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John McCain

John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer, who served as a United States senator for Arizona from January 1987 until his death in 2018. He served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for president of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama. McCain graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1958 and received a commission in the United States Navy, he flew ground-attack aircraft from aircraft carriers. During the Vietnam War, he died in the 1967 USS Forrestal fire. While on a bombing mission during Operation Rolling Thunder over Hanoi in October 1967, he was shot down injured, captured by the North Vietnamese, he was a prisoner of war until 1973. He refused an out-of-sequence early release. During the war, he sustained wounds, he moved to Arizona, where he entered politics. In 1982, McCain was elected to the United States House of Representatives, where he served two terms, he entered the U.

S. Senate in 1987 and won reelection five times. While adhering to conservative principles, McCain had a reputation as a "maverick" for his willingness to break from his party on certain issues, his supportive stances on LGBT rights, gun regulations, campaign finance reform were more liberal than those of the party's base. McCain was investigated and exonerated in a political influence scandal of the 1980s as one of the Keating Five, he was known for his work in the 1990s to restore diplomatic relations with Vietnam. McCain opposed pork barrel spending, he belonged to the bipartisan "Gang of 14", which played a key role in alleviating a crisis over judicial nominations. McCain entered the race for the Republican nomination for president in 2000, but lost a heated primary season contest to Governor George W. Bush of Texas, he lost the general election. McCain subsequently adopted more orthodox conservative stances and attitudes and opposed actions of the Obama administration with regard to foreign policy matters.

In 2015, he became Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee. He refused to support then-Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump in 2016. While McCain opposed the Affordable Care Act, he cast the deciding vote against the ACA-repealing American Health Care Act of 2017. After being diagnosed with brain cancer in 2017, McCain reduced his role in the Senate in order to focus on treatment, he died on August 25, 2018 at age 81. Following his death, McCain lay in state in the Arizona State Capitol rotunda and in the United States Capitol rotunda, his funeral was televised from the Washington National Cathedral, with former U. S. Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama giving eulogies. John Sidney McCain III was born on August 29, 1936, at Coco Solo Naval Air Station in the Panama Canal Zone, to naval officer John S. McCain Jr. and Roberta McCain. He had a younger brother Joe. At that time, the Panama Canal was under U. S. control. McCain's family tree includes English ancestors, his father and his paternal grandfather, John S. McCain Sr. were Naval Academy graduates and both became four-star admirals in the United States Navy.

The McCain family moved with their father as he took various naval postings in the United States and in the Pacific. As a result, he attended a total of about 20 schools. In 1951, the family settled in Northern Virginia, McCain attended Episcopal High School, a private preparatory boarding school in Alexandria, he excelled at wrestling and graduated in 1954. He referred to himself as an Episcopalian as as June 2007 after which date he said he came to identify as a Baptist. Following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, McCain entered the United States Naval Academy, where he was a friend and informal leader for many of his classmates and sometimes stood up for targets of bullying, he fought as a lightweight boxer. McCain did well in academic subjects that interested him, such as literature and history, but studied only enough to pass subjects that gave him difficulty, such as mathematics, he came into conflict with higher-ranking personnel and did not always obey the rules, which contributed to a low class rank, despite a high IQ. McCain graduated in 1958.

McCain began his early military career when he was commissioned as an ensign and started two and a half years of training at Pensacola to become a naval aviator. While there, he earned a reputation as a man, he became a naval pilot of ground-attack aircraft. McCain began as a sub-par flier, at times careless and reckless, his aviation skills improved over time, he was seen as a good pilot, albeit one who tended to "push the envelope" in his flying. On July 3, 1965, McCain was 28 when he married Carol Shepp, who had worked as a runway model and secretary. McCain adopted her two young children Andrew, he and Carol had a daughter whom they named Sidney. McCain requested a combat assignme

Fox and Grapes, Birmingham

The Fox and Grapes was an historic, heritage-designated public house in the Digbeth area of Birmingham, England. After some time derelict, a major fire, it was demolished in 2018. Parts of the building dated from early 18th century. A public house had stood on the site, at 16 Freeman Street, on the corner of in Park Street, since at least 1829, as early as 1815; the name "Fox and Grapes", which refers to one of Aesop's Fables, The Fox and the Grapes, was in use by 1849. The facade was remodelled in the mid 19th century; the pub was owned by Smiths Brewery, until taken over by Butlers, in 1957. One wing of the stuccoed brick building, which had a tiled roof, included a former coach house; the already-derelict building was badly damaged by fire on the afternoon of 3 January 2015 - an incident, attended by eight fire appliances from the West Midlands Fire Service. The building was given grade II listed status in July 1982 protecting it from unauthorised alteration or demolition. Despite this designation, the building was demolished overnight on 15/16 September 2018 - a Saturday and Sunday.

