EastEnders is a long running British soap opera created by Julia Smith and Tony Holland which has been broadcast on BBC One since 1985. Set in the East End of London in the fictional Bough of Walford the programme follows the stories of local residents, the series was initially screened as two 30-minute episodes per week however since 2001, episodes have been broadcast every day apart from Wednesdays and weekends. Same-day repeats and omnibus editions of the series were previously shown on BBC Three however as of 2016 these are broadcast on UK-based TV channel W. They gave the job of creating this new soap to script writer Tony Holland and producer Julia Smith and they created twenty-four original characters for the show, based upon Hollands own family, and people they remembered from their own experiences in the East End. Granada Television gave Smith unrestricted access to the Coronation Street production for a month so that she could get a sense how a continuing drama was produced and they cast actors for their characters, and began to film the show at BBC Elstree Centre in Borehamwood, Hertfordshire.
Julia Smith thought Eastenders looked ugly written down, and capitalised the second e, the central focus of EastEnders is the fictional Victorian square Albert Square in the fictional London Borough of Walford. In the shows narrative, Albert Square is a 19th-century street, named after Prince Albert, central to Albert Square is The Queen Victoria Public House. Fans have tried to establish the location Walford would have within London if it were real, Walford has the postal district of E20. The postcode district was selected as if it were part of the actual E postcode area covers much of east London although the next unused postcode district in the area was. In 1917 the current postal districts in London were assigned according to the name of the main sorting office for each district. If Walford had been assigned in this scheme it would have been given E17, in March 2011, Royal Mail allocated the E20 postal district to the 2012 Olympic Park. The postal district in EastEnders was entirely fictional up to that point, the shows creators opted for E20 instead of E19 as it was thought to sound better.
In September 2011 the postal code for Albert Square was revealed in an episode as E20 6PQ, there is a market close to Fassett Square at Ridley Road. The postcode for the area, E8, was one of the titles for the series. The name Walford is both a street in Dalston where Tony Holland lived and a blend of Walthamstow and Stratford—the areas of Greater London where the creators were born, other parts of the Square and set interiors are based on other locations. The fictional local newspaper, the Walford Gazette, in local news events such as the arrests or murders of characters appear. EastEnders is built around the idea of relationships and strong families and this theme encompasses the whole Square, making the entire community a family of sorts, prey to upsets and conflict, but pulling together in times of trouble. Co-creator Tony Holland was from a large East End family and Petes mother was the domineering Lou Beale, who lived with Pauline and her family
Endgame (2009 film)
Endgame is a 2009 British film directed by Pete Travis from a script by Paula Milne, based upon the book The Fall of Apartheid by Robert Harvey. The film is produced by Daybreak Pictures and reunites Travis with Vantage Point actor William Hurt and it stars Chiwetel Ejiofor, Jonny Lee Miller and Mark Strong. The film dramatises the final days of apartheid in South Africa and it was filmed at locations in Reading, Berkshire and Cape Town, South Africa in the first half of 2008 and was completed in December that year. The film had its premiere on 18 January 2009 at the Sundance Film Festival and was broadcast on Channel 4 on 4 May 2009. It will have a theatrical release, the distribution of which is handled by Target Entertainment Group. The film depicts the final days of apartheid, focusing on secret talks held between the African National Congress and the Afrikaner National Party in a house in Somerset. The film focuses on the relationship that develops between Willie Esterhuyse and Thabo Mbeki.
The secret talks were brokered by Michael Young, a British businessman who worked for Consolidated Gold Fields, the talks took place in Mells Park House, a country house near Frome in Somerset. The house was owned by Consolidated Gold Fields. Consolidated Goldfields was a company with interests in South Africa which is the subject of sanctions by other nations. W, State President of South Africa Matthew Marsh as F. W. Aukin had previously produced the acclaimed political drama The Government Inspector. Aukin and his production partner Hal Vogel contacted Paula Milne to write the script and she spent 18 months on the screenplay and researched the history of the talks by speaking to Thabo Mbeki and Michael Young in South Africa. Pete Travis, director of Omagh and Vantage Point, was sent the script by Milne, Travis was not interested in directing a historical drama about recent events and decided to turn the film into a political thriller. William Hurt and Chiwetel Ejiofor were first to be cast, who played President Henry Ashton in Vantage Point, was cast as Will Esterhuyse because Travis wanted to cast actors he had worked with before.
