George Armstrong (ice hockey)
George Edward "Chief" Armstrong is a Native Canadian former professional ice hockey centre who played 21 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Toronto Maple Leafs. He played 1,188 NHL games between 1950 and 1971, all with Toronto and a franchise record, was the team's captain for 13 seasons. Armstrong was a member of four Stanley Cup championship teams and played in seven NHL All-Star Games, he scored. Armstrong played both junior and senior hockey in the Toronto Marlboros organization and was a member of the 1950 Allan Cup winning team as senior champions of Canada, he returned to the Marlboros following his playing career and coached the junior team to two Memorial Cup championships. He served as a scout for the Quebec Nordiques, as an assistant general manager of the Maple Leafs and for part of the 1988–89 NHL season as Toronto's head coach. Armstrong was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1975 and the Maple Leafs honoured his uniform number 10 in 1998, would officially retire the number, along with 10 others, during a pre-game ceremony on October 15, 2016.
Armstrong was born in 1930 in Ontario, to a Scottish Canadian father and Ojibway mother. Armstrong's mother being Ojibwa has Armstrong coming from a line of woodland people of northeastern North America. George Armstrong's aboriginal heritage makes up of 160,000 people, with a strong political and social activism, he grew up in Ontario where his father was a nickel miner. Sport was an important part of Armstrong's family as his father played soccer and his mother was a canoeist; the younger Armstrong developed a passion for hockey but was a poor skater, which his father believed was a consequence of a case of spinal meningitis George suffered at the age of six. While attending Sudbury High School, Armstrong played on the hockey team with Red McCarthy and Tim Horton. Inspired by a newspaper advertisement offering tryouts with the Copper Cliff Redmen of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey Association, Armstrong convinced Horton and McCarthy to join him in trying out, they made Armstrong began his junior hockey career at age 16 in the 1946 -- 47 season.
He recorded six goals and five assists in nine games and caught the attention of scouts for the National Hockey League's Toronto Maple Leafs who added him to their protected list. He played with the Prince Albert Blackhawks for part of that season. Armstrong quit school in grade 11 to focus on his hockey career; the Maple Leafs placed Armstrong on the Stratford Kroehlers in the Ontario Hockey Association junior division for the 1947–48 season. He led the league in both assists and points, was named recipient of the Red Tilson Trophy as the OHA's most valuable player. Promoted to the Toronto Marlboros for the 1948–49 season, Armstrong recorded 62 points in 39 games with the junior squad and played in three regular season and ten post-season matches for the senior team. Armstrong remained with the senior Marlboros in 1949 -- 50, he led the OHA senior division with 64 goals, at the time an OHA record, recorded 115 points in 39 games. He was again named the winner of the Red Tilson Trophy; the Maple Leafs recalled Armstrong during the 1949–50 season and he made his NHL debut on December 3, 1949.
He appeared in two games before returning to the Marlboros. In the 1950 Allan Cup playdowns, he recorded 19 goals and 19 assists in 14 games as the Marlboros won the national senior championship, it was during the season that he earned his nickname. While visiting the Stoney Reserve in Alberta with the Marlboros, the locals presented Armstrong with a ceremonial headdress and called him "Big Chief Shoot the Puck" owing to his own Native heritage; the nickname was shortened to "Chief". Upon turning professional in 1950–51, Armstrong was assigned to Toronto's American Hockey League affiliate, the Pittsburgh Hornets. In 71 games for Pittsburgh, he recorded 48 points. Despite being hampered by hand and wrist injuries suffered in fights, Armstrong was the AHL's leading goal scorer and stood second in points by mid-season in 1951–52, he was recalled to Toronto during the season and scored his first NHL goal, against goaltender Gerry McNeil of the Montreal Canadiens. It was the first goal scored by a player with Native heritage.
