John the Baptist

John the Baptist was a Jewish itinerant preacher in the early 1st century AD. Other titles for John include John the Forerunner in Eastern Christianity, John the Immerser in some Baptist traditions, the prophet John in Islam, he is sometimes alternatively called John the Baptizer. John the Baptist is mentioned by the Hebrew historian Josephus and revered as a major religious figure in Christianity, the Bahá'í Faith, Mandaeism, he is called a prophet by all of these faiths, is honored as a saint in many Christian traditions. According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself, the Gospels portray John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus' coming and prepares the people for Jesus' ministry. Jesus himself identifies John as "Elijah, to come", which some biblical scholars interpret to mean that Jesus believed that John was the reincarnation of the Old Testament prophet Elijah, although John the Baptist in the Gospel of John explicitly denies being linked to Elijah.

According to the New Testament, John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth were relatives. Some scholars maintain that John belonged to the Essenes, a semi-ascetic Judaic sect who expected a Hebrew messiah and who practiced ritual baptism. John used baptism as the central sacrament of his pre-messianic movement. Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus, several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had been followers of John. According to the New Testament John was sentenced to death and subsequently beheaded by Herod Antipas sometime between 28 and 36 AD after John rebuked him for divorcing his wife and unlawfully wedding Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I. John the Baptist is mentioned in all four canonical Gospels and the non-canonical Gospel of the Nazarenes; the Synoptic Gospels describe John baptising Jesus. The Gospel of Mark introduces John as a fulfilment of a prophecy from the Book of Isaiah about a messenger being sent ahead, a voice crying out in the wilderness.

John is described as living on locusts and wild honey. John proclaims baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sin, says another will come after him who will not baptize with water, but with the Holy Spirit. Jesus comes to John, is baptized by him in the river Jordan; the account describes how, as he emerges from the water, the heavens open and the Holy Spirit descends on him'like a dove'. A voice from heaven says, "You are my Son, the Beloved. In the gospel there is an account of John's death, it is introduced by an incident where the Tetrarch Herod Antipas, hearing stories about Jesus, imagines that this is John the Baptist raised from the dead. It explains that John had rebuked Herod for marrying Herodias, the ex-wife of his brother. Herodias demands his execution, but Herod, who'liked to listen' to John, is reluctant to do so because he fears him, knowing he is a'righteous and holy man'; the account describes how Herod's daughter Herodias dances before Herod, pleased and offers her anything she asks for in return.

When the girl asks her mother what she should request, she is told to demand the head of John the Baptist. Reluctantly, Herod orders the beheading of John, his head is delivered to her, at her request, on a plate. John's disciples bury it in a tomb. There are a number of difficulties with this passage; the Gospel refers to Antipas as'King' and the ex-husband of Herodias is named as Philip, but he is known to have been called Herod. Although the wording implies the girl was the daughter of Herodias, many texts describe her as "Herod's daughter, Herodias". Since these texts are early and significant and the reading is'difficult', many scholars see this as the original version, corrected in versions and in Matthew and Luke. Josephus says. Scholars have speculated about the origins of the story. Since it shows signs of having been composed in Aramaic, which Mark did not speak, he is to have got it from a Palestinian source. There are a variety of opinions about how much actual historical material it contains given the alleged factual errors.

Many scholars have seen the story of John arrested and buried in a tomb as a conscious foreshadowing of the fate of Jesus. The Gospel of Matthew account begins with the same modified quotation from Isaiah, moving the Malachi and Exodus material to in the text, where it is quoted by Jesus; the description of John is taken directly from Mark, along with the proclamation that one was coming who would baptise with the Holy Spirit "and fire". Unlike Mark, Matthew describes John as critical of Pharisees and Sadducees and as preaching "the kingdom of heaven is at hand" and a "coming judgment". Matthew shortens the account of the beheading of John, adds two elements: that Herod Antipas wants John dead, that the death is reported to Jesus by his disciples. Matthew's approach is to shift the focus away onto John as a prototype of Jesus. Where Mark has Herod killing John reluctantly and at Herodias' insistence, Matthew describes him as wanting John dead; the Gospel of Luke adds an account of John's infancy, introducing him as the miraculous s

Najat El Hachmi

Najat El Hachmi is a Moroccan-Spanish writer. She holds a degree in Arabic Studies from the University of Barcelona, she is the author of a personal essay on her bicultural identity, three previous novels, the first of which earned her the 2008 Ramon Llull Prize, the 2009 Prix Ulysse, was a finalist for the 2009 Prix Méditerranée Étranger. At the age of 8 she immigrated with her family to Spain. El Hachmi studied Arab literature at the University of Barcelona and resides in Granollers, she began writing when she was twelve years old and has continued since, first as entertainment, as a means to express concerns or to reflect and re-create her own reality, in the two cultures to which she belongs. Her first book, Jo també sóc catalana, was autobiographical, dealing with the issue of identity, the growth of her sense of belonging to her new country. In 2005, she participated in an event sponsored by the European Institute of the Mediterranean, along with other Catalan writers of foreign descent, including Matthew Tree, Salah Jamal, Laila Karrouch and Mohamed Chaib.

