click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Joseph Campbell

Joseph John Campbell was an American professor of literature at Sarah Lawrence College who worked in comparative mythology and comparative religion. His work covers many aspects of the human experience. Campbell's most well-known work is his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, in which he discusses his theory of the journey of the archetypal hero shared by world mythologies, termed the monomyth. Since the publication of The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Campbell's theories have been applied by a wide variety of modern writers and artists, his philosophy has been summarized by his own repeated phrase: "Follow your bliss." He gained recognition in Hollywood when George Lucas credited Campbell's work as influencing his Star Wars saga. Campbell's approach to folklore topics such as myth and his influence on popular culture has been the subject of criticism, including from folklorists, academics in folklore studies. Joseph Campbell was born in White Plains, New York, on March 26, 1904, the son of Josephine and Charles William Campbell.

He was from an upper-middle-class Irish Catholic family. During his childhood, he moved with his family to New York. In 1919, a fire destroyed the family home in New Rochelle. In 1921, Campbell graduated from the Canterbury School in Connecticut. While at Dartmouth College he studied biology and mathematics, but decided that he preferred the humanities, he transferred to Columbia University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature in 1925 and a Master of Arts degree in medieval literature in 1927. At Dartmouth he had joined Delta Tau Delta. An accomplished athlete, he received awards in track and field events, for a time, was among the fastest half-mile runners in the world. In 1924, Campbell traveled to Europe with his family. On the ship during his return trip he encountered the messiah elect of the Theosophical Society, Jiddu Krishnamurti. In 1927, he received a fellowship from Columbia University to study in Europe. Campbell studied Old French, Provençal, Sanskrit at the University of Paris and the University of Munich.

He learned to speak French and German. On his return to Columbia University in 1929, Campbell expressed a desire to pursue the study of Sanskrit and modern art in addition to Medieval literature. Lacking faculty approval, Campbell withdrew from graduate studies. In life he jested that it is a sign of incompetence to have a PhD in the liberal arts, the discipline covering his work. With the arrival of the Great Depression, Campbell spent the next five years living in a rented shack in Woodstock, New York. There, he contemplated the next course of his life while engaged in intensive and rigorous independent study, he said that he "would divide the day into four four-hour periods, of which I would be reading in three of the four-hour periods, free one of them... I would get nine hours of sheer reading done a day, and this went on for five years straight."Campbell traveled to California for a year, continuing his independent studies and becoming close friends with the budding writer John Steinbeck and his wife Carol.

Campbell was introduced to the Steinbecks by author and early nutritionist Adelle Davis whom he met and developed a close relationship with on a cruise to the Caribbean with his father in December 1929. On the Monterey Peninsula, like John Steinbeck, fell under the spell of the marine biologist Ed Ricketts. Campbell lived for a while next door to Ricketts, participated in professional and social activities at his neighbor's, accompanied him, along with Xenia and Sasha Kashevaroff, on a 1932 journey to Juneau, Alaska on the Grampus. Campbell began writing a novel centered on Ricketts as a hero but, unlike Steinbeck, did not complete his book. Bruce Robison writes that Campbell would refer to those days as a time when everything in his life was taking shape.... Campbell, the great chronicler of the "hero's journey" in mythology, recognized patterns that paralleled his own thinking in one of Ricketts's unpublished philosophical essays. Echoes of Carl Jung, Robinson Jeffers and James Joyce can be found in the work of Steinbeck and Ricketts as well as Campbell.

Campbell continued his independent reading while teaching for a year in 1933 at the Canterbury School, during which time he attempted to publish works of fiction. While teaching at the Canterbury School, Campbell sold his first short story Strictly Platonic to Liberty magazine. In 1934, Campbell accepted a position as Professor of Literature at Sarah Lawrence College. In 1938, he married one of the dancer-choreographer Jean Erdman. For most of their 49 years of marriage they shared a two-room apartment in Greenwich Village in New York City. In the 1980s they purchased an apartment in Honolulu and divided their time between the two cities, they did not have any children. Early in World War II, Campbell attended a lecture by the Indologist Heinrich Zimmer. After Zimmer's death, Campbell was given the task of editing and posthumously publishing Zimmer's papers, which he would do over the following decade. In 1955–1956, as the last volume of Zimmer's posthumous was about to be published, Campbell took a sabbatical from Sarah Lawrence College and traveled, for the first time, to Asia.

