Pickens, South Carolina
Pickens called Pickens Courthouse, is a city in Pickens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 3,126 at the 2010 census. Pickens changed its classification from a town to a city in 1998, but it was not reported to the Census Bureau until 2001, it is the county seat of Pickens County. It was named after Andrew Pickens, an American revolutionary soldier and US Congressman for South Carolina. Pickens is part of the Greenville–Mauldin–Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area. Present-day Pickens of Pickens County was Cherokee Territory. During the American Revolutionary War, the Cherokee sided with the Kingdom of Great Britain; when Great Britain was defeated in the war, the Cherokee were forced to surrender their land. In 1791, the state legislature established Washington District that comprises present-day Greenville, Anderson and Pickens County. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the Pendleton district became Anderson and Pickens County. Pendleton District was divided in 1828 into Pickens.
A courthouse was established on the banks of the Keowee River where the town of Pickens Court House was developed. The Hagood-Mauldin House was built circa 1856 and is one of the historic structures of Pickens County. In 1868, the Pickens District was divided into Pickens and Oconee counties. Pickens Court House was renamed to Pickens; the Pickens Railway was established in 1898 as a shortline railroad from Easley to Pickens. From 1955 until 1987, Sangamo-Weston Inc. operated a capacitor manufacturing facility just outside Pickens. Until they were banned in the US, Sangamo discharged a significant amount of polychlorinated biphenyls into a tributary of the Twelve Mile River which feeds Lake Hartwell. Sangamo dumped contaminated waste in six locations in the vicinity of Pickens. In two of these locations, the waste was burned. According to the Spartanburg Herald-Journal, contamination was discovered at the "Breazeale site", southwest of town. Schlumberger paid $11.8 million to federal and state agencies for injuries to natural resources caused by the contamination.
Pickens is located at 34°52′54″N 82°42′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 2.5 square miles, of which 2.5 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. Pickens has several small mountains that surround the city. Glassy Mountain, located east of Pickens, is a small mountain that can be reached by several small private roads. Glassy Mountain is an excellent example of a piedmont monadnock. Sixty-five acres of the mountain are part of the South Carolina Heritage Trust, contain varied and rare plant species. One of the most famous mountains in the area is Table Rock State Park, located just to the north of Pickens, but still in the Pickens area, a symbol for Pickens and can be seen throughout Pickens and nearby cities such as Easley and Greenville. In addition to Table Rock Mountain, the park contains Pinnacle Mountain, the highest mountain contained within the state of South Carolina; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,012 people, 1,281 households, 794 families residing in the town.
The population density was 1,227.1 people per square mile. There were 1,438 housing units at an average density of 585.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 80.54% White, 16.80% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 1.06% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.49% of the population. There were 1,281 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,364, the median income for a family was $36,316. Males had a median income of $27,316 versus $19,706 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,436. About 12.7% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over. Located three miles north of downtown on US 178 is Hagood Mill, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1972. Constructed in 1845 the grist mill was operational until the 1960s. There are monthly southern heritage festivals at the site, stone ground corn meal and grits may be purchased. <Pickens County SC Cultural Commission>. Of particular interest are petroglyphs discovered in 2003, estimated to be 1,500 to 2,000 years old and from the Hopewell culture. <Anderson SC Independent Mail>. A museum is planned for the significant site. Jocassee Gorges, located about 30 minutes northwest of town, was named by National Geographic as one of the 50 Most Beautiful Places in the World.
The Old Pickens Jail is one of the few remaining early jails in Piedmont South Carolina. It was constructed in 1903 and served as a detention facility and offices and living quarters for the county sheriff; the building is on the National Regi
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 to 1877 in American history. It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights; the term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War. Reconstruction ended the remnants of Confederate secession and ended slavery, making the newly-free slaves citizens with civil rights ostensibly guaranteed by three new Constitutional amendments. Three visions of Civil War memory appeared during Reconstruction: the reconciliationist vision, rooted in coping with the death and devastation the war had brought. Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson both took moderate positions designed to bring the South back into the Union as as possible, while Radical Republicans in Congress sought stronger measures to upgrade the rights of African Americans, including the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, while curtailing the rights of former Confederates, such as through the provisions of the Wade–Davis Bill.