During the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2007, where Catalan culture was the featured guest of honour, she traveled to various German cities to participate in conferences in which she offered her perspective on contemporary Catalan literature. El Hachmi has made frequent appearances in the media, including Catalunya Radio, the newspaper Vanguardia. In 2008, she won one of the most prestigious award in Catalan letters, the Ramon Llull prize, for her novel L'últim patriarca; the novel tells the story of a Moroccan who immigrates to Spain, a sometimes despotic patriarch who enters into conflict with his daughter, who breaks with the traditional values of the old country to adapt to the new, modern culture in which she finds herself. 2004 Jo també sóc catalana. Columna Edicions. ISBN 84-664-0424-4. 2008 L'últim patriarca. Editorial Planeta. ISBN 978-84-9708-185-6. English translation: 2010 The Last Patriarch. London: Serpent's tail. ISBN 978-1-84668-717-4. 2008 «L'home que nedava», short story in El llibre de la Marató: Vuit relats contra les malalties mentals greus.

Columna Edicions. ISBN 9788466409643. 2011 La caçadora de cossos. Editorial Planeta. ISBN 978-84-08-09877-5. English translation: 2013 The Body Hunter. Serpent's Tail, 2013. 2015 La filla estrangera, Edicions 62. ISBN 978-84-297-7468-9. 2018 Mare de llet i mel. Edicions 62. ISBN 978-84-297-7644-7. 2008 Ramon Llull prize for the Last Patriarch EVERLY, Kathryn: "Immigrant Identity and Intertextuality in L'ultim patriarca by Najat El Hachmi", Cuaderno Internacional de Estudios Humanísticos y Literatura, vol. 16, pp, 142-50. FOLKART, Jessica A.: “Scoring the National Hymn: Sexuality and Identity in Najat El Hachmi’s L’últim patriarca.” Hispanic Review 81.3. Pp. 353-76. FOLKART, Jessica A.: Liminal Fiction at the Edge of the Millennium: The Ends of Spanish Identity. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press. PHILLIPPS, Haarlson y Philip LEVINE: “The Word Hunter: Interview with Najat el Hachmi”, en ID; the best of Barcelona INK, Barcelona, pp. 106-108. POMAR-AMER, Miquel: "Voices emerging from the border. A reading of the autobiographies by Najat El Hachmi and Saïd El Kadaoui as political interventions", PLANETA LITERATUR.

JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LITERARY STUDIES 1/2014, 33-52, SONG, Rosi H.: “Narrating identity in Najat El Hachmi’s L’últim patriarca”, en AIELLO, Joy CHARNLEY y Mariangela PALLADINO, Displaced women. Multilingual Narratives of Migration in Europe. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. RICCI, Cristián H.: "L’últim patriarca de Najat El Hachmi y el forjamiento de la identidad amazigh-catalana.” Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies 11.1 pp. 71-91. Http:// RICCI, Cristián H.: “The Reshaping of Postcolonial Iberia: Moroccan and Amazigh Literatures in the Peninsula.” Hispanófila 180. Pp. 21-40. Http:// Literary news about Najat El Hachmi in Lletra, Catalan literature online at the Open University of Catalonia. Najat El Hachmi books Library Thing

Media in St. Louis

St. Louis is a major center of media in Missouri and the Midwestern United States; the following is a list of media outlets based in the city. Alive St. Louis, local fashion and lifestyle, monthly Feast, local dining, monthly Missouri Lawyers Weekly, regional legal news, weekly Sauce Magazine, local dining, monthly Yoga & Spa Magazine and lifestyle, quarterly The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the city's primary newspaper, published daily. Other papers published in the city include: The St. Louis American, local African-American news, weekly St. Louis Business Journal, business news, weekly The University News, St. Louis University student newspaper, weekly Vital Voice, local LGBT news, monthlySeveral other publications covering Greater St. Louis, including the monthly St. Louis Magazine, the alternative weekly The Riverfront Times, the weekly St. Louis Jewish Light, are published in neighboring suburbs and communities; the St. Louis radio market includes the city itself, six counties in east-central Missouri, four counties in southwestern Illinois.

In its Fall 2013 ranking of radio markets by population, Arbitron ranked the St. Louis market 22nd in the United States; the following is a list of radio stations which broadcast from and/or are licensed to the city of St. Louis: The St. Louis television market includes the city itself, 14 counties in east-central Missouri, 15 counties in southwestern Illinois. In its Fall 2013 ranking of television markets by population, Arbitron ranked the St. Louis market 21st in the United States; the following is a list of television stations that broadcast from and/or are licensed to St. Louis