He spent six months in another six in East Asia. This year had a profound influence on his thinking about Asian re

Views on the 2003 invasion of Iraq

The events surrounding the 2003 invasion of Iraq have led to numerous expressions of opinion with respect to the war. This page contains links to several topics relating to views on the invasion, the subsequent occupation of Iraq. American views American popular opinion on invasion of Iraq: history. World views Governments' positions pre-2003 invasion of Iraq: Summary of various governments' pre-war positions; the UN Security Council and the Iraq war: Examines positions of UN Security Council members over the period 2002–2003Opposition views Opposition to the Iraq War: Various opinions of people against the Iraq War. Protests against the Iraq War: Protests against Iraq war across the world. Criticism of the Iraq War: Various criticisms of the Iraq War. Other views Public relations preparations for 2003 invasion of Iraq: Various communication campaigns identified that inform the public. Legitimacy of the 2003 invasion of Iraq Legality of the Iraq War Iraq Inquiry or Chilcot Inquiry: a British public inquiry into its role in the war

American Physiological Society

The American Physiological Society was founded in 1887 with 28 members. Of them, 21 were graduates of medical schools, but only 12 had studied in institutions that had a professor of physiology. Today, it has 10,500 members, most of whom hold doctoral degrees in medicine, physiology or other health professions, its mission as now, is to support research and circulation of information in the physiological sciences. The American Physiological Society was founded at a time when few physiological laboratories existed in America and there were few investigators; the newly established society was one of the earliest national disciplinary societies in the sciences, the first society in the biomedical sciences, the first to require its members to publish original research. The stated object of the Society was to promote the advancement of physiology and to facilitate discourse among American physiologists. In 1887 there was a conscious effort to ensure representation of all areas within physiology, encompassing topics as diverse as neurology, ophthalmology and therapeutics, as well as plant physiology and animal biology.

Today there are a variety of membership categories for those at all interest ages. Since it was founded in 1887, the APS has had 86 presidents lead the organization, beginning with founder Henry Bowditch and continuing through its current president, Kim E. Barrett; the APS is governed by an elected Council consisting of the President, the President-Elect, the immediate Past President, nine Councillors. Management of the affairs of the Society is the responsibility of a full-time Executive Director, appointed by and responsible to the Council; the Society maintains a staff and offices on the campus of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology in Bethesda, Maryland. The Society conducts its operations based on a Constitution and Bylaws, as given in the Society's Operational Guide; as a nonprofit scientific organization, the Society holds tax-exempt status. The organization is managed by Executive Director Martin Frank, PhD. A physiologist by training and is based in Bethesda, MD.

The APS recognizes five physiologists as its founders: Henry Pickering Bowditch, Silas Weir Mitchell, Henry Newell Martin co-signed the original letter to active physiology researchers inviting them to the new society, John Green Curtis and Russell Henry Chittenden provided early organizational support. The organizational meeting founding the society was held on December 30, 1887 in Curtis' laboratory space at Columbia University and was attended by seventeen people; the society had 28 founding members. The first regular meeting of the APS followed in September 1888 in Washington, DC, featuring paper presentations and demonstrations. In its early days the APS served a young field with few dedicated researchers, so its efforts were oriented toward advancing teaching and research. APS members collaborated to author a textbook of physiology and launched a journal, the American Journal of Physiology, in 1898; as the field of physiology matured, the society expanded in membership. The modern APS sponsors many awards, including the Horace W. Davenport Distinguished Lecturer, the Walter B.

Cannon Award, Arthur C. Guyton Award; the American Physiological Society publishes both books as a nonprofit publisher. There are 14 peer-reviewed journals covering specialized aspects of physiology. Ten of the journals are published twice monthly. All told, APS publishes some 3,100 original peer-reviewed articles annually, totaling 32,000 pages per year; the American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology is dedicated to innovative approaches to the study of cell and molecular physiology; the American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism publishes original, mechanistic studies on the physiology of endocrine and metabolic systems; the American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology publishes original articles pertaining to all aspects of research involving function of the gastrointestinal tract, hepatobiliary system and pancreas; the American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology focuses on the physiology of the heart, blood vessels and lymphatics, including experimental and theoretical studies of cardiovascular function at all levels.

The American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology covers molecular and integrative aspects of normal and abnormal function of cells and components of the respiratory system; the American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory and Comparative Physiology highlights regulation and integration of physiological mechanism at all levels of biological organizations, ranging from molecules to humans; the American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology is dedicated to a broad range of subjects relating to the kidney, urinary tract, their respective cells and vasculature; the American Journal of Physiology. Consolidated is published in two monthly volumes to include 2,600 articles annually; this journal comprises the seven Journals of the APS described above. Physiological Genomics publishes the results of a wide variety of experimental and computational studies from human and model systems to link genes and pathways to physiological functions. Journal of Applied Physiology deals with research in applied physiology adaptive and integrative mechanisms.

