Monroe County, Georgia
Monroe County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,424; the county seat is Forsyth. The county was created on May 15, 1821; the county was named for James Monroe. Monroe County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 398 square miles, of which 396 square miles is land and 2.2 square miles is water. The vast majority of Monroe County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, with just a tiny southwestern corner of the county, west of a line between Yatesville and Culloden, located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin. Butts County Jasper County Jones County Bibb County Crawford County Upson County Lamar County As of the census of 2000, there were 21,757 people, 7,719 households, 6,005 families residing in the county; the population density was 21/km². There were 8,425 housing units at an average density of 8/km².
The racial makeup of the county was 70.36% White, 27.93% Black, 0.35% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,719 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.60% were married couples living together, 13.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.20% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,195, the median income for a family was $51,093.
Males had a median income of $34,433 versus $22,146 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,580. About 7.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.00% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,424 people, 9,662 households, 7,157 families residing in the county; the population density was 66.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,710 housing units at an average density of 27.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 73.3% white, 23.7% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.7% were American, 13.1% were English, 9.9% were German, 9.5% were Irish. Of the 9,662 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.9% were non-families, 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 41.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,297 and the median income for a family was $61,110. Males had a median income of $41,409 versus $32,810 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,656. About 9.8% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. Culloden Forsyth National Register of Historic Places listings in Monroe County, Georgia
Johnny Cash was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist and author. He is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 90 million records worldwide. Although remembered as a country music icon, his genre-spanning songs and sound embraced rock and roll, blues and gospel; this crossover appeal won Cash the rare honor of being inducted into the Country Music and Roll, Gospel Music Halls of Fame. Cash was known for his deep, calm bass-baritone voice, the distinctive sound of his Tennessee Three backing band characterized by train-sound guitar rhythms, a rebelliousness coupled with an somber and humble demeanor, free prison concerts, a trademark, all-black stage wardrobe, which earned him the nickname "The Man in Black." He traditionally began his concerts by introducing himself, "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash," followed by his signature song "Folsom Prison Blues". Much of Cash's music contained themes of sorrow, moral tribulation, redemption in the stages of his career, his other signature songs include "I Walk the Line", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm", "Man in Black".
He recorded humorous numbers like "One Piece at a Time" and "A Boy Named Sue". During the last stage of his career, Cash covered songs by several late 20th-century rock artists, notably "Hurt" by Nine Inch Nails and "Rusty Cage" by Soundgarden. Johnny Cash was born on February 1932, in Kingsland, Arkansas, to Ray Cash and Carrie Cloveree, he was the fourth of seven children, who were in birth order: Roy, Margaret Louise, Jack, J. R. Reba and Tommy, he was of English and Scottish descent. As an adult he traced his surname to 11th-century Fife, after meeting with the then-laird of Falkland, Major Michael Crichton-Stuart. Cash Loch and other locations in Fife bear the name of his family. At birth, Cash was named J. R. Cash; when Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force, he was not permitted to use initials as a first name, so he changed his name to John R. Cash. In 1955, when signing with Sun Records, he started going by Johnny Cash. In March 1935, when Cash was three years old, the family settled in Dyess, Arkansas, a New Deal colony established to give poor families a chance to work land that they had a chance to own as a result.
J. R. started singing along with his family while working. The Cash farm flooded during the family's time in Dyess which led Cash to write the song "Five Feet High and Rising", his family's economic and personal struggles during the Great Depression inspired many of his songs those about other people facing similar difficulties. He had sympathy for the poor and working class. Cash was close to his older brother, Jack. On Saturday May 12, 1944, Jack was pulled into an unguarded table saw at his high school while cutting oak into fence posts as his job and was cut in two, he lingered until the following Saturday. Cash spoke of the horrible guilt he felt over this incident. According to Cash: The Autobiography, his father was away that morning, but Johnny and his mother, Jack himself, all had premonitions or a sense of foreboding about that day, his mother urged Jack to go fishing with his brother. Jack insisted on working. On his deathbed, Jack said he had visions of angels. Decades Cash spoke of looking forward to meeting his brother in Heaven.
