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Johnny Giles

Michael John Giles is an Irish former association football player and manager best remembered for his time as a midfielder with Leeds United in the 1960s and 1970s. After retiring from management in 1985, Giles served as the senior analyst on RTÉ Sport's coverage of association football from 1986 until 2016; the FAI voted Giles as the greatest Irish player of the last 50 years at the UEFA Jubilee Awards in 2004. After winning an FA Cup winner's medal under Matt Busby at Manchester United, Giles moved to Leeds in 1963 where he played in midfield alongside captain Billy Bremner; the duo formed a central midfield partnership, one of the best in English club football. Their pairing helped yield several major trophies in the most successful era in Leeds' history. Giles and Bremner both scored 115 goals for the club. In his years in football, Giles pursued a managerial career which saw him installed as player-manager and manager of, among others, West Bromwich Albion, the Republic of Ireland, Vancouver Whitecaps and Shamrock Rovers.

Despite having an outstanding knowledge of the game, Giles never liked being a manager. He became disillusioned with aspects of the job, such as suffering at the hands of non-committal boardrooms, left management permanently in 1985, he declared that he had no regrets about quitting managerial life. Subsequently, after repeated encouragement from childhood friend Eamon Dunphy, Giles would inadvertently enter the world of football punditry in 1986, he went on to establish himself as a senior analyst on RTÉ Sport until 2016. In December 2019, he was employed as an analyst for Premier Sports' live coverage of the English Premier League matches, he writes two columns per week for the Irish Evening Herald newspaper, offers his opinions about the game on radio station, Newstalk 106. Giles grew up in Ormond Square, a working class area of inner-city Dublin, where he developed much of the skills that would aid him in becoming a professional footballer, he was encouraged to enter the game through his father Christy who played for Bohemians in the 1920s and managed Drumcondra during the 1940s.

Growing up, Giles remarked "I didn't consider myself Irish". Giles was spotted in Dublin playing for Stella Maris, before he began his English career with Manchester United, he joined Matt Busby's team for a £10 signing-on fee in 1956. He was given an early first-team debut in 1959 after eight of the team died in the Munich air disaster in February of the previous year. Among the dead was Bill Whelan, five years older than Giles and came from the Cabra district of Dublin, he was chosen to play for the Republic of Ireland team by the age of 18. Giles was a regular first team player over the next four years, playing alongside Bobby Charlton and Denis Law. Manchester United won the FA Cup in 1963, where Giles played the defence-splitting pass which started the move towards a winning goal by David Herd. After being out of favour, he asked for a transfer and joined Leeds United for £33,000. "I am going to haunt him", is what Giles said of Busby, to his wife Anne, after the Scotsman had forced his departure when freezing him out of the starting team.

Giles would soon evolve into one of the finest central midfielders in England, as Leeds won the Second Division title in his first season there. In 1965, he was in the team which came close to a League championship and FA Cup "double" but missed out on both, to Manchester United and to Liverpool respectively. Giles formed a strong partnership with Billy Bremner as Leeds manager Don Revie built a new team around them; the players were a tremendous foil for one another. Giles was known as the creative force and Bremner as the ball-winner, but each was capable of doing the other's primary job. In the 1967 -- 68 season Leeds won both the Fairs Cup; that was the first season. In the 1968–69 season, Giles was instrumental in Leeds becoming league champions in a record 67 points from 42 matches at 2 points for a win, a record that stood for ten seasons. In 1970, Giles again had a magnificent season as Leeds chased three trophies but lost all three, the League went to Everton. In the fifth round of the 1971 FA Cup, when Leeds were unexpectedly beaten 3–2 by Colchester United, Giles scored Leeds' second goal as they came back from 3–0 down.

Leeds regained the Fairs Cup but lost the League title on the last day, with Arsenal getting the victory they needed to earn the championship and form one half of a successful "double" bid. Leeds won their first FA Cup and Giles his second when they defeated Arsenal 1–0 at Wembley in 1972, yet again they missed out on the League on the final day of the season after defeat to Wolverhampton Wanderers. Sunderland and A. C. Milan beat Leeds in the finals of the FA Cup and the European Cup Winners Cup in 1973, rendering Leeds trophyless again. Jack Charlton's retirement in 1973 left Giles as the most senior member of the squad. In the same year he started to combine his Leeds duties with a spell as player-manager of his country. In 1974, a 29-match unbeaten run at the start of the season helped Leeds coast to their second title, but controversy reigned after Revie quit to take over the England team. Revie recommended to the Leeds board of directors that Giles, nearly 34 and approaching the end of his playing career, should be his successor.

The board instead appointed Brian Clough, a brilliant manager but a controversial choice as he had been publicly critical of Leeds in the past and was not an admirer of Revie. Clough and the players never got on — the players had wanted Giles too — and the board reacted by dismiss

Glinski rebellion

The Glinski rebellion was a revolt in 1508 in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by a group of aristocrats led by Prince Mikhail Glinski in 1508. It grew out of a rivalry between two factions of the nobility during the final years of Grand Duke Alexander Jagiellon; the revolt began when Sigismund I, the new Grand Duke, decided to strip Glinski of his posts based on rumors spread by Jan Zabrzeziński, Glinski's personal enemy. After failing to settle the dispute at the royal court and his supporters rose up in arms; the rebels swore allegiance to Vasili III of Russia, waging war against Lithuania. The rebels and their Russian supporters failed to achieve military victory, they were allowed to go into exile in Moscow and take their movable property, but their vast land possessions were confiscated. In the early 16th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania lost about one third of its territory as a result of the second war with Muscovy from 1500 to 1503. In addition, there were internal disagreements over a new union with the Kingdom of Poland.