He finished the season with three assists in 20 games with Toronto. Though he missed the start of the 1952–53 season due to a separated shoulder, Armstrong earned a permanent spot on the Maple Leafs' roster, he established himself as an important contributor for Toronto by recording 25 points that season scoring 32 points the following season and 28 in 1954–55. A 48-point season in 1955–56 was second on the team to Tod Sloan's 66. Armstrong led the Maple Leafs in scoring with 44 points in 1956–57 despite missing 14 of his team's games, he was named to play in the NHL All-Star Game in both seasons. They were the first two of seven he would play; the Maple Leafs named Armstrong the team's captain in 1957–58 as he succeeded Ted Kennedy and Jim Thomson who served as co-captains the season before. He finished fourth in team scoring with 42 points played his third All-Star Game during the 1958–59 season, he recorded four assists in the playoffs as the Maple Leafs reached the 1959 Stanley Cup Final, but lost to the Montreal Canadiens.
With 51 points in 1959–60, Armstrong finished one behind Bob Pulford for the team lead. Toronto again reached the Stanley Cup Final; the Maple Leafs reached the NHL's peak two seasons later. Armstrong set a career high with 53 points in the 1961–62 regular season, then
Robert Thore Nystrom is a Canadian former professional ice hockey right winger. He played for the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League from 1972–86, he is best remembered as having scored the winning goal at the 7:11 mark of overtime to give the New York Islanders the 1980 Stanley Cup title. This signaled the first of four straight championships for the club, he was among the last NHL players to not wear a helmet during a game. Playing his minor hockey in Hinton, Nystrom is immortalized on the town's wall of fame, he is arguably the most successful NHL player from the geographical area that yielded the likes of Dave Scatchard and Dean McAmmond. His son Eric plays professional hockey for Norwegian Stavanger Oilers and for Nashville Predators, Calgary Flames, Minnesota Wild, Dallas Stars. Born Thore Robert Nyström in Stockholm, Nystrom came to Canada as a four-year-old and starred for the BCJHL's Kamloops Rockets in 1969–70, he was an emotional sparkplug on the Calgary Centennials of the WCJHL for two seasons and was claimed 33rd overall by the Islanders in 1972.
He played half a season for minor league affiliate New Haven Nighthawks of the American Hockey league before being promoted to the Islanders in March 1973, wearing number 5. Nystrom's first full season with the Islanders was 1973–74, where he tallied 41 points as a rookie, garnering Calder Memorial Trophy consideration as Rookie of the Year; as Potvin now used number 5, Nystrom would wear number 23. Over the next four seasons, as the Islander team improved, Nystrom became one of the steadiest two way forwards in the league. In each of his first five seasons he collected over 20 goals, including a career high 30 in 1977–78, while playing a strong checking and defensive game as well, he was selected to play in the 1977 NHL All-Star Game. Nystrom was one of the hardest working, if not the most talented, members of the New York Islanders, who were becoming one of the most feared and respected clubs in the NHL. Although Nystrom, nicknamed "Thor" by his teammates, had developed into a skilled and respected fighter with a physical edge to his game, Nystrom took it upon himself to improve his skating ability.
He took power skating classes, including training with pioneering instructor Laura Stamm and in time, became a fluid skater with strong hockey instincts. As with many of the Islanders of the early 1980s, those instincts seemed to be more in tune when the playoffs rolled around. Nystrom has been known as one of the all-time clutch players in NHL Stanley Cup playoff history, he tallied 83 points in 157 playoff games. Nystrom ended playoff overtime games four times in his career. On May 24, 1980, in Game 6 of the Stanley Cup finals against the Philadelphia Flyers, Nystrom scored the game winner at 7:11 of overtime on an assist from John Tonelli to secure the first Stanley Cup in franchise history. Nystrom was part of the first NHL team to win a Stanley Cup with Europeans on its roster. In 1981, he received an invitation to play for Sweden in the 1981 Canada Cup but was forced to decline as he had not yet negotiated a new contract with the Islanders and hence did not want to risk injury. Nystrom embraced the Long Island community like few others, contributing to various charities in the area and promoting the local businesses whenever possible.
