John I Albert was King of Poland and Duke of Głogów. John was the third son of Casimir IV, King of Poland, Elisabeth, daughter of the elected king of Germany, King Albert of Hungary and Bohemia, who died when she was two years old; as the granddaughter of the late Emperor Sigismund, she was raised by Emperor Frederick III. As crown prince, John distinguished himself by his brilliant victory over the Tatars at Kopystrzyń. In 1490, the Hungarian nobility proclaimed John King of Hungary at the Rákos diet, he was, defeated by his brother, King Vladislaus II of Hungary. In 1492, John succeeded his father as King of Poland thanks to the key intervention of his brother Friedrich Jagiellon, archbishop of Kraków and archbishop of Gniezno. Friedrich achieved the coronation of John. However, losses of revenue due to the secession of Lithuania placed John at the mercy of the Polish sejmiks, or local diets, where the szlachta, or local nobles, made their subsidies dependent on the king's subservience. John desired to pose as the champion of Christendom against the Ottoman Turks.
Circumstances seemed, moreover. In his brother Ladislaus, who as King of Hungary and Bohemia possessed a dominant influence in central Europe, he found a counterpoise to the machinations of Emperor Maximilian I, who in 1492 had concluded an alliance against him with Ivan III of Muscovy; as suzerain of Moldavia, John was favorably situated for attacking the Turks. At the conference of Leutschau, the details of the expedition were arranged between the kings of Poland and Hungary and Elector John Cicero of Brandenburg, with the co-operation of Stephen III of Moldavia, princeof Moldavia, who had appealed to John for assistance. In the course of 1496 John collected an army of 80,000 men in Poland with great difficulty, but the Poles entered Moldavia not as friends but as foes, after the abortive siege of Suceava were compelled to retreat following defeat at the Battle of the Cosmin Forest; the insubordination of the szlachta seems to have been one cause of this disgraceful collapse, for John after his return confiscated hundreds of their estates.
When the new Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, Friedrich Wettin von Sachsen, refused to render homage to the Polish crown, John compelled him to do so. His intention to still further humiliate the Teutonic Order was stymied by his sudden death in 1501. History of Poland Piotrków Statutes V. Czerny; the Reigns of Jan Olbracht and Aleksander Jagiellon. Kraków, 1882; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "John Albert". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15. Cambridge University Press. P. 458
Isabel Mayer was a Dominican feminist and socialite from the province of Monte Cristi in the Northwest of the Dominican Republic. She was a member of the feminist group Acción Feminista Dominicana that helped secure suffrage for women in the Dominican Republic in 1942 under dictator Rafael Trujillo, she served as a senator from her home province from 1942-1944 and as governor of both Monte Cristi and Santiago. A number of foreign journalists referred to her as a celestina, or madam, for Trujillo during the regime. Isabel Mayer was born on February 7, 1885 to a wealthy land-owning family in the Monte Cristi province of the Dominican Republic, her parents were Virginia Rodríguez. She attended Welgelegen School in Curaçao. In 1909 she was crowned the queen of carnival in Monte Cristi, she married Manuel Tavárez Ramos and had one child, Carmen Isabel Tavárez Mayer, in the early 1910s but soon divorced and never remarried. In the 1920s Mayer became involved with the incipient feminist movement, becoming the President of the local "Club de Damas."
By the 1930s she was involved in the national movement for women's rights as a founding member of Dominican Feminist Action and active participant in the collective's gatherings and events. She had become close with Rafael Trujillo, the leader who would become dictator from 1930 - 1961 through her prominent social connections in the northwest province of her birth. After Rafael Trujillo moved to grant women the vote in 1942, he designated Mayer one of the first senators for her provincial home of Monte Cristi, she would serve as the governor of Monte Cristi province and neighboring Santiago de los Caballeros. In the late 1940s she became head of the "Dominicanization of the Border" committee and she worked exhaustively through the next decade to demonstrate her loyalty to the dictator and his party, the Partido Dominicano. In 1960 Mayer fell into disfavor with the Trujillo regime as a result of her extended family's resistance activities. Manolo Tavárez Justo, the son of her ex-husband, had become a key leader in the resistance activism against the dictator.
As was a standard tactic of the regime, Mayer found her name on a list of individuals "invited" to form their own party due to their apparent dissatisfaction with the reigning Partido Dominicano. Mayer responded indignantly that she had no interest in joining any new political collective and would remain, until she died, a loyal follower of the "enlightened" policies of dictator Rafael Trujillo, she was written up in an infamous section of the nation's main newspaper, El Caribe, as a detractor, briefly jailed. Despite her denials, she was fired from her political post and became persona non grata to the regime. Mayer died in 1961 in Monte Cristi not long after falling from favor in the regime's eyes, her legacy as a pioneering feminist and early female politician has been overshadowed by the many foreign journalist reports that she was a celestina, or madam, for the dictator. As a result of foreign reporters being led to her house in their travels across the country, she was described in multiple English publications variously as a madam, wheel-horse, harridan and celestina.
