John Rauch

John Rauch known by his nickname Johnny Rauch, was an American football player and coach. He was head coach of the Oakland Raiders in the team's loss to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl II in early 1968. Rauch's football playing career ended before it began. At the age of 14, he was instructed to give up the sport. Ignoring the dire warnings, Rauch was a three-sport star at Yeadon High School put together an outstanding college football career. Earning the starting quarterback slot for the University of Georgia as a true freshman in 1945, he led the Bulldogs to a 36–8–1 record. Included in these victories are four straight bowl game appearances, as well as an undefeated record in 1946. On an individual level, he won first team All American accolades following his senior year in 1948, left the school as college football's all-time passing leader with 4,044 yards. Rauch was the second overall pick in the 1949 NFL Draft, taken by the Detroit Lions, but sent to the transplanted New York Bulldogs in exchange for the rights to SMU's Doak Walker.

During his first season with the Bulldogs in 1949, Rauch saw action on both sides of the ball, throwing for 169 yards and one touchdown, while intercepting two passes. The following year, he saw action in eight contests, throwing for 502 yards and six touchdowns split time with New York and the Philadelphia Eagles in 1951, combining for 288 yards and one touchdown pass. In 1952, rather than accept a trade to the Pittsburgh Steelers to become a player/coach, he accepted an offer from University of Florida Coach Bob Woodruff to join his staff in Gainesville. In 1952, Rauch began his coaching career with the first of two seasons at the University of Florida. After spending the 1954 season at Tulane University, he returned to his alma mater, the next year as an assistant for four seasons. In 1959, he headed to NY as an Army assistant. Three years he went back to Tulane for the 1962 campaign. In 1963, Rauch moved to the professional level with the AFL's Oakland Raiders. Working under head coach Al Davis as the offensive backs coach, Rauch was the heir apparent and was promoted to head coach in April 1966, when Davis became commissioner of the AFL.

After leading the Raiders to an 8–5–1 mark in his first year, Rauch's squad lost just once during the 1967 regular season and faced the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl II in Miami. For his efforts, Rauch was named the AFL Coach of the Year. In 1968, the team again flourished during the regular season with a 12–2 mark, defeated the Kansas City Chiefs in a Western Division playoff game, but lost the AFL championship game to the New York Jets. During his three years as head coach, Davis' frequent interference with the day to day coaching role became a source of aggravation for Rauch. On January 16, 1969, Rauch dealt with the problem by resigning from his championship team to become head coach of the struggling Buffalo Bills; the shift meant going from one of the sport's top teams to the team that finished with the worst record. However, with the first pick in the 1969 NFL/AFL draft, the Bills selected Heisman Trophy-winning running back O. J. Simpson. Rauch caused controversy by expecting Simpson to become more than the one-dimensional running back he was at the University of Southern California.

He expected Simpson to become an all-around running back, necessary in Professional Football, by blocking and receiving passes out of the backfield, as Rauch had coached at Oakland. Simpson refused to do these added things and friction began; the media, unaware that Simpson refused to take extra passing drills, viewing them as'punishment', began a campaign that Rauch was using Simpson as a decoy, which did not explain the indecisiveness in Simpson's style. Having several aging and many young players, Buffalo improved by only two games to finish with a 4–10 record in 1969. Following a 3–10–1 record in 1970, Rauch avoided being dismissed, was prepared to handle the reins for the upcoming year. However, on July 20, 1971, he abruptly resigned following a heated discussion with team owner Ralph C. Wilson Jr; the source of the argument stemmed from Rauch's comments about former Bills' players Ron McDole and Paul Maguire. Wilson, without any consultation with Rauch, had traded the 31-year-old McDole to the Washington Redskins.

Maguire who had become a problem with excessive lack of decorum on the practice field, was not offered a contract for the 1971 season by Rauch. On Rauch's first television show of the 1971 season prior to opening training camp, when asked about McDole, he stated, in loyalty to Wilson, that they traded McDole "while they could get something in return" due to his age; when asked why he did not offer Maguire a contract, he commented that all Maguire cared about was "how to get out of work and when's the next party." Training camp opened the next day and in the week Wilson arrived at camp and indicated that he would issue a statement of support for the players. Rauch said "if you do that, you can have my resignation". Wilson accepted. After serving as a scout for the Packers, Rauch was hired on October 10 as quarterback coach of the Eagles, he served in that capacity until the entire staff was fired on December 18, 1972. Less than three weeks Rauch was hired as head coach of the Canadian Football League's Toronto Argonauts, leading the team to a playoff berth in his first year.

After the team was sold to a new owner and a slow start to begin the 1974 season, Rauch was dismissed on September 4. Returning to the NFL the following year, Rauch served as backfield coach for the Atlanta Falcons, but resigned on February 18, 1976, to b


Singingfish was an audio/video search engine that powered audio video search for Windows Media Player,, RealOne/RealPlayer, Real Guide, AOL Search, Dogpile and, among others. Launched in 2000, it was one of the earliest and longest lived search engines dedicated to multimedia content. Acquired in 2003 by AOL, it was folded into the AOL search offerings and all web hits from RMC TV to Singingfish were being redirected to AOL Video and as of February 2007 Singingfish had ceased to exist as a separate service. Singingfish powered audio search continues to live on for the time being at AOL Search and other AOL properties. However, little if any development has been done since August 2006. Singingfish powered video search is no longer publicly available and is now being re-directed to AOL Video Search. Singingfish employed its own web crawler, designed to ferret out audio and video links across the web. In 2003 and 2004, Asterias discovered an average of about 50,000 new pieces of multimedia content a day.

