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Jordanhill railway station

Jordanhill railway station is a side platformed suburban railway station in the Jordanhill area in the West End of Glasgow, Scotland. The station, governed by Transport Scotland and managed by Abellio ScotRail, lies on the Argyle Line and the North Clyde Line. In operation since 1887, the station stemmed losses for an area, in decline, it is located near the Jordanhill Campus of the University of Strathclyde and sits atop Crow Road, an important western thoroughfare in Glasgow and the main route to the Clyde Tunnel. The station is eleven minutes' journey time from Glasgow Central on the Argyle Line. Trains on the North Clyde Line pass through without stopping at the station; the station opened on 1 August 1887 as part of the Glasgow and Clydebank Railway. Construction of the station structure was not completed until 1895, with modular-design wooden buildings seen on the new suburban railway lines, being built on both platforms; the station is located on part of the former site of brick and tile works, Jordanhill being an area of artisans and miners until the close of the nineteenth century.

The railway station arrived just as much of the local industry was declining, giving residents, who had to walk to Hillhead or Partick to find transport into Glasgow, proper access to the city centre. The station's opening filled a gap in provision, as lines in the area had been constructed. A new link allowed services to Whiteinch Victoria Park to begin in 1897, but they ceased in 1951 and the link was closed to freight in 1967; the route of the link has been converted into a nature walk from Victoria Park to Jordanhill station, running alongside the existing line for half its length. On 15 January 1898, J. Johnstone, a member of the Whiteinch Harriers running club, was killed while attempting to run across the line west of the station. A small lead memorial stood on the spot for many years; the freight line saw near-disaster on 28 December 1932, when seventeen wagons laden with coal ran away on a slight incline on the sidings operated by the Great Western Steam Laundry. A serious accident occurred on 28 April 1980, when a three-coach train carrying 80 passengers from Dalmuir to Motherwell derailed at Hyndland West Junction, just after leaving Jordanhill.

All the bogies on the leading coach left the rails, causing fifteen people to be injured enough for them to be taken to the Western Infirmary. In 1998, Strathclyde Passenger Transport undertook a study into the possible relocation of the station west to Westbrae Drive. A December 2002 report from the Scottish Executive included this station as part of their High Resource Scenario, estimating the project cost at £2 million. By 2004, SPT had identified this station as one of their top three priorities, Glasgow City Council had identified it as a "main priority". An alternative proposal would keep the existing station open but with many services calling only at a new Westbrae Drive station; this proposal was backed in August 2001 by Charlie Gordon leader of Glasgow City Council, who said that having a second station in Jordanhill would assist students at the nearby Jordanhill campus of the University of Strathclyde. The proposed new station would have been only 500 yd away; the station at Jordanhill is to be rebuilt, one of six new stations in the west of Scotland, according to an announcement made on 19 May 2006 by SPT chief executive Ron Culley.

Jordanhill Station will be rebuilt for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, one of a number of stations that will be rebuilt for the Commonwealth Games through a £300 million transport legacy plan. As part of the Argyle Line, the station is used—along with Glasgow Central and Anderston—by those commuting to and from Central Glasgow, near the heart of its business and financial district; the typical hourly service from the station is four trains per hour to Dalmuir via Yoker, two trains to Whifflet via Glasgow Central and two trains to Cumbernauld via Glasgow Queen Street. In SRA's 2002/3 financial year, 85,861 people boarded trains at Jordanhill station, 94,613 disembarked, making it the 1,029th busiest station in the United Kingdom, twenty-fifth busiest on the Argyle Line in 2003. In 2016, the Queen Street High Level tunnel closure saw restricted services for part of the year, with frequencies dropping to half-hourly from here; the station has a small car park and is not permanently staffed, but it contains a ticket machine, one of an initial batch of ten installed by SPT in late 2003 and early 2004 as part of a drive to curb fare dodging, estimated to be costing the company £2 million a year.

Both platforms are elevated and each has a wheelchair ramp. There is a connecting footbridge between the two platforms; the Jordanhill Campus of the University of Strathclyde, which hosts the Faculty of Education, is located nearby. Several schools are in the area, including Jordanhill School, Broomhill Primary, St Thomas Aquinas. For the part of the 1980s and the early part of the 1990s, a huge Jolly Giant toy centre lay just across Crow Road, was a major local attraction, it closed in the 1990s and after housing a discount clothing store for a few years it is now an Arnold Clark Volkswagen car dealership. Backing onto platform 2 is a Scout hall, home to the 72nd Scout Troop. There are two sports facilities accessible from the station: New Anniesland, a rugby union and cricket playing field

Taxodium mucronatum

Taxodium mucronatum known as Montezuma bald cypress, Montezuma cypress or ahuehuete is a species of Taxodium, native to Mexico. Ahuehuete is derived from the Nahuatl name for the tree, āhuēhuētl, which means "upright drum in water" or "old man of the water." It is a large evergreen or semi-evergreen tree growing to 40 m tall and with a trunk of 1–3 m diameter. The leaves are spirally arranged but twisted at the base to lie in two horizontal ranks, 1–2 cm long and 1–2 mm broad; the cones are ovoid, 1.5 -- 1 -- 2 cm broad. Unlike bald cypress and pond cypress, Montezuma cypress produces cypress knees from the roots. Trees from the Mexican highlands achieve a notable stoutness. One specimen, the Árbol del Tule in Santa María del Tule, Mexico, is the stoutest tree in the world with a diameter of 11.42 m. Several other specimens from 3–6 m diameter are known; the second stoutest tree in the world is an African Baobab. Montezuma cypress is a riparian tree, growing along upland riversides, but can be found next to springs and marshes.

