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John Martyn

Iain David McGeachy, known professionally as John Martyn, was a British singer-songwriter and guitarist. Over a 40-year career, he released 22 studio albums, received frequent critical acclaim; the Times described him as "an electrifying guitarist and singer whose music blurred the boundaries between folk, jazz and blues". Martyn began his career at age 17 as a key member of the British folk music scene, drawing inspiration from American blues and English traditional music, signed with Island Records. By the 1970s he had begun incorporating jazz and rock into his sound on albums such as Solid Air and One World, as well as experimenting with guitar effects and tape delay machines such as Echoplex, he struggled with substance abuse and domestic problems throughout the 1970s and 1980s, though continued to release albums while collaborating with figures such as Phil Collins and Lee "Scratch" Perry. He remained active until his death in 2009. Martyn was born in Beechcroft Avenue, New Malden, England, to a Belgian Jewish mother and a Scottish father.

His parents, both opera singers, divorced when he was five and he spent his childhood alternating between Scotland and England. Much of this time was spent in the care of his grandmother, as well as on his mother's houseboat, he attended Shawlands Academy in Glasgow. At school, he was a keen rugby player. On leaving school he left to pursue his musical aspirations. Mentored by Hamish Imlach, Martyn began his professional musical career when he was 17, playing a fusion of blues and folk resulting in a distinctive style which made him a key figure in the British folk scene during the mid-1960s, he signed to Chris Blackwell's Island Records in 1967 and released his first album, London Conversation, the same year. This first album was soon followed by The Tumbler, moving towards jazz. By 1970 Martyn had developed a wholly original and idiosyncratic sound: acoustic guitar run through a fuzzbox, phase shifter and Echoplex; this sound was first apparent on Stormbringer! in 1970, written and performed by Martyn and his then-wife Beverley, who had recorded solo as Beverley Kutner.

Her second album with Martyn was The Road to Ruin released in 1970. Island Records felt that it would be more successful to market Martyn as a solo act and this was how subsequent albums were produced, although Beverley continued to make appearances as a backing singer as well as continuing as a solo artist herself. In 1973, Martyn released one of the defining British albums of the 1970s, Solid Air, the title song a tribute to the singer-songwriter Nick Drake, a close friend and label-mate who died in 1974 from an overdose of antidepressants. In 2009, a double CD Deluxe edition of Solid Air was released featuring unreleased songs and out-takes, sleeve notes by Record Collector's Daryl Easlea. On Solid Air, as with the one that preceded it, Bless the Weather, Martyn collaborated with jazz bassist Danny Thompson, with whom he proceeded to have a musical partnership which continued until his death. Following the commercial success of Solid Air, Martyn recorded and released the experimental Inside Out, an album with emphasis placed on feel and improvisation rather than song structure.

In 1975, he followed this with Sunday's Child, a more song-based collection "My Baby Girl", "Spencer the Rover", with several references to his young family. Martyn subsequently described this period as'very happy'. In September 1975 he released a live album, Live at Leeds — Martyn had been unable to persuade Island to release the record, resorted to selling individually signed copies by mail from home. Live at Leeds features drummer John Stevens. In 2010 a 2CD Deluxe version of Live at Leeds was released, it was discovered that not all of the songs on the original album were from the Leeds concert. After releasing Live at Leeds, Martyn took a sabbatical, including a visit to Jamaica, spending time with reggae producer Lee "Scratch" Perry. In 1977, he released One World, which led some commentators to describe Martyn as the "Father of Trip-Hop", it included a collaboration with Lee "Scratch" Perry. Small Hours was recorded outside. In 1978 he played guitar on the album Harmony of the Spheres by Neil Ardley.

