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John Thaw

John Edward Thaw, was an English actor who appeared in a range of television and cinema roles, his most popular being television series such as Inspector Morse, The Sweeney, Home to Roost and Kavanagh QC. Thaw was born in Gorton, Manchester, to working class parents Dorothy and John, a long-distance lorry driver. Thaw had a difficult childhood, his younger brother, Raymond Stuart "Ray" emigrated to Australia in the mid-1960s. Thaw grew up in Burnage, attending the Ducie Technical High School for Boys, he entered the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art at the age of 16. Soon after leaving RADA, Thaw made his formal stage début in A Shred of Evidence at the Liverpool Playhouse and was awarded a contract with the theatre, his first film role was a bit part in the adaptation of The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner starring Tom Courtenay and he acted on-stage opposite Sir Laurence Olivier in Semi-Detached by David Turner. He appeared in several episodes of the BBC police series Z-Cars in 1963–64 as a detective constable.

Between 1964 and 1966, he starred in two series of the ABC Weekend Television/ITV production Redcap, playing the hard-nosed military policeman Sergeant John Mann. He was a guest star in an early episode of The Avengers. In 1967 he appeared in Bat Out of Hell. In 1967 he appeared in the Granada TV/ITV series, alongside James Bolam and Michael Goodliffe, as well as appearing in TV plays such as The Talking Head and episodes of series such as Budgie, where he played against type as an effeminate failed playwright with a full beard and a Welsh accent. Thaw will be best remembered for two roles: the hard-bitten, tough talking Flying Squad detective Jack Regan in the Thames Television/ITV series The Sweeney, which established him as a major star in the United Kingdom; the series had two film spin-offs. Thaw was only 32; the second role was the spoken, well-educated and bitter detective Inspector Morse. Alongside his put-upon Detective Sergeant Lewis, Morse became a high-profile character—"a cognitive curmudgeon with his love of classical music, his drinking, his classic Jaguar and spates of melancholy".

Thaw was the definitive Morse, crossword-fixated, drunk anti-feminist, pedantic about grammar. Inspector Morse became one of the UK's most loved TV series, he won "Most Popular Actor" at the 1999 National Television Awards and won two BAFTA awards for his role as Morse. He subsequently played liberal working-class Lancastrian barrister James Kavanagh in Kavanagh QC. Thaw appeared in two sitcoms—Thick as Thieves with Bob Hoskins and Home to Roost. Thaw is known in America for the Morse series, as well as the BBC series A Year in Provence with Lindsay Duncan, he appeared in a number of films for director Richard Attenborough, including Cry Freedom, where he portrayed the conservative South African justice minister Jimmy Kruger, Chaplin alongside Robert Downey Jr.. Thaw appeared in the TV adaptation of the Michelle Magorian book Goodnight Mister Tom, it won "Most Popular Drama" at the National Television Awards, 1999. During the 1970s and'80s, Thaw appeared in productions with the Royal Shakespeare Company and National Theatre.

He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1981 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in the foyer of the National Theatre in London. In the summer of 1964, Thaw married Sally Alexander, a feminist activist and theatre stage manager, now professor of history at Goldsmiths, University of London, they divorced four years later. He met actress Sheila Hancock in 1969 on the set of a London comedy So What About Love? She was married to fellow actor Alexander "Alec" Ross, after Thaw professed his love to Hancock, she told him that she would not have an affair. After the death of her husband in 1971, Thaw and Hancock married on 24 December 1973 in Cirencester, he remained with her until his death in 2002, he had three daughters: Abigail from his first marriage to Sally Alexander, Joanna from his second marriage to Sheila Hancock, he adopted Sheila Hancock's daughter Melanie Jane, from Hancock's first marriage to Alec Ross. Melanie Jane changed her surname from Ross to Thaw. Thaw was a committed socialist and lifelong supporter of the Labour Party.

He was appointed a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in March 1993 by Queen Elizabeth II. In September 2006, Thaw was voted by the general public as number 3, after David Jason and Morecambe and Wise, in a poll of TV's 50 Greatest Stars for the past 50 years. A heavy drinker until going teetotal in 1995, a heavy smoker from the age of 12, Thaw was diagnosed with cancer of the oesophagus in June 2001, he underwent chemotherapy in hope of overcoming the illness, at first had appeared to respond well to the treatment but just before Christmas 2001 he was told that the cancer had spread. He died on 21 February 2002, seven weeks after his 60th birthday, the day after he signed a new contract with ITV, the day before his wife's birthday. At the time of his death he was living at his country home, near the villages of Luckington and Sherston in Wiltshire, was cremated in Westerle

