North Carolina Highway 39
North Carolina Highway 39 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Traveling north–south, it connects the cities of Selma and Henderson, in the Research Triangle area. NC 39 is a predominantly two-lane rural highway that travels 79.3 miles from US 70/US 70A, in Selma, to the Virginia state line, north of Townsville. NC 39 begins as a.9-mile hidden concurrency along US 70, between US 70A and US 301/NC 96. This small segment, which connects to I-95, only appears on NCDOT maps and is not signed. First signs of NC 39 appear alongside US 301/NC 96 through downtown Selma. Within the next 4.4 miles, NC 39 splits from both highways as it continues north, through the communities of Hares Crossroads and Emit, before crossing the Johnston–Wake county line. In Wake County, NC 39 travels 2.76 miles through its easterly tip. This entire section is forest, crossing NC 97 halfway through and enters Franklin County at Bunn Lake. Northeast of Bunn Lake, NC 39 crosses over US 64. Continuing north, it goes through the communities of Pilot and Sutton, before reaching NC 98, in Bunn.
Traveling northwesterly for 9 miles, it enters Louisburg city limits and soon connects with US 401/NC 56 at Bickett Boulevard. Through Louisburg, NC 56/NC 581 splits at Nash Street towards Rocky Mount and NC 561 splits at Justice Street towards Centerville. North of Louisburg, in the Ingleside community, US 401 splits towards Warrenton. NC 39 enters Vance County at Epsom. Going northwesterly, through Gillburg, it enters Henderson city limits near the US 1 interchange. Traveling along Andrews Avenue, it crosses US 1 Business/US 158 Business at Garnett Street, in the downtown area. After crossing over I-85/US 158, it leaves Henderson city limits traveling north. At Harris Crossroads, it meets up with the southwestern edge of Kerr Lake. Continuing north, to the west of Kerr Lake, it travels through the Williamsboro and Townsville communities before ending at the Virginia state line. Before 1952, when John H. Kerr Dam was completed, the road in Virginia would have continued towards Boydton, Virginia.
NC 39 was established in 1934 as a partial replacement of NC 23, between Selma and Louisburg, a complete replacement of NC 501, from Louisburg to the Virginia state line towards Boydton. In 1941, NC 39 was placed on direct routing between Zebulon and Pilot, ending a western overlap along US 264 northeastern overlap along US 64 to Pilot. Between 1947-1949, NC 39/NC 59 was placed on new bypass east of Louisburg. In 1971, NC 39 was rerouted through downtown Henderson, via Andrews Avenue between Chestnut Street and Witherspoon Avenue. Around 1992, NC 39 was extended south, along US 301 and east along US 70 to its current southern terminus at US 70A. North Carolina Highway 501 was established in 1929 as primary routing from Henderson to the Virginia Border. Virginia did not have any primary routing that continues into their state from the terminus of NC 501. In 1930 NC 501 was extended further south to Louisburg. In late 1934, NC 501 was renumbered into NC 39, so it would not conflict with US 501. Media related to North Carolina Highway 39 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N.
C. 39 NCRoads.com: N. C. 501
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Interstate 40 in North Carolina
Interstate 40 is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Barstow, California to Wilmington, North Carolina. In North Carolina, I-40 enters the state along the Pigeon River Gorge, from Tennessee. Crossing the entire state, it connects the cities of Asheville, Winston-Salem, Greensboro and Raleigh before ending along U. S. Highway 117/North Carolina Highway 132 in Wilmington; the landscapes traversed by I-40 include the Blue Ridge Mountains, foothills of western North Carolina, suburban communities, the urban core of several Piedmont cities, along with eastern North Carolina farmland. At a total of 423.55 miles, it is the longest interstate highway in North Carolina. There are five auxiliary Interstates in the state related to I-40, as well as one business loop which runs through Winston-Salem; the route is labeled east-west for the entire route, however the eastern portion follows a much more north-south alignment. The freeway bears several names in addition to the I-40 designation.