By virtue of these distinctions, coupled with the most famous goal in team history, Nystrom was nicknamed "Mr. Islander." Nystrom continued to be an effective winger through the Islanders' Stanley Cup run, but by 1985, his rugged, aggressive play began to wear his body down. He played only 36 games in 1984–85, managing only two goals, though he matched that total in only ten postseason games. After playing sparingly through the first three months of the 1985–86 season, Nystrom was accidentally struck in the eye by a high stick from teammate Gerald Diduck in practice on January 5. Unable to play due to the severity of the injury, he was thought to have retired, he served as an assistant coach for the remainder of the season. Nystrom had played in 899 regular season games at the time. Islanders' coach, Al Arbour, who considered Nystrom one of his favorites, approached Nystrom prior to the Islanders' last home game of the 1985–86 season on April 5, asked him if he would like to dress one more game, in order to make it an 900 games played.
Nystrom accepted, was added to the starting lineup. He took the opening face-off to a appreciative home crowd's roar. After skating around for about five seconds, he returned to the bench. Nystrom remained an assistant coach the next two seasons served as radio analyst for the Islanders, he was named Islanders Director of Corporate Affairs in 1988 and remained in that position through 1988–89 season, when he took a position as Islanders Director of Special Projects in 1989 and remained in that position through 1990–91 season. He was named Islanders Director of Community Relations in 1991 and Director of Amateur Hockey Development & Alumni Relations in 1992. In 1997 he added the title Director of Corporate Relations remained in that position through 2001–02 season; the Islanders retired his No. 23 on April 1, 1995, although three other players had worn it after Nystrom. Nystrom has a son, drafted by the Calgary Flames as the number ten pick in the first round of the 2002 NHL Draft, he most played for the Nashville Predators
The Memorial Cup is a junior ice hockey club championship trophy awarded annually to the Canadian Hockey League champion. It is awarded following a four-team, round-robin tournament between a host team and the champions of the CHL's three member leagues: the Ontario Hockey League, Quebec Major Junior Hockey League and Western Hockey League. Sixty teams are eligible to compete for the Memorial Cup, representing nine provinces and four American states; the Acadie–Bathurst Titan are the current champions, winning in the final game against the host team, the Regina Pats of the WHL. The Memorial Cup is known as one of the toughest sporting trophies to win, due to 60 teams participating and the age limit only being 16-21; the trophy was known as the OHA Memorial Cup and was donated by the Ontario Hockey Association in 1919 to be awarded to the junior champion of Canada. From its inception until 1971, the Memorial Cup was open to all Junior A teams in the country and was awarded following a series of league and regional playoffs culminating in an east-west championship.
The three-league tournament format began in 1972, a season after Canadian Amateur Hockey Association divided the Junior A rank into two tiers, naming the Memorial Cup as the championship of the Major Junior level. The Memorial Cup was established by Captain James T. Sutherland to honour those men who gave their lives during World War I, it was rededicated during the 2010 tournament to honour all soldiers who died fighting for Canada in any conflict. Capt. Sutherland, serving overseas, was President of the Ontario Hockey Association and he brought forward the idea to present a trophy to honour all the young Canadian hockey players who died in battle and have it awarded to the best junior hockey team in Canada; the Ontario Hockey Association's annual meeting was unanimous that a fitting memorial be established to members of the OHA who had fallen on the field of war. "Past President Capt. J. T. Sutherland, now in France, spoke of the splendid work done by Canadian boys in France and suggested the erection of a suitable memorial to hockey players who have fallen."—The Globe, Ontario, Dec. 9, 1918.
"The cup, coveted prize of Canadian junior hockey, was the brainchild of Capt. Jim when he was overseas in the Great War and at the time, President of the Ontario Hockey Association, he wrote suggesting the trophy in memory of the boys who were killed in the war and no doubt a big part of the idea was instigated by his devotion to his beloved Scotty Davidson*, who fell with many other hockey players in the world conflict (including Capt. George T. Richardson*, who died in France, Feb. 9, 1916. --William J. Walshe, Comments on Sport, The Kingston Whig-Standard, Jan. 6, 1939. It started as an East-versus-West format, where the George Richardson Memorial Trophy champions from the East would play the Abbott Cup champions from the West. From 1919 to 1928, the Memorial Cup Final was a two-game total goals affair between a champion from Eastern Canada and a champion from Western Canada, both of which were determined through a series of playdowns under the auspices of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association.
