John Richard Kasich Jr. is an American politician and television news host who served as the 69th Governor of Ohio from 2011 to 2019. Kasich is a Republican. A native of McKees Rocks, Kasich has lived much of his adulthood in Ohio the state capital of Columbus. Kasich served nine terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 12th congressional district from 1983 to 2001, his tenure in the House included 18 years on the House Armed Services Committee and six years as chairman of the House Budget Committee. He was a key figure in the passage of both 1996 welfare reform legislation and the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Kasich decided not to run for re-election in 2000. After leaving Congress, Kasich hosted Heartland with John Kasich on Fox News from 2001 to 2007 and was a fill-in host for The O'Reilly Factor, he worked as an investment banker, serving as managing director of the Lehman Brothers office in Columbus, Ohio. In the 2010 Ohio gubernatorial election, Kasich defeated Democratic incumbent Ted Strickland.
He was reelected in 2014. Kasich unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for President in 2000 and 2016, receiving one electoral vote from a faithless elector in Texas in 2016. Kasich declined to support the Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump and did not attend the 2016 Republican National Convention, held in the state that he represented at the time, he reported that he wrote-in the name of U. S. Senator and former 2008 Republican presidential nominee John McCain. Kasich was term-limited and could not seek a third term in 2018, he was succeeded by Ohio Attorney General and former U. S. Senator Mike DeWine. In 2019, Kasich joined CNN as a contributor. John Richard Kasich Jr. was raised in the Pittsburgh suburb of McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania. He is John Kasich Sr. who worked as a mail carrier. Kasich's father was of Czech descent. Both his father and mother were practicing Roman Catholics, he has described himself as "a Croatian and a Czech". After attending public schools in his hometown of McKees Rocks, Kasich left his native Pennsylvania, settling in Columbus, Ohio in 1970 to attend The Ohio State University, where he joined the Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity.
As a freshman, he wrote a letter to President Richard Nixon describing concerns he had about the nation and requesting a meeting with the President. The letter was delivered to Nixon by the university's president Novice Fawcett and Kasich was granted a 20-minute meeting with Nixon in December 1970. Earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from The Ohio State University, in 1974, he went on to work as a researcher for the Ohio Legislative Service Commission. From 1975-78, he served as an administrative assistant to then-state Senator Buz Lukens. In 1978, Kasich ran against Democratic incumbent Robert O'Shaughnessy for State Senate. A political ally of Kasich remembers him during that time as a persistent campaigner: "People said,'If you just quit calling me, I'll support you.'" At age 26, Kasich won with 56% of the vote, beginning his four-year term representing the 15th district. Kasich was the 2nd youngest person elected to the Ohio Senate. One of his first acts as a State Senator was to refuse a pay raise.
Republicans gained control of the State Senate in 1980. In 1982, Kasich ran for Congress in Ohio's 12th congressional district, which included portions of Columbus as well as the cities of Westerville, Reynoldsburg and Dublin, he won the Republican primary with 83% of the vote and defeated incumbent Democrat U. S. Congressman Bob Shamansky in the general election by a margin of 50%–47%, he would never face another contest nearly that close, was re-elected eight more times with at least 64 percent of the vote. During his congressional career, Kasich was considered a fiscal conservative, taking aim at programs supported by Republicans and Democrats, he worked with Ralph Nader in seeking to reduce corporate tax loopholes. Kasich was a member of the House Armed Services Committee for 18 years, he developed a "fairly hawkish" reputation on that committee, although he "also zealously challenged" defense spending he considered wasteful. Among the Pentagon projects that he targeted were the B-2 bomber program and the A-12 bomber program.
He participated extensively in the passage of the Goldwater–Nichols Act of 1986, which reorganized the U. S. Department of Defense, he pushed through the bill creating the 1988 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, which closed obsolete U. S. military bases, opposed a proposed $110 million expansion of the Pentagon building after the end of the Cold War. He "proposed a national commission on arms control" and "urged tighter controls over substances that could be used for biological warfare." Kasich said he was "100 percent for" the first Persian Gulf War as well as the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan, but said that he did not favor U. S. military participation in the Lebanese Civil War or in Bosnia. In 1997, with fellow Republican representative Floyd Spence, he introduced legislation for the U. S. to pull out of a multilateral peacekeeping force in Bosnia. In the House, he supported the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act, a U. S. Representative Ron Dellums -led in
A 3-center 2-electron bond is an electron-deficient chemical bond where three atoms share two electrons. The combination of three atomic orbitals form three molecular orbitals: one bonding, one non-bonding, one anti-bonding; the two electrons go into the bonding orbital, resulting in a net bonding effect and constituting a chemical bond among all three atoms. In many common bonds of this type, the bonding orbital is shifted towards two of the three atoms instead of being spread among all three. An example of a 3c–2e bond is the trihydrogen cation H+3; this type of bond is called banana bond. An extended version of the 3c–2e bond model features in cluster compounds described by the polyhedral skeletal electron pair theory, such as boranes and carboranes; these molecules derive their stability from having a filled set of bonding molecular orbitals as outlined by Wade's rules. The monomer BH3 is unstable. A B−H−B 3-center-2-electron bond is formed when a boron atom shares electrons with a B−H bond on another boron atom.
The two electrons in a B−H−B bonding molecular orbital are spread out across three internuclear spaces. In diborane, there are two such 3c-2e bonds: two H atoms bridge the two B atoms, leaving two additional H atoms in ordinary B−H bonds on each B; as a result, the molecule achieves stability since each B participates in a total of four bonds and all bonding molecular orbitals are filled, although two of the four bonds are 3-centre B−H−B bonds. The reported bond order for each B−H interaction in a bridge is 0.5, so that the bridging B−H−B bonds are weaker and longer than the terminal B−H bonds, as shown by the bond lengths in the structural diagram. Three-center, two-electron bonding is pervasive in organotransition metal chemistry. A celebrated family of compounds featuring such interactions as called agostic complexes; this bonding pattern is seen in trimethylaluminium, which forms a dimer Al26 with the carbon atoms of two of the methyl groups in bridging positions. This type of bond occurs in carbon compounds, where it is sometimes referred to as hyperconjugation.
The first stable subvalent Be complex observed contains a three-center two-electron π-bond that consists of donor-acceptor interactions over the C-Be-C core of a Be-carbene adduct. Carbocation rearrangement reactions occur through three-center bond transition states; because the three center bond structures have about the same energy as carbocations, there is virtually no activation energy for these rearrangements so they occur with extraordinarily high rates. Carbonium ions such as ethanium C2H+7 have three-center two-electron bonds; the best known and studied structure of this sort is the 2-Norbornyl cation. Three-center four-electron bond 2-Norbornyl cation Dihydrogen complex
Elizabeth South railway station is located on the Gawler line. Situated on the border of northern Adelaide suburbs of Elizabeth South and Edinburgh, it is 24 kilometres from Adelaide station; the station opened in 1955. It once had a shelter and ticket office identical to that of Woodlands Park, but this was replaced in the late 1970s or early 1980s. On its western side, the station is adjacent to the Defence Science & Technology Group's Edinburgh site, there is a walking track to the station for employees of DST Group, it has an island platform between the two railway tracks. Pedestrians cross the tracks at level since the underpass was closed due to concerns about safety and vandalism. Between September 2011 and April 2012, at the same time as the Gawler Central line was being upgraded in preparation for electrification, the station was demolished and rebuilt. Media related to Elizabeth South railway station at Wikimedia Commons