institute on Competitiveness and Industrial Change at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center from 1994 to 2007, where he has been working as research professor on innovation and competition since 2007, holding the chair of the Institute of Industrial Economics at Humboldt University Berlin since 1995. Additionally, Röller has been a full professor at the European School of Management and Technology, which he has presided over between 2006 and 2011. Throughout his academic career, Röller has held visiting appointments at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, New York University, Stanford University, the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration. In addition to his academic positions, Röller has been chief competition economist at the European Commission and, since 2011, the Director General for Economic and Financial Policy at the German Chancellery, a position that makes him Chancellor Angela Merkel's chief economic advisor.

In this role, he - among else - led Germany's negotiation team at the G7 and G20 meetings of Merkel's chancellorship. Furthermore, Röller maintains affiliations with the Georgetown Center for Business and Public Policy, the Centre for Economic Policy Research, where he has led the programme on industrial organization, the European think tank Bruegel. In terms of professional service, Röller was president of the German Economic Association and the European Association for Research in Industrial Economics, member of the board of Bruegel and of the advisory board of the DIW and the Forschungsinstitut für Wirtschaftsverfassung und Wettbewerb, of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation's Scientific Council for Transatlantic Cooperation, of the German-French Council of Economic Advisers, among else, he is a member of the American Economic Association, European Economic Association, German Economic Association, American Bar Association. Röller is or has been performing editorial duties for the Global Competition Litigation Review, Journal of German and European Competition Law, Journal of Productivity Analysis, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Journal of Industrial Economics, Managerial and Decision Economics.

Lars-Hendrik Röller's research focuses on the economics of competition and innovation. His contributions to research have been acknowledged through the Gossen Prize, a fellowship of the European Economic Association, a membership of the German Academy of Sciences. Key contributions of his research include the following: Investments into telecommunication infrastructure between the mid-1970s and mid-1990s substantially increased economic growth in the OECD when it led to an infrastructure allowing for near universal universal. Whether or not innovation policies are complementary depends on whether the target is to make firms innovative or increase their innovation intensity as well as on the particular pair of policies, suggesting that packages of policies may be needed to make firms innovate whereas a more targeted approach is needed to increase the intensity of their innovations. Reflecting the need to evaluate the efficiencies of corporate mergers on a case-by-case basis, first assessing mergers through routine tools with modest information requirements and assessing them further, including an efficiency defence, may be an information efficient framework for evaluations.

In particular due to the alignment of the pricing strategies of mobile phone services operators across multiple markets and the cross-ownership of licenses, the prices for such services in the U. S. during the 1980s were above those to be expected under perfect competition or in a non-cooperative duopoly, suggesting substantial gains to deregulation. If lobbying is efficient, accountability low, mergers large, profits grow disproportionately as the size of mergers increases, the use of a consumer surplus standard by an antitrust agency to assess mergers yields higher welfare than the use of a welfare standard. Electoral concerns and lobbying affected the allocation of investments into transportation infrastructure across French regions in 1985-92, whereas concerns for maximizing the economic returns to infrastructure spending doesn't seem to have played a major role. Eliminating the gap in technical effic

Yves Benoit Bationo

Yves Benoit Bationo, known as Yves Bationo is a Burkinabé professional footballer who plays for Flamurtari Vlorë on loan from Hellas Verona. Born in N'Guinou, Bationo didn't make his debut for the side, he was bought by Tuttocuoio on a free transfer. In January 2016, he was loaned to Savona. On 23 August 2019, it was confirmed on Lega Serie A's official website, had Bationo had been registered for Hellas Verona from Casertana. However, he was loaned out to Albanian club Flamurtari Vlorë the following day to restart his career after three years without playing any official games. Yves Benoit Bationo at Yves Benoit Bationo at