John Muir known as "John of the Mountains" and "Father of the National Parks", was an influential Scottish-American naturalist, environmental philosopher and early advocate for the preservation of wilderness in the United States of America. His letters and books describing his adventures in nature in the Sierra Nevada, have been read by millions, his activism has helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and many other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he co-founded, is a prominent American conservation organization. In his life, Muir devoted most of his time to the preservation of the Western forests; as part of the campaign to make Yosemite a national park, Muir published two landmark articles on wilderness preservation in The Century Magazine, "The Treasures of the Yosemite" and "Features of the Proposed Yosemite National Park". S. Congress to pass a bill in 1890 establishing Yosemite National Park; the spiritual quality and enthusiasm toward nature expressed in his writings has inspired readers, including presidents and congressmen, to take action to help preserve large nature areas.
John Muir has been considered "an inspiration to both Scots and Americans". Muir's biographer, Steven J. Holmes, believes that Muir has become "one of the patron saints of twentieth-century American environmental activity," both political and recreational; as a result, his writings are discussed in books and journals, he is quoted by nature photographers such as Ansel Adams. "Muir has profoundly shaped the categories through which Americans understand and envision their relationships with the natural world," writes Holmes. Muir was noted for being an ecological thinker, political spokesman, religious prophet, whose writings became a personal guide into nature for countless individuals, making his name "almost ubiquitous" in the modern environmental consciousness. According to author William Anderson, Muir exemplified "the archetype of our oneness with the earth", while biographer Donald Worster says he believed his mission was "saving the American soul from total surrender to materialism." On April 21, 2013, the first John Muir Day was celebrated in Scotland, which marked the 175th anniversary of his birth, paying homage to the conservationist.
John Muir's Birthplace is a four-story stone house in East Lothian, Scotland. His parents were Ann Gilrye, he was the third of eight children: Margaret, David, Daniel and Mary, the American-born Joanna. His earliest recollections were of taking short walks with his grandfather. In his autobiography, he described his boyhood pursuits, which included fighting, either by re-enacting romantic battles from the Wars of Scottish Independence or just scrapping on the playground, hunting for birds' nests. Author Amy Marquis notes that he began his "love affair" with nature while young, implies that it may have been in reaction to his strict religious upbringing. "His father believed that anything that distracted from Bible studies was frivolous and punishable." But the young Muir was a "restless spirit" and "prone to lashings." As a young boy, Muir became fascinated with the East Lothian landscape, spent a lot of time wandering the local coastline and countryside. It was during this time that he became interested in natural history and the works of Scottish naturalist Alexander Wilson.
Although he spent the majority of his life in America, Muir never forgot his roots in Scotland. He held a strong connection with his birthplace and Scottish identity throughout his life and was heard talking about his childhood spent amid the East Lothian countryside, he admired the works of Thomas Carlyle and poetry of Robert Burns. He returned to Scotland on a trip in 1893, where he met one of his Dunbar schoolmates and visited the places of his youth that were etched in his memory, he never lost his strong Scottish accent despite having lived in America for many years. In 1849, Muir's family immigrated to the United States, starting a farm near Portage, called Fountain Lake Farm, it has been designated a National Historic Landmark. Stephen Fox recounts that Muir's father found the Church of Scotland insufficiently strict in faith and practice, leading to their immigration and joining a congregation of the Campbellite Restoration Movement, called the Disciples of Christ. By the age of 11, the young Muir had learned to recite "by heart and by sore flesh" all of the New Testament and most of the Old Testament.
In maturity, while remaining a spiritual man, Muir may have changed his orthodox beliefs. He wrote, "I never tried to abandon creeds or code of civilization. Elsewhere in his writings, he described the conventional image of a Creator, "as purely a manufactured article as any puppet of a half-penny theater." When he was 22 years old, Muir enrolled at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, paying his own way for several years. There, under a towering black locust tree beside North Hall, Muir took his first botany lesson. A fellow student plucked a flower from the tree and used it to explain how the grand locust is a member of the pea family, related to the straggling pea plant. Fifty years the naturalist Muir described the day in his autobiography. "This fine lesson charmed me and sent me flying to the woods and meadows in wild enthusiasm." As a freshman, Muir studied chemistry with P
George David Givot was a Russian-born American comedian and actor on Broadway and in vaudeville, movies and radio. He was known for speaking in a comedic fake Greek dialect and was styled the "Greek Ambassador of Good Will", his best known movie role may be as the voice of Tony in the Tramp. Givot stated that he did not know who his parents are. According to official documents, he was born on 18 February 1903 in Ekaterinoslav, Russian Empire, to Walf Givistinsky - William Wolf Givot and Sofya - Sarah - Givistinsky. According to the 1910 census, the family settled in Omaha, Nebraska, they moved to Chicago, where Givot went to high school and college. His night school journalism instructor became fed up with the class clown and sent him to see the man in charge of the midnight to 3 am broadcasts at a radio station, who hired him. Paul Ash heard Givot gave him his start in vaudeville. Givot was one of the earliest the earliest, Greek dialect comedians, working in vaudeville, nightclubs and radio from the 1920s on.
