John Washington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Washington
Born 1631
Tring, Hertfordshire, England
Died 1677 (aged 46)
Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia, English America
Occupation Planter, Soldier, Politician
Spouse(s) Anne Pope (1st), Anne (2nd), Frances Gerard (3rd).
Children Lawrence, John II and Anne.
Parent(s) Lawrence Washington, Amphillis Twigden.

Lt. Col. John Washington (1631–1677) was an English Virginia planter, soldier, and politician. He was the English ancestor and great-grandfather of George Washington, first president of the United States of America.

Early life and family[edit]

John Washington was born in 1631 in Tring, Hertfordshire, England, the son of Amphillis Twigden and Rev. Lawrence Washington (1602-1653).[1] Prior to Lawrence Washington's marriage, he had been a don at the University of Oxford.

When John was eight his father enrolled him in Charterhouse School in London to begin preparing for an academic career however John never attended the School; in 1633 Lawrence left Oxford to become the Rector of Purleigh, Essex. During the English Civil War, in 1643 the royalist Lawrence Washington was stripped of his clerical position as Rector of Purleigh by the Parliamentary Puritans and subsequently Lawrence became an Anglican Vicar of an impoverished parish in Little Braxted, Essex. His wife and family then returned to his wife's home in Tring, Hertfordshire.

John Washington found an apprenticeship with a London merchant through his Sandys relatives, which provided a valuable education in colonial trade.

In 1656 Washington invested in a merchant ship engaged in transporting tobacco to European markets and left his home in Tring for the Colony of Virginia.[2] Washington was the ship's second officer; in 1657, the ship foundered in the Potomac River. Although the vessel was repaired, Washington elected to remain in the colony,[3] he was accompanied[4] to Virginia by his cousin, James Washington, the son of London-Rotterdam merchant Robert Washington (1616 - 1674)[5] although James subsequently returned to England.[4]

Survey of 1674, certified by Thomas Lee, for 5,000-acre land grant

Colony of Virginia[edit]

While first in Virginia, Washington stayed at the house of Col. Nathaniel Pope, a planter, during this stay, he fell in love with his host's daughter Anne. He settled at a site on Bridges Creek.[6]

After his marriage to Anne Pope and the wedding gift from Anne's father of 700 acres (2.8 km2) on Mattox Creek in Westmoreland County of the Northern Neck,[3] Washington became a successful planter, he depended on the labor of slaves and indentured servants to cultivate tobacco and kitchen crops. He was selected for the Virginia House of Burgesses and became a politician in the colony.[3]

During the events leading to Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, Washington was appointed a colonel in the Virginia militia, he led a company to back a group of Marylanders during a planned parley with the opposition and American Indian leaders. The militia killed six chiefs of various tribes, and their peoples retaliated for the massacre in later raids and attacks against the colonists.[7] Governor William Berkeley strongly criticized Washington for the murders of the American Indian chiefs, but colonists supported Washington in the massacre. Relations between the Indians and colonists deteriorated.[8]

Marriage and family[edit]

He married Anne Pope in 1658.[1]

They had three children together:

After Anne Pope's death, Washington married Anne (unknown maiden name, widow of Walter Broadhurst & Henry Brett). When his second wife died also, John Washington married Frances Gerard (daughter of Thomas Gerard, widow of Thomas Speke, Valentine Peyton & John Appleton). This third marriage occurred about May 10, 1676 when a "joynture" was recorded between Mrs Frances Appleton and John Washington in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

Washington and his first wife Anne Pope are buried at what is now called the George Washington Birthplace National Monument, in present-day Colonial Beach, Virginia. His vault is the largest in the small family burial plot.

Legacy and honors[edit]

The name of the local parish of the Anglican Church (the established church in colonial Virginia, and thereby a tax district of the county) was changed to Washington in his honour.[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Randall, Willard Sterne (1997). George Washington: A Life. New York: Holt & Co. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "John Washington and His Descendants", The George Washington Foundation
  2. ^ Murray Neil. "The Washingtons of Tring". Hertfordshire Genealogy. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Haas, Irvin (1992). Historic Homes of the American Presidents. Courier Dover Publications. p. 7. ISBN 0-486-26751-2. 
  4. ^ a b "a veteran diplomat" (3 September 1916). "Baron George Washington Fighting for Austria; Collateral Descendant of the First President of U.S., an Officer of the Austrian Lancers, May Make New Yorker His Heir". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Clay, J. W. (1899). Dugdale’s Visitation of Yorkshire, With Additions, Vol. I. William Pollard and Co., Exeter. pp. 234–235. 
  6. ^ Marquis, A.N. Company. Who's Who In America, vol. 1:Historical Volume (1607-1896), revised ed., Marquis, A.N. Company., 1967.
  7. ^ Richardson, Abby Sage (1875). The History of Our Country: From Its Discovery by Columbus to the Celebration of the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. H. O. Houghton and Company. p. 135. 
  8. ^ Lodge, Henry Cabot (1917). George Washington. Houghton Mifflin. p. 36. 

External links[edit]