Throughout the state the freeway is known as the Blue Star Memorial Highway a name shared with multiple interstates across the state. From the Guilford-Alamance county line to one mile east of NC 54, in Graham, I-40/I-85 is known as the Sam Hunt Freeway. From Orange County to Raleigh I-40 is known as the Harriet Morehead Berry Freeway, the John Motley Morehead, III Freeway, the Tom Bradshaw Freeway. I-40 is the James Harrington Freeway from US 70 to I-95. In Duplin County a section of I-40 is known as the Henry L. Stevens, Jr. Highway. From the Pender County-New Hanover County line to the eastern terminus of I-40, the freeway is known as the Michael Jordan Highway. Interstate 40 was an original Interstate Highway planned in the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956. In North Carolina the original highway was to run from the Tennessee state line to Greensboro where the freeway would end at Interstate 85. In 1958, the first section of completed interstate highway in the state was I-40 along the East–West Expressway in Winston-Salem.
I-40 received two extension approvals. After 34 years since it first opened, the last section completed was the Winston-Salem Bypass in 1992; the highest point is at 2,786 feet, located at Swannanoa Gap, the lowest point is at 15 feet, located at the Pender–New Hanover county line. I-40 travels through several diverse regions in North Carolina, including the Great Smoky and Black mountains of Western North Carolina, the rural Foothills, the urban Piedmont, the farmlands of Eastern North Carolina. All of I-40 is listed in the National Highway System, a network of roads important to the country's economy and mobility. I-40 is designated as a Blue Star Memorial Highway throughout the state. I-40 enters North Carolina along the north banks of the Pigeon River, at the foot of Snowbird Mountain. Winding in parallel with the river, I-40 goes through twin tunnels; when the tunnels opened in 1968 they were the first Interstate tunnels east of Mississippi River. I-40 proceeds through the Pigeon River Gorge for the next 16 miles.
Just south of exit 7, I-40 uses another tunnel, for eastbound traffic only, through Hurricane Mountain. The westbound lanes use a rock cut through Hurricane Mountain. A short distance after the tunnel is the North Carolina Welcome Center. Afterwards is Waterville Lake, where there are a few at-grade intersections in this location, used as service access for Walters Dam and the Harmon Den Wildlife Management Area. I-40 continues toward Asheville. Interstate 40 merges with US 74. I-40 and US 74 encounter the Interstate 26, Interstate 240 interchange, sometimes called Malfunction Junction, in the southwestern part of the city; the interchange is the current western terminus of Interstate 240 and the historic terminus of Interstate 26. Interstate 40 goes along the south side of Asheville, north of the Biltmore Estate towards Hickory. I-240 and I-40 have another interchange. Shortly after it leaves the Asheville area, I-40 encounters a steep grade, Old Fort Mountain, with winding roads that poses a hazard to truck traffic.
There are several runaway truck ramps on this part of the highway. This stretch is about six miles long. Interstate 40 goes south of Black Mountain and Marion, north of Conover; when I-40 enters Hickory it has a clover interchange with US 321. Interstate 40 heads south of Hickory and crosses Catawba River. I-40 enters Statesville north of the city, it has major interchanges with US 64 and US 21 before utilizing a clover interchange with Interstate 77. I-40 heads northeast towards Winston-Salem passing Clemmons; when Interstate 40 enters Winston-Salem it has another major interchange this time with US 421 and Interstate 40 Business. I-40 Business/US 421 head north to go through downtown Winston-Salem while I-40 goes just south of the city. Interstate 40 has another clover interchange with I-285/US 52/NC 8. Interstate 74 exit off to the south while I-40 heads back northeast to meet up with US 421 and Interstate 40 Business. US 421 runs a concurrency with I-40 into Greensboro. Interstate 40 enters the Greensboro area at the I-73/US 421/I-840 interchange.