The label of celestina, or procuress, has been the most long-lasting and is included in many, if not all, Dominican publications that mention her role in the dictatorship
Havadan Külliye is an end-14th century or early-15th century Anatolian Seljuk külliye in Kayseri's depending district of Develi's village of the same name, in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Consisting of a mosque, a medrese, a tekke for dervishes, a Turkish bath, a fountain and a tomb, the compound lies at a distance of 40 km from Develi center. Since its inscription is lost, information relating the edifice is scarce, although it displays an accomplished architecture in late-Seljuk style, commands a beautiful view of the plain; the buildings saw restoration in Ottoman times, as well by the municipality of Develi recently. A large wooden combination lock and other artifacts discovered during the restoration are displayed in Kayseri Museum
Maryland Route 18 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Maryland. The state highway runs 20.37 miles from the beginning of state maintenance at Love Point east to MD 213 in Centreville. MD 18 is the main east–west local highway on Kent Island and east to Centreville, serving the centers of Stevensville, Kent Narrows and Queenstown that are bypassed by U. S. Route 50 and US 301. What is signed as MD 18 is a set of four suffixed highways: MD 18A, MD 18B, MD 18S, MD 18C. There are several unsigned segments of MD 18 scattered along the length of the signed portions. What is now MD 18 was first paved in the 1910s from Centreville to Queenstown along with short segments in Grasonville and Chester. Gaps in the Stevensville–Queenstown highway were filled throughout the 1920s, leaving only a crossing of Kent Narrows to be completed in the early 1930s. MD 18 between Stevensville and Love Point was constructed in the early 1930s; the Stevensville–Queenstown highway was designated part of MD 404, while the highways on both ends to Love Point and Centreville were designated MD 18.
US 50 replaced MD 404 when the former highway was extended east of Annapolis in 1949. When US 50 was relocated as a divided highway between the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Queenstown in the early 1950s, MD 18 was assigned to the bypassed highway. Since the mid-1980s, several suffixed sections of MD 18 have been created, relocated, or received new designations due to expansion of US 50 and US 301 to a freeway; the mainline of MD 18 consists of four internally suffixed sections. MD 18A runs 5.39 miles from Love Point south and east through Stevensville to a roundabout at Castle Marina Road in Chester. MD 18B extends 7.94 miles from the same roundabout east through Chester, Kent Narrows, Grasonville to US 50 in Queenstown. MD 18S has a length of US 301 in Queenstown. MD 18C comprises the easternmost 6.71 miles of the highway from US 301 in Queenstown to MD 213 in Centreville. MD 18A's western terminus is at the beginning of state maintenance on Love Point Road just south of the community of Love Point at the northern end of Kent Island.
The state highway heads due south through farmland. After meeting Old Love Point Road at an acute angle, MD 18A passes suburban subdivisions and Kent Island High School. Love Point Road, unsigned MD 835C, veers southeast to pass through the Stevensville Historic District, which contains the historic Cray House, the Stevensville Bank building, Christ Church. MD 18A curves to the southwest as Business Parkway; the state highway expands to a four-lane divided highway ahead of the intersection with MD 8. MD 8 continues south on the divided highway toward an interchange with US 50 and US 301 just east of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge while MD 18A turns east onto Main Street. MD 18A curves around the southern edge of the Stevensville Historic District, intersecting Love Point Road, unsigned MD 759B to the south, the other end of MD 835C; the state highway passes Stevensville Middle School, crosses Cox Creek, passes the Kent Island Shopping Center before reaching its eastern terminus at a roundabout with Castle Marina Road, unsigned MD 18H to the south.
MD 18B begins at the same roundabout. Piney Creek Road, unsigned MD 18T, splits to the east as MD 18B curves southeast and crosses over US 50 and US 301; the state highway curves east again at an intersection with its old alignment, Postal Road, in Chester shortly before an intersection with MD 552. MD 18B continues around the south end of Piney Creek before entering the hamlet of Kent Narrows, where the highway has a direct connection to eastbound US 50 and US 301; the state highway has an indirect connection to the westbound freeway via Piney Narrows Road, where it passes south of a park and ride lot under the freeway serving MTA Maryland commuter buses before crossing Kent Narrows on a drawbridge adjacent to the US 50 and US 301 crossing of the strait. MD 18B continues east through Grasonville, where the highway intersects Chester River Beach Road and Nesbit Road, both of which provide full access to the freeway. Past Nesbit Road, the road passes southeast of the University of Maryland Shore Emergency Center at Queenstown and the University of Maryland Shore Medical Pavilion at Queenstown.
