John McEwen

Sir John McEwen, was an Australian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Australia, holding office from 19 December 1967 to 10 January 1968 in a caretaker capacity after the disappearance of Harold Holt. He was the leader of the Country Party from 1958 to 1971. McEwen was born in Victoria, he was orphaned at the age of seven and raised by his grandmother in Wangaratta and in Dandenong. McEwen left school at the age of 13 and joined the Australian Army at the age of 18, but the war ended before his unit was shipped out, he was nonetheless eligible for a soldier settlement scheme, selected a property at Stanhope. He established a dairy farm, but bought a larger property and farmed beef cattle. After several previous unsuccessful candidacies, McEwen was elected to the House of Representatives at the 1934 federal election, he was first elevated to cabinet by Joseph Lyons in 1937. McEwen became deputy leader of the Country Party under Arthur Fadden, he replaced Fadden as leader in 1958, remained in the position until his retirement from politics in 1971.

He served in parliament for 36 years in total. The Coalition returned to power in 1949 under Robert Menzies and under Harold Holt. McEwen came to have a major influence on economic policy in the areas of agriculture and trade; when Holt died in office in December 1967, he was commissioned as caretaker prime minister while the Liberal Party elected a new leader. He was 67 at the time, the oldest person to become prime minister and only the third from the Country Party. McEwen ceded power to John Gorton after 23 days in office, in recognition of his service was appointed deputy prime minister, the first time that position had been formally created. McEwen was born on 29 March 1900, at his parents' home in Victoria, he was the son of David James McEwen. His mother was born in Victoria, had English and Irish ancestry, his father was of Ulster Scots origin, born in County Armagh. He worked as a chemist, served a term on the Chiltern Shire Council; the family surname was spelled "MacEwen", but was simplified upon David McEwen's arrival in Australia in 1889.

In his memoirs, McEwen recounted that he had no memories of his parents. His mother died of lung disease in March 1902, just before his second birthday, she was the second of his father's three wives, McEwen had three half-siblings – Gladys and George. After their mother's death, McEwen and his sister were raised by their father, living in the rooms behind his chemist's shop, he died from meningitis in September 1907. John and Amy were sent to live with their widowed grandmother, Nellie Porter, while their younger half-brother went to live with his mother in Melbourne, they had never lived with their older half-sisters, sent to live in a children's home upon their mother's death in 1893. McEwen's grandmother ran a boardinghouse in Wangaratta, he grew up in what he described as "pretty frugal circumstances", in 1912 his grandmother moved the family to Dandenong, on the outskirts of Melbourne. McEwen attended state schools in Wangaratta and Dandenong until the age of thirteen, when he began working for Rocke, Tompsitt & Co. a drug manufacturer in central Melbourne.

He worked as a switchboard operator, for which he was paid 15 shillings per week. McEwen began attending night school in Prahran, in 1915 passed an examination for the Commonwealth Public Service and began working as a junior clerk at the office of the Commonwealth Crown Solicitor, his immediate superior there was Fred Whitlam, the father of another future prime minister, Gough Whitlam. With World War I ongoing, McEwen resolved to enter the military when he turned 18, he joined the Australian Army Cadets and completed a Royal Australian Navy course in radiotelegraphy, hoping to qualify for the newly opened Royal Military College, Duntroon. He passed the entrance exam, but instead chose to enlist as a private in the Australian Imperial Force, in order to be posted overseas sooner; the war ended before his unit shipped out. Despite the briefness of his service, McEwen was eligible for the Victorian government's soldier settlement scheme, he selected an 86-acre lot at Stanhope, on land that been a sheep station.

As with many other soldier-settlers, McEwen did not have the money or the expertise needed to run a farm. He spent several months working as a farm labourer and did the same as a stevedore at the Port of Melbourne saving enough money to return to Stanhope and establish his dairy farm. McEwen's new property was undeveloped, with only a single existing building and no fences, irrigation, or paddocks, he and the other soldier-settlers in the Stanhope district suffered a number of hardships in the early 1920s, including droughts, rabbit plagues, low milk prices. Many of them were forced off their properties, allowing those who survived to expand their holdings cheaply. In 1926, McEwen bought a larger farm nearby, which he named Chilgala, he switched from dairy to beef cattle, was able to expand his property by buying abandoned farms from the government. At its peak, Chilgala carried 1,800 head of cattle. McEwen had a reputation as one of the best farmers in the district, came to be seen by the other soldier-settlers as a spokesman and leader.

He represented

Buena Vista, Amador County, California

Buena Vista is a census-designated place in Amador County, California. It lies at an elevation of 295 feet, it is located 4 miles south-southeast of Ione, at 38°17′40″N 120°54′48″W. The community is in ZIP code 95640 and area code 209; the population was 429 at the 2010 census. A post office operated at Buena Vista from 1866 to 1878. Buena Vista is located near 67-acre Miwok Indian rancheria called the Buena Vista Rancheria; the rancheria is administered by the Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians, a federally recognized tribe, whose tribal chairperson is Pope Rhonda Morningstar. The 2010 United States Census reported that Buena Vista had a population of 429; the population density was 264.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Buena Vista was 365 White, 1 African American, 23 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 12 from other races, 28 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35 persons; the Census reported that 429 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized.