Cash's early memories were dominated by gospel radio. Taught guitar by his mother and a childhood friend, Cash began playing and writing songs at the age of 12; when young, Cash had a high-tenor voice, before becoming a bass-baritone after his voice changed. In high school, he sang on a local radio station. Decades he released an album of traditional gospel songs, called My Mother's Hymn Book, he was significantly influenced by traditional Irish music, which he heard performed weekly by Dennis Day on the Jack Benny radio program. Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force on July 7, 1950. After basic training at Lackland Air Force Base and technical training at Brooks Air Force Base, both in San Antonio, Cash was assigned to the 12th Radio Squadron Mobile of the U. S. Air Force Security Service at Landsberg, Germany, as a Morse code operator intercepting Soviet Army transmissions, it was there he created his first band, named "The Landsberg Barbarians". He was honorably discharged as a staff sergeant on July 3, 1954, returned to Texas.
During his military service, he acquired a distinctive scar on the right side of his jaw as a result of surgery to remove a cyst. On July 18, 1951, while in Air Force training, Cash met 17-year-old Italian-American Vivian Liberto at a roller skating rink in her native San Antonio, they dated for three weeks. During that time, the couple exchanged hundreds of pages of love letters. On August 7, 1954, one month after his discharge, they were married at St. Ann's Roman Catholic Church in San Antonio; the ceremony was performed by Vincent Liberto. They had four daughters: Rosanne, Kathy and Tara. In 1961, Johnny moved his family to a hilltop home overlooking Casitas Springs, California, a small town south of Ojai on Highway 33, he had moved his parents to the area to run a small trailer park called the Johnny Cash Trailer Park. Johnny's drinking led to several run-ins with local law enforcement
Central of Georgia Railway
The Central of Georgia Railway started as the Central Rail Road and Canal Company in 1833. As a way to better attract investment capital, the railroad changed its name to Central Rail Road and Banking Company of Georgia; this railroad was constructed to join the Macon and Western Railroad at Macon and run to Savannah. This created a rail link from Chattanooga, on the Tennessee River, to seaports on the Atlantic Ocean, it took from 1837 to 1843 to build the railroad from Savannah to the eastern bank of the Ocmulgee River at Macon. During the Savannah Campaign of the American Civil War, conducted during November and December 1864, Federal troops tore up the rails and converted them into "Sherman's neckties." Over the years, this railroad acquired other railroads by either lease or purchase: Augusta and Savannah Railroad 1862 Augusta and Waynesboro Railroad 1857 Eatonton Branch Railroad 1855 Milledgeville and Eatonton Railroad 1855 Milledgeville and Gordon Railroad 1855 Mobile and Girard Railroad 1886 Girard Railroad 1857 Savannah and Tybee Railroad 1890 Savannah and Western Railroad 1890 Chattanooga and Columbus Railroad 1891 Rome and Carrollton Railroad 1887 Columbus and Rome Railroad 1888 Columbus and Atlanta Air Line Railroad 1879 North and South Railroad of Georgia 1877 Columbus and Western Railroad 1888 Savannah and Memphis Railroad 1880 East Alabama Railroad 1888 East Alabama and Cincinnati Railroad 1880 Savannah and Northern Alabama Railroad 1890 Southwestern of Georgia Railroad 1869 Montgomery and Eufaula Railroad 1879 Muscogee Railroad 1868 Vicksburg and Brunswick Railroad 1879 Southwestern Railroad 1869 Upson County Railroad 1891 Barnesville and Thomaston Railroad 1860 In 1888 the Richmond Terminal Company, a Virginia holding company, gained control of the Central.
The financial problems of the parent company forced the CofG into bankruptcy, it was sold at foreclosure three years being reorganized as the Central of Georgia Railway on November 1, 1895. The famous passenger train the Nancy Hanks ran from Atlanta via Macon. Another notable train was a Columbus - Atlanta route, via Newnan. Both of these trains were named after prize-winning racehorses. In 1907 railroad magnate and financier E. H. Harriman gained a controlling interest in the railway, in 1909 sold his interest to the Illinois Central Railroad, which he controlled. In 1932, during the Great Depression, the CofG went into receivership, from which it did not emerge until 1948. In 1956, the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, seeking a route to Atlantic Ocean ports, gained control of the CofG, but the Interstate Commerce Commission declined to approve a merger of the two roads, so the Frisco sold its CofG stock to the Southern Railway in 1963. At the end of 1956 the CofG operated 2,646 miles of track.