Brandon Mason

Brandon Alexander Mason is an English professional footballer who plays as a left-back for League One club Coventry City. A graduate of the Watford youth system, Mason was handed a professional contract ahead of the 2016–17 season, he made his Premier League debut for Watford on 1 January 2017 in a 4–1 home defeat against Tottenham Hotspur. He made his first start for Watford in their FA Cup fixture against Burton Albion six days setting up a goal for Christian Kabasele. In January 2018, Mason joined Scottish Championship club Dundee United until the end of the 2017–18 season, he made his debut in a 6–1 defeat at Falkirk on 6 January, but made only one further appearance for the club. He was released by Watford after returning at the end of his loan. In July 2018, Mason signed a two-year contract with newly promoted League One club Coventry City, he played his first match for the "Sky Blues" on 4 August 2018 in a 2–1 home defeat to Scunthorpe United. In September 2019 he signed a new three-year contract with Coventry.

As of match played on 4 February 2020 Brandon Mason profile at the Coventry F. C. website Brandon Mason at Soccerbase

Dongdan Kingdom

The Dongdan Kingdom was a puppet kingdom established by the Khitan to rule the realm of Balhae in Eastern Manchuria. After conquering the Dan Gur in 926, the Khitan crown prince Yelü Bei ascended to the throne of it at the Holhan fortress, the capital of Balhae, today's Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang Province, it used Dongdan as its Chinese name, which means the east Dan Gur, in respect to the West Liao dynasty. However, political tension soon evolved between Yelü Bei and his younger brother Yelü Deguang, who took the imperial throne of Khitan after their father Yelü Abaoji died, en route to his homeland from a successful campaign against the Later Tang; the new emperor ordered his elder brother to move his capital from Huhan in Eastern Manchuria to Liaoyang in Western Manchuria. Bei obeyed the imperial order but soon fled to North China to avoid possible assassination in 930. Bei's son was elevated to the new king of Dongdan, but the kingdom was annexed by the Liao Dynasty in 936. A minority of historians suggest Dongdan was annexed in 982.

On the other hand some beliefe that Dongdan was never a "independent kingdom", but was annexed in 926 by the Khitan. To continue Balhae's friendly relations with Japan, Dongdan sent a diplomatic mission over the Sea of Japan in 929, but the Japanese court in Kyoto rejected the mission from Dongdan, due to loyalty for the old Balhae regime. Emperors family tree Liao dynasty Northern Liao Qara Khitai

David Kamehameha

David Kamehameha was a member of the royal family of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Born May 20, 1828, he was the eldest son of Mataio Kekūanāoʻa and Elizabeth Kīnaʻu, he was a grandson of King Kamehameha I through his mother and was named in his grandfather's honor and after the biblical king David, in respect to his parents' conversion to Christianity. He had three brothers, Moses Kekūāiwa, Lot Kapuāiwa, Alexander Liholiho, a sister Victoria Kamāmalu, he had other siblings, an unnamed, elder half-brother from his mother's previous marriage to Kahalaiʻa Luanuʻu, who died young. Laura Fish Judd, wife of missionary Gerrit P. Judd, described the prince as "a boy fine enough for any mother not of the seed royal to glory in."In the Hawaiian tradition of hānai, he was given in adoption to his "grandmother", Queen Kaʻahumanu, alongside Keʻelikōlani. David's birth had helped reconcile Kaʻahumanu to his mother's refusal to marry her half-brother, Kamehameha III, in accordance with the wishes of Kamehameha I.

His aunt, Kekāuluohi, helped. Queen Kaʻahumanu was the most powerful figure in Hawaii at the time, serving as kuhina nui and regent for Kamehameha III; when news reached her that Boki was coming to kill her, she said "I do not fear death planned by this son of ours, but he will have himself to kill me and these grandchildren of mine who will stay by me." Luckily, Boki was convinced by David's father, Kekūanāoʻa, to give up his idea of declaring war on the dowager Queen. When he was four in 1832, Kaʻahumanu died of intestinal illness at her house in the Mānoa Valley, afterwards, David was either raised by Kekāuluohi, although Kīnaʻu still had a hand in his upbringing, her mother succeeded as kuhina nui in Kaʻahumanu's place and styled herself Kaʻahumanu II. He died of unknown causes on December 15, 1835 in Honolulu, in his mother's stone house near the present Iolani Palace, he was laid to rest in the Pohukaina Tomb on the grounds of the future ʻIolani Palace and his remains were transported to the Mauna ʻAla Royal Mausoleum.