In 1929, the Memorial Cup Final became a best-of-three series. In 1934, when the junior hockey teams were further divided between Junior'A' and Junior'B', the Memorial Cup served as the Junior'A' championship trophy, the Sutherland Cup became the Junior'B' trophy. From 1937 the Memorial Cup was a best-of-five series, in 1943 reverted to a best-of-seven series. For the 1970–1971 season, the Junior'A' rank was further split into the Major Junior rank and a second-tier rank, with the Memorial Cup serving as the Major Junior championship trophy, the Manitoba Centennial Trophy, the Royal Bank Cup, serving as the second tier championship trophy. In 1972, the Memorial Cup was contested between three teams: the champions of the three leagues of the Canadian Hockey League: the Ed Chynoweth Cup Champs, J. Ross Robertson Cup Champs, the President's Cup Champs. From 1972 to 1973 these three teams played a single round-robin, with the top two teams advancing to a single-game final. A semi-final game was added in 1974.
In 1977 the tournament was expanded with no semi-final. The tournament was held at a pre-determined site, rotated among the three leagues; the 1983 Memorial Cup tournament saw the inclusion of a fourth team, the team hosting the event, done to boost tournament attendance. The first tournament under this format was held in Portland and marked the first time that an American city hosted the Memorial Cup; the host Winter Hawks won the Cup that year, becoming the first American team to win the Memorial Cup, as well as becoming the first host team to win it. The four teams played a single round-robin. If two teams are tied for third place a tie-breaker game is played on Thursday, followed by a semi-final game between the second and third-place teams and a final between the first-place team and the semi-final winner; this format continues to be used to this day, with the honour of hosting the tournament rotated amongst the CHL's three member leagues. If the host team wins its respective league championship, the Memorial Cup berth reserved for the league champion is instead awarded to that league's runner-up.
This was the case in 2006, when the Quebec Remparts lost to the Moncton Wildcats in the QMJHL Finals. However, since Moncton was hosting the Memorial Cup that year, Quebec was awarded the QMJHL berth to the Memorial Cup tour
The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League; the club is the third major-professional ice hockey team to represent the city of Calgary, following the Calgary Tigers and Calgary Cowboys. The Flames are one of two NHL franchises in Alberta; the cities' proximity has led to a rivalry known as the "Battle of Alberta". The team was founded in 1972 in Atlanta as the Atlanta Flames until relocating to Calgary in 1980; the Flames played their first three seasons in Calgary at the Stampede Corral before moving into their current home arena, the Scotiabank Saddledome, in 1983. In 1985–86, the Flames became the first Calgary team since the 1923–24 Tigers to compete for the Stanley Cup. In 1988 -- 89, the Flames won their only championship; the Flames' unexpected run to the 2004 Stanley Cup Finals gave rise to the Red Mile, in 2011 the team hosted and won the second Heritage Classic outdoor game.
The Flames have won two Presidents' Trophies as the NHL's top regular season team, have claimed seven division championships. Individually, Jarome Iginla is the franchise leader in games played and points and is a two-time winner of the Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy as the NHL's leading goal scorer. Miikka Kiprusoff has the most wins by a goaltender in a Calgary Flames uniform. Nine people associated with the Flames have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Off the ice, Calgary Sports and Entertainment, which owns the Flames own a Western Hockey League franchise, a National Lacrosse League franchise and a Canadian Football League franchise. Through the Flames Foundation, the team has donated more than CA$32 million to charity throughout southern Alberta since the franchise arrived; the Flames were the result of the NHL's first pre-emptive strike against the upstart World Hockey Association. In December 1971, the NHL hastily granted a team to Long Island—the New York Islanders —to keep the WHA's New York Raiders out of the brand new Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum.