It occurs from 300 to 2,500 m, in Mexico in highlands at 1,600–2,300 m in altitude. T. mucronatum is drought-tolerant and fast-growing and favors climates that are rainy throughout the year or at least with high summer rainfall. Taxodium mucronatum is native to much of Mexico as far south as the highlands of southern Mexico. Two disjunct populations exist in the United States. One is in the Rio Grande Valley of southernmost Texas, while the other is in southern New Mexico, near Las Cruces. Within Guatemala, the tree is restricted to Huehuetenango Department; the sabino became the national tree of Mexico in 1910. The tree is sacred to the native peoples of Mexico, is featured in the Zapotec creation myth. To the Aztecs, the combined shade of an āhuēhuētl and a pōchōtl metaphorically represented a ruler's authority. According to legend, Hernán Cortés wept under an ahuehuete in Popotla after suffering defeat during the Battle of La Noche Triste; this plant is mentioned in the 2015 short story "Rivers" by John Keene, which reimagines the story of Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

Montezuma cypresses have been used as ornamental trees since Pre-Columbian times. The Aztecs planted āhuēhuētl along processional paths in the gardens of Chapultepec because of its association with government. Artificial islands called chinampas were formed in the shallow lakes of the Valley of Mexico by adding soil to rectangular areas enclosed by trees such as āhuēhuētl. Ahuehuetes are cultivated in Mexican parks and gardens; the wood is used to make house furniture. The Aztecs used its resin to treat gout, skin diseases and toothaches. A decoction made from the bark was used as an emmenagogue. Pitch derived from the wood was used as a cure for bronchitis The leaves acted as a relaxant and could help reduce itching. John Naka, a world-renowned bonsai master, donated his first bonsai, a Montezuma Cypress, to the National Bonsai and Penjing Museum of the United States. A linear grove is located in the main courtyard of the Getty Center Art Museum, thriving since 1995. Taxodium × ‘LaNana’ Taxodium'Zhongshansa' Eguiluz T. 1982.

Clima y Distribución del género pinus en México. Distrito Federal. Mexico. Rzedowski J. 1983. Vegetación de México. Distrito Federal, Mexico. Martínez, Maximinio. 1978. Catálogo de nombres vulgares y científicos de plantas mexicanas. "Taxodium mucronatum". Digital Representations of Tree Species Range Maps from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr.. United States Geological Survey

Paquete de Maule

Paquete de Maule was a small merchant sidewheel steamer built in the United States in 1861 for operation along the Chilean coast. Converted into a gunboat for service during the Chincha Islands War, she was captured by Spain and scuttled shortly thereafter. Paquete de Maule, a 400-ton sidewheel steamer, was built by Lawrence & Foulks in 1861 at Williamsburg, New York for G. K. Stevenson & Co. who planned to operate the vessel between Valparaiso and Maule, Chile. Paquete de Maule was 165 feet long, with a beam of 29 feet, depth of hold 9 feet, draft of 8 feet 6 inches, she was built of white oak and locust, with square frames fastened with copper and treenails, strengthened with diagonal and double laid braces. She was powered by a pair of 32-inch cylinder, 8-foot stroke vertical beam steam engines built by the Neptune Iron Works of New York, driving two 24-foot-diameter wooden sidewheels. Steam was supplied by a pair of flue boilers without blowers, located in the hold; the vessel was brig-rigged for auxiliary sail power.

During the Chincha Islands War, the Paquete del Maule served as an auxiliary ship to the Chilean fleet and she was not armed. On March 6, 1866, while en route from Lota to Montevideo with a crew of 126 men destined to complete the crews of the ironclads Huáscar and Independencia, she was captured by the Spanish frigates Blanca and Numancia at the Gulf of Arauco. On 10 May 1866, after the Battle of Callao, the Paquete del Maule was burned and scuttled by the Spanish near the San Lorenzo island since they couldn't take her with them on their retreat towards the Philippines. Chincha Islands War Battle of Callao Armada de Chile. "Paquete del Maule, vapor". Unidades Navales Históricas. Retrieved 1 January 2010. Frazer, John F.: Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume XLV, January–June 1863, p. 42, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. García Martínez, José Ramón. "LA CAMPAÑA DEL PACIFICO". Revista de Marina. Retrieved 1 January 2010. López Urrutia, Carlos. "Chile: A Brief Naval History". Historical Text Archive.

Retrieved 1 January 2010