William Bligh

Vice-Admiral William Bligh was an officer of the Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. The Mutiny on the Bounty occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789. Seventeen years after the Bounty mutiny, on 13 August 1806, he was appointed Governor of New South Wales in Australia, with orders to clean up the corrupt rum trade of the New South Wales Corps, his actions directed against the trade resulted in the so-called Rum Rebellion, during which Bligh was placed under arrest on 26 January 1808 by the New South Wales Corps and deposed from his command, an act which the British Foreign Office declared to be illegal. He died in Lambeth, London, on 7 December 1817. William Bligh was born on 9 September 1754, it is that he was born in Plymouth, Devon, as he was baptised at St Andrew's Church, Plymouth on 4 October 1754, where Bligh's father, was serving as a customs officer. Bligh's ancestral home of Tinten Manor near St Tudy near Bodmin, Cornwall, is a possibility. Bligh's mother, Jane Pearce, was a widow who married Francis at the age of 40.

Bligh was signed for the Royal Navy at age seven, at a time when it was common to sign on a "young gentleman" to gain, or at least record, the experience at sea required for a commission. In 1770, at age 16, he joined HMS Hunter as an able seaman, the term used because there was no vacancy for a midshipman, he became a midshipman early in the following year. In September 1771, Bligh was remained on the ship for three years. In 1776, Bligh was selected by Captain James Cook, for the position of sailing master of Resolution and accompanied Cook in July 1776 on Cook's third voyage to the Pacific Ocean, during which Cook was killed. Bligh was able to supply details of Cook's last voyage. Bligh married Elizabeth Betham, daughter of a customs collector, on 4 February 1781; the wedding took place at nearby Onchan. A few days he was appointed to serve on HMS Belle Poule as master. Soon after this, in August 1781, he fought in the Battle of Dogger Bank under Admiral Parker, which won him his commission as a lieutenant.

For the next 18 months, he was a lieutenant on various ships. He fought with Lord Howe at Gibraltar in 1782. Between 1783 and 1787, Bligh was a captain in the merchant service. Like many lieutenants, he would have found full-pay employment in the Navy. In 1787, Bligh was selected as commander of His Majesty's Armed Transport Bounty, he rose to the rank of vice admiral in the Royal Navy. William Bligh's naval career involved various assignments, he first rose to prominence under the command of Captain James Cook. Bligh received praise from Cook during. Bligh served on three of the same ships on which Fletcher Christian served in his naval career. In the early 1780s, while in the merchant service, Bligh became acquainted with a young man named Fletcher Christian, eager to learn navigation from him. Bligh took Christian under his wing, the two became friends; the mutiny on the Royal Navy vessel HMAV Bounty occurred in the South Pacific Ocean on 28 April 1789. Led by Master's Mate / Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian, disaffected crewmen seized control of the ship, set Bligh and 18 loyalists adrift in the ship's open launch.

The mutineers variously settled on Pitcairn Island. Meanwhile, Bligh completed a voyage of more than 3,500 nautical miles to the west in the launch to reach safety north of Australia in the Dutch East Indies and began the process of bringing the mutineers to justice. In 1787, Bligh took command of Bounty. In order to win a premium offered by the Royal Society, he first sailed to Tahiti to obtain breadfruit trees set course east across the South Pacific for South America and the Cape Horn and to the Caribbean Sea, where breadfruit was wanted for experiments to see whether it would be a successful food crop for African slaves there on British colonial plantations in the West Indies islands; the notion that breadfruit had to be collected from Tahiti was intentionally misleading. Tahiti was one of many places where the esteemed seedless breadfruit could be found; the real reason for choosing Tahiti has its roots in the territorial contention that existed between France and Great Britain at the time.

The Bounty never reached the Caribbean, as mutiny broke out on board shortly after the ship left Tahiti. The voyage to Tahiti was difficult. After trying unsuccessfully for a month to go west by rounding South America and Cape Horn, Bounty was defeated by the notoriously stormy weather and opposite winds and forced to take the longer way to the east around the southern tip of Africa; that delay caused a further delay in Tahiti, as he had to wait five months for the breadfruit plants to mature sufficiently to be potted in soil and transported. Bounty departed Tahiti heading east in April 1789; because the vessel was rated only as a cutter, Bounty had no officers other than Bligh, a small crew, no Marines to provide protection

Komitas Chamber Music House

Komitas Chamber Music House is a concert hall in Yerevan, located on Isahakyan street at the Circular Park of Kentron district. It was constructed by engineer Eduard Khzmalyan; the music hall was opened in October 1977. It is listed among the cultural monuments of the city of Yerevan; the hall was designed in the shape of an Armenian three-nave basilica type church. It has a one single hall with no visible limits between the stage and the seats forming an overlapping space between the musicians and the audience; the organ of the Komitas Chamber Music Hall is one of the unique pipe organs that have been used in the USSR. It was designed in the Netherlands on the basis of the 17th-century organs to perform Baroque music, consisted of 4000 pipes, it was installed in 1979 and renovated in 2007. The external walls of the hall are decorated with traditional Armenian ornaments. A large pool with water fountains forms the backyard of the music hall. In 2003, the statue of Ivan Aivazovsky was erected near the chamber music house

Gerhard Charles Rump

Gerhard Charles Rump is an author on art history and the theory of contemporary art, emeritus art history teacher at the Technical University of Berlin, curator and photo artist. Born in Bochum on February 24, 1947, he finished the Graf-Engelbert-Schule in 1967 and studied Art History, English Language and Literature, Philosophy and Psychology at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum from 1968 to 1972, he received his PhD with a book on the British 18th Century portrait painter George Romney in 1972. He became a curator at the University of Bochum’s University Library, in 1974 he went to Bonn University as Assistant Professor for Art History. In 1983 he left the University to become a freelance journalist for the national newspapers “Die Welt” and “Rheinischer Merkur” as well as a number of regional journals like “Kölnische Rundschau” and “Bonner Rundschau”. Concurrently he worked as an asset consultant for “Deutsche Vermögensberatung”. In 1986/7 he was curator of monuments for the city of Wesel, but joined the computer printer manufacturer Mannesmann Tally in 1987 as corporate communications manager to become the company’s marketing director a few years later.

