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John Rutter

John Milford Rutter is an English composer, editor and record producer of choral music. Born on 24 September 1945 in London, the son of an industrial chemist and his wife, Rutter grew up living over the Globe pub on London's Marylebone Road, he was educated at Highgate School where fellow pupils included John Tavener, Howard Shelley, Brian Chapple and Nicholas Snowman, as a chorister there took part in the first recording of Britten's War Requiem under the composer's baton. He read music at Clare College, where he was a member of the choir. While still an undergraduate he had his first compositions published, including the "Shepherd's Pipe Carol" which he had written aged 18, he served as director of music at Clare College from 1975 to 1979 and led the choir to international prominence. In 1981, Rutter founded his own choir, the Cambridge Singers, which he conducts and with which he has made many recordings of sacred choral repertoire under his own label Collegium Records, he resides at Hemingford Abbots in Cambridgeshire and conducts many choirs and orchestras around the world.

In 1980, he was made an honorary Fellow of Westminster Choir College, in 1988 a Fellow of the Guild of Church Musicians. In 1996, the Archbishop of Canterbury conferred a Lambeth Doctorate of Music upon him in recognition of his contribution to church music. In 2008, he was made an honorary Bencher of the Middle Temple while playing a significant role in the 2008 Temple Festival. From 1985 to 1992, Rutter suffered from myalgic encephalomyelitis, which restricted his output. Rutter works as an arranger and editor; as a young man he collaborated with Sir David Willcocks on five volumes of the extraordinarily successful Carols for Choirs anthology series. He was inducted as a National Patron of Delta Omicron, an international professional music fraternity in 1985. Rutter is a Vice-President of the Joyful Company of Singers, President of The Bach Choir, President of the Association of British Choral Directors. Rutter's compositions are chiefly choral, include Christmas carols and extended works such as the Gloria, the Requiem and the Magnificat.

The world premiere of Rutter's Requiem, of his authoritative edition of Fauré's Requiem, took place with the Fox Valley Festival Chorus, in Illinois. In 2002, his setting of Psalm 150, commissioned for the Queen's Golden Jubilee, was performed at the Jubilee thanksgiving service in St Paul's Cathedral, London, he was commissioned to write a new anthem, "This is the day", for the Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton in 2011, performed at Westminster Abbey during the service. Rutter's work is published by Oxford University Press, it has been recorded by many choirs, but he conducts his own recordings principally on his label Collegium Records. Rutter's music is eclectic, showing the influences of the French and English choral traditions of the early 20th century as well as of light music and American classic songwriting; every choral anthem and hymn that he writes has a subsequent orchestral accompaniment in addition to the standard piano/organ accompaniment, using various different instrumentations such as strings only and woodwinds or full orchestra with brass and percussion.

Many of his works have been arranged for concert band with optional chorus. Despite composing and conducting much religious music, Rutter told the US television programme 60 Minutes in 2003 that he was not a religious man yet still spiritual and inspired by the spirituality of sacred verses and prayers; the main topics considered in the 60 Minutes programme, broadcast a week before Christmas 2003, were Rutter's popularity with choral groups in the United States and other parts of the world and his composition Mass of the Children, written after the sudden death of his son Christopher while a student at Clare College, where Rutter himself had studied. In a 2009 interview Rutter discussed his understanding of "genius" and its unique ability to transform lives – whether that genius is communicated in the form of music or other media, he likened the purity of music to that of mathematics and connected the two with a reference to the discovery made by the early Greeks that frequencies of harmonic pitches are related by whole-number ratios.

Rutter's music is popular in the US. In the UK many hold him in high regard, as illustrated by the following quotation from a review in the London Evening Standard: "For the infectiousness of his melodic invention and consummate craftsmanship, Rutter has few peers". Sue Lawley referred to Rutter as "the most celebrated and successful composer of carols alive today" and Sean Rafferty heralded Rutter as "a creator of not just carols, but wonderfully great things for the human voice." One British composer, David Arditti, did not regard him as a sufficiently "serious" composer, saying that Rutter is "hard to take because of the way in which his sheer technical facility or versatility leads to a superficial, unstable crossover style, neither quite classical nor pop, which tends towards mawkish sentimentality in his sugarily-harmonised and orchestrated melodies." The Guardian remarked that "it is as a writer of carols that he has made his mark... His larger-scale works – the Gloria and Magnificat – are well established in the choral repertoire."