In 1836, Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole named their third son David Kalākaua in honor of the premier's dead son. Below is a simplified family tree showing the immediate relatives of David Kamehameha: Grave Marker at the Royal Mausoleum

Rickie Lambert

Rickie Lee Lambert is an English former professional footballer. Before retiring in 2017 he played as a striker, he won a number of personal awards, including two league Golden Boots. Lambert was known for his large stature and physical performances, drawing comparisons with former Southampton player Matt Le Tissier for his ability in front of goal and penalty record, he began his career at Blackpool, having been dropped by Liverpool as a youngster, played in the Football League with Macclesfield Town, Stockport County, Bristol Rovers before joining Southampton for over £1 million in 2009. Lambert proved a key signing for Southampton, becoming their top scorer as they were promoted to the Championship from League One in 2011 and to the Premier League the following season, scoring 117 goals for the team across all competitions. After a season back at Liverpool, he had a season each at West Bromwich Cardiff City. Lambert announced his retirement in October 2017 after being unable to find a new club following his departure from Cardiff City.

On 8 August 2013, Lambert was called up to the England team for the first time, scoring on his England debut at Wembley Stadium in a friendly against Scotland with his first touch. On 12 May 2014, he was named in the England squad for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Lambert is married to Amy and the couple have three children, their third child, was born on 8 August 2013, the same day he was called up to the England squad for his debut against Scotland. Lambert was born and brought up in the Westvale area of Kirkby, Merseyside by parents Maureen and Ray. Lambert joined local club Liverpool as a youngster aged 10, but was released when he was 15. Lambert tried out for non-League club Marine, before becoming a trainee with Blackpool in August 1998 at the age of 16, he made his professional debut on 7 August 1999 as a 17-year-old, coming on as a 68th-minute substitute for Andy Couzens in a 2–1 Second Division win against Wrexham at Bloomfield Road. He made two more substitute appearances in the 1999–2000 season, which ended with Blackpool being relegated.

The following season Lambert was on a month-to-month contract and struggling to get a place in the reserves. He was released by Steve McMahon in November 2000. Lambert remained a free agent for four months, during which time he worked in a beetroot bottling plant to make ends meet, until he was signed by another Third Division club, Macclesfield Town in March 2001, where he made a total of 9 league appearances in the remainder of the 2000–01 season. In the 2001–02 season Lambert became a regular for Macclesfield, with a total of 40 appearances and 10 goals, his first two finishes coming in a 2–2 draw with Forest Green Rovers in the FA Cup first round on 17 November 2001, starting with a penalty. A week Lambert scored his first hat-trick in a 4–1 league win against Luton Town at Moss Rose. Macclesfield received a club record transfer fee of £300,000 for Lambert from Second Division club Stockport County, in a move, completed on 26 April 2002. In his first season in the third-tier, Lambert made a total of 32 appearances in all competitions, although only scored two goals – in a 2–5 loss against Swindon Town on 18 January 2003, in a 2–2 draw with former club Blackpool on 22 March 2003.

The 2003–04 season would prove to be Lambert's most successful yet, as 40 league appearances yielded 12 goals in a relegation-threatened season, including another against Blackpool and two in a late win against Rushden & Diamonds in the late stages of the season. Lambert was a regular for Stockport at the beginning of the newly restructured 2004–05 season, but following poor team performances and a real threat of relegation for the club he left in February 2005. Despite now being a accomplished player, Lambert moved down a division to League Two club Rochdale from Stockport on 17 February 2005, the day after his 23rd birthday, for an undisclosed fee. Lambert scored his first goal for the club only nine days after his transfer, in a 1–1 draw with Kidderminster Harriers, but could not help secure promotion for the club. In 2005–06, the striker featured in all 46 of Rochdale's league matches, scoring a total of 22 goals in the campaign, including one in a 3–1 defeat of former club Macclesfield Town.

Early into the 2006–07 season, Lambert was purchased for £200,000 from Rochdale by Bristol Rovers in a move finalised on 31 August 2006, transfer deadline day. Despite establishing himself as a regular member of the squad, it took Lambert until November to score his first goal for the club, in the last minute of a 2–0 win over Barnet; the remainder of the season proved to be a disappointment for the forward, although an 86th-minute goal in the last league match of the season against Hartlepool United sent Bristol Rovers into the League Two Play-offs, from which they won promotion to League One. Lambert scored the only goal in the Football League Trophy Southern Area Final in a Bristol derby against local rivals Bristol City, which sent the team into the final with Doncaster Rovers. In 2007–08, Lambert appeared in every match of the season for Bristol Rovers, scoring a total of 19 goals in all competitions Lambert proved to be most useful in the FA Cup, scoring goals in both legs of the First Round against Leyton Orient, two goals in the 5–1 Second Round win over Rushden & Diamonds, the only goal in the Fourth Round win against Barnet, the only goal in the Fifth Round win against Southampton, scored in the last ten minutes of the match.

