John of the Cross, Carmelite friar and priest of converso origin, is a major figure of the Spanish Counter-Reformation, a mystic and Roman Catholic saint. He is one of thirty-six Doctors of the Church. John of the Cross is known for his writings, he corresponded with the older Carmelite, Teresa of Ávila. Both his poetry and his studies on the development of the soul are considered the summit of mystical Spanish literature and among the greatest works of all Spanish literature, he was canonized by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726. He was born Juan de Yepes y Álvarez at Fontiveros, Old Castile into a converso family in Fontiveros, near Ávila, a town of around 2,000 people, his father, was an accountant to richer relatives who were silk merchants. In 1529 he married John's mother, an orphan of a lower class, was rejected by his family and forced to work with his wife as a weaver. John's father died in 1545. Two years John's older brother, died as a result of malnourishment due to the poverty to which the family had been reduced.
As a result, John's mother Catalina took John and his surviving brother Francisco, first to Arévalo, in 1548 and in 1551 to Medina del Campo, where she was able to find work. In Medina, John entered a school for 160 poor children orphans, to receive a basic education in Christian doctrine, they were given some food and lodging. While studying there, he was chosen to serve as an altar boy at a nearby monastery of Augustinian nuns. Growing up, John worked at a hospital and studied the humanities at a Jesuit school from 1559 to 1563; the Society of Jesus was at that time a new organisation, having been founded only a few years earlier by the Spaniard St. Ignatius of Loyola. In 1563 he entered the Carmelite Order; the following year, in 1564 he made his First Profession as a Carmelite and travelled to Salamanca University, where he studied theology and philosophy. Some modern writers claim that that stay would influence all his writings, since Fray Luis de León taught biblical studies at the university.
León was one of the foremost experts in biblical studies at that time and had written an important and controversial translation of the Song of Songs in Spanish. John was ordained priest in 1567, he subsequently thought about joining the strict Carthusian Order, which appealed to him because of its practice of solitary and silent contemplation. His journey from Salamanca to Medina del Campo in September 1567 became pivotal. In Medina he met Teresa of Ávila, she was staying in Medina to found the second of her new convents. She talked to him about her reformation projects for the Order: she was seeking to restore the purity of the Carmelite Order by reverting to the observance of its "Primitive Rule" of 1209, relaxed by Pope Eugene IV in 1432. Under the Rule, much of the day and night were to be divided between the recitation of the Liturgy of the Hours and devotional reading, the celebration of Mass and periods of solitude. In the case of friars, time was to be spent evangelizing the population around the monastery.
There was to be total abstinence from meat and a lengthy period of fasting from the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross until Easter. There were to be long periods of silence between Compline and Prime. More simple, coarser, shorter habits were to be adopted. There was an injunction against wearing covered shoes; that particular observance distinguished the followers of Teresa from traditional Carmelites, now to become known as "discalced", i.e. barefoot, differentiating them from the non-reformed friars and nuns. Teresa asked John to follow her. Having spent a final year studying in Salamanca, in August 1568 John travelled with Teresa from Medina to Valladolid, where Teresa intended to found another convent. After a spell at Teresa's side in Valladolid, learning more about the new form of Carmelite life, in October 1568, John left Valladolid, accompanied by Friar Antonio de Jesús de Heredia, to found a new monastery for Carmelite friars, the first to follow Teresa's principles, they were given the use of a derelict house at Duruelo, donated to Teresa.
On 28 November 1568, the monastery was established, on that same day, John changed his name to "John of the Cross". Soon after, in June 1570, the friars found the house at Duruelo was too small, so moved to the nearby town of Mancera de Abajo. John moved from the first community to set up a new community at Pastrana in October 1570, a further community at Alcalá de Henares, as a house for the academic training of the friars. In 1572 he arrived at Teresa's invitation, she had been appointed prioress of the Convent of the Incarnation there in 1571. John became the spiritual director and confessor of Teresa and the other 130 nuns there, as well as for a wide range of laypeople in the city. In 1574, John accompanied Teresa for the foundation of a new religious community in Segovia, returning to Ávila after staying there a week. Aside from the one trip, John seems to have remained in Ávila between 1572 and 1577. At some time between 1574 and 1577, while praying in a loft overlooking the sanctuary in the Monastery of the Incarnation in Ávila, John had a vision of the crucified Christ, which led him to create his drawing of Christ "from above".