Johnson, a former Tennessee Senator, former slave owner, the most prominent Southerner to oppose the Confederacy, followed a lenient policy toward ex-Confederates. Lincoln's last speeches show that he was leaning toward supporting the enfranchisement of all freedmen, whereas Johnson was opposed to this. Johnson's interpretations of Lincoln's policies prevailed until the Congressional elections of 1866; those elections followed outbreaks of violence against blacks in the former rebel states, including the Memphis riots of 1866 and the New Orleans riot that same year. The subsequent 1866 election gave Republicans a majority in Congress, enabling them to pass the 14th Amendment, take control of Reconstruction policy, remove former Confederates from power, enfranchise the freedmen. A Republican coalition came to power in nearly all the southern states and set out to transform the society by setting up a free labor economy, using the U. S. Army and the Freedmen's Bureau; the Bureau protected the legal rights of freedmen, negotiated labor contracts, set up schools and churches for them.
Thousands of Northerners came south as missionaries, teachers and politicians. Hostile whites began referring to these politicians as "carpetbaggers". In early 1866, Congress passed the Freedmen's Bureau and Civil Rights Bills and sent them to Johnson for his signature; the first bill extended the life of the bureau established as a temporary organization charged with assisting refugees and freed slaves, while the second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens with equality before the law. After Johnson vetoed the bills, Congress overrode his vetos, making the Civil Rights Act the first major bill in the history of the United States to become law through an override of a presidential veto; the Radicals in the House of Representatives, frustrated by Johnson's opposition to Congressional Reconstruction, filed impeachment charges. The action failed by one vote in the Senate; the new national Reconstruction laws – in particular laws requiring suffrage for freedmen – incensed white supremacists in the South, giving rise to the Ku Klux Klan.
During 1867-69 the Klan murdered Republicans and outspoken freedmen in the South, including Arkansas Congressman James M. Hinds. Elected in 1868, Republican President Ulysses S. Grant supported Congressional Reconstruction and enforced the protection of African Americans in the South through the use of the Enforcement Acts passed by Congress. Grant used the Enforcement Acts to combat the Ku Klux Klan, wiped out, although a new incarnation of the Klan would again come to national prominence in the 1920s. President Grant was unable to resolve the escalating tensions inside the Republican Party between the Northerners on the one hand, those Republicans hailing from the South on the other. Meanwhile, "redeemers", self-styled conservatives in close cooperation with a faction of the Democratic Party opposed Reconstruction, they alleged widespread corruption by the "carpetbaggers", excessive state spending, ruinous taxes. Meanwhile, public support for Reconstruction policies, requiring continued supervision of the South, faded in the North after the Democrats, who opposed Reconstruction, regained control of the House of Representatives in 1874.
In 1877, as part of a Congressional bargain to elect Republican Rutherford B. Hayes as president following the disputed 1876 presidential election, U. S. Army troops were withdrawn from the three states; this marked the end of Reconstruction. Historian Eric Foner argues: What remains certain is that Reconstruction failed, that for blacks its failure was a disaster whose magnitude cannot be obscured by the genuine accomplishments that did endure. In different states Reconstruction ended at different times. In recent decades most historians follow Foner in dating the Reconstruction of the South as starting in 1863 rather than 1865; the usual ending for Reconstruction has always been 1877. Reconstruction policies were debated in the North when the
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Convict leasing was a system of penal labor practiced in the Southern United States. Convict leasing provided prisoner labor to private parties, such as plantation owners and corporations; the lessee was responsible for feeding and housing the prisoners. The state of Louisiana leased out convicts as early as 1844, but the system expanded all through the South with the emancipation of slaves at the end of the American Civil War in 1865, it could be lucrative for the states: in 1898, some 73% of Alabama's entire annual state revenue came from convict leasing. While Northern states sometimes contracted for prison labor, the historian Alex Lichtenstein notes that, only in the South did the state give up its control to the contractor. Corruption, lack of accountability, racial violence resulted in "one of the harshest and most exploitative labor systems known in American history." African Americans adult males, due to “vigorous and selective enforcement of laws and discriminatory sentencing,” made up the vast majority—but not all—of the convicts leased.
The writer Douglas A. Blackmon described the system: It was a form of bondage distinctly different from that of the antebellum South in that for most men, the few women drawn in, this slavery did not last a lifetime and did not automatically extend from one generation to the next, but it was nonetheless slavery – a system in which armies of free men, guilty of no crimes and entitled by law to freedom, were compelled to labor without compensation, were bought and sold, were forced to do the bidding of white masters through the regular application of extraordinary physical coercion. U. S. Steel is among American companies who have acknowledged using African-American leased convict labor; the practice peaked around 1880, was formally outlawed by the last state in 1928, persisted in various forms until it was abolished by President Franklin D. Roosevelt via Francis Biddle's "Circular 3591" of December 12, 1941. Convict leasing in the United States was widespread in the South during the Reconstruction Period after the end of the Civil War, when many Southern legislatures were ruled by majority coalitions of blacks and Radical Republicans, Union generals acted as military governors.