Needing another team to balance the schedule, the NHL awarded a team to an Atlanta-based group that owned the National Basketball Association's Atlanta Hawks, headed by prominent local real estate developer Tom Cousins. Cousins named the team the "Flames" after the fire resulting from the March to the Sea in the American Civil War by General William Tecumseh Sherman, in which Atlanta was nearly destroyed, they played home games in the Omni Coliseum in downtown Atlanta. The Flames were successful early on. Under head coaches Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Fred Creighton and Al MacNeil, the Flames made the playoffs in six of eight seasons in Atlanta. In marked contrast, their expansion cousins, the Islanders, won only 31 games during their first two years in the league combined. However, this relative success did not carry over to the playoffs, as the Flames won only two post-season games during their time in Atlanta. Despite the on-ice success, the Atlanta ownership was never on sound financial footing.
Longtime general manager Cliff Fletcher said years that Cousins' initial financial projections for an NHL team did not account for the WHA entering the picture. The Flames were a poor draw, never signed a major television contract. In 1980, Cousins was in considerable financial difficulty and was forced to sell the Flames to stave off bankruptcy. With few serious offers from local groups, he was receptive to an offer from Canadian entrepreneur Nelson Skalbania, he was fronting a group of Calgary businessmen that included oil magnates Harley Hotchkiss, Ralph T. Scurfield, Norman Green and Byron Seaman, former Calgary Stampeders great Norman Kwong. A last-ditch effort to keep the team in Atlanta fell short, Cousins sold the team to Skalbania for US$16 million, a record sale price for an NHL team at the time. On May 21, 1980, Skalbania announced, he chose to retain the Flames name, feeling it would be a good fit for an oil town like Calgary, while the flaming "A" logo was replaced by a flaming "C".
Skalbania sold his interest in 1981, the Flames have been locally owned since. Unlike the WHA's Calgary Cowboys, who folded three years earlier, the Flames were embraced by the city of Calgary. While the Cowboys could manage to sell only 2,000 season tickets in their final campaign of 1976–77, the Flames sold 10,000 full- and half-season ticket packages in the 7,000 seat Stampede Corral. Led by Kent Nilsson's 49-goal, 131-point season, the Flames qualified for the playoffs in their first season in Calgary with a 39–27–14 record, good for third in the Patrick Division; the team found much greater playoff success in Calgary than it did in Atlanta, winning their first two playoff series over the Chicago Black Hawks and Philadelphia Flyers before bowing out to the Minnesota North Stars in the semi-finals. This early success was not soon repeated. After a losing record in 1981–82, Fletcher jettisoned several holdovers from the Atlanta days who could not adjust to the higher-pressure hockey environment and rebuilt the roster.
Over the next three seasons, he put together a core of players that would remain together through the early 1990s. Fletcher's efforts to match the Oilers led him to draw talent from areas neglected by the NHL; the Flames were among the earliest teams to sign large numbers of U. S. college players, including Joel Otto, Gary Suter and Colin Patterson. Fletcher stepped up the search for European hockey talent, acquiring Hakan Loob and other key players, he was am
John Anderson (ice hockey)
John Murray Anderson is a Canadian retired ice hockey right winger. He most served as an assistant coach for the Minnesota Wild, he was re-hired as the head coach of the Chicago Wolves of the AHL on July 10, 2013 after coaching them from 1997 to 2008. He is a former head coach of the Atlanta Thrashers and assistant coach of the Phoenix Coyotes of the National Hockey League, he played 12 seasons in the NHL for Quebec Nordiques and Hartford Whalers. As a youth, Anderson played in the 1969 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament with a minor ice hockey team from Wexford, Toronto. Anderson was drafted in the first round, 11th overall by the Toronto Maple Leafs in the 1977 NHL Entry Draft, he played 814 career NHL games, scoring 282 goals and 349 assists for 631 points from 1977–78 until 1988–89. Anderson was beginning to establish himself as a regular NHLer during his third season in Toronto when the club made a four-player trade with the Vancouver Canucks that brought winger Rick Vaive and centre Bill Derlego to Toronto.
