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John Theophilus Desaguliers

John Theophilus Desaguliers FRS was a British natural philosopher, clergyman and freemason, elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton. He had studied at Oxford and popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications in public lectures. Desaguliers's most important patron was James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos; as a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the success of the first Grand Lodge in London in the early 1720s and served as its third Grand Master. Desaguliers was born in La Rochelle, several months after his father Jean Desaguliers, a Protestant minister, had been exiled as a Huguenot by the French government. Jean Desaguliers was ordained as an Anglican by Bishop Henry Compton of London, sent to Guernsey. Meanwhile, the baby was baptised Jean Théophile Desaguliers in the Protestant Temple in La Rochelle, he and his mother escaped to join Jean in Guernsey. In 1692 the family moved to London where Jean Desaguliers set up a French school in Islington.

He died in 1699. His son, who now used the anglicised name John Theophilus, attended Bishop Vesey's Grammar School in Sutton Coldfield until 1705 when he entered Christ Church and followed the usual classical curriculum and graduated BA in 1709, he attended lectures by John Keill, who used innovative demonstrations to illustrate difficult concepts of Newtonian natural philosophy. When Keill left Oxford in 1709 Desaguliers continued giving the lectures at Hart Hall, the forerunner of Hertford College, Oxford, he obtained a master's degree there in 1712. In 1719 Oxford granted him the honorary degree of Doctor in Civil Laws, after which he was referred to as Dr Desaguliers, his doctorate was incorporated by Cambridge University in 1726. Desaguliers was ordained as a deacon in 1710, at Fulham Palace, as a priest in 1717, at Ely Palace in London. In 1712 Desaguliers moved back to London and advertised courses of public lectures in Experimental Philosophy, he was not the first to do this, but became the most successful, offering to speak in English, French or Latin.

By the time of his death he had given over 140 courses of some 20 lectures each on mechanics, pneumatics and astronomy. He kept his lectures up to date, published notes for his auditors, designed his own apparatus, including a renowned planetarium to demonstrate the solar system, a machine to explain tidal motion. In 1717 Desaguliers lectured in French to King George I and his family. In 1714 Isaac Newton, President of the Royal Society, invited Desaguliers to replace Francis Hauksbee as demonstrator at the Society's weekly meetings. Desaguliers promoted Newton's ideas and maintained the scientific nature of the meetings when Hans Sloane took over the Presidency after Newton died in 1727. Desaguliers contributed over 60 articles to the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, he received the Society's prestigious Copley Medal in 1734, 1736 and 1741. The last award was for his summary of knowledge to date on the phenomenon of electricity, he had worked on this with Stephen Gray. Desaguliers's "Dissertation concerning Electricity", in which he coined the terms conductor and insulator, was awarded a gold medal by the Bordeaux Academy of Sciences.

James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos appointed Desaguliers as his chaplain in 1716, but as much for his scientific expertise as his ecclesiastic duties. He was gifted the living of St Lawrence Church, Little Stanmore, close to the Duke's mansion called Cannons under construction at nearby Edgware; the church was rebuilt in the baroque style in 1715. As the chapel at Cannons was not completed until 1720, the church was the location of first performances of the so-called Chandos Anthems by George Frideric Handel who was, in 1717/18, like Desaguliers, a member of the Duke's household; the Cannons estate benefited from Desaguliers' scientific expertise, applied to the elaborate water garden there. He was technical adviser to an enterprise in which Chandos had invested, the York Buildings Company, which used steam-power to extract water from the Thames. In 1718 Desaguliers dedicated to the Duke his translation of Edme Mariotte's treatise on the motion of water, it is no coincidence that in the summer of 1718 Handel composed his opera Acis and Galatea for performance at Cannons.

In this work the hero Acis is turned into a fountain, since, by tradition, the work was first performed outside on the terraces overlooking the garden, a connection with Desaguliers' new water works seems probable. Desaguliers advised the Duke of Chandos on many projects and appears to have been distracted from his parochial duties by his other interests; the Duke once complained that there were unreasonable delays in burying the dead but this was attributed to the curate, left in charge of the church. Desaguliers applied his knowledge to practical applications; as well as his interest in steam engines and hydraulic engineering he developed expertise in ventilation. He devised a more efficient fireplace, used in the House of Lords and invented the blowing wheel which removed stale air from the House of Commons for many years. Desaguliers studied, he befriended the strong man, Thomas Topham, although there is no firm evidence that he used Topham as a body guard, Desaguliers recorded several of the feats that he performed.

