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Katie Lowes

Katie Quinn Lowes is an American actress and theater director. She is best known for her role as Quinn Perkins in the ABC political drama series Scandal. Lowes was born in New York City, she graduated from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts with BFA in acting, was cast in the stage play Four Saints in Mexico. In 2004, Lowes landed her first screen role in the FX series Rescue Me and co-starred opposite Marcia Gay Harden in the Showtime pilot, Hate. Lowes guest starred in the number of television series, including The Sopranos, Without a Trace, NCIS, Ghost Whisperer, Castle and The Closer. In 2008 she starred opposite Laurie Metcalf in Easy Money. In addition to her television performances, Lowes appeared in a number of low-budget films, including The Job and Café. Lowes is best known for her role as Quinn Perkins Lindsay Dwyer, in the ABC political drama series Scandal created by Shonda Rhimes. Before Scandal, Lowes had guest roles on Shonda Rhimes' Grey's Private Practice. Before landing her breakout role on the show, she worked as nanny for Connie Britton's adopted son.

With her husband, Adam Shapiro, she is one of the founders and directors of the Los Angeles-based IAMA Theater Company, a supporter of Southern California's black box theater community. On July 11 it was announced that Lowes and her husband Shapiro will make their Broadway debuts in the Broadway production of Waitress. Lowes lives in Los Angeles with actor Adam Shapiro. Shapiro played her character's boyfriend in an episode of Scandal. In May 2017, she announced that her husband were expecting their first child, a boy, she announced the birth of their son, Albee Shapiro, on October 5, 2017. Her father is of Irish Catholic background and her mother is Jewish. Official website Katie Lowes on IMDb Katie Lowes on Twitter

Catherine Holmes

Catherine Ena "Cate" Holmes is an Australian judge, the current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Queensland, the highest ranking court in the Australian state of Queensland. She was appointed to the Supreme Court of Queensland in 2000, to the Queensland Court of Appeal in 2006 and appointed Chief Justice on 11 September 2015. In that capacity, she acts in the position of Governor of Queensland in the governor’s absence. Holmes attended Our Lady of the Sacred Heart College, Darra, she attended the Australian National University graduating with a Bachelor of Economics in 1977 and attended the University of Queensland graduating with a Bachelor of Laws in 1980. She completed a Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice at the Queensland Institute of Technology in 1983, a Bachelor of Arts with Honours in 1989 and a Master of Laws in 1998 both at the University of Queensland. Holmes was admitted to the Bar and admitted as a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Queensland in 1982. In 1984 she was admitted as a Barrister of the Supreme Court of Queensland and was a Foundation Member of the Women's Legal Service in Queensland.

She was a Crown Prosecutor in the Office of Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions from 1984 to 1986. In 1986 she began a law firm private practice focused on administrative law, she served as a Member of the Queensland Anti-Discrimination Tribunal from 1994 to 2000. Holmes was appointed Deputy President of the Queensland Community Corrections Board in 1997. From 1998 to 1999 she served as the Counsel Assisting the Forde Commission of Inquiry into Child Abuse. In 1999 she was appointed Senior Counsel and was made Acting Judge on the District Court of Queensland. On 16 March 2000 Holmes was appointed as a Judge on the Supreme Court of Queensland. From 2004 to 2006 she was a Judge on the Queensland Mental Health Court. On 26 May 2006 she was appointed to the Queensland Court of Appeals of the Supreme Court of Queensland. On 18 January 2011, it was announced that Justice Holmes would be appointed to head an inquiry into the 2011 Queensland floods; the following day the Bar Association of Queensland criticised the appointment, making the following comments: Since 1987 the Queensland judiciary has adhered to a convention that a serving judge ought not accept appointment to head a commission of inquiry...

It is clear that the present inquiry involves real potential for political controversy as to administrative conduct of successive state and local government administrations since 1974... It must be recognised that commissions of inquiry, by their nature, will find themselves examining issues of a character not contemplated upon commencement; the issues for inquiry may become far more politically charged than first imagined. However, the Chief Justice of Queensland at the time, Paul de Jersey defended the appointment, arguing that it was appropriate because of the apparent absence of any suggestion of political or institutional corruption. On 7 September 2015, Holmes was announced as the new Chief Justice of Queensland, replacing Tim Carmody who resigned on 1 July, she was sworn in on 11 September 2015. Holmes was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in the 2020 Australia Day Honours for "eminent service to the judiciary, notably to criminal and mental health law, to the community of Queensland."

Judiciary of Australia List of Judges of the Supreme Court of Queensland

Murfreesboro, Arkansas

Murfreesboro is a city in, the county seat of, Pike County, United States. Its population was 1,641 at the 2010 census; the city is known for the Crater of Diamonds State Park located south of the city. In 1906, diamonds were found on a local farm, it was determined. The property was sold to the state of Arkansas, which opened the 911-acre Crater of Diamonds State Park to the public; as a tourist attraction a daily fee is charged to search for diamonds. Located in Murfreesboro is the 1,000-year-old Ka-Do-Ha Indian Village and museum dedicated to it, which offers a field that can be excavated for authentic arrowheads. Murfreesboro is located at 34°3′59″N 93°41′21″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,764 people, 732 households, 485 families residing in the city; the population density was 906.5 people per square mile. There were 830 housing units at an average density of 426.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 89.23% White, 7.31% Black or African American, 1.08% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.91% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races.