In 1641, this drawing was placed in a
Sandra Méndez Hernández is a Mexican politician from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. She serves as a deputy in the LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing the eighth district of the State of Mexico. Méndez's political and public service career began at the age of 18, in 1995, she worked at the INEGI before becoming an electoral assistant for the Federal Electoral Institute. The next year, she graduated with an undergraduate degree in physical education and recreation getting a law degree from the Universidad Mexicana and in 2001, a master's degree in law from the Universidad ETAC. In 1998, Méndez became a legal advisor to the government of the municipality of Tultitlán, her first of four jobs in that city, she provided legal advice to the DIF there in 2000. Meanwhile, she ascended the PRI ranks, being named the municipal-level president of PRI Young Women in 1999 and trading that post for a state-level secretarial position with the PRI in 2002. Around this time, she served as a legal advisor to two firms, Rivera y Asociados and Ingenieros Civiles y Asociados.
The PRI tapped Méndez to be an alternate local deputy to the LV Legislature of the Congress of the State of Mexico, between 2003 and 2006. She served as a legal advisor to the PRI parliamentary group and worked at the municipal-level PRI in Tultitlán. After her term as alternate deputy ended, Méndez returned to the local government, becoming an official with the municipal Civil Registry. In 2009, voters sent Méndez to the federal Chamber of Deputies for the first time. In the LXI Legislature of the Mexican Congress, she was a secretary on the Youth and Sports Commission, she served on commissions for Equity and Gender. Two years voters returned her to the Chamber of Deputies for the LXIII Legislature, she is the president of the Jurisdictional Commission and serves on three others: Federal District and Social Welfare, Instructory Section, charged with analyzing the legality of cases presented against public officials
Good Guys Wear Black is a 1978 American action film starring Chuck Norris and directed by Ted Post. This was the second film to feature Norris as the star, following Breaker! Breaker!. However this is the one that Norris considers his "breakthrough"; the film featured a first screen appearance by Norris' brother Aaron Norris and final appearances by Lloyd Haynes, Dana Andrews and Jim Backus. Back in 1973, one United States Senator Conrad Morgan, the chief delegate diplomat in negotiating the terms of the end of Vietnam War, made a deal in Paris, France with Kuong Yen, the North Vietnamese negotiator; the deal called for Yen to release certain key CIA POWs in exchange for Morgan setting up a death-trap for an elite group of CIA assassins, known as the Black Tigers. The treaty signed, the Black Tigers were sent into the jungles of'Nam to their unknowing demise, under the guise that they were on mission to liberate American POWs. However, the negotiators failed to realize one thing: the commando's team leader was one Major John T. Booker.
So, needless to say and despite all odds, Booker survives. As do the four men wise enough to have remained in his general vicinity. Five years after returning from Vietnam, now living in Los Angeles, California, is now working as a political science professor at UCLA, donning a post-war moustache, with a hobby of race car–driving. Booker lectures to a bunch of kids on how the war should not have happened, that the U. S. should not have been involved. He jokes about singing patriotic songs the following week to atone. Sitting in on one of his lectures is a bright female reporter named Margaret who starts asking some specific questions about the botched rescue mission, it seems that someone is killing all the surviving members of the special forces team. Booker is thrown back into his past when Morgan's appointment as Secretary of State spurs Yen to blackmail his ex-negotiations buddy into making good on his unfinished deal: the extermination of the Black Tigers. Norris had been offered a number of karate films but turned them down because he did not want to be limited.
"Bruce Lee movies were all karate with a little story thrown in. I want to have a story with some karate scenes."Norris said a friend wrote the script from a storyline he devised with one of his students. "My country wasn't built on sacrificing people to expedite principles," said Norris."Norris said he "peddled" the script "all over Hollywood. The night before I was to meet this producer - I'd gone through everyone. I went to bed, about 2 o'clock in the morning, the answer popped into my head, and when I met the producer, he asked me the same question the others asked,'Chuck, why will this movie make money?' And I said,'First of all, there's four million karate people in America. They all know, and if only half of them go to the movie, that's a $6 million gross on a $1 million budget.' And he said,'Sounds good to me'."The film was produced by Allan Bodoh, Mitchell Cannold and Michael Leone. Bodoh ran Mar Vista Productions, who in a two year period made Dirt, Acapulco Gold and The Great Smokey Roadblock.
