Antonio Mercero Juldain was a Spanish director of the television series Verano azul and Farmacia de guardia. He is best known as the director of a 1972 surrealist short horror film titled La cabina, that won an Emmy Award, his 1998 film A Time for Defiance was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Special Silver St. George. In 2010 he was awarded a Honorary Goya Award. Trotin Troteras Leccion de arte Tajamar La cabina Manchas de sangre en un coche nuevo La Guerra de papa Tobi Wait for Me in Heaven Don Juan, mi querido fantasma La hora de los valientes Planta 4ª ¿Y tú quién eres? Antonio Mercero on IMDb El País articles on Antonio Mercero
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Chus Gutiérrez is a Spanish director and actress, born in Granada, Spain. Gutiérrez has experiences of moving back and forth between Spain and the U. S. which influenced her filmmaking, as her films are known for discussing topics such as immigration and multiculturalism. Gutiérrez was born in Granada, Spain in 1962, she moved to Madrid with her family in 1970. She moved to London to learn English when she was 17. At the age of 21 she moved to New York to study filmmaking at Global Village, under the instruction of Fred Barney Taylor. At the age of 23, she enrolled in The City College of New York, CUNY and was admitted to the Picker Film Institute in order to continue her filmmaking education. Gutiérrez first worked with Super 8, she formed a rap group “Xoxonees” in the late 80s. In 1987 she moved back to Spain for her group to record their album. In 1989 the group disbanded. Since the 1990s she has worked as a director. However, she acts in her own films. Gutiérrez is known for making films with a low budget.
For example, she uses hand-held camera shots and natural lighting, she does not play with different angles but uses straight-on angle positions. Other than the fact that its location was New York, she managed to keep costs down in her first film Sublet by shooting indoors. Sexo Oral is said to be the cheapest Spanish film made, she kept its costs down by interviewing non-professional actors, not hiring many professional actors. Her approach to problems about immigration and multiculturalism can be seen in her films. Poniente describes African immigration issues on Spanish identity; as a woman director, she includes a feminist approach in her film as well. In Return to Hansala she depicts a Moroccan woman as a strong and independent character, who has her own ideas towards immigrant issues and is not scared of speaking of them in public. In addition to that, she plays with the idea of cultural "otherness" by looking at the tensions among society, religious and history. Representing immigrants issues ties with politics in the film.
The film reflects how North African Muslims are seen as immigrants, how current politics made them move away from their home land. Chus Gutiérrez on IMDb
Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón is a Spanish screenwriter and film director. His 1973 film Habla, mudita was entered into the 23rd Berlin International Film Festival. In 1977, he won the Silver Bear for Best Director for Camada negra at the 27th Berlin International Film Festival, his 1979 film El corazón del bosque was entered into the 29th Berlin International Film Festival. Two years his film Maravillas was entered into the 31st Berlin International Film Festival, his 1982 film Demons in the Garden was entered into the 13th Moscow International Film Festival where it won the FIPRESCI Prize. In 1991 he was a member of the jury at the 17th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1995 his film King of the River was entered into the 45th Berlin International Film Festival. Gutiérrez Aragón was elected to Seat F of the Real Academia Española on 16 April 2015, he took up his seat on 24 January 2016. Director and Screenwriter only Screenwriter Official site Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón on IMDb
The Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española, S. A. is the state-owned public corporation that assumed the indirect management of the Spanish public radio and television service called Ente Público Radiotelevisión Española in 2007. RTVE is the largest audiovisual group in Spain broadcasting in the Spanish language. Since January 2010 it is financed by public subsidies. In the exercise of its public service function, among the obligations of the RTVE Corporation are: Promote dissemination and awareness of constitutional principles and civic values. Guarantee the objectivity and truthfulness of the information provided, while ensuring that a broad range of views is presented. Facilitate democratic debate and the free expression of opinion. Promote the territorial cohesion and linguistic and cultural diversity of Spain. Offer access to different genres of programming and to the institutional, social and sporting events that are of interest to all sectors of the audience, paying attention to those topics that are of special interest to the public.