1.36 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 732 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,806, the median income for a family was $33,456. Males had a median income of $26,300 versus $18,523 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,124. About 11.0% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by South Pike County School District, which includes: Murfreesboro Elementary School, serving prekindergarten through grade 6. Murfreesboro High School, serving grades 7 through 12. On July 1, 2010, the Murfreesboro School District and the Delight School District merged to form the South Pike County School District; the Murfreesboro district absorbed the Delight district and changed its name to South Pike County School District. Official Murfreesboro City website Ka-Do-Ha Indian Village

Begging in animals

Begging in animals is when an animal solicits being given resources by another animal. This is a young animal soliciting food from their parents, brood hosts or other adults. However, the resource may be solicited by adult animals. Begging behavior is most studied in birds, mammals and invertebrates perform begging displays. In food solicitation, begging behavior is instinctive, although in some instances it is learned. While the ultimate causation for begging is an increase in the animal's individual fitness, several theories have been proposed for how food begging evolved proximate causes including scramble competition, honest signalling of need, cooperative begging by siblings. Various types of information such as nutritional status or immunocompetence can be transmitted with auditory and visual begging signals and the behavior can be modulated by several factors such as brood size and hormones. Several costs of begging have been investigated including energetic and predation cost. Begging from humans occurs under artificial circumstances such as donkeys and dolphins begging for food from tourists.

In 1950, Tinbergen and Perdeck tested the effects of visual stimuli on begging behavior by gull chicks, elucidating which characteristics of their parent's bills the chicks were reacting to. Using models varying in different characteristics, they tested multiple stimuli and found that gull chicks pecked most at a long, red bill with contrasting white bars at the end. Chicks pecked at other models; these studies showed the chicks were responding to the red spot stimulus on their parents' bills, an example of imprinting. In 1953, Von Haartman first demonstrated that chick begging is a stimulus to parental feeding and that the begging level of the brood increases with deprivation. Parent–offspring conflict describes the evolutionary conflict arising from differences in optimal fitness of parents and their offspring. While parents tend to maximize the number of offspring, the offspring can increase their fitness by getting a greater share of parental investment by competing with their siblings. Food distribution by parents among offspring is a key element in the parent-offspring conflict.

Young animals attempt to skew parental food allocation in their favor. Several models have been proposed to explain the evolution of conspicuous offspring solicitation. One model predicts that begging intensity is driven by sibling competition. A second model is that begging intensity reflects the true condition or need of the individual and that the cost of the signal imposes honesty. A third model predicts that animals respond to the overall signal of the entire brood and that the siblings cooperate to gain the most food. Begging behavior functions in sibling competition; this is the method by which individuals seek to gain more food than their siblings to increase their own individual fitness. Parents need an honest signal from their offspring indicating their level of hunger or need, so that the parents can distribute food accordingly. Offspring want to get as much of the food as possible, so they will want to exaggerate their signals to gain more investment from their parents. However, this conflict is resolved by the cost of excessive begging.

Not only does excessive begging attract predators, but it retards chick growth if begging goes unrewarded. Thus, the cost of increased begging will enforce offspring honesty. A weaker nestling might change the intensity at which it begs, but a stronger nestling, hungry and begging can push to the front of the nest where the parent is. Competition among nest mates can sometimes encourage adaptations between the siblings. In an experiment where a larger species of bird was placed into a nest with a smaller species, the smaller birds changed the intensity and frequency of their calls to compete with the alien species; the study showed that the smaller birds were fed the same amount as other nestlings in a nest without an intruder. Begging by dependent chicks is known to correlate with hunger level. Studies have been conducted which manipulated the competitive environment of individual European starling chicks by altering the state of nest mates while holding the state of target chicks constant. Begging effort of the unmanipulated target chicks was not affected by the changes in begging behavior of their siblings, supporting the view that in this species, begging is a reliable signal of individual chick state and does not involve responses to the effort of nest mates.

The black-headed gull is a semi-altricial bird with a brood size of one to three siblings. When a parent returns to the nest, its chicks recognize its calls and start begging before the adult lands. Parents respond to the total solicitation emerging from the nest; the more siblings there are, the more they coordinate their begging while decreasing the number of individual begging bouts. In this way, intra-brood synchronization of begging enables chicks to reduce their effort in begging. Begging behavior in mongooses is cooperative. Adults are influenced by the total signal emanating from the litter, so that pups

Sara G

The'Sara G' is an ocean rowing boat which holds multiple world records. She is 11.1 m long and 1.8 m wide. There are 3 rowing positions on deck with two cabins: one at the bow and a larger cabin at the stern; the hull is made of Duflex, a composite material with a balsa wood core sandwiched between fiberglass sheeting. She has one sister boat called the'Vopak Victory', she was most owned by Matt Craughwell and had been docked in Christchurch, England. On the 30 December 2007 the Sara G crossed the Tasman sea by oar. In 2010 she crossed the mid Atlantic Ocean. On the same route in 2011, the Sara G broke the world record for the fastest rowing crossing of any ocean; the record for the row is 46 minutes with an average speed of 3.9 knots. Sara G capsized during an Atlantic Ocean world record attempt in 2012; the capsize could not be righted and the crew of six were forced to abandon the vessel for a life raft. They were rescued after 14 hours adrift by a Taiwanese cargo ship; the crew had completed 2,500 miles of the 3,000 mile route from Morocco to Barbados when the incident occurred on the 28th day of the expedition.

The inverted Sara G washed ashore a year on the Florida Keys, too badly damaged to be repaired. The boat is now on display at the Shipwreck Bar and Grill, a restaurant owned by the salvager in the Key Largo area. Atlantic Row Wrap up: Sara G bags it