Martyn's marriage broke down at the end of the 1970s and "John hit the self destruct button". In her autobiography, Beverley alleges protracted domestic violence. Out of this period, described by Martyn as "a dark period in my life", came the album Grace and Danger. Released in October 1980, the album had been held up for a year by Chris Blackwell, he was a close friend of John and Beverley, found the album too disturbing to release. Only after intense and sustained pressure from Martyn did Blackwell agree to release the album. Commenting on that period, Martyn said, "I was in a dreadful emotional state over that record. I was hardly in control of my own actions; the reason they released it was because I freaked: Please get it out! I don't give a damn about how sad it makes you feel—it's what I'm about: the direct communication of emotion. Grace and Danger was cathartic, it hurt."In the late 1980s Martyn cited Grace and Danger as his favourite album, said that it was "probably the most specific piece of autobiography I've written.

Some people keep diaries, I make records." The album has since become one of his highest-regarded, prompting a deluxe double-disc issue in 2007, containing the origina

Ugly Americans (book)

Ugly Americans: The True Story of the Ivy League Cowboys Who Raided the Asian Markets for Millions is a book by Ben Mezrich that recounts the exploits of an American called John Malcolm arbitraging index futures in Japan in the 1990s. The book was released on May 2004 by William Morrow and Company. By 2008 Kevin Spacey's Trigger Street Productions has the film rights to the book. In 1992, twenty Ivy League football players visit Japan, to play an exhibition match against Japanese college kids. On this trip, Princeton University's contribution to that all-star-Ivy team, John Malcolm, encountered a Princeton alum, Dean Carney. Carney was an executive in Kidder Peabody's Tokyo office, he suggested Malcolm contact him about a job if his pro football career did not pan out; when it did not, following a job search on Wall Street, Malcolm contacted Carney in 1993. Malcolm became one of KP's two Osaka-based traders; this lasted until April 1994, when KP discovered a $350 million "accounting glitch," and assigned responsibility for the glitch to one of its managing directors, Joseph Jett.

KP made sweeping cutbacks in their trading operations as a result. Both Carney and Malcolm—neither of whom had anything to do with Jett's accounting trickery—were out of jobs, they went their separate ways. Malcolm took a position with Barings, he was again to work out of Osaka, but this time his orders were coming from Singapore, where Barings' star trader, Nick Leeson, held court. Leeson, was making huge unauthorized trades during this period. In January 1995 he made an enormous bet on a rise in the key Japanese stock exchange index, known as the Nikkei. However, the huge bet went against him, due to the Kobe earthquake and its devastating effects on Japan's economy. After a brief period as a fugitive, Leeson did prison time. Meanwhile, Barings suffered historic loses from the gamble, went into receivership. For the second time in eight months, a superior's malfeasance had cost Malcolm a job, he called Carney for help. Carney, had founded a hedge fund, Malcolm was soon trading for it index arbitrage.

In 1994, the Hong Kong government created a tracker fund for the Hang Seng. In 1995, after Malcolm was settled into his Tokyo job, a company named Pacific Century Cyberworks merged with Hong Kong Telecom, under the terms of the tracker funds' charter, its managers had to buy $225 million worth of PCC stock; this was known, so several traders were "front running" this deal, i.e. buying PCC stock ahead of the fund's expected purchases. Malcolm, discovered that the tracker fund was not going to buy the PCC stock through the exchanges at all, it made a private off-exchange deal with PCC's founder Richard Li. This meant that, when the day of the expected fund purchases arrived and no purchases took place, there'd be a strong downward pressure on the stock price. Accordingly, on Malcolm's suggestion, Carney's hedge fund took a "short" position on $100 million of PCC stock. In the event, the tracking fund did not make the expected purchases, the price dropped dramatically—Malcolm covered the short position, winning his firm more than twenty million dollars.

This one deal made Malcolm a star, known to expat western traders throughout east Asia as their "hot young gunslinger." The ending of the book turns on another, quite similar, but larger deal involving the addition to the Nikkei index of several high-tech firms. This is the deal that justifies the book—Malcolm made Carney's firm five hundred million dollars in cash out of the restructuring of the Nikkei. Disillusioned, Malcolm leaves Carney's employ and heads for semi-retirement in Bermuda, where he still does light trading. Other elements which Mezrich intertwines into the narrative with the main characters include the sex industry in Japan and the role of the Yakuza in Japanese society and finance. Roman à clef Ugly American Other works about traders and trading Category:Books about traders Category:Trading films Ugly Americans on benmezrich.com Reviews: Entertainment Weekly The Asian Reporter Bookmarks Magazine curledup.com epinions.com