Desaguliers was a parliamentary adviser to the board concerned with the first Westminster Bridge. This mu

James McCrie Douglas

James McCrie Douglas was a politician in Alberta, Canada, a mayor of Edmonton, a member of the House of Commons of Canada. Douglas was born February 5, 1867 in Middleville, Lanark County, the son of Rev James Douglas, a Scottish Presbyterian minister and Margaret, née Blyth, he was educated in Winnipeg, came to Strathcona, Alberta in 1894, where he opened a mercantile business with his brother R. B. Douglas. On November 1, 1894 he married Mary Cameron Bickerton. James Douglas was elected as an alderman to the Strathcona city council, he entered federal politics in 1909 when Wilbert McIntyre, the elected Liberal Member of Parliament for Strathcona, died. Douglas, running as a Liberal, was the only candidate in the ensuing by-election, was acclaimed to the House of Commons of Canada, he was re-elected as a Liberal in the 1911 election. In 1917, Prime Minister Robert Laird Borden introduced conscription as a means of winning the First World War, appealed to all MPs who supported this move to come together under the banner of the "Unionist Party".

Douglas was one of many MPs to leave Wilfrid Laurier's Liberal caucus and join this new alliance party, was re-elected as a government candidate in the 1917 election. Once the war ended, he was one of a handful of former Liberals to join Arthur Meighen's new "National Liberal and Conservative Party", he was defeated running under this banner in the 1921 election by Progressive candidate Daniel Webster Warner. Douglas returned to municipal politics, running for Edmonton City Council as an alderman in the 1923 election, he was elected to a two-year term. Towards the end of this term he made a final foray into federal politics, running in the 1925 election as a Conservative in Edmonton West, he was defeated by Liberal Charles Stewart. Defeated again federally, this time for good, Douglas sought and won re-election as an alderman in Edmonton's 1925 election, finishing first of eleven candidates. However, he resigned less than a year into his term to run for mayor in the 1926 election, in which he finished fifth of six candidates.

Thereafter, he stayed out of politics until 1929. He was acclaimed in 1930 to a second term, but was unseated in the 1931 election by Daniel Kennedy Knott. Douglas took a five-year hiatus from politics to serve as a stipendary magistrate in the Northwest Territories. During this time, he was appointed by the Alberta government to the Ewing Commission, struck to "Make enquiry into the condition of the Half-breed population of Alberta, keeping in mind the health, education and general welfare of such population". Douglas returned to Edmonton to run for mayor in the 1936 election, in which he finished a close second to Joseph Clarke in a five-person race, he left politics once again after this defeat, but returned to the position of alderman in the 1941 election, finishing second of fourteen candidates. He was re-elected in 1943, 1945, 1947 before retiring for good in 1949. James Douglas was a director of the Edmonton Exhibition Association, a member of the Kiwanis Club, a member of the Zoning Appeals Board, a Presbyterian.

He died of a seizure March 16, 1950. He endowed two academic scholarships at the University of Alberta, one in his own name for science students and one in his wife's name for arts students. Edmonton Public Library Biography of James McCrie Douglas City of Edmonton biography of James McCrie Douglas Metisnet account of the Ewing Commission List of Undergraduate Academic scholarships at the University of Alberta James McCrie Douglas – Parliament of Canada biography

Frog Bayou Bridge

The Frog Bayou Bridge is a historic bridge in Crawford County, just south of Mountainburg. It is a single-span steel Parker through truss, which carried Arkansas Highway 282 across Frog Bayou, a tributary of the Arkansas River; the bridge is now closed to traffic, is located at the southern end of Silver Bridge Road. The bridge has a span of 150 feet and a total structure length of 209 feet, rests on abutments of stone and concrete; the northern approach to the bridge includes a stone and concrete pier. The bridge was built in 1942; the bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. National Register of Historic Places listings in Crawford County, Arkansas List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas

Evangelos Ikonomou

Evangelos Oikonomou is a Greek professional footballer who plays as a centre back for Volos. Economou began his professional career by joining Ionikos in January 2005. During his time with Ionikos he played for Thyella Patras and Agios Dimitrios on loan. After his loan spell, Ikonomou played his first match of the season, providing assist by winning a penalty, allowing Oliver Makor to convert, in a 2–1 win over Ethnikos Piraeus. At Ionikos, He soon became a first team regular. During the season, Ikonomou was sent off twice. In the summer transfer window, Ikonomou signed for Kavala on a fee of €250K, he made his debut, making his first start and playing 90 minutes, in a 1–0 win over Levadiakos. He since established himself in the first team at Kavala. During the season, Ikonomou was sent off twice, like last season at Ionikos. However, the next season, Ikonomou playing time was soon reduced, with lack of first team opportunities and only made four appearance; because of the Kavala's involvement in the match-fixing scandal, Ikonomou was given a free transfer and joined Atromitos on a two-year deal with the club.