Farmers and businessmen needed to find replacements for the labor force once their slaves had been freed. Some Southern legislatures passed Black Codes to restrict free movement of blacks and force them into employment with whites. If convicted of vagrancy, blacks could be imprisoned, they received sentences for a variety of petty offenses. States began to lease convict labor to the plantations and other facilities seeking labor, as the freedmen were trying to withdraw and work for themselves; this provided the states with a new source of revenue during years when they were financially strapped, lessees profited by the use of forced labor at below-market rates. The criminal justice system colluded with private planters and other business owners to entrap and lease blacks as prison laborers; the constitutional basis for convict leasing is that the 1865 Thirteenth Amendment, while abolishing slavery and involuntary servitude permits it as a punishment for crime. The criminologist Thorsten Sellin, in his book Slavery and the Penal System, wrote that the sole aim of convict leasing “was financial profit to the lessees who exploited the labor of the prisoners to the fullest, to the government which sold the convicts to the lessees.”
The practice became widespread and was used to supply labor to farming, rail road and logging operations throughout the South. In Georgia convict leasing began in April 1868, when Union General and newly appointed provisional governor Thomas H. Ruger issued a convict lease for prisoners to William Fort for work on the Georgia and Alabama Railroad; the contract specified "one hundred able bodied and healthy Negro convicts" in return for a fee to the state of $2500. In May the state entered into a second agreement with Fort and his business partner Joseph Printup for another 100 convicts, this time for $1000, to work on the Selma and Dalton Railroad in north Georgia. Georgia ended the convict lease system in 1908. In Tennessee, the convict leasing system was halted on January 1, 1894, because of the attention brought by the Coal Creek War of 1891, an armed labor action lasting over a year. At the time both free and convict labor were used in mines. Free coal miners attacked and burned prison stockades, freed hundreds of black convicts.
The end of convict leasing did not mean the end of convict labor, however. The state sited its new penitentiary, Brushy Mountain State Penitentiary, with the help of geologists; the prison built a working coal mine on the site, dependent on labor done by prisoners, ran it at significant profit. These prison mines closed in 1966. Texas began convict leasing by 1883 and abolished it in 1910. A cemetery containing what are believed to be the remains of 95 "slave convicts" has been discovered in Sugar Land, today a suburb of Houston. Alabama began convict leasing in 1846 and the practice lasted until 1928; the revenues derived from convict leasing were substantial, accounting for 10 percent of total state revenues in 1883. This percentage surged to nearly 73 percent by 1898; this lucrative practice created incentives for states and counties to convict African Americans, with the result that prison populations
Joel Hurt was an American businessman. He was the president of Trust Company of Georgia, a developer in Atlanta. Hurt was born on July 31, 1850, in Hurtsboro, Alabama, to Lucy Apperson Long and Joel Hurt, Sr.. The town was named Hurtville for Joel Hurt, Sr, he grew up in the Joel Hurt House. After attending Auburn Methodist College in Auburn, for one year, he enrolled at the University of Georgia in Athens, graduating in 1871 with a degree in civil engineering, he began his career in the railroad business, surveying first in the western United States the rail bed that became the Atchison and Santa Fe. He surveyed a small spur off the Richmond and Danville line to Athens, Georgia. In 1875, Hurt moved to Atlanta, where he organized the Atlanta Building and Loan Association, which he ran for thirty-two years, he co-founded the Trust Company of Georgia - now part of Suntrust - and, starting in 1895, was its president for nine years. In 1882, he organized the East Atlanta Land Company, where he designed and developed Inman Park, a residential area connected to the city center by his Atlanta and Edgewood Street Railway Company, which opened along Edgewood Avenue in 1886.
It was Atlanta's first electric streetcar line, it was the first profitable electric line in America. In 1880, he filed what would be US 365258 for an interesting thermal water valve.^ Then in 1887, he filed No. 374,188 for a new style of valve cock for faucets handling water under pressure.^ To anchor the downtown end of his streetcar line, he built Atlanta's first skyscraper, the Equitable Building, which in 1893 became the home of the two-year-old Trust Company. His next land deal was to be Druid Hills, for which he hired the Olmsted Brothers to design a linear park along Ponce de Leon Avenue, but he sold the enterprise to Asa Candler for half a million dollars in 1908, he built Atlanta's first fireproof theater, the Atlanta Theater, his masterpiece, the Hurt Building. In 1908, Hurt was unrepentant in hearings which brought out the shocking abuses in the Hurt family's convict labor camps, his callous indifference to evidence that many of his workers had died of abuse, his viciousness in asserting that convict workers could not be beaten enough, horrified contemporary Georgians.