Despite his low scoring record, Lambert finished as the club's top scorer for the season. In the following season, Lambert established himself as one of League One's best players by fi

History of Manchester City F.C.

Members of St. Mark's Church of England, West Gorton, founded the football club that would become known as Manchester City, for humanitarian purposes. Two church wardens sought to curb local gang violence and alcoholism by instituting new activities for local men, whilst high unemployment plagued East Manchester Gorton. All men were welcome to join, regardless of religion. A church cricket club had been formed in 1875. To rectify this, as part of Rector Arthur Connell's general push to intervene in social ills, church wardens William Beastow and Thomas Goodbehere, who held senior positions at the Union Iron Works, started a church football team called St Mark's in the winter of 1880; the team's first recorded match occurred on 13 November 1880, against a church team from Macclesfield. St. Marks lost the match 2–1, only won one match during their inaugural 1880–81 season, with a victory over Stalybridge Clarence in March 1881. City gained their first honours by winning the Second Division in 1899.

They went on to claim their first major honour on 23 April 1904, beating Bolton Wanderers 1–0 at Crystal Palace to win the FA Cup. In the seasons following the FA Cup triumph, the club was dogged by allegations of financial irregularities, culminating in the suspension of seventeen players in 1906, including captain Billy Meredith, who subsequently moved across town to Manchester United. A fire at Hyde Road destroyed the main stand in 1920, in 1923 the club moved to their new purpose-built stadium at Maine Road in Moss Side. In the 1930s, Manchester City reached two consecutive FA Cup finals, losing to Everton in 1933, before claiming the Cup by beating Portsmouth in 1934. During the 1934 cup run, Manchester City broke the record for the highest home attendance of any club in English football history, as 84,569 fans packed Maine Road for a sixth round FA Cup tie against Stoke City in 1934—a record which still stands to this day; the club won the First Division title for the first time in 1937, but were relegated the following season, despite scoring more goals than any other team in the division.

Twenty years a City team inspired by a tactical system known as the Revie Plan reached consecutive FA Cup finals again, in 1955 and 1956. The 1956 final, in which Manchester City beat Birmingham City 3–1, is one of the most famous finals of all-time, is remembered for City goalkeeper Bert Trautmann continuing to play on after unknowingly breaking his neck. After relegation to the Second Division in 1963, the future looked bleak with a record low home attendance of 8,015 against Swindon Town in January 1965. In the summer of 1965, the management team of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison was appointed. In the first season under Mercer, City won the Second Division title and made important signings in Mike Summerbee and Colin Bell. Two seasons in 1967–68, Manchester City claimed the League Championship for the second time, clinching the title on the final day of the season with a 4–3 win at Newcastle United and beating their close neighbours Manchester United into second place. Further trophies followed: City won the FA Cup in 1969, before achieving European success by winning the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1970, beating Górnik Zabrze 2–1 in Vienna.

City won the League Cup that season, becoming the second English team to win a European trophy and a domestic trophy in the same season. The club continued to challenge for honours throughout the 1970s, finishing one point behind the league champions on two occasions and reaching the final of the 1974 League Cup. One of the matches from this period, most fondly remembered by supporters of Manchester City is the final match of the 1973–74 season against arch-rivals Manchester United, who needed to win to have any hope of avoiding relegation. Former United player Denis Law scored with a backheel to give City a 1–0 win at Old Trafford and confirm the relegation of their rivals; the final trophy of the club's most successful period was won in 1976, when Newcastle United were beaten 2–1 in the League Cup final. A long period of decline followed the success of the 1970s. Malcolm Allison rejoined the club to become manager for the second time in 1979, but squandered large sums of money on unsuccessful signings, such as Steve Daley.

A succession of managers followed – seven in the 1980s alone. Under John Bond, City reached the 1981 FA Cup final but lost in a replay to Tottenham Hotspur; the club were twice relegated from the top flight in the 1980s, but returned to the top flight again in 1989 and finished fifth in 1991 and 1992 under the management of Peter Reid. However, this was only a temporary respite, following Reid's departure Manchester City's fortunes continued to fade. City were co-founders of the Premier League upon its creation in 1992, but after finishing ninth in its first season they endured three seasons of struggle before being relegated in 1996. After two seasons in Division One, City fell to the lowest point in their history, becoming the second European trophy winners to be relegated to their country's third league tier, after 1. FC Magdeburg of Germany. After relegation, the club underwent off-the-field upheaval, with new chairman David Bernstein introducing greater fiscal discipline. City were promoted at the first attempt, achieved in dramatic fashion in a play-off against Gillingham