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John Macarthur (wool pioneer)

John Macarthur was a British army officer, politician and pioneer of settlement in Australia. Macarthur is recognised as the pioneer of the wool industry, to boom in Australia in the early 19th century and become a trademark of the nation, he is noted as the architect Farm House, his own residence in Parramatta, as the man who commissioned architect John Verge to design Camden Park Estate in Camden, in New South Wales. He was instrumental in agitating for, organising, a rebellion against the colonial government in what is described as the Rum Rebellion. Macarthur was born near Plymouth, England the second son of Alexander Macarthur, who had fled to the West Indies after the Jacobite rising of 1745 before returning and working as a linen draper and'seller of slops', according to some accounts, his exact date of birth is unknown, but it is known that his birth was registered on 3 September 1767. He spelled his surname "M'Arthur" for most of his life, he varied it to "MacArthur". The spelling "Macarthur" became established only late in his life.

John and Elizabeth Macarthur married on October 1788 and they subsequently sailed to the new colony after John joined the New South Wales Corps in 1789. Elizabeth gave birth to a daughter on the voyage to the new colony but the baby did not survive. John and Elizabeth Macarthur parented four sons: John, Edward and William, the two being born at Elizabeth Farm. In 1782, John Macarthur was commissioned as an ensign in Fish's Corps, a regiment of the British Army formed to serve in the American War of Independence; the war ended before the regiment was ready to sail and was disbanded in 1783. On half-pay, Macarthur went to live on a farm near Holsworthy in Devon, where he evidently pursued a program of self-education and became interested in'rural occupations'. During the next five years Macarthur used his spare time to travel and contemplate a future at the bar. Instead, in April 1788, Macarthur returned to full-pay army duties, securing a commission as an ensign in the 68th Regiment of Foot, a regiment, stationed at Gibraltar since 1785.

Ensuing negotiations with the War Office resulted in an alternative posting to far-away Sydney, with the New South Wales Corps in 1789. Macarthur sailed on the Neptune in the Second Fleet, the'worst ship in the worst of Australian fleets'. Before the Neptune had departed the British Isles, Macarthur became involved in disputations with various personnel, including fighting a duel with Captain Gilbert, the Master of the Neptune; the cramped and squalid accommodation provided for his wife and infant son on board the Neptune provoked further disputes. He arrived in Sydney in 1790 holding the rank of lieutenant and was appointed as commandant at Parramatta. In February 1793, the acting governor, Major Francis Grose, granted Macarthur 40 hectares of land at Rose Hill near Parramatta, he was granted a further 40 hectares in April 1794 for being the first man to clear and cultivate 20 hectares of land. He named the property Elizabeth Farm in honour of Elizabeth Macarthur. Grose came to depend on Macarthur's administrative skills and appointed him as paymaster for the regiment and as superintendent of public works, but Macarthur resigned in 1796 interests.

Macarthur was an argumentative man who quarrelled with many of his neighbours and successive Governors. He was trafficked in rum; the allegations led to Hunter being forced to answer the charges and contributed to Hunter being recalled to England where he fought to restore his reputation. In July 1801, Governor King overturned a sentence of one year's imprisonment for Lieutenant James Marshall of the Earl Cornwallis, convicted of assaulting Macarthur and Captain Abbott during their investigation into a theft. King referred the matter for trial in England on the grounds that the court had refused to hear Marshall's objection to an officer of the NSW Corps hearing the case. Macarthur saw this as a slight, tried to organise a petty social boycott of Governor King and when his superior, Colonel Paterson, refused to co-operate, Macarthur used personal material to try to blackmail him; this resulted in Paterson challenging Macarthur to a duel in which Paterson was wounded in the shoulder. Governor King had Macarthur arrested released him and appointed him as commandant on Norfolk Island to try to defuse things.

Macarthur demanded a court martial by his fellow officers. King, sent Macarthur to England for trial. Macarthur sailed on the Hunter, departing Sydney in November 1801. On this same vessel, Governor Hunter had sent a ` bulky' dispatch; this dispatch went missing during the voyage. According to Evatt, in Rum Rebellion, Macarthur had a powerful motive for stealing and destroying it. Evatt infers. One year when Macarthur reached England, the courts ruled that the matter should be tried in Sydney, where all the evidence and witnesses were. Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Commander-in-Chief of the British Army, rebuked King for failing to deal with the matter himself, but confirmed that King's orders releasing Macarthur and transferring him to Norfolk Island stood. To avoid the posting, Macarthur resigned his commission returning to Sydney in 1805 after an absence of nearly four years to run his businesses as a private citizen. Governor King had declared while Macarthur was in London that, "if Captain Macarthur returns here in an

Hugh Franklin Waters

Hugh Franklin Waters was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas. Born in Hackett, Waters received a Bachelor of Science in agricultural engineering from the University of Arkansas in 1955, he was in the United States Navy as a Lieutenant from 1955 to 1958. He was an agricultural engineer at the Ralston Purina Company in St. Louis, Missouri from 1958 to 1964, he received a Bachelor of Laws from Saint Louis University School of Law in 1964. He was the company attorney at Ralston Purina from 1964 to 1966, he was in private practice of law in Springdale, Arkansas from 1967 to 1981. He was a part-time instructor at the University of Arkansas Law School in 1968. Waters was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on August 28, 1981, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas vacated by Judge Paul X. Williams, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 21, 1981, received his commission on October 26, 1981.

He served as Chief Judge from 1981 to 1997. He assumed senior status on August 1, 1997, his service was terminated on April 2002, due to his death in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Hugh Franklin Waters at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center

Versalles, Buenos Aires

Versalles is a barrio of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is part of Commune 10 along with Villa Real, Monte Castro, Velez Sarsfield and Villa Luro. Versalles is located on the western end of Buenos Aires. Justo Avenue, the General Paz Expressway; the area around Versalles was part of a vast estate owned in the 18th century by Pedro Fernández de Castro. His daughter, subdivided the estate after his death, the lot that became Versalles was owned by Manuel de Sarratea, one of the founding fathers of modern-day Argentina. Versalles has a neighborhood with characteristics of English architecture, due to the large number of immigrants who settled in the neighborhood to work on the railroad. A residential neighborhood emerged when in the early 20th century the Compañía de Tierras del Oeste purchased the land from the last farming landowners in the area, the Rodríguez Visillac and Massini families; the Buenos Aires Western Railway inaugurated a station in the area in 1911. The Western Lands Company physician, Dr. José Guerrico, had returned from Paris, inspired by his travels, suggested the station and neighborhood be named after the Château de Versailles.

The Western Railway line from Once Station to Moreno remained the suburban district's primary transport link until the opening of General Paz Avenue in 1941. The Once-Moreno line was curtailed in 1952 to make way for Juan B. Justo Avenue, whose western stretch along Versalles was completed in 1953. Versalles retains a suburban character as one of the least densely populated and quietest wards in Buenos Aires. Many of its street names recall the Caldén, Caranday trees that adorn its parks and sidewalks; some of its notable institutions include the Versalles Athletic Club, the Church of Our Lady of Health, the Belisario Roldán Library, the Versalles Popular Athenæum. The first supermarket in Buenos Aires, Supermercado Gigante S. A. was opened in Versalles in 1965. Its two largest parks are the Paseo de Versalles and City of Banff Park; the 1985 hit comedy, Waiting for the Hearse was filmed there and in a nearby Art Deco house on Echenagucía Street. Barriada: Information about Versalles