The demolition was criticised by the city's leading historian, Professor Carl Chinn, who described the act as being "as mystifying as it is upsetting and disgusting". Birmingham City Council said that the demolition was "part of the HS2 Curzon Street Station development", referring to construction of the northern terminus of phase one of the High Speed 2 railway and citing "structural issues" identified by "HS2's surveyors"; the building was near to the site of Island House, demolished controversially in 2012. Porter, Libby. "The meaning of place and state‐led gentrification in Birmingham's Eastside". City. 10: 215–234. Doi:10.1080/13604810600736941

Stephen O'Meara

Stephen O'Meara was a Canadian-born American journalist and political figure, the first commissioner of the Boston Police Department and editor of The Boston Journal. O'Meara was born in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island on July 26, 1854, his family moved to a farm in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1864, but left for Boston's Charlestown neighborhood. He graduated from Charlestown High School in 1872. In 1878 he married Isabella M. Squire, they had three daughters. After high school, O'Meara worked for The Boston Globe as its Charlestown reporter. After three months he was promoted to the city staff, he joined the Boston Journal in 1874 as a legislative and shorthand reporter. From 1879 to 1881 he was the paper's city editor. From 1881 to 1891 he served as managing editor. On July 1, 1891, general manager W. W. Clapp retired from the paper and O'Meara was given control of both the commercial and editorial sides of the paper. Soon thereafter, O'Meara fell ill with severe acute Bright's disease. At one point he was pronounced dead.

However, he recovered and returned to the Journal. On March 15, 1895, O'Meara was replaced by Francis M. Stanwood. On January 1, 1896, a syndicate led by W. D. Sohler purchased 80% of the paper and O'Meara returned as editor-in-chief and part owner. In 1899 he purchased majority ownership in the paper. In October 1902, O'Meara retired from publishing. On September 7, 1904, O'Meara declared his candidacy for the United States House of Representatives seat in Massachusetts's 11th congressional district, he lost the Republican nomination to Eugene Foss 2993 votes to 2271. Republicans considered nominating O'Meara in the 1905 Boston mayoral election, but he had no interest in running. On July 20 he and his family left the city for a year long vacation in Europe, where his children were to attend school. In 1910, O'Meara again ran for Congress in the 11th District, he opposed Republican Speaker of the House Joseph Cannon. He lost the Republican nomination to conservative W. Dudley Cotton Jr. 3,091 votes to 2,146.

Cotton had run an energetic. In 1906, a new law went into effect which replaced the three-member Boston police commission with a single police commissioner. On May 23, 1906, Governor Curtis Guild Jr. cabled O'Meara, who staying in Dresden, informing him that he had been nominated for the position of police commissioner and asking him to return to the city at once. He departed from Liverpool on the SS Arabic on May 25, he arrived in Boston on June 2, 1906 and took office on June 4. After taking office, O'Meara instituted a number of reforms. During his first year, O'Meara barred officers from accepting rewards for routine action, replaced the disciplinary action of fining police officers with extra work assignments, forbid city hall officials from interfering with police business, eliminated bathhouse details, opposed veteran's preference for appointment to the police department, issued new orders regarding his officers' use of firearms, arrest of juveniles, physical appearance. In 1915 he ordered that police officers no longer regulate dancing at hotels and other places that sold liquor.

O'Meara's appointment expired in 1911. His reappointment was opposed by a group of 150 Boston ministers, led by Willard Francis Mallalieu, as well as a group of South End women, who wanted public education activist Florence Page appointed to the position over the "weak and inefficient" O'Meara, his reappointment was endorsed by the Good Government Association as well as another group of Protestant clergy, which included Thomas Van Ness, Herbert S. Johnson, Adolf A. Berle Sr. On May 31, Governor Foss reappointed O'Meara, he remained commissioner until his death on December 14, 1918