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John Sell Cotman

John Sell Cotman was an English marine and landscape painter, illustrator, author and a leading member of the Norwich School of painters. John Sell Cotman was born in Norwich, on 16 May 1782, the son of Edmund Cotman, a prosperous silk merchant and lace dealer, his wife Ann Sell, they were married on 3 April 1871 at St. Mary Coslany, Norwich 3 April 1871, the same church that their son John Sell was baptised on 9 June; the family name was written as Cottman in the parish baptism record. Cotman was educated at the Norwich School, he showed a talent for art from an early age and would go out on frequent drawing trips into the countryside around Norwich. His father intended him to go into the family business but instead, intent on a career in art, he moved to London in 1798 making a living through commissions from print-sellers, he came under the patronage of Dr. Thomas Munro, physician to the Bridewell and Bethlehem Hospitals, whose house in Adelphi Terrace was a studio and a meeting place for artists.

There, Cotman made the acquaintance of the artists J. M. W. Turner, Peter de Wint and Thomas Girtin, who became an influential figure in his artistic development, he joined a sketching club started by Girtin, went on drawing expeditions with him to Wales and Surrey. In 1800 Cotman exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time, showing five scenes of Surrey and one of Harlech Castle, he is thought to have spent the summers of 1800 and 1801 touring Wales, as he showed Welsh scenes at the Royal Academy in 1801 and 1802. In 1800 he was awarded an honorary palette by the Society of Arts, he continued to exhibit at the Academy until 1806, went on extended drawing trips through England and Wales. In the three summers of 1803–5 he stayed with the Cholmeley family at Brandsby Hall in Yorkshire. On the last of these three visits, he made a series of watercolours of the River Greta. While based in London, Cotman had spent some time in Norwich, in September 1802 he advertised his services as teacher of drawing in the Norwich Mercury.

In 1806 he returned to live in Norwich. He joined the Norwich Society of Artists and exhibited 20 works, including six portraits, at the society's exhibition in 1807. In 1808, the 67 works he exhibited included oil paintings, he became President of the Society in 1811. 6th Jan 1809, Cotman married Ann Miles, a farmer's daughter from the north Norfolk village of Felbrigg. They had a total of two daughters, his main living came from teaching art and one of his students, the local antiquary Dawson Turner, became a good friend, introducing him to many pupils and collaborating on one of his books. As part of his teaching Cotman operated his own version of a watercolour subscription library, so that his pupils could take home his drawings to copy. Many of his works bear numbers related to this scheme. In 1811, his first set of etchings was published. From 1812 to 1820 he published a set of 60 etchings of the ancient buildings of Norfolk. In 1817, 1818 and 1820 he visited Normandy with Dawson Turner. Two years he published a set of 100 etchings based on sketches made during his Normandy tour.

After these visits the character of his paintings changed, the ones being brighter in colour. From 1812 to 1823, Cotman lived on the coast at Great Yarmouth, where he studied shipping and mastered the form of waves; some of his finest marine pieces date from this time. He returned to Norwich in 1824, hoping to improve his financial position, moved into a large house in St Martin's Plain, opposite the Bishop's Palace, where he built up a collection of prints, books and many models of ships to aid his compositions, he showed work from 1823 to 1825 at the Norwich Society of Artists' annual exhibitions. In 1825, Cotman became an Associate of the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours and was a frequent exhibitor there until 1839; however he was driven to despair by his constant financial struggles. In January 1834, Cotman was appointed Master of Landscape Drawing at King's College School in London on the recommendation of J. M. W. Turner. In 1836, his son Miles Edmund Cotman was appointed to assist him.

The poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti was one of his pupils. In London, Cotman was friends with the artists James Stark, George Cattermole, Samuel Prout and Cornelius Varley. In 1836, he became an honorary member of the Institute of British Architects. In 1838, all of his etchings were published by Henry George Bohn, including "Liber Studiorum". Cotman died in July 1842, was buried in the cemetery at St. John's Wood Chapel. All his works and collection of prints and books were sold by auction at Christie's, realising just over £525 – a paltry sum, his sons Miles Edmund and John Joseph Cotman became painters of note. Miles Edmund succeeded his father as drawing master at Kings in 1843. Cotman worked in oils, watercolour and chalk, produced many hundreds of etchings, his works are on public display in Norwich, where well over 2,000 works are held, as well as at the Leeds Art Gallery, the Tate Gallery, the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, other regional centres.