The state highway continues through farmland before reaching its eastern terminus at US 50 just east of the US 50 – US 301 split in Queenstown. The two highways meet at a superstreet intersection, so there is no direct access between MD 18B and MD 18S on the opposite side of the intersection. MD 18S begins at US 50 opposite MD 18B's eastern terminus. At the intersection with MD 656 and Outlet Center Drive, which heads into the Queenstown Premium Outlets, the state highway turns north and reaches its eastern terminus at a superstreet intersection with US 301. MD 18C begins at US 301 opposite the eastern terminus of MD 18S; the state highway heads northeast as Main Street through the town of Queenstown, where the highway intersects MD 456 and passes near the historic home Bowlingly. After leaving the town, MD 18C's name changes to 4-H Park Road and the road passes through farmland; the state highway passes the namesake park of the youth agricultural organization shortly after crossing Reed Creek.
MD 18C passes by the historic home Bachelor's Hope before the highway reaches its eastern terminus at MD 213 on the southwestern edge of Centreville. The first sections of MD 18 was paved as three separate
Curtis Manning is a Canadian professional indoor lacrosse transition who plays for the Calgary Roughnecks in the National Lacrosse League, wearing #10. Since turning professional in 2010, he has played for the Roughnecks for his entire NLL career. Manning has represented Team Canada in field lacrosse, helping them win silver at the 2010 World Lacrosse Championship. Manning played for New Westminster Salmonbellies Jr. A of the BC Junior A Lacrosse League. With them in 2008, he was named the Inside Lacrosse Indoor Junior Defender of the Year and First Team All Canadian. Manning was drafted in the 2008 NLL Entry Draft, he returned to play for Simon Fraser University for his senior year after being drafted. While playing for the Simon Fraser Clan in the Pacific Northwest Collegiate Lacrosse League, he was named Division 1 MCLA 1st team All-American in 2008 and 2nd team All-American in 2009 as well as the PNCLL MVP in 2009 and 2010. After finishing his degree in Kinesiology from SFU, he went on to study medicine at the University of British Columbia.
In his rookie season with the Calgary Roughnecks, he was named to the NLL 2010 All-Rookie Team. He played for the Canada men's national lacrosse team at the 2010 World Lacrosse Championship in Manchester, United Kingdom, winning a silver medal with Team Canada, he missed most of the 2011 NLL season. Late in the season, he returned to play two regular season and two playoff games after Roughnecks head coach Dave Pym asked him to return because of an injury to Andrew McBride. During the summers, Manning has played for the New Westminster Salmonbellies in the Western Lacrosse Association. In 2010, he was named to the WLA First Team All-star Team. In 2011, in addition to being named to the WLA First Team All-Star Team he was awarded the Gord Nicholson Award for best WLA defender. Born in New Westminster, British Columbia, Manning is now a resident family doctor, his father used to play lacrosse for the New Westminster Salmonbellies, his sister Alyssa is an athlete, having played volleyball for the Douglas College Royals.
Phyllodoce maculata is a species of Polychaete worm in the family Phyllodocidae. It is native to the northeastern Atlantic Ocean where it inhabits shallow water areas of sand and stones. P. maculata is an elongated slender worm, tapering towards the posterior. The prostomium bears a pair of antennae, a pair of eyes, two small palps and a large eversible proboscis; the first few body segments bear four pairs of tentacular cirri. Other body segments bear parapodia with flattened cirri, the dorsal ones being heart-shaped and conspicuous; the prostomium, the first body segment and the second segment are colourless, the third and fourth segments are dark, the fifth and remaining segments have dark spots centred on the overlap of the segments, as well as some dark colour at the side of the segments. The posterior of the prostomium has some yellow colouring, there are yellow spots between the dark spots on the dorsal surface of the body; this worm can be up to 100 mm long. This worm can be confused with other species the related Phyllodoce mucosa, so its precise range is unclear.
Its depth range is from the intertidal zone down to about 400 m, it is found on sand, muddy-sand, shelly gravel and rock bottoms. P. maculata is a predator and scavenger, feeding on invertebrate prey and the bodies of small dead animals. During breeding, several males may sometimes be seen swarming around a female on the sediment surface, the greenish, gelatinous egg masses produced are attached to stones or other underwater objects