Those totals do not include the 144-mile S&A, the 10-mile L&W, the 20-mile WS or the 36-mile W&T. The CofG became a Southern Railway subsidiary on June 17, 1963. In 1971 the Southern formed the Central of Georgia Railroad to merge the Central of Georgia Railway, the Savannah and Atlanta Railway, the Wrightsville and Tennille Railroad. Today the Central of Georgia exists only as a paper railroad within the Norfolk Southern Railway group. 42 miles of the CofG's former mainline are leased by the Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway from the State of Georgia. A number of former properties of Central of Georgia are preserved as historic sites; these include the following, listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Central of Georgia Depot Central of Georgia Railroad: Savannah Shops and Terminal Facilities, in Georgia On April 5, 2012, Norfolk Southern unveiled NS 8101, a GE ES44AC painted in the scheme found on Central of Georgia's diesel locomotives. It was the fourth of twenty units. Roundhouse Railroad Museum Leesburg Depot, in southwest Georgia Central of Georgia Historical Society Extensive history at RailGA.com "Central of Georgia Railway, New Georgia Encyclopedia 1955 route map of the Central of Georgia, Georgia's Railroad History and Heritage Ulrich Bonnell Phillips, "Chapter VI: The Central of Georgia Railroad System," A History of Transportation in the Eastern Cotton Belt to 1860, New York, Columbia University Press, 1908.
Prince, Richard E.. Central of Georgia Railway and Connecting Lines. Stanway-Wheelwright Printing Company. ISBN 978-0960008889. McQuigg, Jackson. Central of Georgia Railway. Images of Rail. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0738516165
The Jarrell Plantation State Historic Site is a cotton plantation and state park in Juliette, United States. Located in the red clay hills of the Georgia piedmont, the site stands as one of the best-preserved examples of a "middle class" Southern plantation; the Jarrell Plantation's buildings and artifacts all came from one source, the Jarrell family, who farmed the land for over 140 years. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, it is a Georgia state park in Jones County. Before the Civil War, the Jarrell's farm was one of the half-million cotton farms in the South that collectively produced two-thirds of the world's cotton. Like many small planters, the Jarrell family benefited from the development of the cotton gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney, which made it practical to cultivate seeded, short-staple cotton in hilly, inland areas of Georgia. John Fitz Jarrell built the first permanent structure on the site in 1847. Typical of antebellum cotton plantations, John Jarrell ran the farm with his slave labor.
By 1860 John Jarrell operated the 660-acre farm with the labor of 39 slaves. Although a cotton plantation, the farm provided food crops and grazing for livestock. During the turbulent decade of the 1860s, the farm survived a typhoid fever outbreak, General Sherman and Reconstruction. After the Civil War, John Jarrell continued to farm with the help of former slaves and he increased the farm to nearly 1,000 acres; the former-slave laborers began leaving the farm in John Jarrell's final years. After John's death in 1884 one of John's sons, Benjamin Richard "Dick" Jarrell, gave up a teaching career to return home and build his family home in 1895. Although the farm had been processing sugarcane since 1864, Dick Jarrell expanded the industrialization of the farm by adding a mill complex that included a steam-driven sawmill, cotton gin, shingle mill, planer. In 1920, with the labor of his five sons and two nephews, Dick Jarrell completed a second home, fit for his large family; the Jarrell 1920 House is 1850's - style home built of heart pine.