To take effect, the Union of Mielnik needed to be ratified by the Lithuanian Seimas. Opponents of the union, among them Mikhail Glinski and the Grand Duke Alexander, refused to approve the union during the 1505 Seimas in Brest. Supporters of the union wanted to expand their own political rights. In February 1507, the Seimas in Vilnius decided to demand the return of the territory it had lost in the previous war with Muscovy, dispatched an ambassador to Moscow with an ultimatum; the ambassador's failure was regarded as casus belli. Moscow acted first but, despite a delay in mustering of the Lithuanian troops, did not achieve any significant results. Military actions in the first phase of the war were rather passive and did not bring about a desired result for either of the parties. During the last years of Grand Duke Alexander's reign, Mikhail Glinski wielded considerable influence at court, held the important post of Court Marshal from 1500 to 1506; the rapid growth of Glinski's influence troubled the old Lithuanian aristocracy, such as the Radziwiłł family, the Kęsgailos and Jan Zabrzeziński, who became Glinski's personal enemy.

As a trustee of the Grand Duke, Glinski facilitated the rise of his relatives and of others, which strengthened his position. The ambassador of the German emperor, Sigismund von Herberstein, set out the essence of the rebellion in his Notes on Muscovite Affairs; the cause of the quarrel between Glinski and Zabrzeziński, he thought, was that Trakai voivode Zabrzeziński had ordered to beat Glinski's servant because the servant was sent for a second time to get oats for the royal horses in Trakai. Glinski, who had great influence on the Grand Duke, contrived to have Zabrzeziński deprived of two posts including the Voivodeship though such posts, once awarded, were taken away. Herberstein reports that although they subsequently reconciled, Zabrzeziński retained a third post, Zabrzeziński still held a grudge against Glinski. According to 16th century Polish historian Maciej Stryjkowski and Bychowiec Chronicle, the conflict between Glinski and Zabrzeziński began after Glinski achieved the dismissal of Lida vicegerent Yuri Ilyinich and the appointment of Andrei Drozhdzh, Glinski's cousin, in his place.

Yuri Ilyinich complained to the Council of Lords. The Council, including Zabrzeziński, a member, supported Ilyinich and declined to confirm the appointment, calling Drozhdzh a "commoner", they drew attention to the enthronement privilege of Alexander, which said that only the deprivation of the coat of arms warranted dismissal. Alexander, angered by the disobedience, urged lords to the Brest Seimas, where he ordered them to imprison Ilyinich and demanded lords "not appear in his eyes". Despite the chronicles' description and chronology, historians note that Zabrzeziński fell out of favor due to the fact he was an active supporter of the ratification of the Union of Mielnik, thwarted in the Brest Seimas. Krzysztof Pietkiewicz states that in 1503 Glinski had accused Zabrzeziński of plotting an assassination. On August 6, 1506, Glinski triumphed over the army of the Crimean Khan near Kletsk. On August 19, Great Duke Alexander died. In the elections Glinski supported Alexander's younger brother. However, under the influence of rumors spread by Zabrzeziński, Sigismund deprived Glinski and his brothers Ivan and Vasily of their posts.

According to Herberstein, who called Glinski and Konstanty Ostrogski two famous people of the Grand Duchy, After the king's death, the hatred, buried in the mind of Ivan, on account of having been deprived of his palatinate through his antagonist's influence, again awoke. The consequence was, that the latter, with his accomplices and friends, was charged with treason to King Sigismund, who had succeeded Alexander, was slandered by certain of his rivals, declared to be a traitor to his country; the Knes Michael, smarting under such an injury appealed to the king, demanded that the cause should be equitably judged between himself and Saversinski, declaring that he would be able to clear himself from so heavy a charge. Thence he sent both messengers to the king, imploring him to recognize his plea. Vladislav II sent to the Grand Duke Sigismund ambassa

Balaoan Church

Balaoan Church known as the San Nicolas de Tolentino Church is a Roman Catholic church located in Balaoan, La Union, Philippines under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Fernando de La Union. It used to be called Purao, is under the advocacy San Nicolas de Tolentino. Balaoan used to be known as Purao, it was organized as a town from different rancherias in 1586. On June 29, 1587, Father Juan Bautista de Montoya was appointed as prior of Purao with the Augustinians accepting the convent to their order. Other references claim Father Juan Bautista de Sandoval as the first priest before Montoya while some other sources say Father Diego de Rojas. In 1597, the convent of Purao was allowed to vote in provincial meetings on the Augustinians. In 1603, Purao was annexed to Taguidin. People went back to the rancherias and population decreased. Purao was made a visita in 1734, it was annexed to Namacpacan in 1739 and the name of the town of Purao was changed to what is known today as Balaoan.

The church was constructed around the 1820s. It was half-complete in 1829 with its sacristy and main chapel done. Father Juan Antonio Fernandez continued the construction by extending the church from the presbytery to the main entrance from his appointment to Balaoan in 1769 until his death in 1829. Father Valentin Noval continued the work on the church when he was appointed in 1839; when Father Noval died in 1864, the church was finished. In 1877, a convent and cemetery was built under the supervision of Father Casimiro Melgosa; the church was damaged by an earthquake in 1880. Father Isidro Saez repaired the church in 1891. Although the church underwent major renovations, it has retained its original foundation and designs; the church falls under the Baroque architecture. It is made of lime and stone. Across the three story facade is four pairs of columns and lantern-like finials with two acroterium on top of angular piers on the column's end, its pediment ends up in a small scroll. A separate bell tower is found adjacent to the church.

On the ceiling of the main altar is the murals of the Four Evangelists. On the right side of the main altar is the altar for the Our Lady of Namacpacan and on the left side is the altar for Saint Nicholas of Tolentino. Media related to Saint Nicholas of Tolentino of Balaoan at Wikimedia Commons