In Japan (Mr. Big album)

In Japan is a live album by the hard rock band Mr. Big; the performance was recorded in Tokyo, Japan on February 5th, 2002. There was a limited pressing of 100,000 units featuring a bonus booklet with photos, tour dates and a complete discography. "Intro" – 0:53 "Lost in America" – 4:20 "Daddy, Lover, Little Boy" – 3:48 "Shine" – 3:48 "Price You Gotta Pay" – 6:25 "Superfantastic" – 3:59 "Alive and Kickin'" – 5:25 "Suffocation" – 7:16 "Static" – 4:26 "Dancin' With My Devils" – 3:48 "To Be with You" – 3:38 "Electrified" – 4:50 "Addicted to That Rush" – 6:54 "Blame It on My Youth" – 6:00 Eric Martinvocals Richie Kotzen – guitars Billy Sheehanbass guitar Pat Torpeydrums Mixing – Tom Size Engineer – Tom Size

Eduardo Martín Toval

Eduardo Martín Toval was a Spanish lawyer and politician who served as a Deputy between 1977 and 1980, again between 1982 and 1995 and as a member of the Catalan Parliament between 1980 and 1982. Bachelor and Doctor of Law, during his youth he was linked to progressive Christian circles in Malaga, he joined the Labor Inspectorate and in 1967 he moved to Barcelona as Labor Inspector. In Barcelona, he was a professor of Labor Law at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, he participated in the founding of the Center for Labor Studies and Advice, a university center for job counseling for workers. He participated actively in the preparation of the Spanish Constitution and, above all, the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, forming part of the "Commission of the Twenty". Between 1985 and 1993 was the spokesperson of the socialist group in the Congress of Deputies. In 1995 he resigned his seat to run for mayor of his hometown, Málaga, without getting past the third place He died on 15 January 2019 after participating in a feminist demonstration in his hometown

Timeline of Samarkand

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan. 329 BCE - City sacked by Alexander the Great. 260 CE - Sassanians in power. 712 - City taken by forces of Umayyad Caliphate under Qutayba ibn Muslim. 751 - Papermaking begins. 806 - Led by Rafi ibn al-Layth, Samarkand revolted against Ali ibn Isa ibn Mahan, Governor of Khurasan due to his oppressive taxation. 819 - Samanid rule of Samarkand begins. Nuh ibn Asad was appointed authority over the city of Samarkand by Caliph Al-Ma'mun's governor of Khurasan, Ghassan ibn'Abbad, as a reward for his support against the revolt. 841/842- After the death of Nuh ibn Asad, the governor of Khurasan, appointed two of Nuh's brothers and Ahmad, to jointly rule over Samarkand. 864/865 - Upon his father Ahmad's death, Nasr I inherits Samarkand. 892 - Isma'il ibn Ahmad, Nasr's brother, moves the capital to Bukhara after Nasr's death. 914 - Nasr II becomes amir of the Samanids after his father Ahmad Samani dies, sparking a revolt in Samarkand, led by his great-uncle Ishaq ibn Ahmad.

991 - Fa'iq is given governorship of Samarkand by Samanid amir Nuh II. 999 - Isma'il Muntasir, son of Nuh II recaptures Samarkand from the Karakhanids before having to abandon it to flee from them, thus definitively ending the Samanid rule of Samarkand. 1000 - Karakhanid Nasr ibn Ali, is given the large central area of Transoxiana, including Samarkand and Bukhara as an appanage. 1052 - Tamghach Khan Ibrahim, son of Nasr, won control of a large part of Transoxania, made Samarkand the capital. 1066 - Afrosiab madrasa built by Ibrahim. 1089 - During the reign of Ibrahim's grandson Ahmad ibn Khidr, at the request of the ulama of Transoxiana, the Seljuks entered and took control of Samarkand, together with the domains belonging to the Western Khanate. The Western Karakhanids Khanate became a vassal of the Seljuks. 1141 - After Yelü Dashi's victory over the Seljuks in the Battle of Qatwan north of Samarkand, the Karakhanids became vassals of the Kara-Khitan Khanate. Yelü Dashi spent ninety days in Samarkand, accepting the loyalty of Muslim nobles and appointing Ibrahim Tabghach Khan as the new ruler of Samarkand.