Other actors were interested in the part even after Hurt had signed on, Travis wanted to work with Ejiofor, who was his first choice for the part of Thabo Mbeki. Location scouting in South Africa was done in January 2008, rehearsals began on 14 April 2008 and scenes set in the UK were filmed for the rest of the month at a large country house near Reading, Berkshire. The production moved to Cape Town in May, where filming was done for six weeks. Martin Phipps composed the film soundtrack, the final cut of the film was completed on 24 December 2008. Target Entertainment sold the theatrical distribution rights in 2008 at the Cannes Film Festival
John Bernard Lee, known as Bernard Lee, was an English actor, best known for his role as M in the first eleven Eon-produced James Bond films. Lees film career spanned the years 1934 to 1979, though he had appeared on stage from the age of six and he was trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. Lee appeared in one hundred films, as well as on stage. He died of cancer on 16 January 1981, aged 73. Lee was born on 10 January 1908, the son of Nellie and he was born in either County Cork in what is now the Republic of Ireland, or Brentford, London. Lees father was an actor and Bernards first appearance on stage in 1914, Lee attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, working as a fruit porter to pay his fees. During the 1930s, after graduating from RADA, he worked in repertory theatre in Rusholme and Cardiff before beginning work on the West End stage in thrillers. Lee played roles, such as with Arthur Askey in Ten Minute Alibi. Terence Pettigrew mentions a witty scene featuring Bernard Lee in the film in which he is struggling to put on a tight collar prior to slipping into town for a few ales, spare a Copper, Once a Crook, and The New Lot.
After the war, Lee returned to the stage whilst developing a film career. In total, Lee appeared in one hundred films during his career. During the 1950s he had a run on stage, appearing as Able Seaman Turner in Seagulls Over Sorrento. In 1954 Lee starred opposite Gregory Peck in The Purple Plain and he starred alongside John Gregson, Anthony Quayle and Peter Finch. George Lovell remarked that Captain Patrick Dove was played ponderously by Bernard Lee, other films of this period include The Spanish Gardener, Beyond This Place, Whistle Down the Wind, and The L-Shaped Room. No. Smith and Lavington, remarked that Lee was the incarnation of Flemings crusty admiral. One American newspaper, The Spokesman-Review, described Lee as a real roast-beef-and-Yorkshire-pudding type of British actor, murray Pomerance refers to Lee as a paternal actor in embodying this role. In 1967 Lee appeared in O. K. Connery, a spoof of the James Bond film series which starred Connerys brother Neil Connery, Lois Maxwell, and several former actors of the series.
During this period he appeared in several ITC television productions such as The Baron, Man in a Suitcase
Inspector Morse (TV series)
Inspector Morse is a British detective drama television series based on a series of novels by Colin Dexter. It starred John Thaw as Chief Inspector Morse and Kevin Whately as Sergeant Lewis, the series comprises 33 two-hour episodes produced between 1987 and 2000. Dexter made uncredited appearances in all but three of the episodes. The series, first shown in the UK on the ITV network, was made by Zenith Productions for Central Independent Television, between 1995 and 1996, it was produced by Carlton Television, and towards the series end, was made by Carlton and WGBH. Every episode involved a new investigation, featuring several guest stars. Writer Anthony Minghella scripted three, including the first, The Dead of Jericho, which aired on 6 January 1987 featuring Gemma Jones, Patrick Troughton, and James Laurenson. Its other writers included Julian Mitchell, Daniel Boyle, and Alma Cullen, and its directors included John Madden, Herbert Wise, Peter Hammond, Adrian Shergold, and Danny Boyle. The series remains popular and is repeated on ITV and ITV3 in the UK.
The character of Lewis was transformed from the elderly Welshman and ex-boxer of the novels to a much younger Geordie police sergeant with a family, as a foil to Morses cynical streak. Morses first name, Endeavour, is revealed on only one occasion, on the other occasions, he usually answers Morse. Everyone just calls me Morse or dryly replies Inspector, when asked what his first name is, Thaw had a special appreciation of the fact that Morse was different from classic detectives such as Hercule Poirot and Sherlock Holmes. Morse was brilliant, but he was not always right and he often arrested the wrong person or came to the wrong conclusion. As a result, unlike many classic sleuths, Morse does not always simply arrest his culprit, ironic circumstances have the case end and the crime brought to him. Also, Morse was a romantic—frequently mildly and gently flirting with or asking out colleagues, witnesses, or suspects—occasionally bordering on the unprofessional, Morse is a character whose talents and intelligence are being wasted in positions that fail to match his abilities.
