Iowa Highway 64
Iowa Highway 64 is a 64-mile-long state highway that runs across two counties in east central Iowa. It begins at an interchange with U. S. Route 151 in Anamosa and ends at the Savanna-Sabula Bridge over the Mississippi River near Sabula, it continues through Illinois as Illinois Route 64. The western half of the highway makes up the Grant Wood Scenic Byway. At one time, Iowa 64 spanned the length of the state, it began at the Missouri River in Council Bluffs. It headed northeast and east on highways that today are parallel to Interstate 80 and US 30. In 1969, Iowa 64 was shortened to its current extent. Iowa 64 begins at an interchange with US 151 in Anamosa. West of the interchange, the road is County Road E28, which becomes Third Street in Anamosa, while to the east, Iowa 64 begins its eastward trek, it leaves Anamosa heading to the south-southeast. After an S curve that takes the road to the south and back east, the highway passes Antioch School, which Iowa painter Grant Wood attended for four years.
The highway rises. Iowa 64 arrives in the town of Wyoming. Upon arriving in Wyoming, Iowa 64 meets with another north–south state highway, this time Iowa 136. At the eastern end of Wyoming, Iowa 64 / Iowa 136 come to a T intersection where the original stretch of Iowa 64 comes to an end. Iowa 136 splits off to the south, while Iowa 64 splits off to the north briefly before curving eastbound once again. Five miles after leaving Wyoming, Iowa 64 enters Jackson County. Iowa 64 passes through the small towns of Monmouth and Baldwin and bypasses the village of Nashville before arriving in Maquoketa, the seat of Jackson County. Iowa 64 intersects US 61 in western Maquoketa; the stretch of Iowa 64 between US 61 and Main Street in Maquoketa is a part of US 61 Business. At the eastern city limits of Maquoketa, Iowa 64 intersects with Iowa 62 which heads north-northeast from Maquoketa towards Bellevue. After Maquoketa, Iowa 64 continues east through rolling farmland before descending into the Goose Lake Channel and intersects CR Z20 Iowa 113, near Spragueville.
Iowa 64 leaves the Goose Lake Channel east of Preston. About seven miles east of Miles, Iowa 64 meets US 67, which joins Iowa 64 from the south for its last one-half mile. US 67 ends at the intersection with US 52 west of Sabula. Iowa 64 and US 52 overlap each other for their last four miles in Iowa. Before entering Sabula, US 52 / Iowa 64 cross the Mississippi River backwater Sabula Lakes causeway. North of Sabula, the US 52 / Iowa 64 causeway divides the Mississippi River from Sheepshead Bay, another backwater area. At this point, US 52 / Iowa 64, directionally signed south and east are heading north. US 52 / Iowa 64 turn east and cross the main channel of the Mississippi River on the Savanna-Sabula Bridge, becoming US 52 / Illinois Route 64. After entering Illinois at Savanna, US 52/ IL 64 intersect IL 84. Illinois Route 64 provides a direct link to Chicago. Grant Wood Scenic Byway photo gallery Iowa 64 photo gallery
United States Senate
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D. C; the composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators; each state, regardless of its population size, is represented by two senators who serve staggered terms of six years. There being at present 50 states in the Union, there are presently 100 senators. From 1789 until 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states; as the upper chamber of Congress, the Senate has several powers of advice and consent which are unique to it. These include the approval of treaties, the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for Vice President, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office. Furthermore, the Senate has the responsibility of conducting the trials of those impeached by the House; the Senate is considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, statewide constituencies, which led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere. The presiding officer of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States, President of the Senate. In the Vice President's absence, the President Pro Tempore, customarily the senior member of the party holding a majority of seats, presides over the Senate. In the early 20th century, the practice of majority and minority parties electing their floor leaders began, although they are not constitutional officers; the drafters of the Constitution created a bicameral Congress as a compromise between those who felt that each state, since it was sovereign, should be represented, those who felt the legislature must directly represent the people, as the House of Commons did in Great Britain.
This idea of having one chamber represent people while the other gives equal representation to states regardless of population, was known as the Connecticut Compromise. There was a desire to have two Houses that could act as an internal check on each other. One was intended to be a "People's House" directly elected by the people, with short terms obliging the representatives to remain close to their constituents; the other was intended to represent the states to such extent as they retained their sovereignty except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government. The Senate was thus not designed to serve the people of the United States equally; the Constitution provides that the approval of both chambers is necessary for the passage of legislation. First convened in 1789, the Senate of the United States was formed on the example of the ancient Roman Senate; the name is derived from Latin for council of elders. James Madison made the following comment about the Senate: In England, at this day, if elections were open to all classes of people, the property of landed proprietors would be insecure.
