Joseph Clark Grew was an American career diplomat and Foreign Service officer. He is best known as the ambassador to Japan between 1932-1941, as a high official in the State Department in Washington between 1944-1945, where he opposed hardliners, sought to avoid war, sought a soft Japanese surrender in 1945 that enabled a peaceful American occupation of Japan after the war. After numerous minor diplomatic appointments, Grew was the Ambassador to Denmark and Ambassador to Switzerland. In 1924, Grew became the Under Secretary of State, in this position he oversaw the establishment of the U. S. Foreign Service. Grew was the Ambassador to Turkey and the Ambassador to Japan 1932-1941, where he opposed American hardliners and recommended negotiation with Tokyo to avoid war, he was the ambassador in Tokyo at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor as well and was interned until American and Japanese diplomats were formally exchanged in 1942. On return to Washington he became the number two official in the State Department as Under Secretary, sometimes served as acting Secretary of State.
He promoted a soft peace with Japan that would allow the Emperor to maintain his status, which did become policy and which facilitated the Emperor's decision to surrender in 1945. Grew was born in Massachusetts, in May 1880 to a wealthy Yankee family, he was groomed for public service. At the age of 12 he was sent to Groton School, an elite preparatory school whose purpose was to "cultivate manly Christian character". Grew was two grades ahead of Franklin D. Roosevelt. During his youth, Grew enjoyed the outdoors, sailing and hunting during his summers away from school. Grew attended Harvard College, graduating in 1902. Following graduation, Grew made a tour of the Far East, nearly died after being stricken with malaria. While recovering in India, he became friends with an American consul there; this inspired him to abandon his plan of following in his father's career as a banker, he decided to go into diplomatic service. In 1904 he was a clerk at the consulate in Cairo and rotated through diplomatic missions in Mexico City, St. Petersburg, Berlin and again in Berlin.
He became acting chief of the State Department's Division of Western European Affairs during the war, was the secretary of the American peace commission in Paris. From April 7, 1920, until October 14, 1921, Grew served as the U. S. Ambassador to Denmark appointed by President Woodrow Wilson, he was succeeded by John Dyneley Prince. He replaced Hampson Gary as the United States Ambassador to Switzerland, appointed by President Warren Harding. In 1922, he and Richard Child acted as the American observers at the Conference of Lausanne. Grew served as Ambassador until March 1924, when Hugh S. Gibson replaced him. From April 16, 1924, until June 30, 1927, Grew served as the Under Secretary of State in Washington under President Calvin Coolidge, taking over from William Phillips. In 1927, Grew was appointed as the American ambassador to Turkey, he served in Ankara for five years from 1927 until 1932. At which point he was offered the opportunity to return to the Far East. In 1932, Grew was appointed by President Herbert Hoover to succeed William Cameron Forbes as the Ambassador to Japan, where he took up his posting on June 6.
Ambassador and Mrs. Grew had been happy in Turkey, were hesitant about the move, but decided that Grew would have a unique opportunity to make the difference between peace and war between the United States and Japan; the Grews soon became popular in Japanese society, joining clubs and societies there, adapting to the culture as relations between the two countries deteriorated. One major episode came on 12 December 1937: the USS Panay incident, where the Japanese military bombed and sank the American gunboat Panay while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking in China. Three American sailors were killed. Japan and the United States were at peace; the Japanese claimed that they did not see the American flags painted on the deck of the gunboat and paid an indemnity. The attack outraged Americans and caused U. S. opinion to turn against the Japanese. One of Grew's closest and most influential Japanese friends was Prince Iyesato Tokugawa, the president of Japan's upper house, the House of Peers.
During most of the 1930s, these two men worked together in various creative diplomatic ways to promote goodwill between their nations. The 1937 photo illustration to the right reveals them at a luncheon linked to commemorating the Japanese gifting of Cherry Blossom Trees to the U. S. in 1912. Historian Jonathan Utley argues before Pearl Harbor Grew took the position that Japan had legitimate economic and security interests in greater East Asia, he hoped that President Roosevelt and Secretary of State Hull would accommodate these through high-level negotiations; however Roosevelt and other top American officials were opposed to Japanese massive intervention in China, were negotiating agreements to send American warplanes to China and with Great Britain and the Netherlands to cut off sales of steel and oil the Japan needed for aggressive warfare. Other historians argue that Grew was putting far too much trust in the power of his moderate friends in the Japanese government. On January 27, 1941, Grew secretly cabled the State Department with rumors passed on by Peru's Minister to Japan, that "Japan military forces planned a surprise mass attack at Pearl Harbor in case of'trouble' with the United States."