In 1987 he had his Habilitation at the University of Duisburg. In 1994 he returned to journalism as art market editor for “Die Welt” while he pursued researching on art and art history and gained some renown as media theorist on art communication and semiotics, he pursued his career as artist photographer. In 2009 he contributed to Konstantin Akinsha's article on Russian avant garde which won the Association for Women in Communications' "Clarion Award". In 2010 he left “Die Welt” in order to forcus on his activities as university teacher and essayist, as art journalist and curator. In 2011 Catrin Rothe, Bernhard Ailinger and Gerhard Charles Rump founded the now only virtual art project and producers’ "RAR Gallery" — Berlin, New York and Palo Alto. Rump authored among other titles: Gerhard Charles Rump: Rekonstruktionen. Positionen zeitgenössischer Kunst. B&S Siebenhaar Verlag, Berlin 2010 ISBN 978-3-936962-36-9 Gerhard Charles Rump / Jürgen Raap: Stephan Kaluza: Abfolgen. Edition Vits, Düsseldorf 2005 Gerhard Charles Rump: runningMARS.

Kunstforum Niederrhein, Emmerich 2004 Gerhard Charles Rump / Natascha Plankermann: Kate Waters. Twentyfourseven. Galerie Voss, Düsseldorf 2003 Gerhard Charles Rump: Mythos und Moderne. Edvard Frank, Leben und Werk. Eine Biographie mit Briefen. Rathaus Galerie, Euskirchen 1999 Gerhard Charles Rump: London Yesterday, Gingko Press, Berkeley Ca, Kunstverlag Weingarten, Weingarten 1998 Gerhard Charles Rump / Peter Weiermair: Günter Blum. Venus. Ed. Braus, Heidelberg 1997 Gerhard Charles Rump: Kunstwissenschaft und Verhaltensforschung. Studien zu verhaltensbiologischen Motivationen in künstlerischen Darstellungen. Deparade Verlag, Soest 1993 ISBN 3-929352-03-6 Gerhard Charles Rump: Raimer Jochims / Gotthard Graubner. Inter Nationes, Bonn 1986 Gerhard Charles Rump: Vergangenheitsrechnen. CMZ-Verlag, Rheinbach-Merzbach 1986 Gerhard Charles Rump: How to Look at an Abstract Painting. Inter Nationes, Bonn 1985 Gerhard Charles Rump: Pferde und Jagdbilder in der englischen Kunst. Studien zu George Stubbs und dem Genre der "Sporting Art" von 1650-1830.

Olms, New York 1983 ISBN 3-487-07425-7 Gerhard Charles Rump: Gefängnis und Paradies: Momente in der Geschichte eines Motivs. Habelt, Bonn 1982 Gerhard Charles Rump: Geschichte als Paradigma: Zur Reflexion des Historischen in der Kunst. Habelt, Bonn 1982 Gerhard Charles Rump / Heindrichs, Wilfried: Interaktionsanalysen. Aspekte dialogischer Kommunikation. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1982 ISBN 3-8067-1001-5 Gerhard Charles Rump: Kunstpsychologie. Kunst und Psychoanalyse. Kunstwissenschaft. Psychologische, Semiotische Versuche zur Kunstwissenschaft. Olms, New York 1981 Gerhard Charles Rump: Carl Buchheister. Ausgewählte Schriften und Briefe. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1980 ISBN 3-8067-0791-X Gerhard Charles Rump / Wilfried Heindrichs: Dialoge. Beiträge zur Interaktions- und Diskursanalyse. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1979 Gerhard Charles Rump: Kunst und Kunsttheorie des XVIII. Jahrhunderts in England. Studien zum Wandel ästhetischer Anschauungen 1650-1830. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1979 Gerhard Charles Rump: Medium und Kunst.

Olms, New York, 1978 ISBN 3-487-06743-9 Gerhard Charles Rump: Bildstruktur - Erkenntnisstruktur: Gegenseitige Bedingungen von Kunst und Verhalten. A. Henn Verlag, Kastellaun 1978 Gerhard Charles Rump: Friedrich Gräsel. In: Bildhauer heute, vol. 2. Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1978 Gerhard Charles Rump: George Romney. Zur Bildform der Bürgerlichen Mitte in der Englischen Neoklassik. 2 vols. Olms, New York 1974 ISBN 3-487-05107-9 Gerhard Charles Rump: Sprachnetze. Studien zur literarischen Sprachverwendung. Mit Beiträgen zu Agatha Christie, André Breton und James Joyce. Olms, New York 1976 ISBN 3-487-06087-6 Department of History of Art of TU Berlin. Gerhard Charles Rump's Homepage RAR Gallery — Berlin, New York, Palo Alto