1158 - Khwarezm-shah Il-Arslan besieged the Karakhanids in Samarkand at the behest of the Qarluks, persecuted by them. In the end a peace was mediated where Chaghrï Khan was forced to take back the Qarluk leaders and restore them to their former positions. 1210 - Ala ad-Din Muhammad II, Shah of the Khwarezmian Empire takes Samarkand. 1212 - Supported by Uthman Ulugh Sultan, its last Kara-Khanid ruler, the city of Samarkand revolted, killing 8,000-10,000 Khwarezmians living there. Muhammad, in retaliation, sacked the city and executed 10,000 citizens of Samarkand, including Uthman. 1221 - City besieged by forces of Mongol Genghis Khan. 1340s - Khodja-Akhmad Mausoleum built in Shah-i-Zinda necropolis. 1365 - Uprising against Mongol control. 1369 City becomes capital of Timurid Empire. Population: 150,000. 1388 - College of Bibikhanum built. 1405 Bibi-Khanym Mosque and Gur-e Amir built. Timurid capital relocated from Samarkand to Herat. 1420 - Ulugh Beg Madrasah built in the Registan. 1429 - Ulugh Beg Observatory built.

1434 - Mosque of Ulug-Beg built in the Registan. 1437 - Zij-i Sultani astronomical work published. 1464 - Ishrat Khana Tomb built. 1494 - Siege of Samarkand. 1497 - Siege of Samarkand. 1501 - Siege of Samarkand. 1505 - City taken by Uzbeks of Muhammad Shaybani. 1599 - Ashtarkhanids of Bukhara in power. 1616 - Mosque of Shir-Dar built in the Registan. 1636 - Sher-Dor Madrasah built in the Registan. 1660 - Tilya-Kori Madrasah built in the Registan. 1756 - Manghyts of Bukhara in power. 1868 - Russia in power. 1882 - Citadel built. 1885 - Population: 33,117. 1886 - City becomes capital of Samarkand Oblast of Russian Turkestan. 1888 - Trans-Caspian railway begins operating. 1895 - Tashkent-Samarkand railway begins operating. 1897 - Population: 54,900. 1900 - Population: 58,194. 1913 - Population: 97,600. 1919 - Hazrat-i Khizr Mosque restored. 1925 - City becomes capital of Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. 1930 - Uzbek capital relocated from Samarkand to Tashkent. 1963 - Dynamo Samarkand Stadium opens. 1965 - Population: 233,000.

1970 - Ulugh Beg Observatory Museum built. 1974 - Bibi-Khanym Mosque reconstruction begins. 1985 - Population: 371,000. 1996 - Samarkand Challenger tennis tournament begins. 2001 - Population: 361,339. 2018 - Population: 529,633. Samarkand history Timeline of Tashkent

Eagle Rock High School

Eagle Rock High School is a public school located in the Eagle Rock neighborhood of northeast Los Angeles, California. The school first opened its doors on September 12, 1927. Central Region High School 13 known as Taylor Yard and as Sonia M. Sotomayor Learning Academies, relieved Eagle Rock of overcrowding when the school opened in 2011. Eagle Rock High School serves the Northeast Los Angeles neighborhoods of Eagle Rock and Mt. Washington, as well as parts of Highland Park and Glassell Park; the student body is estimated to be 60% Hispanic, 28% Asian, 9% Non-Hispanic White, 2% Black, 0.4% Pacific Islander/Native American, 0.04% Mixed Race. US News and World Report estimates. Of these students, 51% are eligible for the free lunch program—capped at a household income of $29,995 for a family of four—while 14% of students are eligible for the reduced lunch program—capped at a household income of $42,643 for a family of four