John III was King of Sweden from 1569 until his death. He was the son of his second wife Margaret Leijonhufvud, he was quite autonomously, the ruler of Finland, as Duke John from 1556 to 1563. In 1581 he assumed the title Grand Prince of Finland, he attained the Swedish throne after a rebellion against his half-brother Eric XIV. He is remembered for his attempts to close the gap between the newly established Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Catholic church, his first wife was Catherine Jagellonica of the Polish-Lithuanian ruling family, their son Sigismund ascended both the Polish-Lithuanian and Swedish thrones. He was the second son of Gustav Vasa, his mother was a Swedish noblewoman. As a Duke of Finland, he opposed his half-brother Eric XIV of Sweden and was imprisoned in 1563. After his release from prison because of his brother's insanity, John again joined the opposition, deposed Eric and made himself the king, his important ally was his maternal uncle Sten Leijonhufvud, who at deathbed was made Count of Raseborg.
Shortly after this John executed his brother's most trusted counsellor, Jöran Persson, whom he held responsible for his harsh treatment while in prison. John further initiated peace talks with Denmark and Lübeck to end the Scandinavian Seven Years' War, but rejected the resulting Treaties of Roskilde where his envoys had accepted far-reaching Danish demands. After two more years of fighting, this war was concluded without many Swedish concessions in the Treaty of Stettin. During the following years he fought Russia in the Livonian War, concluded by the Treaty of Plussa in 1583, a war that meant a Swedish reconquest of Narva; as a whole his foreign policy was affected by his connection to Poland of which country his son Sigismund III Vasa was made king in 1587. In domestic politics John showed clear Catholic sympathies, inspired by his Polish wife, a fact that created frictions to the Swedish clergy and nobility, he sought to enlist the help of the papacy in gaining release of his wife's family assets, which were frozen in Naples.
He allowed Jesuits to secretly staff the Royal Theological College in Stockholm. However, John himself was a learned follower of the mediating theologian George Cassander, he sought reconciliation between Rome and Wittenberg on the basis of the consensus of the first five centuries of Christianity. John approved the publication of the Lutheran Swedish Church Order of Archbishop Laurentius Petri in 1571 but got the church to approve an addendum to the church order in 1575, Nova ordinantia ecclesiastica that displayed a return to patristic sources; this set the stage for his promulgation of the Swedish-Latin Red Book, which reintroduced several Catholic customs and resulted in the Liturgical Struggle, not to end for twenty years. In 1575, he gave his permission for the remaining Catholic convents in Sweden to start receiving novices again. From time to time he was at odds theologically with his younger brother Duke Charles of Sudermannia, who had Calvinist sympathies, did not promote King John's Liturgy in his duchy.
John III was an eager patron of architecture. In January 1569, John was recognized as king by the same riksdag that forced Eric XIV off the throne, but this recognition was not without influence from John. The nobilities' power and rights were extended and their responsibilities lessened. John was still concerned about his position as king as long; the fear of a possible liberation of the imprisoned king worried him to the point that in 1571 he ordered the guards to murder the captured king if there were any suspicion of an attempt to liberate him. It is possible that this is how Eric died in 1577. John III claimed that he had liberated Sweden from the "tyrant" Eric XIV, just as his father had claimed that he had liberated Sweden from the "bloodhound" Christian II. John was violent, hot tempered and suspicious. John married his first wife, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, of the House of Jagiello, in Vilnius on 4 October 1562. In Sweden, she is known as Katarina Jagellonica, she was the sister of king Sigismund II Augustus of Poland.
Their children were: Isabella Sigismund, King of Poland, King of Sweden, Grand Duke of Finland and Lithuania Anna He married his second wife, Gunilla Bielke, on 21 February 1585. The young duke married his first cousin Maria Elisabet, daughter of Charles IX of Sweden With his mistress Karin Hansdotter he had at least four illegitimate children: Sofia Gyllenhielm, who married Pontus De la Gardie Augustus Gyllenhielm Julius Gyllenhielm Lucretia Gyllenhielm John cared for Karin and their children after he married Catherine Jagellonica, in 1562, he got Karin a husband who would care for her and the children: in 1561, she married nobleman Klas Andersson, a friend and servant of John. They had a daughter named Brita, he continued supporting Karin and his illegitimate children as king, from 1568. In 1572 Karin married again, as her first husband was executed for treason by Eric XIV in 1563, to a Lars Henrikson, whom John ennobled in 1576 to care for his issue with Karin; the same year, he made his daughter Sofia a lady in the castle, as a servant to his sister
Dream Station Productions is Pakistan's first 7:1 audio recording studio. Owned by Kashan Admani, the frontman of the rock band Mizmaar, Dream Station Productions was launched in 2008. Dream Station Productions is an international standard surround audio recording and post production facility; the renowned studio designer John H Brandt and foreign engineers revamped the space. Dream Station Productions offers two equipped non-linear suites that are capable of talking to one another. With a equipped Non Linear video editing suite, in house camera and lighting equipment, Dream Station Productions provides professional video production services too; the studio has produced and mastered a number of mainstream projects including TVCs, OSTs, film scores. Dream Station Productions launched a music web series, Acoustic Station where budding and established musicians perform songs recorded live in a studio with jazz influences; the show has been produced by the front man of rock band Kashan Admani. There are 14 episodes in the show.
Rumen Dimitrov is a Bulgarian Sambo practitioner who has won a Bronze medal twice at the Combat Sambo World Championships. He is a mixed martial artist. Part of the Dimitrov family which has produced significant success in Combat Sambo for Bulgaria, Rumen has medaled two consecutive years in the middleweight category for Combat Sambo; when he was a child he wighted around 100 kilograms, but his coach Gele, who taught him sambo and judo, made him the professional he is today. Competing in Bulgaria, Dimitrov has proven himself to be a rising prospect much like his brother Rosen Dimitrov, he is the current MAX FIGHT middleweight champion, a Bulgarian promotion. Professional MMA record for Rumen Dimitrov from Sherdog