Morse is a highly credible detective and plausible human being and his penchant for drinking, his life filled with difficult personal relationships, and his negligence toward his health, make him a more tragic character than previous classic sleuths. Morses eventual death in the final episode The Remorseful Day is caused by heart problems exacerbated by heavy drinking, differing from the literary characters diabetes-related demise, Inspector Morse was filmed for ITV using 16 mm film stock. Since its production, a number of releases of the show on DVD using various remastered editions of the episodes in the 4,3 ratio have been made. In recent years, ITV has overseen a high-definition restoration of the drama from the original 16 mm negatives so as to boost the HD content on ITV3 HD
David Jude Heyworth Law is an English actor. He has received nominations for two Academy Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and two British Academy Awards, winning one. In 2007, he received an Honorary César and was named a Chevalier of the Order of Arts, in 2004, he received Academy Award, Golden Globe Award and British Academy Film Award nominations for his role in Anthony Minghellas epic war film Cold Mountain. Laws other notable films include Gattaca, Enemy at the Gates, artificial Intelligence, Road to Perdition, Closer, The Holiday, Hugo, Anna Karenina, Side Effects, and The Grand Budapest Hotel. He portrayed Dr. Watson in Guy Ritchies Sherlock Holmes and Sherlock Holmes, Law has had an accomplished career on stage, and has received nominations for three Laurence Olivier Awards and two Tony Awards. He has performed in several West End and Broadway productions, Law was named after a bit of both in the book Jude the Obscure and the Beatles song Hey Jude. He grew up in Blackheath, an area in the Borough of Greenwich, in 1987, Law began acting with the National Youth Music Theatre.
He played various roles in the Edinburgh Fringe-awarded play The Ragged Child, One of his first major stage roles was Foxtrot Darling in Philip Ridleys The Fastest Clock in the Universe. Law went on to appear as Michael in the West End production of Jean Cocteaus tragicomedy Les Parents terribles, for this play, he was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Newcomer, and he received the Ian Charleson Award for Outstanding Newcomer. Following a title change to Indiscretions, the play was reworked and transferred to Broadway in 1995 and this role earned him a Tony Award nomination and the Theatre World Award. In 1989, Law received his first television role, in a film based on the Beatrix Potter childrens book, in 1997, he became more widely known with his role in the Oscar Wilde bio-pic Wilde. Law won the Most Promising Newcomer award from the Evening Standard British Film Awards for his role as Lord Alfred Bosie Douglas, in Andrew Niccols science fiction film Gattaca, Law played the role of a disabled former swimming star living in a eugenics-obsessed dystopia.
In Clint Eastwoods Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, the role earned him a Bafta award for Best Supporting Actor. In 2001, Law starred as Russian sniper Vasily Zaytsev in the film Enemy at the Gates, in 2002, he played a mob hitman in Sam Mendess 1930s period drama Road to Perdition. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Talented Mr. Ripley in 1999, both films were directed by Anthony Minghella. Law, an admirer of Sir Laurence Olivier, suggested the actors image be included in the 2004 film Sky Captain, using the science of computer graphics, footage of the young Olivier was merged into the film, playing Dr. Totenkopf, a mysterious scientific genius and supervillain. In 2006, he portrayed the role of Kate Winslets single-parent brother in the film The Holiday, after his appearances in a string of period dramas and science fiction films in the early to mid-2000s, Law said he found it tricky to approach the contemporary role in this film.
Like Winslet, the stated, he felt more vulnerable about playing a character who fitted his own look and did not require an accent
Tiffin School is a selective boys grammar school in Kingston upon Thames, southwest London, England. It has specialist status in both the arts and languages. The school moved from voluntary aided status to become an Academy School on 1 July 2011, in order to maintain existing facilities, the school raises additional income through special events. Founded in 1880, Tiffin School now educates more than 1,000 pupils, entry into the school is by academic selection, using both an English and a Mathematics test. 1,644 candidates applied for 11+ entry in 2015 for 180 places, the school colours - red and blue - date from the time of its original foundation in the 17th century. The schools crest with three salmon is based on that of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, the school motto is Faire Sans Dire which, literally translated from French, means to do without saying. For Years 7-10, students wear a shirt, a dark blue blazer with maroon stripes, a similarly coloured tie. Due to the colour of their blazers, students in this cohort are colloquially referred to as stripeys, in Year 11, pupils switch to a dark blue blazer with a three-fishes crest on the left hand breast pocket.
