Roberta Joan "Joni" Mitchell is a Canadian singer-songwriter. Drawing from folk, pop and jazz, Mitchell's songs reflect social and environmental ideals as well as her feelings about romance, confusion and joy, she has received many accolades, including nine Grammy Awards and induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. Rolling Stone called her "one of the greatest songwriters ever", AllMusic has stated, "When the dust settles, Joni Mitchell may stand as the most important and influential female recording artist of the late 20th century". Mitchell began singing in small nightclubs in Saskatoon and throughout western Canada, before busking in the streets and nightclubs of Toronto, Ontario. In 1965, she began touring; some of her original songs were covered by other folk singers, allowing her to sign with Reprise Records and record her debut album, Song to a Seagull, in 1968. Settling in Southern California, with popular songs like "Big Yellow Taxi" and "Woodstock", helped define an era and a generation.
Her 1971 album Blue is cited as one of the best albums of all time. In 2000, The New York Times chose Blue as one of the 25 albums that represented "turning points and pinnacles in 20th-century popular music". In 2017, NPR ranked Blue number 1 on a list of Greatest Albums Made By Women. Mitchell's fifth album, For the Roses, was released in 1972, she switched labels and began exploring more jazz-influenced melodic ideas, by way of lush pop textures, on 1974's Court and Spark, which featured the radio hits "Help Me" and "Free Man in Paris" and became her best-selling album. Around 1975, Mitchell's vocal range began to shift from mezzo-soprano to more of a wide-ranging contralto, her distinctive piano and open-tuned guitar compositions grew more harmonically and rhythmically complex as she explored jazz, melding it with influences of rock and roll, R&B, classical music and non-western beats. In the late 1970s, she began working with noted jazz musicians, among them Jaco Pastorius, Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Pat Metheny, as well as Charles Mingus, who asked her to collaborate on his final recordings.
She turned again toward pop, embraced electronic music, engaged in political protest. In 2002, she was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 44th Annual Grammy Awards. Mitchell is the sole producer credited on most including all her work in the 1970s. A blunt critic of the music industry, she quit touring and released her 17th, last, album of original songs in 2007. With roots in visual art, Mitchell has designed most of her own album covers, she describes herself as a "painter derailed by circumstance". Mitchell was born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943, in Fort Macleod, Canada, the daughter of Myrtle Marguerite and William Andrew Anderson, her mother's ancestors were Irish. Her mother was a teacher, while her father was a Royal Canadian Air Force flight lieutenant who instructed new pilots at RCAF Station Fort Macleod, she moved with her parents to various bases in western Canada. After the end of World War II her father began working as a grocer, her family moved to Saskatchewan, at first living in towns such as Maidstone and North Battleford, before settling in the city of Saskatoon when Mitchell was 11 She sang about her small-town upbringing in several of her songs, including "Song for Sharon".
At school Mitchell struggled. During this time she studied classical piano. At age 9, Mitchell was hospitalised for weeks. Following this incident she focused on her creative talent, considered a singing or dancing career for the first time. By 9, she was a smoker. At 11, she moved with her family to the city of Saskatoon, she responded badly to formal education. One unconventional teacher did manage to make an impact on her. In Grade 12, she dropped out and hung out downtown with a rowdy set until she decided that she was getting too close to the criminal world. At this time, country music began to eclipse rock, Mitchell wanted to play the guitar; as her mother disapproved of its hillbilly associations, she settled for the ukulele. She taught herself guitar from a Pete Seeger songbook. Polio had weakened her left hand, so she devised alternative tunings to compensate. Mitchell started singing with her friends at bonfires around Waskesiu Lake, northwest of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, her first paid performance was on October 31, 1962, at a Saskatoon club that featured folk and jazz performers.
At 18, she widened her repertoire to include her favorite performers, such as Édith Piaf and Miles Davis. Although she never performed jazz herself in those days and her friends sought out gigs by jazz musicians. Mitchell said, "My jazz background began with one of the early Lambert and Ross albums." That album, The Hottest New Group in Jazz, was hard to find in Canada, she says. "So I bought it at a bootleg price. I considered. I learned every song off of it, I don't think there is a
Rudolf Schwarz was a German architect known for his work on Kirche St. Fronleichnam, Aachen, he played a decisive part in the reconstruction of Cologne after the Second World War. He took a leading tole with Cologne's reconstruction authority between 1947 and 1952, contributing to the rebuilding of the city with some of his own designs. Among these is the Wallraf-Richartz Museum, which now houses the Museum of Applied Art, he reconstructed the pilgrimage church of Saint Anne in Düren, near Aachen, his most famous work. Schwarz worked with the German blacksmith Carl Wyland and with the Fr. Romano Guardini at Burg Rothenfels, where he designed the chapel for Quickborn, a large German Catholic youth movement run by Guardini, his wife, Maria Schwarz, worked together with him and is still in business as an architect in reconstructing and modifying her husband's buildings. Rudolf Schwarz accompanies his extraordinarily rich architectural opus with numerous writings. Outstanding for the theoretical discussion are above all three books: Vom Bau der Kirche, Von der Bebauung der Erde and Welt vor der Schwelle, where he illustrates the continuity of building from geological stratification to architecture as the last layer of earth-building by human life.
Black establishes architecture in the sacred by understanding it as a reflection of a primordial images founded in creation. These archetypes reflect the basic conditions; the architecture is a spatial representation. "The subject of this design is the age-old struggle between earth. In it, man stands for buoyancy and clarity against heaviness, unformedness – for the delicate against the massive. Extricating himself from the earth and her clutches, he renews victoriously the age-old legend." Rudolf Schwarz defined, at least as far as the scope of his writings, an incomparable position on the nature of the sacred in architecture. In a sense this works as a renewed cosmogony based on the expression of a society, reinventing itself in the wake of an ever-evolving creative force. An important role for the development of the sacral dimension in the architecture of Rudolf Schwarz has the theologian Romano Guardini, who accompanied him from his first buildings. Hendrik Brixius. "Kirche St. Fronleichnam Aachen".
Hendrik. Brixius. Archived from the original on 2003-08-30. Retrieved 2007-08-18. Steven J. Schloeder, Architecture in Communion: Implementing the Second Vatican Council through Liturgy and Architecture. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1998: 23-24 and 234-38. ISBN 0-89870-631-9. Adam Caruso, Helen Thomas: Rudolf Schwarz and the Monumental Order of Things. Gta Verlag, Zürich 2016, ISBN 978-3-85676-362-6. Johannes Madey. "Schwarz, Rudolf". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 16. Herzberg: Bautz. Col. 1431. ISBN 3-88309-079-4. Rudolf Schwarz in the German National Library catalogue Rudolf Schwarz at archINFORM
This is a list of newspapers published in New South Wales, Australia, in Languages other than English. It reflects the many people. According to the 2011 Census, 22.5% of the population speak a language other than English at home and 31.4% of the population were born overseas. More than 160 languages, as well as English, are spoken at home in Australia; the Indigenous people are not listed because their community newspaper is in English, which may be due to the fact that different groups have different languages. Koori Mail is the national fortnightly Indigenous newspaper. WA2cc26g92 List of newspapers in Australia Brown, Jerelynn. "Tabloids in the State Library of NSW collection: A reflection of life in Australia". Australian Journal of Communication. 38: 107–121. NSW Government Community Relations Commission – Ethnic Newspapers