Anderson was paired with the two new acquisitions to form a high scoring line for the Maple Leafs. His best statistical season was the 1982–83 season, when he set career highs with 49 assists and 80 points. Following the 1984-85 season, the fourth year in a row that Anderson had scored 30-or-more goals for the Maple Leafs, he was traded to the Quebec Nordiques for defensemen Brad Maxwell. Anderson continued to be a valued goal scorer with Quebec and had potted 21-goals when he was traded again, this time to the Hartford Whalers. Anderson caught fire in Hartford to end the 1985-86 campaign putting up 25-points in just 14-games following the trade to finish the year with 29 goals and 74 points added 13 more points in ten playoff games; the following year, his first full year with Hartford, Whalers sniper Sylvain Turgeon battled injuries and Anderson filled in nicely as the top left wing on the team. He hit the 30-goal plateau for the fifth and final time of his career finishing with 31 goals and 75 points, good for the third highest point total on the team.
He played two more years in Hartford with diminishing returns played the last five seasons of his career in the minor leagues the International Hockey League where he was a solid goal scorer. Anderson scored the winning goal against the New York Rangers on April 4, 1987, to give the Hartford Whalers their only division championship. Anderson was the captain of the Toronto Marlboros. In 1996–97, Anderson coached the Quad City Mallards to their first of six consecutive 50-win seasons and their first Colonial Hockey League championship in just the franchise's second season. John Anderson is the Chicago Wolves franchise's all-time coaching leader in wins with 371 and holds the club mark for postseason victories as well with 80. John led the Wolves in winning the Turner Cup and Calder Cup four times in his eleven seasons at the team's helm, his team was crowned league champions in 1997–98, 1999–00, 2001–02 and 2007–08. Anderson helped establish "John Anderson's", a diner best known for its "Banquet Burger", as well as its $4 breakfast special.
The original restaurant is located at Van Horne Ave. in Toronto, Ontario. There is another location at Erindale Station Road in Mississauga, Ontario; the key items offered at the Mississauga location are the "Big Puck Burger" and "John's New Specialty", souvlaki on a sesame-seed bun. The newest location is in Markham at 3780 14th Ave. just east of Warden Ave. This location is owned by the former owners of the original location at V. P and Van Horn, they owned that store for 25 years and opened the Markham location in the beginning of 2013. Anderson coached the American gold medal winning team in the 2007 Jewish World Cup hockey tournament in Israel. On June 20, 2008, Anderson was named as the fourth head coach of the Atlanta Thrashers. On October 10, 2008, Anderson won his first game as an NHL coach 7–4 against his good friend Bruce Boudreau's Washington Capitals. On April 14, 2010, Anderson was released as head coach of the Atlanta Thrashers after 2 seasons with the organization. On July 12, 2011, Anderson became an assistant coach for the Phoenix Coyotes.
On July 10, 2013, Anderson was rehired as the head coach of the Chicago Wolves. After leaving the organization in 2016, he joined the Minnesota Wild as an assistant head coach. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Bryan John Trottier is a Canadian former professional ice hockey centre who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League for the New York Islanders and Pittsburgh Penguins. He won four Stanley Cups with the Islanders, two with the Penguins and one as an assistant coach with the Colorado Avalanche, he holds the NHL record for points in a single period with six in the second period against the Rangers on December 23, 1978. He is one of only eight NHL players with multiple five-goal games. On August 4, 2014, Trottier was announced as an assistant coach for the Buffalo Sabres. In 2017 Trottier was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Trottier grew up in a small town called Val Marie, Canada, located between Swift Current and the Montana border with his parents and four siblings. Growing up in the 1960s, Trottier wanted to be like his idol Jean Béliveau; when he was learning to skate, his father would clear out the dam on the creek across their home with a machete, to create a surface to practice on.