Sixth formers are required to wear a business suit of their colour choice, blue or grey. The school tie is blue with red stripes, with eight additional house ties and various ties for membership of teams or achievements, there were originally six houses, named after famous British explorers. Churchill and Montgomerys names were added after the Second World War to two houses, in 2016 the school added two new houses in the form of Darwin-Wilberforce and Turing-Nightingale, the names were nominated by pupils and were chosen through a vote. Every pupil is a member of a house throughout his time at the school, each house has a house master, with house captains selected from the Upper Sixth each September who are responsible for overall control and organization of house activities throughout the year. Houses have officers and other captains for extra curricular subjects. Houses compete annually for the House Trophy which is awarded to the house at the end of the competition. The house with the highest points score is presented the trophy on Sports Day, the name of the winning House and year is recorded on the gallery in the School Hall.
The school operates a head boy and prefect system, Boys in the upper sixth are appointed prefects. When on duty, the head boy wears a blue gown, two prosperous brewers from Kingston and Thomas Tiffin, left money in their wills in 1638 for the education of local people. At first the money was used for scholarships to local schools
Dexter (TV series)
Dexter is an American television crime drama mystery series that aired on Showtime from October 1,2006, to September 22,2013. The shows first season was derived from the novel Darkly Dreaming Dexter and it was adapted for television by screenwriter James Manos, Jr. who wrote the first episode. Subsequent seasons evolved independently of Lindsays works, in February 2008, reruns began to air on CBS, although the reruns on CBS ended after one run of the first season. The series has enjoyed positive reviews throughout its run and popularity. Season four aired its finale on December 13,2009, to a record-breaking audience of 2.6 million viewers. In April 2013, Showtime announced that season eight would be the season of Dexter. The season-eight premiere was the most watched Dexter episode with more than 3 million viewers total for all airings that night, the original broadcast of the series finale—shown at 9 pm on September 22, 2013—drew 2.8 million viewers, the largest overall audience in Showtimes history.
For the seasonal plots, see Dexter, Dexter, Dexter, Dexter, to satisfy his interest in blood and to facilitate his own crimes, Dexter works as a forensic technician specializing in bloodstain pattern analysis, for the Miami Metro Police Department. Although his drive to kill is unflinching, he is able to simulate, Early Cuts is an animated web series that premiered on October 25,2009. Michael C. Hall reprises his role as the voice of Dexter, the webisodes are animated with 2. 5D style, where flat two-dimensional illustrations are brought to life in three-dimensional space. The first season was created and written by Dexter producer/writer Lauren Gussis and she was nominated for a Webby for her writing on the first season. The first web series precedes the current narrative of the show, each victims story is split into four two-minute chapters. A second season of the web series titled Dexter, Early Cuts, Dark Echo, one story in six chapters and it was written by Tim Schlattmann and illustrated by Bill Sienkiewicz and David Mack.
The story begins immediately following Dexters adoptive father Harrys death, although the series is set in Miami, many of the exterior scenes are filmed in Long Beach, California. Many landmark buildings and locations in Long Beach are featured throughout the series, the finale episodes airport scene takes place at Ontario International Airport in Ontario, California. In preparation for the UK launch of the series, Fox experimented with an SMS-based viral marketing campaign, mobile phone owners received the following unsolicited SMS messages addressed to them by name with no identifying information other than being from Dexter, Hello. Im heading to the UK sooner than you might think, the SMS-message was followed by an email directing the user to an online video news report about a recent spree of killings. While the marketing campaign succeeded in raising the profile of the show, it proved unpopular with many mobile owners, in response to complaints about the SMS element of the campaign, Fox issued the following statement, The shows lead actor, Michael C
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian periods, though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the most well-known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the most portrayed movie character in history. Auguste Dupin is generally acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many that were created later, Conan Doyle once wrote, Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed. Where was the story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it. Conan Doyle repeatedly said that Holmes was inspired by the figure of Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing conclusions from minute observations. However, he wrote to Doyle, You are yourself Sherlock Holmes. Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is cited as an inspiration for Holmes.