An agrarian law would soon take place. If these observations be just, our government ought to secure the permanent interests of the country against innovation. Landholders ought to have a share in the government, to support these invaluable interests, to balance and check the other, they ought to be so constituted. The Senate, ought to be this body. Article Five of the Constitution stipulates that no constitutional amendment may be created to deprive a state of its equal suffrage in the Senate without that state's consent; the District of Columbia and all other territories are not entitled to representation allowed to vote in either House of the Congress. The District of Columbia elects two "shadow U. S. Senators", but they are officials of the D. C. City Government and not members of the U. S. Senate; the United States has had 50 states since 1959, thus the Senate has had 100 senators since 1959. The disparity between the most and least populous states has grown since the Connecticut Compromise, which granted each state two members of the Senate and at least one member of the House of Representatives, for a total minimum of three presidential electors, regardless of population.
In 1787, Virginia had ten times the population of Rhode Island, whereas today California has 70 times the population of Wyoming, based on the 1790 and 2000 censuses. This means some citizens are two orders of magnitude better represented in the Senate than those in other states. Seats in the House of Representatives are proportionate to the population of each state, reducing the disparity of representation. Before the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators were elected by the individual state legislatures. Problems with repeated vacant seats due to the inability of a legislature to elect senators, intrastate political struggles, bribery and intimidation had led to a growing movement to amend the Constitution to allow for the direct election of senators; the party composition of the Senate during the 116th Congress: Art
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
U.S. Route 151
U. S. Highway 151 is a US Highway that runs through the states of Wisconsin; the southern terminus for US 151 is at a junction with Interstate 80 in Iowa County and its northern terminus is at Manitowoc, Wisconsin. The route, from south to north follows a northeasterly path through Wisconsin. Seven miles south of Dubuque, Iowa, US 151 joins with US 61; the two highways share a route from there to Wisconsin. Three miles south of Dubuque, US 61 / US 151 join with US 52, share a route with US 52 until the White Street exit in Dubuque. In Wisconsin, US 61/151 joins with Wisconsin Highway 35 about one mile north of the Iowa–Wisconsin border. At Dickeyville, US 151 heads northeast to Platteville. US 61 and WIS 35 continue north. US 151 joins with US 18 near Dodgeville; the two highways share a route all the way to Madison. U. S. Highway 151 starts at an intersection with Interstate 80, in an isolated part of Iowa near both Williamsburg and Conroy, it continues through the area around the Amana Colonies, where it has a brief overlap with US 6.
Once meeting up with US 30 and US 218, the route cuts around the city of Cedar Rapids, while the business route 151 goes through the city. The route continues toward Dubuque as an expressway; this 65-mile stretch crosses many major rivers including both the Maquoketa. The road goes into the Driftless Area where it meets up with US 61 around the Dubuque Regional Airport; the combined road heads into the state of Wisconsin where it continues with the US 151 name. US 151, concurrent with US 61, crosses the Mississippi River into Wisconsin via the Dubuque-Wisconsin Bridge from Dubuque and passes through a cut in the river ridge before turning northward to the western terminus of WIS 11 after one mile of due east travel. WIS 35 and the Great River Road join the route at that interchange; the highway at this point is limited access highway with two lanes in each direction. The northward trek of the route passes through mixed residential and farmland as it crosses Badger Road and merges with Eagle Point Road.
Eagle Point road merges with US 151 from the left side of the road. The limited access portion ends at this interchange. Another pair of half diamond interchanges connect the highway with County Trunk Highway HHH and CTH H as it bypasses Kieler to the northwest. At Dickeyville, US 61, WIS 35 and the Great River Road route exit north off of US 151 into town. US 151 passes Dickeyville to the east and descends into a valley cut northeast of the village, paralleling the Little Platte River and Blockhouse Creek within the valley for a one-mile stretch before climbing back onto the ridgetop on the other side of the valley. US 151 approaches Platteville and enters a section of limited access at CTH D; the limited access stretch ends after three interchanges six miles to the east. The last of the interchanges being WIS 126/CTH G with access to Belmont; the route turns northeastward from this point, crosses the Cottage Inn Branch and begins the first of several descents into valleys, two of which are prior to passing Mineral Point and another two while passing the city.