He made his debut for the club, coming on as a substitute for goalscorer Stelios Sfakianakis, in a 1–0 win over AEK Athens. Months on, his playing time was soon reduced, with lack of first team opportunities, but on the season, his first team was soon progressed. Soon on 18 March 2012, Ikonomou scored his first goal for the club, in a 2–2 draw against Levadiakos, he played in the Greek Cup Final, in a 2–1 loss against Greek Champions Olympiacos, having played against them on the final game of the season in the league. The next season, Ikonomou made no appearance for the club throughout the first half of the season and was given a free transfer by the club, he signed for Scottish Premier League club Ross County in January 2013. After joining the club, Ikonomou revealed that countryman Georgios Samaras played a role in his joining Ross County. Ikonomou made his debut in a 2 -- 2 draw against Hearts, he established himself in the left-back position in defence. In a 3–2 win over Celtic, Ikonomou provided an assist for Steffen Wohlfarth to score the winning goal in the 90th minute.

In a 4 -- 2 loss against Hearts, he scored an own-goal. At the end of the season, Iknonomou left the club. On 23 August 2013 the Greek Super League side Veria F. C. announced the sign of Ikonomou for 1 year. He was not among the priorities of his coach therefore, on 3 January 2014, Ikonomou returned to Ross County, signing a contract until the end of the 2013–14 season. On 4 January 2014, Ikonomou is poised to earn his second Ross County debut after being named in the starting lineup for his club visit of St Johnstone F. C. in the Scottish Premiership. The Greek left-back enjoyed a six-month spell at Victoria Park in the second half of last season, before signing on for an additional stint earlier this week. After being released by Ross County, Ikonomou joined Cyprus side Doxa Katokopias on a one-year contract, he did not play with Doxa Katokopias and signed to Panionios. On 28 September 2016, Panionios the extension of experienced central/left defender contract, until the summer of 2020. On 29 December 2017, Iconomou is Panathinaikos's first transfer in January 2017 window.

The 30-year-old defender signed a six-month contract with a renewal option for another two years for an undisclosed fee. "I know I'm coming to a big team, he can face some problems, but he's a big club with a lot of people. Marinos Ouzounidis played a important impact in my signing.", said the player. On 24 December 2019, he mutually ended his contract with the club. Atromitos Greek Cup: Runners up 2011–12 Profile profile

Rakovički Creek

The Rakovički Creek is a short stream in north-central Serbia, an 8,5 kilometer-long right tributary to the Topčiderka river. During its entire flow it runs through the southern outskirts of the urban section of Belgrade, it is one of the 40 rivers and creeks that flow or used to flow through Belgrade, but as the majority of them is or conducted underground into the city sewage system, Rakovički potok avoided such faith. Though it is short, the creek flows through a number of Belgrade's neighborhoods and gave its name to two urban neighborhoods of Belgrade, one municipality and a monastery; the creek originates from the northern slopes of the Torlak hill, in the south-eastern part of the Belgrade's urban neighborhood of Kumodraž in the Voždovac municipality. It flows to the south, along the eastern side of the Torlak, passing between the neighborhoods of Jajinci and Selo Rakovica. In the Pašinac field it receives the Milošev potok from the left, turns north-west and enters the municipality of Rakovica.

It flows next to the northern section of the neighborhood of Resnik, several smaller, new neighborhoods and the monastery of Rakovica, curving along the eastern and northern slopes of the 209 meter-high hill of Straževica. At the neighborhood of Kneževac, Rakovički potok receives the creek of Zmajevac and for the last 300 meters has been conducted underground, below the industrial complex of the "21 Maj" factory, emptying into the Topčiderka; the creek got its name from the crayfish. In turn, the creek gave its name to the Belgrade's modern municipality of Rakovica, the neighborhoods of Rakovica and Selo Rakovica and the monastery of Rakovica; the central valley of the creek is a natural route for the eastern part of the Kružni put, the main road connecting the southern outskirts of Belgrade and the projected route of the future Belgrade beltway. Belgrade-Požarevac railway passes through the valley, parallel to the road; the area near the creek's mouth is one of major industrial zones in Belgrade.