Journal of Neurophysiology includes articles on all levels of function of the nervous system, from the membrane and cell to systems and behavior. Physiological Reviews provides coverage of timely issues in the physiological and biomedical sciences. Physiology publishes invited review articles written by leaders in their fields. Advances in Physiology Education promotes e

Nurdin Basirun

Nurdin Basirun is an Indonesian politician who has served as the Governor of Riau Islands since May 2016. Before serving as governor, he was lieutenant governor, had served ten years as the regent of Karimun. In 2019, he was arrested by the Corruption Eradication Commission for receiving bribes. Basirun was born in the subdistrict of Moro, Karimun Regency, on 7 July 1957. Basirun began his career in shipping, became the owner of a shipping company before entering politics. Prior to his provincial executive posts, Basirun was deputy regent of Karimun Regency between 2001 and 2005 under Muhammad Sani, he became the regent between 2005 and 2015. During his time as regent, he underwent higher education, graduated with a bachelors of education from Lancang Kuning University in 2002, he obtained a masters in communication from Dr. Soetomo University and a doctorate from the 17 August 1945 University, he was part of Golkar, being the deputy chairman for its Riau Islands provincial branch in 2014, but he moved to Nasdem, becoming the chairman of the party's provincial office.

In 2015, Basirun ran as Sani's running mate for the province's gubernatorial seat, the pair won the election after securing 53.2% of the votes. On 12 February 2016, the pair was sworn into office. Around two months Sani fell ill and died on 8 April, leaving the gubernatorial post vacant until Basirun was elevated into the post on 25 May; as governor, Basirun attempted to reinitiate a Batam-Bintan bridge construction project -, mothballed since 2005 - and invited investors from Singapore and China to participate in the project. He has come into conflict with the rest of the province's administration - with a sudden job rotation in November 2016 causing the provincial legislative body to exercise its first interpellation since the province's formation in 2002. In another occasion, Batam's mayor Muhammad Rudi noted that he was not informed of Basirun's decision to hike the electricity prices in Batam despite the two being affiliated with Nasdem, he was arrested by the Corruption Eradication Commission on 10 July 2019.

He was accused of having received bribes amounting SGD 5,000 and Rp 45 million to issue a permit for a reclamation project in a protected zone

John H. Thompson

John H. Thompson is an American statistician and former Director of the United States Census Bureau. In this position, one of his main duties was to oversee preparations for the 2020 United States Census. On May 9, 2017, the Commerce Department announced that he would leave his post on June 30. Thompson received B. S. and M. S. degrees in mathematics from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in 1973 and 1975, respectively. After graduation, he spent 27 years working at the United States Census Bureau, retiring in 2002 after holding the position of associate director, where he was responsible for the 2000 Census. Prior to that, Thompson served as Chief of the Decennial Management Division, he worked in the Statistical Support Division from 1987 to 1995 and the Statistical Methods Division from 1975 to 1987. From 2008 to 2013, Thompson was the CEO of NORC at the University of Chicago, he was confirmed by the United States Senate to be the 24th Census Bureau director on August 1, 2013.

Appearances on C-SPAN

Play It Cool, Man

"Play It Cool, Man" is a song by George Jones. It was released as his second single on May 1954 on Starday Records, it is the oldest recording to be included on his debut album in 1956. Jones' first recording session wrapped up 5 songs; the third song cut was a rockabilly slide titled "Play It Cool, Man." Like the other songs recorded during the session, the song was influenced by his idols. "No Money in This Deal," "For Sale or For Lease," and "If You Were Mine" displayed a evident Lefty Frizzell influence. However, Play It Cool, Man displayed a clear Hank Williams influence. From Jones' bluesy vocal delivery to the steel guitar break, reminiscent of Hank's "Honky Tonk Blues," the song's swing and swagger points unerringly towards rockabilly. Nick Tosches notes in his 1994 Texas Monthly article "The Devil in George Jones", "Though Jones would never acknowledge it, the rockabilly impulse of the early fifties had affected his sound as much as the lingering voices of Acuff and Williams.'Play It Cool, Play It Cool,' recorded by Jones in 1954, several months before Elvis's debut, had bordered on pure rockabilly..."

The b-side includes one of the two tracks recorded from his first collaboration recorded in April and June of that year in Houston: "Wrong About You" with Sonny Burns." George Jones - vocal, acoustic Robert Larry "Blackie" Crawford - lead guitar John "Johnny" Rector - piano Corlue Bordelon - steel Buck Crawford - bass Olen "Big Red" Hays - fiddle Kenneth "Little Red" Hays - fiddle