John Winston Ono Lennon was an English singer and peace activist who gained worldwide fame as the founder, co-lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist of the Beatles. His songwriting partnership with Paul McCartney remains the most successful in history. In 1969, he started the Plastic Ono Band with Yoko Ono. After the Beatles disbanded in 1970, Lennon continued as Ono's collaborator. Born in Liverpool, Lennon became involved in the skiffle craze as a teenager. In 1956, he formed his first band, the Quarrymen, which evolved into the Beatles in 1960, he was the group's de facto leader, a role ceded to McCartney. Lennon was characterised for the rebellious nature and acerbic wit in his music, drawings, on film and in interviews. In the mid-1960s, he had two books published: In His Own Write and A Spaniard in the Works, both collections of nonsensical writings and line drawings. Starting with 1967's "All You Need Is Love", his lyrics espoused a pacifist message, some of his songs were soon adopted as anthems by the anti-war movement and the larger counterculture.
From 1968 to 1972, Lennon produced more than a dozen records with Ono, including a trilogy of avant-garde albums, his first solo LP John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band, the international top 10 singles "Give Peace a Chance", "Instant Karma!", "Imagine" and "Happy Xmas". Controversial through his political and peace activism, after moving to New York City in 1971, his criticism of the Vietnam War resulted in a three-year attempt by the Nixon administration to deport him. In 1975, Lennon disengaged from the music business to raise his infant son Sean, in 1980, returned with the Ono collaboration Double Fantasy, he was shot and killed in the archway of his Manhattan apartment building by a Beatles fan, Mark David Chapman, three weeks after the album's release. By 2018, Lennon's solo equivalent album sales had exceeded 72 million units worldwide. In 2002, he was voted eighth in a BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, in 2008, Rolling Stone ranked him the fifth-greatest singer of all time. In 1987, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.
Lennon was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice, as a member of the Beatles in 1988 and as a solo artist in 1994. Lennon was born on 9 October 1940 at Liverpool Maternity Hospital to Alfred Lennon. Alfred was a merchant seaman of Irish descent, away at the time of his son's birth, his parents named him John Winston Lennon after his paternal grandfather, John "Jack" Lennon, Prime Minister Winston Churchill. His father was away from home but sent regular pay cheques to 9 Newcastle Road, where Lennon lived with his mother; when he came home six months he offered to look after the family, but Julia, by pregnant with another man's child, rejected the idea. After her sister Mimi complained to Liverpool's Social Services twice, Julia gave her custody of Lennon. In July 1946, Lennon's father visited her and took his son to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him. Julia followed them – with her partner at the time, Bobby Dykins – and after a heated argument, his father forced the five-year-old to choose between them.
In one account of this incident, Lennon twice chose his father, but as his mother walked away, he began to cry and followed her. According to author Mark Lewisohn, Lennon's parents agreed that Julia should take him and give him a home. A witness, there that day, Billy Hall, has said that the dramatic portrayal of a young John Lennon being forced to make a decision between his parents is inaccurate. Lennon had no further contact with Alf for close to 20 years. Throughout the rest of his childhood and adolescence, Lennon lived at Mendips, 251 Menlove Avenue, with Mimi and her husband George Toogood Smith, who had no children of their own, his aunt purchased volumes of short stories for him, his uncle, a dairyman at his family's farm, bought him a mouth organ and engaged him in solving crossword puzzles. Julia visited Mendips on a regular basis, when John was 11 years old, he visited her at 1 Blomfield Road, where she played him Elvis Presley records, taught him the banjo, showed him how to play "Ain't That a Shame" by Fats Domino.