Norris said during filming that he compared "Breaker! Breaker! with Clint Eastwood's A Fistful of Dollars and Good Guys Wear Black with Dirty Harry."Filming started in May 1977. There was an excellent support cast including Dana Andrews. "I do one film a year just to keep my hand in," said Andrew."I want to be as big in the movie industry as I've been in the karate industry," said Norris. ""I know I can do it because I've got the faith to do it."Norris said his character of Booker "had more feeling than the Clint Eastwood characters. Booker's sensitive, if pushed he can take care of the situation. That's like me. I'm an easy going guy but in the ring I have a fanatical desire to win. I want Booker to be someone people. Take Bruce Lee, an Oriental but able to pull Caucasians. I'm taking a little from Eastwood, a little from Lee, a little special effects from James Bond. John T Booker is someone moviegoers can emulate, to be that kind of person, a guy who doesn't push his weight around, an easygoing person who can be dangerous."
Chuck Norris had a long dialogue scene with James Franciscus about the Vietnam War. Steve McQueen, who Norris knew, saw it and advised Norris to let support characters take care of the exposition, "then when there's something important to say, you say it." "Let the co-stars do the b.s. dialogue," Norris says. "I do it. Eastwood does it. Bronson does it." The film was rated R but Norris lobbied to have it changed to PG. "My argument was the strong, positive image I project on the screen," he said. "The word karate connotes violence to many people. It's a means of avoiding violent situations, a form of defense if you have no choice and you're backed into a corner." The movie grossed $18 million at the box office, due in part to a year-long publicity tour Norris did. (The actor estimated he did over 2,000 interviews in a year and says he had to go to hospital for laryngitis."The Los Angeles Times called it "cynical, reasonably entertaining... the slick, efficient murders are less gory to watch than disturbing to contemplate."
The Washington Post said "the little plot it does have goes a long way." The New York Times said the film was "short on everything.""The first time I saw myself, I didn't feel embarrassed yet thought I could be better," said Norris. "But, by the fourth viewing, I wanted to hide behind a chair."According to Norris the critics "I was the worst thing in 50 years. Well, I wasn't g
The Asencio Formation is a geological formation in the Paraná Basin of southwestern Uruguay whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils. Neuquensaurus australis Laplatasaurus araukanicus Antarctosaurus wichmannianus Sphaerovum erbeni Tacuarembovum oblongum List of dinosaur-bearing rock formations List of fossiliferous stratigraphic units in Uruguay Adamantina Formation Allen Formation Marília Formation Weishampel, David B.. 2004. The Dinosauria, 2nd edition, 1–880. Berkeley: University of California Press. Accessed 2019-02-21. ISBN 0-520-24209-2 F. v. Huene. 1929. Terrestrische Oberkreide in Uruguay. Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie Abteilung B 1929:107-112
Bruno Fernandes das Dores de Souza, known as Bruno, is a Brazilian professional footballer as free agent. In 2010, he was charged with the assault and murder of his extramarital girlfriend and mother of his youngest child. In 2013, he was found guilty of ordering her murder, hiding the body and kidnapping his baby son, was thus sentenced to a 22-year jail term, but in February 2017 he was released pending an appeal. In April 2017 Brazil's Supreme Court ordered his re-arrest, he was released again on a semi-open prison regime in August 2019. In 2006, Bruno was signed by investment fund Media Sports Investments, linked to various transactions with Atlético Mineiro, he went on to sign a contract, until the end of the year, with Corinthians a partner of MSI. However, following manager Émerson Leão's continuous refusal to play Bruno over home-grown keeper Marcelo, Bruno became unsatisfied. With no match played for Corinthians, he was loaned out to Flamengo. At his new side, Bruno arrived in the same week Diego, the first team goalkeeper at the time, suffered an injury.
He replaced incumbent Diego as first choice goalkeeper. He made his début in a match against Internacional and delivered some impressive performances, cementing his starting position between the posts for the rest of the season. In 2007, he became a fan favourite for his great showings on penalties, by making three saves in the Rio de Janeiro State Championship 2007 finals against Botafogo, helping Flamengo become the champions. Throughout the year, it was speculated that Bruno would depart for Europe, with MSI wishing to cash-in on him, the goalkeeper was linked with Barcelona. For around €3million, Flamengo sealed a permanent deal with Bruno in 2008, with the player stating his desire to be with the rubro-negro for the foreseeable future. Bruno scored his first professional goal on 23 April 2008, from a free kick, which led the way for a crucial 2–0 victory over Coronel Bolognesi in the Copa Libertadores. Bruno scored his second goal on 23 October 2008, in a penalty kick against Coritiba, he scored his third goal for Flamengo on 4 February 2009, against Mesquita.