Trottier has one older sister and three younger siblings, Kathy and Rocky. Monty played professional minor league hockey, Rocky played in 38 games for the New Jersey Devils. Trottier claims that without his friend Tiger Williams, he would have dropped out of hockey due to homesickness. Trottier and Tiger became best friends due to the special bond they built early on in their careers/academy. Nicknamed "Trots," Trottier was drafted in the second round, 22nd overall, by the New York Islanders in the 1974 NHL Entry Draft, the team he played his first 15 seasons in the NHL with, he set an NHL rookie record of 95 points and won the Calder Memorial Trophy as the NHL's rookie of the year in 1975–76, though the record was broken by Peter Šťastný of the Quebec Nordiques in 1980–81. Trottier's best offensive season was 1978–79 when he scored 134 points, earning him the Art Ross Trophy as the League's top scorer, as well as the Hart Memorial Trophy as NHL MVP. In winning the Art Ross, he became the first player from a post-Original Six expansion team to win the award.
In that same season, he led the NHL in assists with 87, which he had done the year before with 77. Trottier was one of the core players on the Islanders' dynasty teams from the 1980s, he won four Stanley Cups during his time with the Islanders from 1980 to 1983. During New York's first Stanley Cup in 1980, he won the Conn Smythe Trophy as playoff MVP. In 1981–82, Trottier scored 50 goals, the highest single-season total of his career. During the early 1980s, when Wayne Gretzky set numerous scoring marks, Islanders broadcaster Stan Fischler and head coach Al Arbour nonetheless maintained that Trottier was the league's best player over Gretzky. Trottier was described as a forward possessing an all-around game including ruggedness and defensive responsibility, there have been comparisons to Milt Schmidt and Gordie Howe. Arbour stated, "Gretzky is an offensive genius for sure, but at this stage Trots gives you more things. Defensively, he's outstanding, and he's physically tough. He comes up with his 100 points a year, along with everything else!"Trottier was referred to as the "glue" on the Islanders team, centering his fellow stars Clark Gillies and Mike Bossy on a line known as "The Trio Grande."
While the 1977–78 season was Bossy's rookie year, the Trio Grande at one point led the NHL in scoring above the top lines of the Montreal Canadiens and the Colorado Rockies. Other linemates that played with Trottier included Bob Bourne and Bob Nystrom. Trottier, was most known for his dynamic on-ice partnership with Mike Bossy during his prime years with the Islanders until Bossy's early retirement at the end of the 1987 season. Undaunted by heavy criticism from fellow Canadians, Trottier chose to play for the United States in the 1984 Canada Cup tournament, after having represented Canada in 1981, because he wanted to pay back the country in which he lived and because his wife was American, he was able to obtain the necessary U. S. citizenship in July 1984. His North American Indian Card entitled him to citizenship in both the U. S. and Canada, as well as a U. S. passport, all he needed for tournament eligibility. Unlike other star centermen, longevity was not Trottier's hallmark. Following his 13th season, his skills seemed to deteriorate precipitously, decreasing from 82 points in 1988 to 45 points just one year and 24 points in 1990.
After that low output, Islanders management released Trottier from his contract, believing that his best years were behind him and that younger centers such as Pat LaFontaine and Brent Sutter should get his ice time. He ranks second in Islanders history in goals, first in assists and points, it could be noted, that as Trottier's scoring declined, he remained a strong defensive player and team leader. The Pittsburgh Penguins signed Trottier as a free agent to provide experience and leadership to a young team, he won the Stanley Cup for the sixth times with Pittsburgh in 1991 and 1992, respectively. Trottier took the 1992–93 season off, returning to the Isles in a front office capacity, but financial troubles, stemming from poor investments, forced Trottier to return to the ice with the Penguins for the 1993–94 season, he retired again following a disappointing final season. At the time of his retirement, his point total ranked sixth in NHL history. Following his retirement, Trottier played for the Pittsburgh Phantoms of the Roller Hockey International league in its 1994 season.
Trottier was inducted into the Hockey Hall of F