To serve the widest audience, ensuring maximum continuity and geographical and social coverage, with a commitment to quality, diversity and high ethical standards. RTVE throughout its history has undergone numerous restructurings and reorganisations, has assumed numerous identities; the history of RTVE begins in 1937 with the first broadcasts by Radio Nacional de España from the city of Salamanca. In these early years, RNE served as a propaganda tool for the Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War. Television was introduced in Spain in October 1956, in October 1973 the two broadcasting networks, RNE and Televisión Española were consolidated into the Servicio Público Centralizado RadioTelevisión Española. Further consolidations followed in 1977. In 1979 TVE, RNE were joined by RCE an old radio service which, unlike RNE, could broadcast commercials. In 1980, RTVE was configured, as a legal public entity with its own jurisdiction. According to RTVE's annual report: "This law arose from the Spanish Constitution and the political pluralism which the constitution asserts as a fundamental value of the rule of law.
The former cinema newsreels service NO-DO was merged into RTVE to be dismantled in 1981. Since the NO-DO archives are property of RTVE and its conservation is on their hands and Filmoteca Nacional's. In 1989, RCE was dismantled and its radio service was merged into RNE. In accordance with the Law of State Radio and Television of 5 June 2006, in the face of an enormous deficit, the RTVE Public Body and the companies TVE, S. A. and RNE, S. A were dissolved, on 1 January 2007 the Corporación RTVE came into existence; this change in the law put Corporación RTVE in control of Spain's public radio and television service. As part of the 2007 restructuring, a controversial plan was put into action to reduce the workforce by 4,855 through attrition and retirement incentives, in spite of the fact that RTVE is the European public broadcasting service with the smallest workforce. In 2012 political tensions associated with the austerity program of the conservative ruling party, Partido Popular resulted in personnel changes which displaced journalists interviewed by the centre-left The Guardian interpreted as an effort to remove critical political comment from RTVE's content.
In 2012 the PP began staffing RTVE with party veterans. Considerable controversy was caused. On 11 June 2013, RTVE was one of the few known European broadcasters to condemn and criticise the closure of Greece's state broadcaster ERT. In December 2018, RTVE launched Filmoteca Española, available via Internet with more than 4000 videos of Spanish films and documentaries. Pursuant to the 2006 Law of State Radio and television, management of the national public service is entrusted to Corporación RTVE; the Administrative Council of the RTVE is the main body of RTVE, appoints the executive officers of RTVE and its companies, approves its organisation, approves most major activities. The Administrative Council is composed of 12 members; the President has operational control of day-to-day operations, in order to execute the decisions and guidance of the Administrative Council. The President is appointed by, may be dismissed by, Congress. Before the 2006 Act, this position was filled by the role of the Director General, which had a de facto total control of RTVE.
In practice, the Director General had been chosen by the Government for their political profile. Corporación RTVE is described as a "state mercantile society" with special autonomy and independence from the government and the general state administration, it performs its functions through TVE and RNE. Most staff are civil servants; the News Council is an internal supervisory body composed of RTVE journalists with the aim of safeguarding RTVE's independence. RTVE's own television service comes under the Televisión Española division of RTVE. All of TVE's channels broadcast in Spanish, with the exception of TVE Catalonia, principally in Spanish with certain programming in Catalan. RTVE's radio stations come under th
The Invisible Guest
The Invisible Guest is a 2016 Spanish crime thriller film. It is the second feature thriller following El Cuerpo; the film was released in Spain on 6 January 2017. The Invisible Guest opened to lukewarm critical responses, positive user reviews on a number of platforms, it was a commercial success. The movie has been remade twice in Italian Il testimone invisibile, which released in 2018 and as the Hindi-language Indian film Badla by Red Chillies Entertainment and was released on 8 March 2019. Spanish businessman Adrián Doria is out on bail after being arrested for the murder of his lover, Laura Vidal, his lawyer, Félix Leiva, hires prestigious defense attorney, Virginia Goodman, who visits him early one morning with the news that the prosecutor has found a witness who will be testifying in front of a judge soon, so he must tell the whole story quickly. Adrián tells Virginia how he and Laura ended their affair months ago but received a call blackmailing them to come to a rural hotel with €100,000.
