Jon Gruden

Jon David Gruden is an American football coach, the head coach of the Las Vegas Raiders of the National Football League. He first served as the Raiders' head coach from 1998 to 2001 and rejoined the team in 2018. In between his tenure with the Raiders, he was the head coach of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers from 2002 to 2008, where he led the team to the franchise's first Super Bowl title in XXXVII. At the time, aged 39 years, 5 months and 9 days, was the youngest head coach to win a Super Bowl. Gruden served as an analyst for ESPN and Monday Night Football before he returned to coaching. Gruden was born on August 17, 1963, in Sandusky, is of Slovene descent, his father, Jim served as a professional football regional scout, quarter backs coach, director of player personnel for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. His brother, Jay and coached in the Arena Football League, was most the head coach of the Washington Redskins, his other brother, James, is a radiologist at Weill Cornell Medicine. Gruden was raised Roman Catholic, was a Cleveland Browns fan growing up.

At the age of 15, he attended Clay High School in South Bend, home to the University of Notre Dame, where his father served as an assistant to head coach Dan Devine. After graduating in 1981, Gruden attended Muskingum College in Ohio. After one year, he transferred to the University of Dayton. At Dayton, he was a three-year letterman and backup quarterback for the Flyers under coach Mike Kelly. Gruden never saw much playing time, but the Flyers posted a 24–7 record during his three seasons at the University of Dayton, he graduated with a degree in communications in 1986. After graduating from the University of Dayton, Gruden was hired as a graduate assistant coach at the University of Tennessee during the 1985–1986 season. After his time with the Volunteers, he spent two years after that as the quarterbacks coach at Southeast Missouri State. Gruden moved to the University of the Pacific in 1989 as offensive assistant as the tight ends coach. Walt Harris was the offensive coordinator at Tennessee, where Gruden was one of his graduate assistant coaches, hired him at Pacific.

In 1990, Gruden was a special assistant with the San Francisco 49ers under quarterbacks coach Mike Holmgren. In March 1991, Gruden became the wide receivers coach for the University of Pittsburgh under head coach Paul Hackett. In January 1992, at the age of 28, Gruden was hired by Mike Holmgren, his former boss at the San Francisco 49ers, to be the special offensive assistant/wide receivers coach with the Green Bay Packers. After three seasons in Green Bay, Gruden became the offensive coordinator of the Philadelphia Eagles under former Packers assistant coach Ray Rhodes. Gruden was chosen by the owner and general manager of the Oakland Raiders, Al Davis, to be the Raiders' new head coach for the 1998 season. Under Gruden, the Raiders posted consecutive 8–8 seasons in 1998 and 1999, leapt out of last place in the AFC West. After uniting with journeyman quarterback Rich Gannon, Gruden led the Raiders to the top of the AFC West and they made the playoffs in three consecutive seasons from 2000 to 2002.

Oakland finished 12–4 in the 2000 season, the team's most successful season in a decade, its first division title since 1990 reaching the AFC Championship, where they lost, 16–3, to the eventual Super Bowl champions Baltimore Ravens. In 2001, the Raiders would return to the postseason with a 10–6 record, but in the AFC Divisional Round a negated fumble proved costly as they were defeated, 16–13, in overtime by the eventual Super Bowl champions New England Patriots. While Gruden was with the Raiders, Gruden acquired his nickname "Chucky" from Raiders defensive lineman Grady Jackson, who thought that the coach looked like the fictional character "Chucky" in the 1988 slasher movie Child's Play. After compiling a 40–28 win-loss record in four seasons with the Raiders, Gruden replaced the fired Tony Dungy as head coach of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 2002, via a high-stakes trade that included Tampa Bay's 2002 and 2003 first-round draft picks, 2002 and 2004 second-round draft picks, $8 million in cash.

The trade took place for a number of reasons, including Davis's desire for a more vertical passing attack rather than Gruden's horizontal pass attack, the fact that Gruden's contract would expire a year after the trade, Davis's uncertainty over whether Gruden was worth as much money as his next contract was sure to pay him. Gruden signed a five-year contract with the Buccaneers worth $17.5 million. The Buccaneers' search for a head coach had taken more than two months, Tampa Bay had expressed an interest in Gruden, but Davis had refused to release him from his contract; the team subsequently interviewed several other coaches and believed a deal was in place with Bill Parcells, before Parcells backed out because his choice for General Manager, Mike Tannenbaum, told him not to accept the job because of the salary cap difficulties that Tampa Bay was about to endure. With the franchise's search floundering, the fact that the coach who the Buccaneers wanted had only one year remaining on his deal, the immediate hire of Dungy by the Indianapolis Colts, many fans and sports commentators began to question if the Buccaneers had made the right move by dismissing Dungy.