These hearings led in large part to the banning of convict leasing in Georgia. Hurt married Annie Bright Woodruff, they had six children, he died in 1926. In 1940, land was donated to the city by the Trust Company and a park was dedicated as Hurt Park which lies across Peachtree Center Ave. from the Hurt Building. The Joel Hurt Cottage still stands near Euclid Streets in Inman Park. Wall Street Journal bureau chief Douglas Blackmon's 2009 Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Slavery by Another Name, revealed the extent to which Joel Hurt's fortune was built upon the profitable and exploitative use of harshly-disciplined and cruelly-deprived convict labor. ^ http://www.google.com/patents?vid=USPAT365258&id=RNJBAAAAEBAJ ^ http://www.google.com/patents?vid=USPAT374188&id=CMdRAAAAEBAJ Historical Marker Database - Joel Hurt House Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II, New York: Doubleday, 2008. ISBN 978-0385506250 Edge, Joel Hurt and the Development of Atlanta, Atlanta Historical Society, 1955 Lichtenstein, Alex.
Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South. New York: Verso, 1996. ISBN 978-1859840863 Mancini, Matthew J. One Dies, Get Another: Convict Leasing in the American South, 1866-1928. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996. ISBN 978-1570030833 Martin, Three Strong Pillars, Trust Company, 1974 A Different Kind of Slavery: After Abolition, Forced Labor Thrived in South.
Dade County, Georgia
Dade County is a county in the U. S. state of Georgia. It occupies the northwest corner of Georgia, the county's own northwest corner is the westernmost point in the state; as of the 2010 census, the population is 16,633. The county seat and only incorporated municipality is Trenton. Dade County is part of the TN -- GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1860, residents of Dade County voted to secede from the state of Georgia and from the United States, but no government outside the county recognized this gesture as legal. In 1945, the county symbolically the United States. Dade County was established in 1837 and was named for Major Francis Langhorne Dade, killed in the Dade Massacre by Seminole Indians in December 1835; the first settlers of Dade County won the land in the Georgia Land Lotteries, held to encourage settlement after the Cherokee people were forced off the land. Many settlers worked in regional coke and coal mines that contributed to development of the Chattanooga, Tennessee area; the area was long isolated from the rest of Georgia by its geography of mountains and rivers, which some historians say contributed to early residents' separatist attitudes.
Georgia did not have a road connecting Dade County to the rest of the state until the establishment of Cloudland Canyon State Park in 1939. That year Georgia began work on Highway 136 to connect U. S. 41 to the created park. The Civilian Conservation Corps built many of the facilities and access roads to the park. Up until travelers from elsewhere in Georgia could drive to the county only by way of Alabama or Tennessee. Dade County had a short-lived state secessionist movement before the American Civil War. In 1860, county residents wanted to secede from the Union, but lawmakers for the state of Georgia were cautious. Legend has it that in 1860, the people of Dade County were so impatient that they announced their own secession from both Georgia and the United States. On July 4, 1945, a telegram from President Harry S. Truman was read at a celebration marking the county's "rejoining" the Union. Historians say Dade's individual readmission were symbolic and had no legal effect, they say that Dade County seceded along with the state of Georgia in 1861 and re-entered the Union with the state in 1870.
The noted Southern humorist and seminal writer of Southern humor George Washington Harris is buried in the Brock Cemetery in Trenton. Although he influenced the literary works of Mark Twain, William Faulkner, Flannery O'Connor, his grave was not verified and given a marker until 2008. In 1964 Covenant College established a campus at Lookout Mountain. Founded in 1955 in California, it was ready to expand after a year. Several professors led Covenant to move to St. Louis, where it developed for eight years. After outgrowing its facilities there, the college decided to move to Dade County. Shortly after the Georgia State Quarter was released by the US Mint, Dade County gained attention because of an apparent mistake in the design; as shown on the quarter, the state appears to lack Dade County, in the extreme northwestern part of the state. Some accounts in 2012 suggest the exclusion was intended to refer to the local legend of Dade County's secession from Georgia. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 174 square miles, of which 174 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water.
The vast majority of Dade County is located in the Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin. A small part of the southernmost tip of the county is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin, while a small part of the westernmost portion of Dade County is located in the Guntersville Lake sub-basin in the Middle Tennessee-Elk basin. I-24 / SR 409 I-59 / SR 406 US 11 / SR 58 SR 136 SR 157 SR 189 SR 299 SR 301 Marion County, Tennessee Hamilton County, Tennessee Walker County DeKalb County, Alabama Jackson County, Alabama Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Cloudland Canyon State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 15,154 people, 5,633 households, 4,264 families residing in the county; the population density was 87 people per square mile. There were 6,224 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.51% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races.