In 1974, Dick Jarrell's nine surviving adult children donated the plantation site to the State of Georgia for the preservation of the farm and the education of future generations about their heritage. The State of Georgia's Department of Natural Resources operates the now 200-acre historic site and opens it to the public Thursday through Saturday; the site's buildings and structures include the farmhouse, a sawmill, cotton gin, shingle mill, sugar cane press, syrup evaporator, workshop and outbuildings. Jarrell Plantation Historic Site - official site
Baldwin County, Georgia
Baldwin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,337; the county seat is Milledgeville, developed along the Oconee River. Baldwin County is part of GA Micropolitan Statistical Area. For centuries the land was occupied by the Creek Nation, for thousands of years before them, varying cultures of indigenous peoples. Part of the land ceded by the Creek Nation in the Treaty of Fort Wilkinson in 1802 was used to create Baldwin County on May 11, 1803, by the Georgia General Assembly, the state's legislative body; the land west of the Oconee River was organized as Wilkinson counties. The Treaty of Washington with the Creek in 1805 extended the state's western boundary to the Ocmulgee River. A legislative act on June 26, 1806, added some of this additional land to both counties; the state legislature subsequently passed an act on December 10, 1807 that created four new counties from Baldwin County's 1806 borders. It expanded Baldwin to the east with land from Washington counties.
The new counties were Morgan, Jones and present-day Jasper. The county is named for Abraham Baldwin, a signer of the United States Constitution, U. S. congressman representing Georgia, the founder of the University of Georgia. White settlers moved into the area and developed large cotton plantations, made possible by the labor of slaves. Since the invention of the cotton gin, short-staple cotton could be profitably processed, it was well-suited to the uplands of Georgia. What became known as the Black Belt of Georgia, an arc of fertile soil, was one of the destinations for slaves being sold from the Upper South, as well as from the Low Country; the county seat of Milledgeville is the former state capital of Georgia. Other than Washington, DC, it is the only planned capital city in the United States; because of its central location within the state and its abundant supply of water from the Oconee River, Milledgeville grew into a bustling frontier town. On November 2, 1807, the state legislature held its first session in the newly completed statehouse in Milledgeville.
Georgia's first state penitentiary was built within the historic city limits of Milledgeville in 1817. This site is now used as the main campus of State University. In 1837 the General Assembly provided for the establishment of the state's first mental asylum, today known as Central State Hospital; when the state of Georgia seceded from the Union in January 1861 during a legislative session held in Milledgeville, Baldwin County became a target for Union forces. When Union general William T. Sherman's made his devastating March to the Sea through Georgia, his troops occupied the capital city in November 1864. Sherman and his Union armies burned the state penitentiary, vandalized the city, held a mock session of the legislature in the statehouse to repeal the state's ordinance of secession. In 1868, after the Civil War, Georgia's capital was moved from Milledgeville to its present location in Atlanta. Today Milledgeville is home to two institutions of higher education: Georgia College and State University and Georgia Military College.
Founded in 1889 as the Georgia Normal and Industrial College for Women, Georgia College and State University has since grown to become the state's premier public liberal arts university. Georgia Military College, founded in 1879, now occupies the Old Capitol Building. In addition to the Old Capitol and Governor's Mansion, visitors to Baldwin County can explore Andalusia, the family farm of writer Flannery O'Connor. Carl Vinson, who served for fifty years in the U. S. Congress, was born in Baldwin County. Oliver Hardy and film director, began his career in the Milledgeville Opera House. Flannery O'Connor and short-story writer, lived in Milledgeville, she is buried in her family plot in the city's historic Memory Hill Cemetery. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267 square miles, of which 258 square miles is land and 9.6 square miles is water. The majority of Baldwin County, south of Lake Sinclair, is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
The northern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. Putnam County, Georgia - north Hancock County, Georgia - northeast Washington County, Georgia - east Wilkinson County, Georgia - south Jones County, Georgia - west As of the census of 2010, there were 46,337 people, 14,758 households, 9,843 families residing in the county; the population density was 173 people per square mile. There were 17,173 housing units at an average density of 66 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 54.17% White, 43.38% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 14,758 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.90% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families.
25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.70% under the age of 18, 14.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and
Bibb County, Georgia
Bibb County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 155,547. On July 31, 2012, by a margin of 57% to 43%, voters in the county approved a measure to consolidate Bibb County with the county seat and dissolve the government of the only other incorporated municipality in the county, Payne City. Bibb County is part of GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Robert Reichert was the first mayor of Macon-Bibb, January 1, 2014. Native Americans had inhabited the area, they were forcibly relocated to today's Oklahoma in the Indian Removal in the 1830s, during the administration of President Andrew Jackson. The Indian tribes affected refer to this as the "Trail of Tears", since many died during the march west. Bibb is one of the counties of the "Black Belt", which referred to the fertile dark soil in the uplands; the area was developed by white settlers and African American slaves into cotton plantations during the antebellum years. Cotton generated high profits, since was in demand in the textile mills of the northern states as well as in England.