Littlejohn, who was Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, One is thought to be Francis Tanky Smith, a policeman and master of disguise who went on to become Leicesters first private detective. Another might be Maximilien Heller, by French author Henry Cauvain and it is not known if Conan Doyle read Maximilien Heller, but in this 1871 novel, Henry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, cat-loving, and opium-smoking Paris-based detective. Details about Sherlock Holmess life, except for the adventures in the books, are scarce in Conan Doyles original stories, mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. An estimate of Holmess age in His Last Bow places his year of birth at 1854 and his parents are not mentioned in the stories, although Holmes mentions that his ancestors were country squires. In The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter, he claims that his grandmother was sister to the French artist Vernet, without clarifying whether this was Claude Joseph, Carle.
Mycroft has a civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy. He lacks Sherlocks interest in investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club. Holmes says that he first developed his methods of deduction as an undergraduate, his earliest cases, the two take lodgings at 221B Baker Street, London, an apartment at the upper end of the street, up seventeen steps. Holmes worked as a detective for twenty-three years, with physician John Watson assisting him for seventeen and they were roommates before Watsons 1887 marriage and again after his wifes death. Their residence is maintained by their landlady, Mrs. Hudson, most of the stories are frame narratives, written from Watsons point of view as summaries of the detectives most interesting cases
Casualty (TV series)
Casualty, stylised as CASUAL+Y, is a British medical drama series that airs weekly on BBC One. It is the emergency medical drama television series in the world. Created by Jeremy Brock and Paul Unwin, it was first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 6 September 1986, the original producer was Geraint Morris. The programme is set in the fictional Holby City Hospital and focuses on the staff and patients of the hospitals Accident, the show has very few ties to its sister programme Holby City, which began as a spin-off from Casualty in 1999, set in the same hospital. Casualty is shown weekly on a Saturday evening, which has been its time slot since the early 1990s, Casualtys exterior shots were mainly filmed outside the Ashley Down Centre in Bristol from 1986 until 2002 when they moved to the centre of Bristol for just over nine years. In 2011, Casualty celebrated its 25th anniversary, following that, for the Bristol finale, they filmed the Emergency department catching fire, after 25 years in Bristol, Casualty moved to its new home at the Roath Lock Studios in Cardiff where it is currently filmed.
The 1, 000th episode of Casualty aired on 25 June 2016, for an episode guide, see List of Casualty episodes. The 30th Anniversary episode of Casualty aired on 27 August 2016, the series was created by Jeremy Brock and Paul Unwin. Casualty and Holby City are both set in Holby City Hospital, in the county of Wyvern, in the south-west of England. City of Bristol College was used as the location for most exterior shots of the hospital from 1986 until 2002, Casualty has filmed at Chavenage House back in 1997. Episode 16 of series 26 marked the episode filmed in Bristol. The first episode from Cardiff, broadcast on 7 January 2012, was an 80-minute episode, most exterior shots of the city of Holby are now shot within the city of Cardiff and wider area of South Wales. Railway scenes are shot on location at various preserved railways, which from the start of shooting have centred around the West Somerset Railway, the programme has usually been transmitted on Saturday nights, although for a period in the late 1980s and early 1990s it switched to Fridays.
The first two series consisted of 15 episodes, series 3 ran for 10 episodes, series 4,5 and 6 were 12,13. When the show moved back to Saturday nights in September 1992, the length was extended to 24 episodes per year. This initially caused controversy due to the graphic and controversial nature of some of the storylines. In 1997-8, the number was increased again, with 26 episodes making up series 12. However, this figure was dropped to 42 for series 26, with no summer break, series 27 consists of 44 episodes – an increase of 2 episodes on the previous series and returned to 48 for series 28
CBS is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major facilities and operations in New York City. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the iconic logo. It has called the Tiffany Network, alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley. It can refer to some of CBSs first demonstrations of color television, the network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations that was purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paleys guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, in 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known simply as CBS, Inc. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, which was formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971, CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom.