This interchange is the east end of the US 421 concurrency with I-40 and is the planned western terminus of Interstate 840. From there Interstate 40 heads through southwestern Greensboro. Interstate 40 passes Wendover Place and Four Seasons Town Centre before having another large interchange with US 220. 1 mile after the interchange with US 220 US 29/US 70 all merge in
North Carolina's 7th congressional district
North Carolina's 7th congressional district stretches from Wilmington and the South Carolina border to the southern suburbs of Raleigh. The district is represented by Rep. David Rouzer, a Republican, he has been in office since 2015. From 2003 to 2013 it covered Bladen, Columbus, Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson counties. North Carolina's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present North Carolina Republican Party N. C. 7th District Republican Party North Carolina Democratic Party Will Breazeale for Congress Mike McIntyre for Congress Ilario Pantano for Congress
The Research Triangle referred to as The Triangle, is a region in the Piedmont of North Carolina in the United States, anchored by the three major research universities of North Carolina State University, Duke University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, as well as the cities of Raleigh and Durham and the town of Chapel Hill. The eight-county region named the Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill combined statistical area, comprises the Raleigh and Durham–Chapel Hill metropolitan areas and the Dunn, Henderson and Sanford Micropolitan Statistical Areas. A 2017 Census estimate put the population at 2,156,253, making it the second largest metropolitan area in the state of North Carolina behind Charlotte; the Raleigh–Durham television market includes a broader 24-county area which includes Fayetteville, North Carolina, has a population of 2,726,000 persons. The "Triangle" name was cemented in the public consciousness in the 1950s with the creation of Research Triangle Park, home to numerous tech companies and enterprises.
Although the name is now used to refer to the geographic region, "the Triangle" referred to the universities, whose research facilities, the educated workforce they provide, have served as a major attraction for businesses located in the region. Most of the Triangle is part of North Carolina's second and thirteenth congressional districts; the region is sometimes confused with The Triad, a North Carolina region adjacent to and directly west of the Triangle comprising Greensboro, Winston-Salem, High Point, among other cities. Depending on which definition of the Research Triangle region is used, as few as three or as many as 16 counties are included as part of the region. All of these counties when included hold a population over 2,167,000 people. Chatham‡¶ Durham*‡¶ Edgecombe¶ Franklin‡¶ Granville‡¶ Harnett‡¶ Johnston‡¶ Lee‡¶ Moore¶ Orange*‡¶ Person‡¶ Vance‡¶ Wake*‡¶ Nash‡¶ Warren¶* – Most restrictive definition, comprising the three core counties of Wake and Orange ‡ – U. S. Census Bureau definition, taken from the counties included in the Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area ¶ – Most liberal definition of the Research Triangle region, as defined by the Research Triangle Regional PartnershipRaleigh–Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area Population 2,199,459 The Triangle region, as defined for statistical purposes as the Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill CSA, comprises eight counties, although the U.
S. Census Bureau divided the region into two metropolitan statistical areas and one micropolitan area in 2003; the Raleigh metropolitan area comprises Wake and Johnston Counties. Some area television stations define the region as Raleigh–Durham–Fayetteville. Fayetteville is more than 50 miles from Raleigh, but is part of the Triangle television market. Raleigh, 423,179 Durham, 239,358 Cary, 151,088 Chapel Hill, 58,424 Public secondary education in the Triangle is similar to that of the majority of the state of North Carolina, in which there are county-wide school systems. Based in Cary, the Wake County Public School System, which includes the cities of Raleigh and Cary, is the largest school system in the state of North Carolina and the 15th-largest in the United States, with average daily entollment of 159,949 as of the second month of the 2016-17 school year. Other larger systems in the region include Durham Public Schools and growing Johnston County Schools. Campbell University Central Carolina Community College Duke University Durham Technical Community College Louisburg College Meredith College North Carolina Central University North Carolina State University Piedmont Community College Shaw University Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary and The College at Southeastern St. Augustine's College University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Vance-Granville Community College Wake Technical Community College William Peace University With the significant number of universities and colleges in the area and the relative absence of major league professional sports, NCAA sports are popular those sports in which the Atlantic Coast Conference participates, most notably basketball.