By the 1860 census, shortly before the American Civil War, more than a million enslaved African American lived in Georgia, they constituted a majority of the population in much of the Black Belt. Bibb County was created by act of the State Legislature of Georgia on December 9, 1822, with Macon to be incorporated as a town/city in December 1823, it was carved from the earlier territories of the counties of Jones, Monroe and Twiggs counties. The County Seat has never been changed since, no other subsequent county in the state has been created out of land from Bibb County; the county was named for Dr. William Wyatt Bibb, a physician from Elbert County, elected to and served in the U. S. House of Representatives and United States Senate from History of Georgia, moved to the new Alabama Territory, before being elected as the first Governor of the new State of Alabama. During the Civil War, an estimated ten percent of the white males in the county lost their lives while serving the Confederate States Army.
The war ended slavery in Georgia, but it left much of the state in ruins. During the Reconstruction years after the war, most white voters were disenfranchised, wartime Georgia unionists and the former slaves controlled the politics; when white Democrats regained control of the state legislature in the 1870s, they passed laws imposing segregation and limiting the rights of African Americans. A new state constitution was written at the turn of the twentieth century, which in effect disenfranchised most black voters as well thousands of poor white males in order to guarantee Democratic control of the state; the first foreign Consulate in the county was established in Macon in 2006, with the Royal Danish Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark. The first Honorary Consul to the Principality of Liechtenstein was established in Macon in 2007. Macon and Bibb County were consolidated in January 2014. Since Macon-Bibb has been governed by a mayor, elected at-large, along with a nine-member county commission with members elected from single-member districts.
Like all other Georgia counties, Bibb has an elected sheriff responsible for maintaining the jail. Bibb's sheriff manages the county's law enforcement duties, with his deputies acting as the city and county police force; the current Bibb sheriff is David Davis. On July 31, 2012, voters in Macon and Bibb County passed a referendum to merge the governments of the city of Macon and most of unincorporated Bibb County, based on the authorization of House Bill 1171, passed by the Georgia General Assembly earlier in the year; as the result of consolidation, a portion of Macon that extended into adjacent Jones County was deannexed from Macon. Macon mayor Robert Reichert became the first mayor of the consolidated city on January 1, 2014, he received 49% of the vote in the general election on September 17 over the other five mayoral candidates. He subsequently won 63% of the vote in a runoff election against former Macon mayor C. Jack Ellis; as an urban county with a majority African American population, Bibb County is one of the most Democratic counties in Georgia in presidential elections, having only supported a Republican presidential candidate three times in its history.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 255 square miles, of which 250 square miles is land and 5.6 square miles is water. The entirety of Bibb County is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Jones County - northeast Twiggs County - east Houston County - south Peach County - south-southwest Crawford County - southwest Monroe County - northwest Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Ocmulgee National Monument As of the census of 2000, there were 153,887 people, 59,667 households, 39,797 families residing in the county; the population density was 616 people per square mile. There were 67,194 housing units at an average density of 269 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 50.13% White, 47.32% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 59,667 households out of
Jones County Courthouse (Georgia)
The Jones County Courthouse, in Gray, Georgia was built in 1906 in the Romanesque Revival style. It is noted for its arched clock tower; the first courthouse, in Albany, Georgia renamed Clinton, was the private residence of William Jones. A temporary structure housed the court until 1816, when a third, more permanent, building was erected; when the county seat moved to Gray, the current courthouse was built in 1905. It is noted for its arched clock tower, restored in 2005-2006; the courthouse was rehabilitated in 1992. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, it cost $35,000 to construct in 1906. Dates and costs of additions are unknown. Media related to Jones County Courthouse at Wikimedia Commons www.jonescountyclerkofcourt.org www.georgiaencyclopedia.org www.georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu www.jonescountyga.org