0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,633 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.30% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,259, the median income for a family was $39,481. Males had a median income of $31,534 versus $21,753 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,127.
About 7.50% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of th
Cherokee County, Georgia
Cherokee County is a county located in the US state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 214,346. According to the local newspaper, the Cherokee Ledger-News on August 29, 2018, with an estimated population of 254,500, Cherokee is the fastest growing county in the metro Atlanta, Georgia area; the county seat is Canton. The county Board of Commissioners is the governing body, with members elected to office; the county is under the jurisdiction of the Cherokee County Sheriff's Office, headed by Sheriff Frank Reynolds. The Cherokee County Sheriff's office is accredited by CALEA; the major cities within the county have individual police departments, such as Woodstock, Holly Springs, Ball Ground. Cherokee County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Cherokee County was more like a territory than a county, covering everything northwest of the Chattahoochee River and Chestatee River except for Carroll County; this county was created December 1831 by the state legislature. It was named after the Cherokee Indians.
Several other counties were carved out of these Cherokee lands as part of the Cherokee Land Lottery of 1832. An act of the Georgia General Assembly passed on December 3 of that year created the counties of Forsyth, Union, Gilmer, Cass and Paulding; the forcible removal of the Cherokee people, leading up to the notorious Trail of Tears to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River, began in this area the year before. The push by European Americans to expel the Cherokee was accelerated by the discovery of gold in local streams. County courts were authorized to meet at the home of Ambrose Harnage; the settlement soon became known as Harnageville called Marble Works, later Tate, when Cherokee County was first established. Since 1880 that town has been called Tate, it is now in Pickens County. Part of that county was taken directly from the other via Gilmer County. Etowah was named the first county seat in 1833, its name was changed to Canton. In 1857, part of the southeastern corner of the county was ceded by the General Assembly to form Milton County.
In the 1890s, The Atlanta & Knoxville Railroad built a branch line up through the middle of the county. When this line was bought by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad the following decade, the L&N built railroad stations at Woodstock and other towns. Since the late 20th century, Cherokee County has been part of the Atlanta metro area, it is bisected by Interstate 575, which runs from Marietta north through Woodstock, Holly Springs, the county seat, Ball Ground, ending at the Pickens County line into Georgia 515, the Appalachian Parkway developmental highway. Interstate 575 is undergoing significant widening to accommodate growth in Cherokee County population; the Georgia Northeastern Railroad operates freight service on the former L&N tracks parallel to this route. Population growth has followed the same general pattern as well, with new suburbs in the south following the highway toward exurbs further north. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles, of which 422 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water.
Much of the water is in Lake Allatoona in the southwest. The lake is fed by the Etowah and Little rivers, other large streams such as Noonday Creek. Much of the northern part of the county begins to rise toward the foothills; the vast majority of Cherokee County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin, with only a small northwesterly corner of the county located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin. There are nine summits listed by the USGS GNIS as being in the county. From tallest to lowest, they are: These mountains are in the still-rural northern and western parts of the county. However, if considered part of metro Atlanta, Bear Mountain is the tallest in the metro area. Pickens – north Dawson – northeast Forsyth – east Fulton – southeast Cobb – south Bartow – west Gordon – northwest The five-member Board of Commissioners are elected from four districts, with an at-large county commission chair. Thus, members are elected as residents of geographic districts, but the commission chair must receive the majority vote of the county in total.
Each is elected to a four-year term. Cherokee County had voting patterns similar to most Solid South & Georgia counties prior to 1964 in presidential elections, though Democratic Party candidates did not win by as wide margins as they did in the rest of the state & the Deep South. In fact the county backed Republican candidates three times between 1900 & 1960. From 1964 on, the county has swung toward the Republicans, only failing to vote for the Republican in presidential elections since in 1968 when segregationist George Wallace appealed to anti-Civil Rights Act sentiment & in the two elections Georgian Jimmy Carter was on the ballot. In addition, unlike the inner suburban counties of the Atlanta metropolitan area, Cherokee County has continued to vote for Republicans by landslide margins as it lacks the increasing number of minority voters those counties have gained in recent years; as of the census of 2000, there were 141,903 people, 49,495 households, 39,200 families residing in the county.
The population density was 335 people per square mile. There were 51,937 housing units at an