In the United States, there are works by Cotman at the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, in other galleries around the country. Etchings of Ancient Buildings in England Specimens of Norman and Gothic Architecture in the County of Norfolk Cotman, John Sell. Excursions in the County of Norfolk. London. Sepulchral brasses in Norfolk. Cotman, John Sell. Architectural Antiquities of Norma

Skam Records

Skam Records is an independent electronic music record label based in Manchester, founded by Andy Maddocks around 1990. Skam runs a smaller sub-label called 33. Skam's first 12-inch single is rumored to have never been released, only distributed as a promo; this was a self-titled debut from Lego Feet. The label followed with two 12" records from a project known as Gescom, whose members vary between each release, it is "an open secret. Other early Skam releases came from Freeform, Jega, Team Doyobi, E. Stonji, Boards of Canada. Boards of Canada's Hi Scores EP, Gescom's Keynell and Lego Feet have been repressed or reissued. Skam entered the full-length market in 1998 with the releases of Soup by Bola and Music Has the Right to Children by Boards of Canada, the latter being jointly released with Warp Records. A recurring feature on the packaging of Skam releases is the name of the label printed in braille. Skam makes multiple series of record releases within the label, all of which are an anagram of "SKAM".

The first three records were produced in conjunction with Musik Aus Strom, the latter two by Skam alone. Up until the 2004 release of Mr 76ix's Hits of 76ix, the label has produced a 7" single along with each full-length album. Skam has since stated on its website that future KMAS releases will feature purely exclusive tracks to complement full-length recordings of the same number. In 2001, Skam began the "SMAK" series; each SMAK 12" showcased one per record side. Some SMAK artists, like Quinoline Yellow, have gone on to become full Skam musicians. NMB Allstars went on to become part of the sublabel 33, which Skam has referred to as "a part of the family." Others, like Ola Bergman and Posthuman went on to set up their own record labels: New Speak and Seed Records, respectively. Made, are known for their live acts. In October 2004, Skam began the "AMKS" series with Supermechamaximegamegablast by Mortal and Chemist, which is, as the catalogue number may suggest, a mix. Tim Haslett wrote of Skam in the October 1997 issue of CMJ New Music Monthly: "It looked for a while as though the minimalist electronic movement had disappeared into the valley of the self-indulgent and repetitive.

The monotonous sound of a 909 kick drum and high-hat was beginning to wear on the nerves of the most committed techheads. Enter the Manchester-based Skam label, which has single-handedly invigorated a minimal techno sound that's not indebted to breakbeats or drum-and-bass. Having released early tracks by cult favorites Gescom and the Boards Of Canada, the Skam imprint has continued to thrive at the periphery of the crepuscular world of underground techno." In the same magazine in March 1999, Haslett wrote that Skam:"is notorious for its elusiveness, its tendency to make available only tiny quantities of each release. This might seem an elitist marketing move, an attempt to restrict the audience, but the Skam folks spend so much attention to detail in artwork and sound quality that it's easy to forgive them." List of record labels List of independent UK record labels Official website Skam Records discography at Discogs

Amita Bhushan

Amita Bhushan is an Indian politician, representing the Begusarai constituency on a Congress ticket in the 15th Lok Sabha elections for the first time. She is a member of Indian National Congress. Born and brought up in Begusarai, Bhushan is a social activist and fashion designer with an MA in Psychology. Moved by the plight of the common masses in the field of public health, sanitation, etc. she has floated a society in the name and style of CBRKC Foundation to make contributions to the extent its resources permit. The society runs without any government support; as per The Times of India, a section of Congress leaders from Bihar are questioning the party's decision to field candidates who have poor track records in elections. They have questioned the candidature of a unknown face like Amita Bhushan from Begusarai from where it could have fielded former PCC chief Ram Jatan Sinha. "In several constituencies, we still look like vote-katwas," said a former Congress MLA. Her husband is a government servant in All-India Service.

Indian National Congress Begusarai Begusarai Indian National Congress