David Willcocks considered Rutter "the most gifted composer of his generation." Suite for Strings


Zona pellucida sperm-binding protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ZP2 gene. The zona pellucida is an extracellular matrix that surrounds the early embryo, it is composed of three or four glycoproteins with various functions during fertilization and preimplantation development. The protein encoded by this gene is a structural component of the zona pellucida and functions in secondary binding and penetration of acrosome-reacted spermatozoa; the nascent protein contains a N-terminal signal peptide sequence, a conserved ZP domain, a consensus furin cleavage site, a C-terminal transmembrane domain. It is hypothesized that furin cleavage results in release of the mature protein from the plasma membrane for subsequent incorporation into the zona pellucida matrix. However, the requirement for furin cleavage in this process remains controversial based on mouse studies; the sperm-binding domain on the ZP2 protein is necessary in both humans and mice for oocyte-sperm recognition and penetration of the zona pellucida.

It is responsible for the primary block to polyspermy in mammals. The oocyte has cortical granules peripherally located under the cortex that contain a proteolytic protein called ovastacin. After the sperm binds to ZP2, the cortical granules are exocytosed releasing ovastacin into the perivitelline space. Ovastacin cleaves ZP2 at the N terminus, preventing more sperm from binding and penetrating the oocyte, thus hardening the zona pellucida. Ovastacin is only found in oocytes, is part of the astacin family of metalloendoproteases. Female mice engineered without ovastacin showed; the crystal structure of the sperm-binding domain of ZP2 at 0.95 Å resolution showed, shares the same ZP-N fold first identified in structures of ZP3. This provided experimental evidence for the suggestion that the N-terminal region of ZP2 consists of three ZP-N repeats and revealed that - despite insignificant sequence identity - ZP2 is structurally similar to VERL, the vitelline envelope receptor for egg lysin of the mollusk abalone.

This established a link between invertebrate and vertebrate fertilization by suggesting that, despite being separated by 600 million years of evolution and human use a common protein fold to interact with sperm

French corvette Mutine (1799)

Mutine was the name-vessel of her two-vessel class of corvettes designed by Charles-Henri Tellier. She was ordered as Nouvelle in 1797, but received the name Mutine at her launching in May 1799, she was wrecked near Santiago de Cuba on 17 August 1803 as a consequence of a single-ship action with HMS Racoon. Her commander in 1799 was Captain Lambert. On 28 January 1801 HMS Bordelais was west of Barbados when she encountered two French brigs and a schooner, they gave chase but Bordelais turned. In the short engagement that followed she captured the larger of the brigs, which sank within an hour or so of her capture; the two other French vessels escaped early in the engagement. The French brig that escaped was Mutine, of sixteen 6-pounder guns and 156 men under the command of J. Reybaud, the schooner Espérance, of six 4-pounder guns and 52 men under the command of Captain Haywood. In 1803, under the command of lieutenant de vaisseau Reybaud, sailed from Gibraltar and Malaga for the French Antilles.

The crossing took 38 days. Once in the French Antilles, Mutine sailed from Port-de-Paix to Santiago de Cuba. At 1p.m. On 12 August Racoon sighted a brig coming along shore that met up with a schooner, avoiding the British all day. At 3p.m. The two came up together. At 4:15 the brig hoisted French colours and opened fire on Racoon. Racoon and the brig exchanged broadsides, with Racoon's fire bringing down most of the brig's rigging; the brig ran on shore on the rocks in a small bay. After some maneuvering, Racoon fired a broadside from her other side to try to destroy the brig. After about half an hour, the brig raised her colours again. Racoon made several passes, firing on the brig, which lost her mainmast near sunset, fell on her side; the brig sent her crew ashore in boats. In the morning it was clear that the brig was a complete wreck, having lost her masts and being full of water. Commander Austin Bissell, of Racoon, decided not to permit Racoon's master to take a boat and some men to the brig to burn her because there were too many armed men on shore who would fire on any boarding party.

