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John Singleton Copley

John Singleton Copley was an Anglo-American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Anglo-Irish. After becoming well-established as a portrait painter of the wealthy in colonial New England, he moved to London in 1774, never returning to America. In London he met considerable success as a portraitist for the next two decades, painted a number of large history paintings, which were innovative in their readiness to depict modern subjects and modern dress, his years were less successful, he died in debt. Copley's mother owned a tobacco shop on Long Wharf; the parents, according to the artist's granddaughter Martha Babcock Amory, had come to Boston in 1736, were "engaged in trade, like all the inhabitants of the North American colonies at that time". His father was from Limerick. Letters from John Singleton, Mrs. Copley's father, are in the Copley-Pelham collection. Richard Copley, described as a tobacconist, is said by several biographers to have arrived in Boston in ill health and to have gone, about the time of John's birth, to the West Indies, where he died.

William H. Whitmore gives his death the year of Mrs. Copley's remarriage. James Bernard Cullen says: "Richard Copley was in poor health on his arrival in America and went to the West Indies to improve his failing strength, he died there in 1737." No contemporary evidence has been located for either year. Except for a family tradition that speaks of his precocity in drawing, nothing is known of Copley's schooling or of the other activities of his boyhood, his letters, the earliest of, dated September 30, 1762, reveal a well-educated man. He may have been taught various subjects, it is reasonably conjectured, by his future stepfather, besides painting portraits and cutting engravings, eked out a living in Boston by teaching dancing and, beginning September 12, 1743, by conducting an "Evening Writing and Arithmetic School", duly advertised, it is certain that the widow Copley was married to Peter Pelham on May 22, 1748, that at about that time she transferred her tobacco business to his house in Lindall Street, at which the evening school continued its sessions.

In such a household young Copley may have learned to use the engraver's tools. Whitmore says plausibly: "Copley at the age of fifteen was able to engrave in mezzotint; the family lived next to the house occupied by japanner Thomas Johnston and his family, Copley became friends with Thomas's son William to become a painter himself. The artistic opportunities of the home and town in which Copley grew to manhood should be emphasized because he himself, as well as some of his biographers taking him too have made much of the bleakness of his early surroundings, his son, Lord Lyndhurst, wrote that "he was self taught, never saw a decent picture, with the exception of his own, until he was nearly thirty years of age." Copley himself complained, in a letter to Benjamin West, written November 12, 1766: "In this Country as You rightly observe there is no examples of Art, except what is to met with in a few prints indifferently exicuted, from which it is not possable to learn much." Variants of this thesis are found everywhere in his earlier letters.

They suggest that, while Copley was industrious and an able executant, he was physically unadventurous and temperamentally inclined toward brooding and self-pity. He could have seen many good prints in the Boston of his youth; the excellence of his own portraits was not miraculous. A book of Copley's studies of the figure, now at the British Museum, proves that before he was twenty, whether with or without help from a teacher, he was making anatomical drawings with much care and precision, it is that through the fortunate associations of a home and workshop in a town which had many craftsmen, he had learned his trade at an age when the average art student of a era was only beginning to draw. Copley was about fourteen and his stepfather had died, when he made the earliest of his portraits now preserved, a likeness of his half-brother Charles Pelham, good in color and characterization though it has in its background accessories which are somewhat out of drawing, it is a remarkable work to have come from so young a hand.

The artist was only fifteen when he painted the portrait of the Rev. William Welsteed, minister of the Brick Church in Long Lane, a work which, following Peter Pelham's practise, Copley engraved to get the benefit from the sale of prints. No other engraving has been attributed to Copley. A self-portrait, depicting a boy of about seventeen in broken straw hat, a painting of Mars and Vulcan, signed and dated 1754, disclose crudities of execution which do not obscure the decorative intent and documentary value of the works; such painting would advertise itself anywhere. Without going after business, for his letters do not indicate that he was aggressive or pushy, Copley was started as a professional portrait-painter long before he was of age. In October 1757, Capt. Thomas Ainslie, collector of the Port of Quebec, acknowledged from Halifax the receipt of his portrait, which "gives me great Satisfaction", advised the artist to visit Nova Scotia "where there are several people who would be glad to employ You."