The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated stations throughout the United States. The origins of CBS date back to January 27,1927, Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18,1927, with a presentation by the Howard Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, and fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep, particularly the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, in early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the networks Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, and their partner Jerome Louchenheim. With the record out of the picture, Paley quickly streamlined the corporate name to Columbia Broadcasting System. He believed in the power of advertising since his familys La Palina cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchenheim share of CBS, during Louchenheims brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H.
Grebes Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the networks flagship station. WABC was quickly upgraded, and the relocated to 860 kHz. The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, by the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures. The deal came to fruition in September 1929, Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time
American Broadcasting Company
The network is headquartered on Columbus Avenue and West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City. There are additional offices and production facilities elsewhere in New York City, as well as in Los Angeles and Burbank. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC originally launched on October 12,1943, as a radio network, separated from and serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, which had been purchased by Edward J. Noble. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS, in the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop, in 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABCs assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company. The television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States, most Canadians have access to at least one U. S.
ABC News provides news and features content for radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies, the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting Company. The last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, in 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940. The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC Red or NBC Blue, at that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Once Mutuals appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, Edward John Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million.
Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, which was to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCCs approval, the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12,1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, both stations were managed by Don Searle, the vice-president of the Blue Networks West Coast division. The ABC Radio Network created its audience slowly, the network became known for such suspenseful dramas as Sherlock Holmes, Gang Busters and Counterspy, as well as several mid-afternoon youth-oriented programs. S. From Nazi Germany after its conquest, to pre-record its programming, while its radio network was undergoing reconstruction, ABC found it difficult to avoid falling behind on the new medium of television.
To ensure a space, in 1947, ABC submitted five applications for television station licenses, the ABC television network made its debut on April 19,1948, with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia becoming its first primary affiliate
Kinda (Doctor Who)
Kinda is the third serial of the 19th season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four twice-weekly parts from 1 February to 9 February 1982. An Earth colonisation survey expedition to the jungle planet Deva Loka is being depleted as members of the survey disappear one by one. Four have gone, leaving the remainder somewhat apprehensive, Sanders relies on bombast and rules, while Hindle his deputy, is close to breaking point. Only Todd the scientific officer, seems to deal with the situation with equanimity and she does not see the native people, the Kinda, as a threat but rather respects their culture and is intrigued by their power of telepathy. The social structure is curious in that women seem dominant and are the ones with the power of voice. The humans are holding two silent males hostage for observation, Todd believes they are more advanced than they first appear, as they possess necklaces representative of the double helix of DNA, indicating a more advanced civilisation.
Elsewhere in the jungle, the TARDIS crew are under stress, especially Nyssa, the Fifth Doctor constructs a delta wave augmenter to enable her to rest in the TARDIS, while he and Adric venture deeper into the jungle. They soon find an automated total survival suit system, which activates and marches them to the Dome, Sanders is a welcoming but gruff presence, further undermining Hindle at regular intervals. Sanders decides to venture into the jungle in the TSS, leaving the highly-strung Hindle in charge and his will is enforced by means of the two Kinda hostages, who have forged a telepathic link with him, believing their souls to have been captured in his mirror. The Doctor and Adric are arrested as Hindle now evinces megalomania, Tegan faces a more metaphysical crisis. She has fallen asleep near the euphonious and soporific Windchimes, unaware of the danger of the dreaming of an unshared mind, the spectres are a manifestation of the Mara, an evil being of the subconscious that longs for corporeal reality.
Mentally tortured, she agrees to become the Mara and a snake symbol passes to her arm. When her mind returns to her body, she is possessed by the Mara and she passes the snake symbol to the first Kinda she finds, a young man named Aris, who is the brother of one of the Kinda in the Dome. He too is transformed by evil and now finds the power of voice, back at the Dome, Hindle has conceived a bizarre and immolatory plan to destroy the jungle, which he views as a threat. Adric plays along with this delusion but Hindle’s world starts to fall apart when first Adric betrays him and Sanders defies expectation, Sanders is radically different from the martinet in earlier episodes. Panna, a female mystic of the tribe, presented him with a strange wooden box which when opened, cleared his mind. When Hindle continues to claim authority over the Dome, Sanders plays along with his deputys megalomania - As you like and he still has the box and shows it to Hindle, who makes the Doctor open it. The Doctor and Todd see beyond the toy inside and share a vision from Panna and her ward, Karuna