In May 1999, during the NATO bombing of Serbia, the electrical substation in Rakovica was hit and 80 tons of heating oil burned polluting the air, but a significant amount leaked into the Rakovički potok polluting Topčiderka and Sava rivers downstream. Beograd — plan grada. ISBN 86-83501-53-1

Jeju horse

The Jeju horse is a horse breed native to the Jeju Island in South Korea. There is a diverse array of each differently identified depending on their coat color. Jeju horses mature well in harsh conditions due to their fitness. With an outstanding tolerance of low temperatures, they have been pastured without the need for horse blankets or stables. Jeju horses were once considered to be endangered. Following the nation’s industrialization period of the 1960s, Jeju horses became impractical to use with the distribution of new agricultural machinery and developments in means of transportation. In response, the Government of the Republic of Korea designated the Jeju horse as Natural Monument No. 347 in 1986, as a way to preserve and manage 150 of the remaining Jeju horses as state-designated cultural properties. In 2000, the Jeju Stockbreeding Promotion Institute was appointed by the national government to register and manage the pedigrees of the Jeju horses owned by local farming households. Since a total of 2,080 Jeju horses have been registered with the institute for their pedigrees.

The Jeju horse is a small to medium-sized breed with a thick neck. It has a block-shaped body with a long torso compared to its heights measured from the ground to withers or from the ground to its hip, they were traditionally used as farm and draft horses because of their remarkable stamina and endurance, while current breeds are utilized for racing and riding. With firm and thick hooves, they run without the need for horseshoes. Stallions range from 121.8 to 128.9 centimetres, while mares stand between 113.2 to 127.3 centimetres The typical lengths of both genders lie between 122.3 to 124.5 centimetres and, on average, they weigh 230 to 330 kilograms. The Jeju horse exhibits a range of colors, which determine the names of the types, along with the characteristics of each body part; the coat color forms a standard to distinguish each type. Garama: The entire coat color is black. Jeokdama: The entire coat color is light brown or chestnut. Wallama: The basic coat color is bay or black with white spots.

Yuma: The overall coat color is chestnut, brown, or black while the color of mane and lower legs is black. Chongma: The entire coat color is bay, chestnut, or black mixed with white hair. Gonggolma: The coat is cream-colored with sorrel hair. Gorama: The entire coat color is light brown with a black line stretching from mane to strunt and black lower legs. Buruma: The coat color is a mixture of bay and black added with white, it has less white hair than Chongma, the legs exhibit the basic coat color without white spots. Geoheulma: The colors around its eyes, lower abdomen, legs are lighter or whiter than that of the entire coat. Jaheulma: The coat has different sizes of freckles scattered over its entire body. Horses with the same coat color are named differently depending on the tone of the color; the position of a white spot creates other names as follows: Ganjeoni: It has a white line stretching from forehead to nose. Gollimae: It has circles around its eyes that resemble glasses. Gwangganjeoni or Wangganjeoni: It has a broad white line stretching from forehead to nose.

Myeonbaegi: It has a white face. Myeonjogi: It has hairless ankles. Mokhani: It has white spots around its neck. Satoongi: One of its eyes is angled in. Iongi: It has a crooked tail that exposes its anus. Jeopsoogi: It has lower withers with a higher back. Jokbari: It limps with one of its legs a bit shorter than the others. Pimari: It has a white spot on its nose. Hwaldeungi: It has a deep-set back. A stallion reaches suitable breeding age by three to four years old, a three-year-old mare is in the best breeding condition during the spring; the official breeding period lasts for 25 years. Jeju horses belong to long day breeders; the estrous cycle is 20 to 24 days, the estrus lasts 4 to 11 days. Within 7 to 10 days after delivery, the mare undergoes another estrus. From the examination of horse teeth that were excavated from shell middens in Gwakji-ri and in Handeulgul Cave in Wollyeong-ri, horses are estimated to have been on Jejudo Island since the end of the Stone Age or the beginning of the Bronze Age.

A historical document of the Goryeo Dynasty, recorded in 1073 A. D. states that an excellent steed was presented to the king from Jeju, which indicates Jeju has a long history of breeding horses. Systematic management of Jeju horses at a national level started in 1276 when a state-run ranch, Tamna Ranch, was constructed to accommodate 160 horses imported from Mongolia. According to another record, Jeju continued to import Mongolian horses for more than a century, until 1374. In the ancient times, Jeju provided horses upon the central government’s request, bred 20,000 horses. Starting in the 1960s, the usability of horses decreased. In addition, the Korea Racing Authority introduced other breeds, such as the Anglo-Arabian and the Thoroughbred in late 1970s in order to produce race horses; some of the foreign-bred stallions were used to create cross-breed horses, which contributed to the decreased number of native Jeju horses. In mid 1980s, the population of the Jeju horse dropped to 1,200. In 1