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John Sebastian

John Benson Sebastian is an American singer/songwriter, guitarist and autoharpist. He is best known as a founder of The Lovin' Spoonful, as well as his impromptu appearance at the Woodstock festival in 1969 and No. 1 hit in 1976, "Welcome Back". The Lovin' Spoonful was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. Sebastian grew up in Italy and Greenwich Village, his father, John Sebastian, was a noted classical harmonica player and his mother, was a radio script writer. His godmother was Vivian Vance, a close friend of his mother, his godfather and first babysitter was children's book illustrator Garth Williams, a friend of his father. Sebastian grew up surrounded by music and musicians, including Burl Ives and Woody Guthrie, hearing such players as Lead Belly and Mississippi John Hurt in his own neighborhood, he graduated from Blair Academy, a private boarding school in Blairstown, New Jersey, in 1962. He next attended New York University for just over a year, but dropped out as he became more interested in musical pursuits.

In the early 1960s, Sebastian developed an interest in blues music and in playing harmonica in a blues style, rather than the classical style of his father. Through his father's connections, he met and was influenced by blues musicians Sonny Terry and Lightnin' Hopkins. Sebastian became part of the folk and blues scene, developing in Greenwich Village, that in part gave rise to folk rock. In addition to harmonica, Sebastian played guitar and autoharp. One of Sebastian's first recording gigs was playing guitar and harmonica for Billy Faier's 1964 album The Beast of Billy Faier, he played on Fred Neil's album Bleecker & MacDougal and Tom Rush's self-titled album in 1965. He played in the Even Dozen Jug Band and in The Mugwumps, which split to form the Lovin' Spoonful and the Mamas & the Papas. Bob Dylan invited him to play bass on his Bringing It All Back Home sessions and to join Dylan's new electric touring band, but Sebastian declined in order to concentrate on his own project, The Lovin' Spoonful.

Sebastian was joined by Zal Yanovsky, Steve Boone, Joe Butler in the Spoonful, named after "The Coffee Blues," a Mississippi John Hurt song. The Lovin' Spoonful, which blended folk-rock and pop with elements of blues and jug band music, became part of the American response to the British Invasion, was noted for such hits as "Do You Believe in Magic", "Summer in the City", "Daydream", "Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind?", "You Didn't Have to Be So Nice", "Darling Be Home Soon", "Jug Band Music", "Rain on the Roof", "Nashville Cats", "Six O'Clock". The band, began to implode after a 1967 marijuana bust in San Francisco involving Yanovsky, a Canadian citizen. Facing deportation, he revealed the name of his dealer to police, which caused a fan backlash and added to the internal tension created by the band members' diverging interests. Neither Sebastian nor Butler was involved in the matter, both being away from San Francisco at the time. Yanovsky subsequently left the band and was replaced by Jerry Yester, after which the band's musical style veered away from its previous eclectic blend and became more pop-oriented.

Sebastian left the Lovin' Spoonful in 1968 and did not play with any versions of the band, except for a brief reunion with the other three original members to appear in Paul Simon's 1980 film One-Trick Pony, again for a single performance at their Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony in 2000. One of Sebastian's first projects after leaving the Spoonful was composing the music and lyrics for a play with music, Jimmy Shine, written by Murray Schisgal, it opened on Broadway in December 1968, with Dustin Hoffman in the title role, ran until April 1969, for a total of over 150 performances. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Sebastian himself wrote a stage musical adaptation of E. B. White's Charlotte's Web in consultation with his godfather Garth Williams, who illustrated White's original book; the proposed musical included 20 songs, some of which Sebastian performed in concert, but the musical was never produced. In August 1969, Sebastian made an unscheduled appearance at Woodstock, he traveled to the festival as a spectator, but was asked to appear when the organizers needed an acoustic performer after a rain break because they couldn't set up amps on stage for Santana until the water was swept off.

Sources that have tried to reconstruct the Woodstock running order differ on the exact time and position of Sebastian's unplanned set, with some stating that he played on Saturday, August 16 after Country Joe McDonald. Sebastian's Woodstock set consisted of three songs from his recorded but not yet released John B. Sebastian album and two Lovin' Spoonful songs. Documentary remarks by festival organizers indicated that Sebastian was under the influence of marijuana or other psychedelic drugs at the time, hence his spontaneity and casual, unplanned set. Sebastian has confirmed in interviews that he was a regular marijuana user at the time and had taken acid at Woodstock because he was not scheduled to perform. However

Witbank Commando

Witbank Commando was a light infantry regiment of the South African Army. It formed part of the South African Army Infantry Formation as well as the South African Territorial Reserve. During this era, the unit was used for area force protection and cordones as well as stock theft control assistance to the rural police; this unit, along with all other Commando units was disbanded after a decision by South African President Thabo Mbeki to disband all Commando Units. The Commando system was phased out between 2003 and 2008 "because of the role it played in the apartheid era", according to the Minister of Safety and Security Charles Nqakula. South African Commando System

Opinion polling for the 2014 Indian general election

In the run up to the 2014 Indian general election, various organisations carried out opinion polls to gauge voting intention in India. Results of such polls are displayed in this article; the date range for these opinion polls are from the Jan 2013 to April 2014. Many organisations have gone on to conduct exit polls and post-poll surveys as well, which too are displayed. Opinion polls in India can be controversial; these charges include partisan manipulation. Opinion poll methodology has improved and agencies like CSDS have got it correct on 16 occasions correct on 7 occasions and wrong on 4 occasions. Post-poll surveys published, are fundamentally different from opinion polls. According to a study, post-poll surveys in the past have overestimated BJP seats; the eight largest metropolises in India are considered important because they constitute 31 seats, larger than some regions altogether. In the previous election, the INC-led UPA won 24 of these seats, but the UPA is trailing in these areas. A NDTV opinion poll in Uttar Pradesh indicated that the BJP would win its largest share of seats in the region by winning 40 of the 80 seats.

BSP would get 15 seats, SP would get 13 seats, INC-RLD will get 12 seats, amongst its losses will Ajit Singh. The poll asked those in Gujarat if Modi should run from U. P. of which 67% responded negatively, while those in U. P. said by 62 %. A survey of first time voters suggested Modi was the most popular prime ministerial candidate and Mamata Banerjee was the most popular outside the BJP or INC. Latest survey by CNN-IBN-Lokniti predicts the decline in popularity of Narendra Modi as PM candidate. Polling agencies have been criticised by some political parties and political scholars. One of the limitations in making predictions is the modelling the relationship between vote share and the number of seats. A controversy erupted when a lowly rated news channel News Express released footage of a sting operation named Operation Polly which alleged that a number of polling agencies were involved in malpractices such as juggling with the statistics and results; the sting was aimed to suggest. The allegation included global research Giants like Ipsos and CVoter, whose contract with the India Today group was suspended briefly.

Election Commission of India website Punjab Election Opinion Poll