After the retirement of Fábio Luciano, in May 2009, Bruno became team captain. On 12 July 2009 Bruno completed, against São Paulo, his 100th match for Flamengo in the Brazilian Série A, the game finished in a 2–2 draw, his fourth career goal, this time from a free kick, was for Flamengo on 26 May 2010, in a Campeonato Brasileiro match which they lost 2–1 to Fluminense. In July 2010, Flamengo announced the club had suspended Bruno's contract as a result of the murder investigation and the club lawyer would no longer act in his defence. On 10 March 2017, shortly after leaving prison pending appeal, he signed for Boa Esporte a contract until 2019; as a result, three sponsors of the club, CardioCenter, Nutrends Nutrition and Magsul, ended their partnerships with the club. As of 6 June 2010according to combined sources on Flaestatística. In 2006 Bruno played for Atlético Mineiro in the Brazilian Série B. Flamengo Taça Guanabara: 2007, 2008 Taça Rio: 2009 Rio de Janeiro State League: 2007, 2008, 2009 Brazilian Série A: 2009 On 9 June 2010, the athlete's former mistress, Eliza Samudio, disappeared.
While pregnant she had claimed that Bruno was her child's father, which she could prove after her son was born. When he refused to support the child, Samudio had sued Bruno during a time when a lucrative transfer to AC Milan was being negotiated. After Samudio's disappearance, her child turned up with Bruno's wife. In July 2010, a Brazilian judge ordered Bruno's arrest. A 17-year old cousin of Fernandes de Souza told police that he had taken part in Samudio's abduction with his friend, Luiz Henrique Ferreira Romao, he stated that Samudio was dead but did not say how she died, nor where her body was, that Fernandes de Souza was the father of her baby despite him being married. Flamengo suspended his contract with the club and their lawyers did not represent him in court anymore. According to his accomplice Romao, Bruno tried to commit suicide twice while in prison waiting for his trial to begin, but the Secretariat of Rio de Janeiro denied that Bruno had done so. In late July, he was formally charged with murder, hiding a body, forming a criminal gang and corrupting minors.
According to police, Bruno's teenage cousin stated that Samudio's body was cut up and some parts were fed to dogs, while other parts were buried under concrete. Bruno confessed to organizing the plot; the case has led to debate in Brazil concerning misbehavior by professional athletes and growing crime against women. On 8 March 2013 he was sentenced to a 22-year jail term for the assault and murder of his former girlfriend and mother of his youngest child. In February 2017, after Fernandes had served just six years and seven months in prison, his lawyers filed a petition of habeas corpus because of the slow processing of an appeal request; the petition was granted by the minister of the STF Marco Aurélio Mello and Bruno was released from jail pending an appeal. After his release, Bruno received a number of contract offers and he accepted that from Boa Esporte Clube. Samudio’s mother's suit demanding Bruno's return to prison because he posed a threat to her grandson was unsuccessful. In a media interview, de Souza said: What happened.
I made a mistake, a serious one, but mistakes happens in life -- I'm not a bad guy. People tried to bury my dreams because of one mistake, but I asked God for forgiveness, so I'm
Bayuvi Dupki is a peak in the Pirin mountain range, south-western Bulgaria. It falls within the borders of the Bayuvi Dupki–Dzhindzhiritsa reserve in Pirin National Park, it is situated on the main ridge of the range between the peaks of Banski Suhodol to the south-east and Kamenititsa to the north-west. Its height is 2,820 m; the eastern slopes descend steeply to the Bayuvi Dupki Cirque, while the western slopes face the valley of the Vlahina river. A tourist eco-path traverses the western slope; the northern face is popular with climbers. The peak is built up of karstified marbles; the summit accommodates many rare herbaceous plants, including edelweiss and the only locality of Euphrasia drosocalyx in the Balkan Peninsula. Bayuvi Dupki has three distinct peak points; the rocky karst ridge. The main crest between the three points may be as narrow as 50 cm; the eastern slopes facing the homonymous cirque are inaccessible. The western slopes are inclined to the valley of the Vlahina river. At 470 m to the south-east of the summit on the main ridge is situated the highest alpine shelter in Bulgaria — Koncheto.
To the north of Bayuvi Dupki is located the saddle Kamenititski Preval. There are three paths leading from Kamenititski Preval to the shelter; the most used is marked in red and cuts down the steep western slopes of Bayuvi Dupki. The second one follows the main ridge; the third path cuts the northernmost point and joins the second one. The last two paths are not marked. Енциклопедия „Пирински край“, том I. Благоевград: Редакция „Енциклопедия“. 1995. Душков, Добри. Пирин. Туристически речник. София: Наука и култура