At the hotel, Adrián awoke to find Laura dead in the bathroom. The police arrive and, finding the room door chained from the inside, break in; the windows are locked and the handles removed during the winter, leaving Adrián the only suspect. After his arrest, his wife takes their young daughter. Virginia insists. Adrián narrates further back, how he claimed to be in Paris but was in a cabin with Laura; as they drive back to Barcelona through Sierra y Cañones de Guara, Adrián tries to convince her to end their adulterous relationship. Distracted, Adrián swerves into the oncoming lane, clipping another car. Although they are unhurt, the driver of the other car, a bank employee named Daniel Garrido, 23, is killed. Laura rationalizes that it is not their fault since Daniel was texting and not wearing his seat belt; when another car approaches, Laura pushes Daniel's body down across the passenger's seat, she and Adrián pretend to exchange insurance information. She answers Daniel's phone when it rings to continue the ruse, the other driver leaves, convinced.
Laura waits for a towtruck in Adrián's SUV, which will not start, while Adrián dumps Daniel's car in a lake with his body in the trunk. Laura, returns with his car and tells him how his car was repaired. An automotive engineer, Tomás, offered to help Laura, who claimed she hit a deer, he towed Adrian's car to his house to fix it. While talking to Tomás's wife, Laura sees some photographs and realizes Daniel Garrido is their son. Laura, who still has Daniel's phone in her pocket, hides it in their couch as Elvira calls, looking for her son; as Laura leaves in Adrián's car, Tomás Garrido notices her adjusting her seat, proving that she was lying when she claimed she was driving. He notes the car's number plates. After Adrián sells his car and reports it stolen, he parts ways with Laura for good. Within a few days, Adrián is summoned to the police station, as Tomás has reported his plate number to the police. Félix arranges for a false alibi in Paris and bribes the police to remove Adrián's name from the Garrido case file.
When the news reports that Daniel is on the run after embezzling money from the bank. Adrián confronts Laura. Using his information, whose husband works for the same bank, hacks into his account and steals money to create a fake trail. Adrián tells her that what she is doing is wrong. Adrián is named European Businessman of the Year, Tomás poses as a reporter during the ceremony to confront him. Tomás notices that Adrián pulls out the same cigarette lighter, he begs Adrián to tell him. Days Adrián receives a photo of a lake with instructions to take Laura to the hotel with €100,000. Adrián thinks the blackmailer may be the driver they saw after the accident, if he followed Adrián as he dumped the car. Back in the present, Virginia suggests that to save himself, Adrián could claim he saw the face of the man who hit him in the hotel room and, Tomás, she tells him that there was no surprise witness, she only told him that to force him to tell the truth. Adrián reveals he had always known it was Tomás as he did see his face, but was testing Virginia.
Virginia suggests planting an item of Laura's in the trunk of his car with Daniel's body, claiming she acted alone. Adrián confesses that as he was pushing the car into the lake, Daniel woke up, as he was only unconscious. Virginia states she will not reveal this to the judge. Virginia says Laura's autopsy shows she was suffering from anxiety from a guilty conscience, suggests Adrián is lying to make it seem like Laura was the mastermind behind their deceit. However, Virginia says she believes Tomás framed him because Elvira works at that hotel too, and, why they chose it. Elvira could have unlocked the window for her husband to escape after killing Laura, locked the window, making it seem like nobody else came in. Virginia says Tomás has been stalking him, Félix and herself, points to an apartment across the street, where Tomás is lurking, she continues to push Adrián who admits that he killed Laura and staged the scene. Félix phones and leaves a message on Adrián's home voicemail machine, urging him to call back as he was unable to reach him on his cellphone.
Virginia suggests he return
Mario Camus is a Spanish screenwriter and film director. He won the Golden Bear at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival with La colmena, his 1987 film The House of Bernarda Alba was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival and in the main competition at the 15th Moscow International Film Festival. His 1993 film Shadows in a Conflict was entered into the 18th Moscow International Film Festival. Mario Camus on IMDb