He had learned some Greek working in a Greek candy store in Omaha as a soda jerk. In 1949, Billboard magazine reviewer Bill Smith panned his performance in one East Side venue, but praised him for the same routines in "Billy Rose's mauve decade nitery": Givot's act is made up of tolerable singing and corn; the latter, dressed up with his Greek dialect, takes on a certain kind of freshness. That, plus Givot's appearance and salesmanship, won him yocks upon yocks.... Givot is a natural with his Greek malaprops and situation gags. In 1926, 16-year-old student Helen Britt was taken into custody for trying to blackmail the vaudeville entertainer, but was released when police were satisfied she was just joking; when Mae West wrote the play The Constant Sinner, she wanted to cast African-American Lorenzo Tucker as her character's black lover. This would have been controversial in the segregation-era United States of the 1930s, so she reluctantly agreed to have Givot perform in blackface instead; the producers insisted that Givot remove his wig at the end of every performance to show the audience he was white.
The Constant Sinner ran on Broadway for 64 performances from September to November 1931. George and Ira Gershwin were hired to showcase English music hall star Jack Buchanan in Pardon My English; when Buchanan was unable to convincingly play half of his double role, he was replaced by Givot. Givot and Josephine Huston introduced the Gershwin song "Isn't It a Pity?" in the 1933 Broadway musical. Pardon My English was a flop and soon closed, he had much better success as one of the stars of the 1944 Cole Porter musical Mexican Hayride. Here he met co-star Dorothy Durkee. Al Hirschfeld drew others in the cast. Givot appeared in a number of Big V Comedies, comedy shorts produced by Warner Bros. and Vitaphone in the 1930s. With the 1934 short Roast-Beef and Movies, MGM tried to create its own version of the Three Stooges, with Givot as the Moe Howard-like leader, Curly Howard – an actual Stooge – in the role played by Larry Fine. Givot played supporting roles not only in comedies and musicals, but in dramas, from his debut in The Chief to the war movie China Gate.
Givot did star in the 1942 musical Flying with Music. As the voice of Tony in the animated Disney film Lady and the Tramp, he sang "Bella Notte". Givot was the original host of the Bonnie Maid Versa-Tile Varieties television series, which began airing in 1949 at 9 pm on Fridays on NBC; the September 10, 1949 Billboard issue gave him a moderately good review: The veteran comic handled his emcee chores with the ease of vast experience and moved the standard vaude format along at a bright, brisk pace. His jokes and "Greek ambassador" routine were pretty stale, but his warm, show-wise personality televised well, he undoubtedly helped imbue the show's talented but untried acts with a professional air. Nonetheless, he was replaced after two months, he appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show twice in 1958, on May 11 and July 27. Givot had his own radio show at different times, he was one of the panelists on Stop Me If You've Heard This One when it was revived in 1947. The April 20, 1946 issue of Billboard referred to him as a "one-time radio biggie".
He married actress Maryon Curtis in 1937. According to his advance man, Givot planned to retire and become a "gentleman farmer... on his estate in Tarzana, Calif.", but marital problems drained his finances, forcing him to continue working. The couple divorced in 1941. On December 1, 1945, he married Dorothy Durkee; the two had become acquainted. According to newspaper gossip columnist Hedda Hopper, notorious gangster Bugsy Siegel was a friend of Givot's and once inadvertently saved his life. Siegel persuaded the comedian to stay an extra day in Chicago. George Givot died of a heart attack on June 7, 1984, in California, he was interred in California. George Givot on IMDb George Givot at the Internet Broadway Database Photograph of Givot and unknown woman in the Durham Museum photo archive
The PFL 4 mixed martial arts event for the 2018 season of the Professional Fighters League was held on July 19, 2018, at the Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York. This was the fourth regular season event of 2018 and included fights in the featherweight and heavyweight divisions. Fights were set between Bekbulat Magomedov vs. Magomed Idrisov and Timur Valiev vs. Lee Coville, however Idrisov and Coville were forced to pull out for undisclosed reasons. At first Carl Deaton and Darrick Minner were scheduled as replacements, but on weigh in day both missed the 146-pound limit, as a result PFL elected to pull them off the card, instead pair up their intended opponents to create Bekbulat Magomedov vs. Timur Valiev; the point system consists of outcome based bonuses for an early win. Under the outcome based scoring system, the winner of a fight receives 3 points and the loser receives 0 points. If the fight ends in a draw, both fighters will receive 1 point; the bonus for winning a fight in the first, second, or third round is 3 points, 2 points, 1 point respectively.
For example, if a fighter wins a fight in the first round the fighter will receive 6 total points. If a fighter misses weight the fighter that missed weight will receive 0 points and his opponent will receive 3 points due to a walkover victory. ♛ = Clinched playoff spot --- E = Eliminated List of PFL events List of current PFL fighters