There were 180 households, out of which 61 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 58 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 37 had a female householder with no husband present, 17 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 19 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 2 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 58 households were made up of individuals and 21 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38. There were 112 families; the population was spread out with 109 people under the age of 18, 21 people aged 18 to 24, 91 people aged 25 to 44, 139 people aged 45 to 64, 69 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males. There were 218 housing units at an average density of 134.4 per square mile, of which 180 were occupied, of which 133 were owner-occupied, 47 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 8.9%.

289 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 140 people lived in rental housing units. In the state legislature, Buena Vista is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Republican Andreas Borgeas, the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow. Federally, Buena Vista is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Buena Vista, Amador County, California

Oliver G. Traphagen

Oliver Green Traphagen was an American architect who designed many notable buildings in Duluth, during the late 19th century and in the Territory of Hawaii during the early 20th century. Among his most famous landmarks are the Oliver G. Traphagen House in Duluth, called the Redstone, the Moana Hotel in Honolulu, both of which are on the National Register of Historic Places, as are several other buildings he designed, he was born on 3 September 1854 in New York. In the 1870s Traphagen moved to St. Paul, with his parents where he worked as a carpenter, as an apprentice to the architect George Wirth, he moved north to Duluth in 1882, soon became one of the city's first major architects. The 1880s were boom times in Duluth. Over the next fifteen years, either on his own or in partnership with Wirth and Francis W. Fitzpatrick, Traphagen designed buildings for both public and private owners, such as the First National Bank, Turner Hall, Wieland Block, City Hall and Jail, Fire Station No. 1, First Presbyterian Church, Duluth Central High School.

Many of Traphagen's designs show the influence of the Richardsonian Romanesque style, popular at the time. Because his daughter's health required a warmer climate, the family relocated to the soon-to-be-annexed Republic of Hawaii in October 1897. Thanks to his previous work in Duluth he soon became "the most prolific and regarded architect in town." He designed the first building in the islands with the Judd Building. As in Duluth, he designed public works, such as the Kakaako Pumping Station, Palama Fire Station, the Hawaiian State Archives Building. Two of his more exceptional buildings have not survived: the classical-style Hackfeld & Co. building downtown and the four-story James B. Castle home on Waikiki Beach. Among the last buildings he designed in Hawaii was the Punahou School president's home, which celebrated its 100th anniversary in December 2007. In 1907, he moved to Alameda, where he retired in 1925, he died on 21 October 1932 in California. Pastoret Flats/Kozy Bar & Apartments, 129-131 East 1st Street, Duluth, MN, circa 1887 - Heavily damaged by fire on November 15, 2010 - Christian H. Oppel Block, 115 E Superior St, Minnesota, circa 1885.

Attributed to Traphagen. Demolished circa 1987. Wirth Building, 13 W Superior St, Minnesota, 1886. Attributed to Traphagen. First National Bank, Minnesota, 1888. Demolished 1959 Turner Hall, 601 E Third St, Minnesota, 1888. Destroyed by fire 1890 Wieland Block, Minnesota, 1889 Former Duluth City Hall and Jail, 132 and 126 E Superior St, Minnesota, 1889 Fire Station No. 1, N Corner of 1st Ave E and Third St, Minnesota, 1889. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Boiler House and smokestack, August J. Fitger's Brewery, 600 E Superior St, Minnesota, 1890. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Chester Terrace, 1210–1232 E First St, Minnesota, 1890. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick First Presbyterian Church, 300 E Second St, Minnesota, 1891. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Duluth Central High School, 215 N. 1st Ave E. Duluth, Minnesota, 1891-92. Emmet S. Palmer and Lucien P. Hall and Traphagen. Munger Terrace, 405 Mesabi Ave, Minnesota, 1891-92. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Oliver G. Traphagen House, 1511 E Superior St, Minnesota, 1892. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Torrey Building, 314-316 W Superior St, Minnesota, 1892.

Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Duluth Board of Trade, 301 W First St, Minnesota, 1894-95. Traphagen & Fitzpatrick Judd Building, corner of Merchant and Fort Sts, Hawaii, 1898 Kakaako Pumping Station, 653 Ala Moana Blvd, Hawaii, 1900 Moana Hotel, 2365 Kalakaua Ave, Hawaii, 1901 Palama Fire Station, 879 N King St, Oahu President's Home at the Punahou School, 1907 Kainalu, the beach house of James Bicknell Castle in Waikiki, 1902. "Business and Buildings: Downtown Honolulu's Old Fashioned Block," Hawaiian Journal of History 6:3-27. Hawaiian Time Machine