The highway is limited access between the two interchanges that provide access to Mineral Point: CTH O and WIS 23. WIS 23 joins US 151 heading northbound at that point until the first interchange at Dodgeville; this interchange begins another short stretch of freeway to the point. US 18 and US 151 head eastbound past that interchange; the section of expressway past Dodgeville passes through rolling hills populated with farmland mixed with small woodlands. The highway passes Barneveld. Access to Ridgeway is by surface intersections with a short "business route" on CTH HHH. However, it was announced in 2011 that the first intersection would be closed, an exit would be constructed, due to the numerous fatal accidents that happen at the intersection each year. Access to Barneveld is at an interchange with CTH ID and an at-grade intersection with CTH K. CTH ID parallels US 18/US 151 for the entire stretch between Barneveld and Mount Horeb. A section of freeway begins at WIS 78 and ends at the other end of CTH ID as the highway bypasses Mount Horeb just to the south of the city's passing residential subdivisions.
A mix of grade separation and level intersections cross the winding highway as it continues eastward until the interchange with CTH MV begins a section of freeway that bypasses Verona to the south. This section provides access to four interchanges including the two endpoints of CTH MV; the freeway ends and the route enters an urban multilane highway known as Verona Road as it passes through Fitchburg and into Madison. Verona Road passes through a commercial sector at CTH PD and past a residential area on the Southwest Side of Madison. US 18 and US 151 merge east on the West Beltline Highway — joining US 12 and US 14; the four US Routes run concurrently for about three miles to Park Street. At this interchange, US 14 turns south off the Beltline towards Oregon and US 151 turns north and into central Madison, US 151 passes Monona Bay to the west along South Park Street. US 151 turns northeast onto West Washington Ave for about 1,500 feet follows Proudfit Street and North Shore Drive — paralleling the Monona Bay shore — and turns north onto John Nolen Drive.
The street passes under the Monona Terrace Convention Center as it passes to the south and east of downtown Madison. US 151 turns northwest onto South Blair Street for three city blocks to East Washington Avenue — where it turns northeast and follows East Washington Avenu
Linn County, Iowa
Linn County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 211,226, making it the second-most populous county in Iowa; the county seat is Cedar Rapids. Linn county is named in honor of Senator Lewis F. Linn of Missouri. Linn County is included in IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Linn County was created as a named but unorganized area on December 21, 1837, as a part of Wisconsin Territory, it became part of Iowa Territory on July 1838 when the territory was organized. Linn County was organized by the first legislative assembly of the Iowa Territory on January 15, 1839. A site was selected for its first county seat along Indian Creek, was named Marion, after the Revolutionary War general Francis Marion; as early as 1855, there were debates over moving the county seat to the fast-growing Cedar Rapids, southwest of Marion, but it was not until November 6, 1919, that there were enough votes in favor of the move. The first rail line was built through Cedar Rapids in 1859, made the town a major commercial hub in eastern Iowa.
Many areas of the county were damaged by the flooding of Cedar River in June 2008. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles, of which 717 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. Interstate 380 Iowa Highway 27 U. S. Highway 30 U. S. Highway 151 U. S. Highway 218 Iowa Highway 1 Iowa Highway 13 Benton County Buchanan County Cedar County Delaware County Iowa County Johnson County Jones County The 2010 census recorded a population of 211,226 in the county, with a population density of 294.4163/sq mi. There were 92,251 housing units, of which 86,134 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 191,701 people, 76,753 households, 50,349 families residing in the county. The population density was 267 people per square mile. There were 80,551 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.90% White, 2.57% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 1.44% from two or more races.
1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 76,753 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.40% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99. Age spread: 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,206, the median income for a family was $56,494. Males had a median income of $38,525 versus $26,403 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,977. About 4.30% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.
On July 24, 2007, the voters of Linn County approved a measure to change the form of government from a 3-member Board of Supervisors elected at large to a 5-member Board of Supervisors elected by district. The supervisors serve overlapping 4-year terms; the current supervisors are: The Board of Supervisors operate as both the executive and legislative branches of Linn County government. The following departments report directly to the Board of Supervisors: Communications, Community Services, Engineering/Secondary Road, Facilities and Budget, Human Resources, Information Technology, LIFTS, Planning and Development and Administration, Risk Management and Water Conservation and Veteran Affairs. Conservation and Public Health report to independent boards appointed by the Board of Supervisors; the Linn County Public Health Department is the only nationally-accredited health department in Iowa. The County Attorney, Recorder and Treasurer are elected separately; the population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Linn County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Linn County, Iowa USS Linn County Linn County government's website The History of Linn county, Iowa not authored Western Historical Company This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books.
History of Linn County Iowa by Luther A. Brewer and Barthinius L. Wick The Pioneer Publishing Company This searchable and pdf downloadable book was scanned into the public domain by Google books