Only a big splash hire could quiet the storm, this may have been the primary motivation for the Buccaneers to give up as much as they did to acquire Gruden. After arriving in Tampa Bay, Gruden retooled the offense with the addition of numerous free agents, his determination to fix the under-performing offense, so maligned during D


Sarsaina is a village in Todabhim, Karauli district in the Indian State of Rajasthan Sarsaina is located beside the NH11 near peepal khera village. The village's current population is near 600; the majority caste in this village is Meena community with some Dhakads. Hindus are in majority in this village. There are several temples in this village. A few of them are: Bhomiya baba temple Balaji temple Rewari Baba This village is divided into several small parts, which local villagers called "PURA". A few of them are: Meharo'n ka pura Lankhi'n ka pura There is a mountain range beside this village but, now due to stone crushers this rage has vanished. An anicat is there below that mountain range

Kiki Preston

Kiki Preston, née Alice Gwynne, was an American socialite, a member of the Happy Valley set, the alleged mother of a child born out of wedlock with Prince George, Duke of Kent, fourth son of King George V. Known for her drug addiction, which earned her the nickname "the girl with the silver syringe", she was a fixture of the Paris and New York high social circles, a relation to the powerful Vanderbilt and Whitney families, her life was marred by several tragic losses and her own mental problems, which led to her suicide at 48. Alice "Kiki" Gwynne more known as Kiki Preston, was born in 1898, in Hempstead, New York, the daughter of Edward Erskine Gwynne, Sr.. and his wife Helen. Her mother, was a great-granddaughter of Justice Samuel Chase, one of the signatories of the United States Declaration of Independence, as well as a granddaughter of Joshua Barney, commodore of the United States Navy during the American Revolutionary War, she was descended from the second Dutch governor of Delaware. Her father was the nephew of tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt II and his wife, socialite Alice Gwynne Vanderbilt, making him a distant relation of the prominent and wealthy Whitney family.

Helen and Edward were married in New York on May 25, 1896. The marriage was a rocky one. Besides Kiki, they had two sons, one being Edward Erskine Gwynne, Jr. known as Erskine Dwynne, who became a writer, the publisher of the magazine Boulevardier, a columnist for the European edition of the New York Herald Tribune. Their other son, Edward C. Gwynne, joined the United States Army Air Corps in his early youth and was killed when his aircraft was shot down. Between 1898 and 1904, Preston and her family resided at different times in Paris, Nassau County, Park Hill in New York. A socialite without regular employment, Preston's father was described as a man that "had extravagant tastes, expended money lavishly and was without business employment", a fact which led his family to legal troubles. In 1899, while in Paris, Gwynne obtained a loan worth several thousand dollars from a jeweler. In February 1901, Gwynne transferred his interest in his property to Louise Gwynne. In the fall of 1901, the Paris money lender filed suit against Gwynne, for an unpaid loan of nearly $50,000 for diamonds.

Shortly after his mother's death, in June 1902, Edward Gwynne filed a petition in bankruptcy, with liabilities of over $56,000 and assets of $57. Two years on May 10, 1904, Preston's father died of acute kidney problems at the age of 35, on the same day the case of the suit was to be brought up on the court. Preston was five years old at the time. After Louise Gwynne's death, the property, conveyed to her by her son, was held in trust for Preston and her siblings. However, in February 1908, the Paris money lender revived his legal attack against the Gwynnes, demanding their property on the unpaid loan of $40,000. In March, following a long discussion, the suit against the Gwynnes was dismissed; the judge ruled that the realty transfer performed by Edward to his mother was not made with the intent to defraud creditors. However, he spoke rather harshly of Preston's father, referring to him as a man who "may have had large expectancies, but seems to have been a drain upon his mother's financial resources".

Following her father's death, Preston was raised in Paris, together with her brothers, although the family returned to their New York residence for brief periods of time. Preston was educated in England; the money lender continued with a series of court appeals between 1910 and 1912, although the Gwynne family managed to emerge victorious from the lengthy legal battle. According to writers Lynn Kear and John Rossman, Preston worked as a cabaret performer in her youth. In 1919, Preston married Horace R. Bigelow Allen, after he completed his service with the United States Army. In years, Allen became an executive in a plastics corporation. Preston and Horace had a daughter, Alice Gwynne Allen, who married pilot officer Geoffrey Borden Russell, as well as a son, Ethan Allen. Living in Paris with her husband, Preston met and befriended some of the future key members of the Happy Valley set, such as Alice de Janzé and Josslyn Hay, 22nd Earl of Erroll; the Happy Valley set was a community of British expatriates in Kenya, in the Wanjohi Valley close to the Aberdare Mountains, which had become known for its hedonistic lifestyle.

In November 1924, Preston applied for divorce on the grounds of desertion. Horace R. B. Allen died on December 1961, in Harbour Island, Bahamas. In April 1925, Preston married investment banker Jerome "Gerry" Preston, a Harvard alumnus from Colorado, a man described by writer Frédéric de Janzé in his memoirs as "a creature of instincts" and "untamed". Shortly afterwards, she formed a close friendship with actress Kay Francis. Following travel to the British East Africa colony of Kenya, the home of the Happy Valley clique and her husband were persuaded to permanently move there, after a friend of the couple gave them the land she had on the shores of Lake Naivasha; the Prestons lived in a Dutch-style house they built at the shores of Lake Naivasha and associated with the Happy Valley set. Both she and her husband were successful as big game hunters and horse breeders. On their farm, they entertained several guests at times, including actor Gary Cooper on one occasion. Friends of the couple in the community included Alice de Janzé, Lord Erroll and his wife Idina, writer Evelyn W