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John I of France

John I, called the Posthumous, was king of France and Navarre, as the posthumous son and successor of Louis X, for the five days he lived in 1316. He is the youngest person to be king of France, the only one to have borne that title from birth, the only one to hold the title for his entire life, his reign is the shortest of any French king. Although considered a king today, his status was not recognized until chroniclers and historians in centuries began numbering John II, thereby acknowledging John I's brief reign. John reigned for five days under the regency of his uncle, Philip the Tall of France, until his death on 20 November 1316, his death ended the three centuries of father-to-son succession to the French throne. The infant king was buried in the Basilica of Saint-Denis, he was succeeded by his uncle, whose contested legitimacy led to the re-affirmation of the Salic law, which excluded women from the line of succession to the French throne. The child mortality rate was high in medieval Europe and John may have died from any number of causes, but rumours of poisoning spread after his death, as many people benefited from it, as John's father died in strange circumstances.

The cause of his death is still not known today. The premature death of John brought the first issue of succession of the Capetian dynasty; when Louis X, his father, died without a son to succeed him, it was the first time since Hugh Capet that the succession from father to son of the kings of France was interrupted. It was decided to wait until his pregnant widow, Clementia of Hungary, delivered the child; the king's brother, Philip the Tall, was in charge of the regency of the kingdom against his uncle Charles of Valois. The birth of a male child was expected to give France its king; the problem of succession returned. Philip ascended the throne at the expense of John's four-year-old half-sister, daughter of Louis X and Margaret of Burgundy. Various legends circulated about this royal child. First, it was claimed that Philip the Tall, had him poisoned. A strange story a few decades started the rumor that the little King John was not dead. During the captivity of John the Good, a man named Giannino Baglioni claimed to be John I and thus the heir to the throne.

He tried to assert his rights, but was captured in Provence and died in captivity in 1363. In The Man Who Believed He Was King of France, Tommaso di Carpegna Falconieri suggests that Cola di Rienzo manufactured false evidence that Baglioni was John the Posthumous in order to strengthen his own power in Rome by placing Baglioni on the French throne. Shortly after they met in 1354, di Rienzo was assassinated, Baglioni waited two years to report his claims, he went to the Hungarian court where Louis I of Hungary, nephew of Clementia of Hungary, recognized him as the son of Louis and Clementia. In 1360, Baglioni went to Avignon. After several attempts to gain recognition, he was arrested and imprisoned in Naples, where he died in 1363. Maurice Druon's historical novel series Les Rois maudits dramatises this theory. In La Loi des mâles, the infant John is temporarily switched with the child of Guccio Baglioni and Marie de Cressay as a decoy, he is subsequently poisoned by Mahaut, Countess of Artois, in order to place John's uncle, Count of Poitiers, on the throne.

Marie is coerced into secretly raising John as her own son, named Giannino Baglioni. An adult Giannino was portrayed by Jean-Gérard Sandoz in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, by Lorans Stoica in the 2005 adaptation. List of shortest-reigning monarchs "Summaries of Foreign Reviews: Natura ed Arte – Giannino Baglioni"; the Scottish Review. 28. July 1896. Pp. 160–61

Bonifatius Haushiku

Bonifatius Haushiku or Hausiku was a Namibian Roman Catholic religious leader. Haushiku was born in Sambiu on 25 May 1932, he attended St. Josef's Teacher Training College in Döbra and St. Teresa's Minor Seminary and St. Augustine's Major Seminary in Roma, Lesotho. In June 1966, Haushiku was ordained at a priest. On 27 January 1979, Haushiku was ordained a bishop, becoming the first indigenous Roman Catholic bishop in Namibia, he was made auxiliary bishop of Windhoek. In November 1980, Haushiku was appointed Vicar Apostolic of Windhoek. In 1986 Haushiku, along with the Lutheran bishop Kleopas Dumeni and the Anglican bishop James Kauluma, challenged a dusk-to-dawn curfew that South African authorities had imposed in Namibia; the bishops argued that the curfew violated the freedom to assemble, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of movement. That year he was part of a delegation that travelled to Washington DC to "appeal for pressure on the government of South Africa to end its long time occupation of their country."On 22 May 1995 Haushiku was installed as archbishop of the newly created Archdiocese of Windhoek.

In 2000, as President of the Council of Churches in Namibia, he led a 2000-person protest march in which he spoke against unemployment, disease, gender-based violence, murder. After suffering from cancer for more than a year, Haushiku died on 12 June 2002. St Boniface College, a boarding school in Kavango East founded in 1995, is named after him

Charles L. Scott

Charles Lewis Scott was an American Democratic politician from California. Charles L. Scott was born January 1827, in Richmond, Virginia, his father was Robert G. Scott, a well known attorney and politician of Richmond, born in McIntosh County and died in Alabama, his mother was daughter of Rt.. Rev. Bishop James Madison of Virginia, his grandfather was Col. William Scott, lived in Camden County, Georgia. Charles Lewis Scott attended Richmond Academy. In 1846 he graduated from the College of William and Mary, Virginia, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1847, practicing in Richmond. During the 1849 California Gold Rush he went to mined gold. In 1851, he resumed practicing law in Sonora. Scott was a member of the State assembly during 1854–1856. In 1856, he was elected to the 35th Congress, serving until 1861. While in Congress, he married a young woman he met in Alabama; when the American Civil War began, he resigned his seat in Congress and joined the Fourth Regiment, Alabama Volunteer Infantry, of the Confederate Army, serving as major.

He never returned to California. In 1861 he suffered a serious leg wound at the First Battle of Bull Run; the severity of his leg pain caused him to resign his commission in 1862, after the Battle of Seven Pines. After the war, Scott farmed in Wilcox County, Alabama during 1869–1879 was a journalist, he was a delegate to every Democratic National Convention from the end of the Civil War to 1896. In 1885, he was appointed by President Cleveland as minister to Venezuela, serving until he resigned in 1889, he returned to the U. S. and farmed. Scott died April 30, 1899, near Mount Pleasant, Monroe County, is buried at a private cemetery at Cedar Hill, Alabama. Scott, Charles L.. Adventures of Charles L. Scott, Esq. Monroeville, Ala.: Samuel F. Crook, Jr. OCLC 36764750. United States Congress. "Charles L. Scott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-04-01 Charles Lewis Scott, US Office of the Historian