This request to paint in Canada was la

Rolla Ramsey

Rolla Roy Ramsey was an American physicist, university professor, radio electronics pioneer. Ramsey was born in the unincorporated community of Morning Sun, Preble County, son of Sarah Rachel McQuiston and Joseph Steele Ramsey, he grew up on a farm. As a university teacher, Rolla took a special interest in "farm boys". Rolla had a sister, Leila Jane Ramsey Lemon, a brother, Arthur McQuiston Ramsey. Rolla Ramsey attended Oxford High School in the village of Oxford, graduating in 1891. In high school, he enrolled in the physics course, found both the subject and his instructor to be inspiring, he spent many hours studying his own copy of the textbook Fourteen Weeks in Physics. His career in science was launched, he attended Miami University in Oxford for two years, transferred to Indiana University in Bloomington. He received the A. B. degree in Physics from Indiana University in 1895. In his senior year, Ramsey was an assistant in the Physics Department shop, he was a member of the Miami and IU football teams.

He took a position as science teacher at Decatur High School during the 1895–1896 year. Ramsey returned to Bloomington to become a Laboratory Assistant in the Department of Physics and a graduate student in Physics during the 1896–1897 year, he received the A. M. degree in Physics from Indiana University in 1898. While writing his master’s thesis during the 1897–1898 academic year, Ramsey held the position of Professor of Physics at Westminster College, New Wilmington, one of the first coeducational colleges in the United States, he spent a year as a Scholar in Physics during the formation of Clark University, Massachusetts. The formal opening of Clark was on October 2, 1899, with research-focused departments of Mathematics, Chemistry and Psychology. Ramsey moved to Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, pursued doctoral studies there, he earned the Ph. D. in Physics from Cornell in 1901. His research was under the direction of Edward Leamington Nichols, co-editor of the scholarly journal Physical Review.

The University of Missouri in Columbia hired Dr. Ramsey as Instructor of Physics in 1901. Indiana University Physics Department recruited Ramsey as Assistant Professor in 1903, he was promoted to Associate Professor in 1905, to Professor in 1919. Ramsey served two short terms as Head of the Department, he retired as Professor Emeritus of Physics in 1942. Gamma of Indiana chapter of Phi Beta Kappa was chartered in 1911. Among the members of the Senior Class elected as charter members was Ramsey's student Frank Erhart Emmanuel Germann. Outstanding Indiana University alumni were elected. Rolla Roy Ramsey, Arthur Lee Foley, Albert Fredrick Ottomar Germann, Ross Franklin Lockridge, Sr. were among the alumni elected in 1911. Ramsey was absorbed in all aspects of radio throughout his career, he initiated. In 1921, he tested an early form of wireless service for campus newspapers in the Midwest; that year, in an Indiana University lecture on wireless transmission, he treated his audience to an opera transmitted from Pittsburgh by pioneer broadcasting station Westinghouse KDKA.

Ramsey conducted a demonstration of “wireless telephony” for a group of 75 students and faculty in 1922. In a 1927 demonstration, he sent a television image from a transmitter to a receiver at opposite ends of an Indiana University lecture hall. Ramsey was head of the World War I laboratory-oriented radio electronics course at Indiana University, he introduced civilian instruction of radio into the United States Army. The Army called again for his services in World War II when the government decided to train men in the fundamentals and use of radio; the original plan was for the training to take place at Maryland. After visiting College Park and finding the facilities there inadequate, Ramsey recommended that the responsibility for training be given to universities; this recommendation was accepted. About three hundred students were trained at Indiana University in this program. Ramsey’s first book, Experimental Radio, was published in 1922, he formed the Ramsey Publishing Company in Bloomington to print and distribute his books.

He was the author of eighty scholarly articles on radio and electronics. Ramsey was a pioneer in perfecting the ball-and-stick models used by subsequent physics and chemistry students for many decades to represent the composition and the three-dimensional geometry of molecules, his molecular-model kits were manufactured and marketed by W. M. Welch throughout the middle of the twentieth century. Ramsey was a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, inducted in 1900. Fifty years he was made an honorary member of the A. A. A S, he was a Fellow of the Indiana Academy of Science and President of the Academy in 1920. He was a Fellow of the American Physical Society, he was a member of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Sigma Xi, the Scientech Club of Indianapolis, the Bloomington Kiwanis club. Ramsey married Clara Ethel Smith on December 27, 1897, they had Hugh Smith Ramsey. Hugh attended Indiana University, he served as a reserve medical officer in the United States Army during World War II.

He was coroner

Hyde Park (village), Vermont

Hyde Park is a village in the Town of Hyde Park, Lamoille County, United States. The population was 415 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 415 people, 192 households, 111 families residing in the village; the population density was 355.7 people per square mile. There were 207 housing units at an average density of 177.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the village was 98.55% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.24% Asian, 0.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population. There were 192 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.7% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the village, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $35,781, the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $35,357 versus $26,016 for females; the per capita income for the village was $22,790. About 2.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. List of villages in Vermont North Hyde Park, Vermont Official website