Racoon had her two lieutenants and 42 men away in the prizes she had taken the previous month. During the engagement, the schooner made her escape despite the efforts of Lieutenant Wright to capture the schooner, using a prize that Racoon had captured earlier; the sloop turned out to be Mutine. Citations ReferencesBarrey, Ph. "Notice sur les Constructeurs de Navires Havrais". Recueil des publications de la société havraise d'études diverses.. James, William; the Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. R. Bentley. Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction and Fates.. ISBN 9781848322042

The Ordeal (film)

The Ordeal is a lost 1922 American silent drama film directed by Paul Powell and written by Beulah Marie Dix and W. Somerset Maugham; the film stars Clarence Burton, Agnes Ayres, Conrad Nagel, Edna Murphy, Anne Schaefer, Gino Corrado, Adele Farrington. The film was released on May 1922, by Paramount Pictures; as described in a film magazine, Sybil Bruce agreed to a marriage with her older drunken and abusive husband George Bruce to provide for her invalid sister and young brother. The husband's physician Dr. Robert Acton is not permitted in the house. A will is drafted that stipulates that the wife will forfeit her claim to the husband's wealth if she remarries after his death; when the husband dies, Sybil believes that in failing to provide him his medicine, she had murdered him. The money she inherits allows her to pay for an operation, but her sister becomes headstrong and wasteful, her younger brother follows the same path. Dr. Robert Acton returns. There is a big scene at a roadhouse where an aged, former family nurse saves Sybil and tells her that she poisoned the deceased husband.

There follows a happy ending with the doctor. Agnes Ayres as Sybil Bruce Clarence Burton as George Bruce Conrad Nagel as Dr. Robert Acton Edna Murphy as Helen Brayshaw Anne Schaefer as Minnie Gino Corrado as Gene Adele Farrington as Madame St. Levis Edward Martindel as Sir Francis Maynard Shannon Day as Kitty Claire Du Brey as Elise A. Edward Sutherland as Victim The Ordeal on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie

Carlos BellvĂ­s

Carlos Bellvís Llorens is a Spanish footballer who plays for AD Alcorcón. On the left flank, he can play as either a midfielder. After emerging through local Valencia CF's youth system, Valencia-born Bellvís made his professional debut for Valencian Community neighbours Elche CF, playing two seasons on loan in the second division. Subsequently, he moved in the same situation to CD Numancia, making his La Liga debut on 31 August 2008 in a shock 1–0 home win against FC Barcelona. After Numancia's relegation, Bellvís cut all ties with Valencia and signed a three-year contract for CD Tenerife in mid-July 2009, he suffered two consecutive relegations with the Canary Islands club, being only a backup in both seasons. After contributing with 21 matches as his next team, RC Celta de Vigo, returned to the top level at the end of the 2011–12 campaign as runners-up, Bellvís was only third or fourth-choice in the following years, being deployed as a right-back and suffering a fracture to his zygomatic bone in September 2013 during a match at Getafe CF, after a collision with Diego Castro.

After leaving in January 2014 he resumed his career in the second tier, with SD Ponferradina and AD Alcorcón. Carlos Bellvís at BDFutbol Carlos Bellvís at Futbolme Celta de Vigo biography Carlos Bellvís at Soccerway


Dobrómyl’ is a city in Staryi Sambir Raion, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located some 5 kilometers to the border with Poland. Population: 4,457 . Dobromyl was first mentioned in 1374, as a settlement founded by the Herburt family, upon request of Polish prince Władysław Opolczyk. In 1566 it was granted Magdeburg rights by the King Sigismund I the Old. Eighteen years Stanislaw Herburt built a castle here, the town had a printing shop, where in 1612 the Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae were published; until the Partitions of Poland, Dobromil was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. In the course of time, the branch of the Herburt family which resided in the town changed its name into Dobromilski. In 1772, Dobromil was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, until 1918 belonged to Austrian Galicia. After World War I, the town returned to Poland, in the Second Polish Republic, was the seat of a county in Lwów Voivodeship. In 1921 its population was 5386. Following the Nazi and Soviet Invasion of Poland, Dobromil was transferred to the Soviet Union.

In June 1941, Soviet NKVD murdered here hundreds of prisoners. Under German occupation, Dobromil was transferred to Przemyśl County, District of Kraków, General Government, its Jewish population perished in The Holocaust, on August 8, 1944 the town was seized by the Red Army. Dobromil belongs to Ukraine; the town has a local office of the Association of Polish Culture of the Lviv Land. Among famous people associated with Dobromil are: Physician and major of the Polish Army, Stanislaw van der Coghen, murdered in the Katyn massacre, Piotr Geisler and general of the Polish Army, Tadeusz Stanislaw Grabowski, Polish historian and professor of the Jagiellonian University, Kazimierz Wisniowski, brigade general of the Polish Army. Офіційний портал міста добромиль Official website