The Duke Blue Devils, NC State Wolfpack, North Carolina Tar Heels are all members of the ACC. Rivalries among these schools are strong, fueled by proximity to each other, with annual competitions in every sport. Adding to the rivalries is the large number of graduates the high schools in the region send to each of the local universities, it is common for students at one university to know many students attending the other local universities, which increases the opportunities for "bragging" among the schools. The four ACC schools in the state, North Carolina, North Carolina State, Wake Forest University, are referred to as Tobacco Road by sportscasters in basketball. All four teams produce high-caliber teams; each of the Triangle-based universities listed has won at least two NCAA Basketball national championships. Three black colleges, including recent Division I arrival North Carolina Central University and Division II members St. Augustine College and Shaw University boost
North Carolina Highway 27
North Carolina Highway 27 is a primary state highway in the U. S. state of North Carolina. The route traverses 198 miles through southern and central North Carolina, about 100 miles of it as a concurrency with NC 24. NC 27 begins in Cleveland County near the unincorporated community of Toluca at a T-intersection with NC 10. From there it runs southeast to the city of Lincolnton. In Lincolnton, it serves as Main Street, runs past the Lincoln County courthouse. From Lincolnton, it runs southeast again to Stanley, it enters Charlotte along Mount Holly Road, follows several major thoroughfares through Charlotte, including Freedom Drive, Morehead Street, Independence Boulevard. On the east side of Charlotte, it begins its 100-mile long concurrency with NC 24 1/2 of its total length; the two highways leave the city along Albemarle Road and remain joined until the unincorporated community of Johnsonville. Along this segment, they pass through the cities of Midland, Albemarle, Troy and Carthage, they share further concurrencies with NC 109, NC 22, US 15.
From the split with NC 24, the road runs northeast to Lillington where it follows Main Street, leaves town as a concurrency with US 421. It passes Campbell University in Buies Creek before entering Johnston County and ending in Benson just short of I-95. NC 50 continues east of NC 27's terminus at US 301. NC 27 was one of North Carolina's original 1922 state highways, its original routing connected Charlotte to Lincolnton. It used several streets through Charlotte, but followed the same route; the road was extended several times: 1923: east to Albemarle 1928: west to Toluca 1934: east to Carthage 1948-50: east to Cameron 1958: east to Benson NC 27 has had a tumultuous history through Charlotte. It has always served as a major east–west route through the city, but it has been rerouted numerous times on different city streets as traffic patterns changed. All of the following roads have carried NC 27 at one time or another: Rozelles Ferry Rd. Mount Holly Road Trade St. Hawthorne Lane Central Ave. Albemarle Rd. Mint St. Moorhead St.
Thrift Rd. McDowell St. Independence Blvd. Freedom Dr. North Carolina Highway 27 Truck is a 6.0-mile route that takes truck traffic south around downtown Lincolnton, via West Highway 150 and NC 150. Signage along the route only appears at key intersections. North Carolina Highway 27A was established as a renumbering of NC 271. Starting at the former community of Thrift, it went south from Mount Holly Road, entering Charlotte along Tuckaseegee/Thrift Roads, it overlapped with US 29/US 74/NC 20 on Morehead Street and US 74 on McDowell Street, before reconnecting with mainline NC 27 at 7th Street. In 1936, NC 27A was replaced by mainline NC 27. North Carolina Highway 27A was established when mainline NC 27 was rerouted on a more direct route between Lake Tillery and Troy, in Montgomery County. NC 27A follows NC 73 east, through Pee Dee continues straight along Pee Dee Road, connecting with NC 109, in Wadeville. Going back north, it reconnected with NC 27 west from Troy. In 1967, NC 27A was decommissioned, with Pee Dee Road only section.
From Lake Tillery to Wadeville, NC 27A formed the southern edge of the Uwharrie National Forest. North Carolina Bicycle Route 5 - concurrent with NC 27 near Buies Creek North Carolina Bicycle Route 6 - concurrent with NC 27 from Lincolnton to NC 73 Media related to North Carolina Highway 27 at Wikimedia Commons NCRoads.com: N. C. 27 NCRoads.com: N. C. 27-A