A proprietary system was used to process each of the discovered links, extracting metadata and enhancing it prior to indexing as much multimedia content on the web has little or poor metadata. Many of the multimedia URLs used as seeds for Singingfish's crawlers and annotation engines came from cache logs from the NSF-funded National Laboratory for Applied Network Research IRCache Web Caching project. Singingfish was founded in mid-1999 by John DeRosa, Eric Rehm, Ken Berkun, Mike Behlke. By January 2000, it had grown to 17 employees; the group photo on the left was taken in Singingfish's first office on Seattle's Capitol Hill on January 24, 2000. From left to right: Robin Alexander, Scott Lee, Chris Wilkes, Eric Rehm, Shannon MacRae, Mike Behlke, Mark Lipsky, Linden Rhoads, John Madsen, Charles Porter, Vas Sudanagunta, Paul Shannon, Austin Dahl, Chris Abajian and John DeRosa. Not pictured: Ken Berkun and Monte Hayward. A public alpha version of the search service was unveiled at Streaming Media East in New York City in June 2000.

By the Fall of 2000, Singingfish had grown to over 50 employees. In November 2000, it was acquired by the French company Thomson multimedia. Singingfish announced its first customer, Zurich-based Internet AG, in December 2000. Singingfish Search first appeared on Internet AG's "Swiss Search" and Infospace's Dogpile and Metacrawler sites late in the summer of 2001. By this time Singingfish was the dominant multimedia search engine. No competitor indexed as much of the audio and video content available on the web or provided more relevant query results. In the fall of 2001, RealNetworks signed a deal with Singingfish for the latter to provide audio and video search for RealOne Player. In January 2003, Microsoft signed a similar deal, in this case to provide audio and video search for Windows Media Player and Singingfish downsized under Thomson multimedia and slowly continued to shrink in size through its acquisition by AOL in October 2003. However, Thomson multimedia continued to support research and development into multimedia metadata standards such as MPEG-7 that were incorporated into Singingfish technology.

Soon after acquiring Singingfish, AOL integrated its audio/video search service into AOL Search, adding yet another big-name to the stable of search products powered by Singingfish. As of August 2006, Singingfish continued to power multimedia search for both Microsoft and Real, was being integrated into the AOL search and directed media business unit; the last members of the Singingfish staff were laid off in December 2006. Since February 7, 2007 all web hits to Singingfish have been redirected to AOL Video. MP3 MPEG QuickTime Windows Media RealMedia Flash AVI The content providers below added their audio and video content to Singingfish's search index using regular feeds. In addition to providing high quality meta data to be indexed, these direct feeds enabled Singingfish to produce current results for news related queries. Comedy Central MTV Nickelodeon TV Land Reuters BBC News CBS News E! News iFilm MSNBC NPR AtomFilms CNN Like Television MarketWatch The One Network RooTV AOL

Gill (unit)

The gill or teacup is a unit of measurement for volume equal to a quarter of a pint. It is no longer except in regard to the volume of alcoholic spirits measures. In imperial units In United States customary units In Great Britain, the standard single measure of spirits in a pub was 1⁄6 gill in England, 1⁄5 gill in Scotland, while the 1⁄4 gill was a common measure in Scotland, still remains as the standard measure in pubs in Ireland. After metrication, this was replaced by measures of either 25 or 35 millilitres, at the discretion of the proprietor. Half of a gill is or an eighth of a pint, but in northern England, a quarter pint could be called a jack or a noggin, rather than a gill, in some areas a half pint could be called a gill for beer and milk. In Ireland, the standard spirit measure was ​1⁄4 gill. In the Republic of Ireland, it still retains this value, though it is now specified in metric units as 35.5 ml. In Scotland, there were additional sizes: big gill = 1 1⁄2 gills wee gill = 3⁄4 gill wee half gill = 3⁄8 gill nip=1⁄4 gill There are occasional references to a gill in popular culture, such as in: In L. Frank Baum's The Patchwork Girl of Oz, one of the ingredients required for a magic spell is a gill of water from a dark well.

In chapter 19, the obscure unit is used for humor including a pun with the nursery rhyme "Jack and Jill", which involved a well. In George Orwell's Animal Farm, Moses the Raven is allotted a gill of beer a day after he returns, with the implication that this is part of his payment for supporting the farm leaders, the pigs. Dan Simmons' novel, The Terror, makes frequent references to gills of rum. In Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island there are uses of the measure gill, with Israel Hands drinking a gill of brandy in the chapter'I Strike the Jolly Roger'; the cumulative song "The Barley Mow". In The Doors song "The Crystal Ship", the line, "the crystal ship is being filled a thousand girls," some people report that "girls" should be "gills". A gill is referenced in Archer season 2, episode 3 when Barry explains to Archer that a litre is, "about 8 gills". In "Bart the Genius," an episode of The Simpsons, a child tricks Bart by offering, "I'll trade you 1,000 picolitres of my milk for four gills of yours."

Because of its more used homograph, gill is mispronounced with a hard'g' sound. FX's animated cartoon Archer, mispronounced gill in the episodes "Blood Test" and "Heart of Archness: Part Three". Television host Stephen Fry mispronounced gill in a 2013 edition of the BBC TV programme QI