In September 1980, Lennon commented about his family and his rebellious nature: A part of me would like to be accepted by all facets of society and not be this loudmouthed lunatic poet/musician. But I cannot be what I am not... I was the one who all the other boys' parents – including Paul's father – would say, "Keep away from him"... The parents instinctively recognised I was a troublemaker, meaning I did not conform and I would influence their children, which I did. I did my best to disrupt every friend's home... Out of envy that I didn't have this so-called home... but I did... There were five women. Five strong, beautiful women, five sisters. One happened to be my mother. Just couldn't deal with life, she was the youngest and she had a husband who ran away to sea and the war was on and she couldn't cope with me, I ended up living with her elder sister. Now those women were fantastic... And, my first feminist education... I would infiltrate the other boys' minds. I could say, "Parents are not gods because I don't live with mine and, therefore, I know."
He visited his cousin, Stanley Parkes, who lived in Fleetwood and took him on trips to local cinemas. During the school holidays Parkes visited Lennon with Leila Harvey, another cousin, the threesome travel
Alexander Harvey II was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. Born in Baltimore, Harvey was in the United States Army during World War II, from 1943 to 1946, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Yale University in 1947, a Bachelor of Laws from Columbia Law School in 1950. He was in private practice of law in Baltimore from 1950 to 1966, was an assistant state attorney general of Maryland from 1955 to 1957. On September 9, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Harvey to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Maryland vacated by Judge Harrison Lee Winter. Harvey was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 22, 1966, received his commission the same day, he served as Chief Judge from 1986 to 1991, assumed senior status on March 8, 1991, took inactive status on January 30, 2004. Harvey died on December 4, 2017, in Baltimore, at the age of 94. Alexander Harvey II at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
Cornelis Corneliszoon van Uitgeest, or Krelis Lootjes was a Dutch windmill owner from Uitgeest who invented the wind-powered sawmill, which made the conversion of log timber into planks 30 times faster than before. Little is known of his early life. Cornelis Cornelisz was born in the village of Uitgeest and married Trijn Pieters, the daughter of the flour miller who owned "De Krijger" on the Meldijk there. In 1594 he built a small mill which floated on a raft. In 1595 the mill was moved to Alkmaar; the remains of the mill were accidentally discovered in 2004 during excavations along the Noordhollandsch Kanaal canal. His wind-powered sawmill used a crankshaft to convert a windmill's circular motion into a back-and-forward motion powering the saw. In his old age, he became a friend of the hydraulic engineer Jan Adriaanszoon Leeghwater who mentioned him as the inventor of the saag molen in his book on the Haarlemmermeer, they met during his first major hydraulic project, to create the Beemster, a polder, pumped dry during the period 1609 through 1612.
He was granted a patent on his crankshaft in December, 1593 and was granted an additional patent for improvements in December, 1597, documented in the Resolutiën van de Staten van Holland on December, 1597. In his request, he called himself a farmer who needed to support children, his sawmill "Het Juffertje" soon developed into a more advanced version, a type known today as the paltrokmolen, which played a key part in the economic success of the Dutch Republic during the Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century by enabling the mass construction of ships for overseas trade. The mill turned the Zaan district, north of Amsterdam, into the world's first industrial area. In addition to inventing the sawmill, Cornelis Corneliszoon van Uitgeest held various other mill-related patents, including an early version of a centrifugal pump, he was not the first Dutchman to be granted a patent for a windmill. Cornelis Dircksz Muys, an engineer of Delft, was granted a patent for a small windmill in 1589, he became known for his patent of a small dredger mill on a raft, successful until the introduction of the steam engine.
The first patent registered altogether was in 1584 by Simon Stevin for an unspecified form of water mill. Stevin's patents were all based on mill technology, he described his requests with mathematical explanations, he was granted nine patents in 1589, including one for the "molengang", which enabled the use of a stepped series of water mills to be used for creating polders. It was this invention. Cornelisz van Uitgeest knew both of these men and he knew their work, it is not known when he died. A street in Uitgeest is named for him; the visitor's center of the industrial heritage site managed by the Stichting Industriel Erfgoed "De Hoop" in Uitgeest is devoted to his memory