Grew's own published account of 1944 said, "There is a lot of ta
Johannes Wurtz is a German professional footballer who plays as a forward for SV Darmstadt 98 in the 2. Bundesliga. Wurtz came through 1. FC Saarbrücken's youth setup, made his first-team debut in July 2011, when he replaced Ufuk Özbek in a DFB-Pokal match against FC Erzgebirge Aue, he joined SV Werder Bremen in July 2012. A year he joined SC Paderborn 07, on loan. On 14 April 2014, SC Paderborn announced, against Wurtz's will, that he would transfer to SpVgg Greuther Fürth for next season; the announcement caused huge outrage since only six days both teams would face each other and both were in bitter competition for promotion to the Bundesliga at that time. Paderborn decided to remove Wurtz from the squad against Fürth. Although he was taken back in the squad afterwards he only played five minutes at one substitution in the remaining three matches of the season. At the end of the season Paderborn was promoted and Fürth stayed in the 2. Bundesliga. At Fürth Wurtz signed a three-year contract expiring June 2017 while Werder Bremen which still held the transfer rights received a free of €200,000 and secured a repurchase option.
Commander Dr h.c. Abhilash Tomy, KC, NM is an Indian naval officer and yachtsman, known for becoming the first Indian to complete a solo, non-stop circumnavigation of the world under sail in 2013, his participation in the 2018 Golden Globe Race; the son of a Naval officer, Tomy was born in Changanacherry in Kerala. Upon completing his schooling, he joined the Naval Academy in Goa, from where he was commissioned into the navy in the year 2000, he completed his flying training in 2002, qualifying as a maritime reconnaissance pilot on the Dornier Do 228. Prior to his solo circumnavigation of the globe, Tomy had represented India in several international events including the 2011 Cape Town to Rio Race, the 2014 Spanish Copa del Rey race and two successive Korea Cups. In 2006, based on a proposal by Vice Admiral MP Awati, the navy authorised the construction of the INSV Mhadei, a sailboat, sailed solo around the world by Cdr Dilip Donde in 2009-10, making four stops - Fremantle, Port Stanley and Cape Town.
This voyage was called the Sagar Parikrama, Tomy was chosen as its shore support crew, helping Donde stock up supplies at the four ports. Based on this experience, his sailing expertise, he was chosen to helm Sagar Parikrama 2, a non-stop, unassisted circumnavigation of the globe, under sail. To prepare him for this role, in 2011, he and Cdr Dilip Donde participated in the Cape Town to Rio Race. On the return leg, Tomy sailed doubled handed from Rio to Cape Town and single handed from Cape Town to Goa, he sailed to Malaysia and Thailand, with a team of three people. On 1 November 2012, Tomy and the Mhadei were flagged off from Mumbai from the Gateway of India at Mumbai. After completing a voyage of 23,100 nautical miles, he arrived in Mumbai on 31 March 2013, having sailed around the Cape of Good Hope, Cape Horn and Cape Leeuwin, he became the first Indian, second Asian, 79th person to accomplish this feat. A ceremonial reception was given by the President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the Gateway of India on 6 April 2013.
A special National Anthem featuring his record breaking hoist of the national flag at Cape Horn on Republic Day was played in 3,000 cinemas and 455 TV channels all over the country during Independence Week in 2013, he was featured in Chivas Gentleman’s Code on Star World, several other radio and Tv programs. His four minute film, All Yours, was telecast for six months by Ten Sports Cdr Abhilash was a special invitee and the only Asian entrant in the 2018 edition of the solo non stop round the world Golden Globe Race. After 82 days Abhilash was in 3rd position when his boat was hit by a vicious storm in South Indian ocean dismasting the boat and inflicting severe injury to his spine. Cdr Abhilash was rescued after a dramatic multinational rescue effort, his grit and determination was praised by the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi during the subsequent edition of Man ki Baat. Kirti Chakra – 2013 Nau Sena Medal 2019 YAI Offshore Sailor of the Year 2009, 2013, 2018 Amrita TV Award for Outstanding Human Endurance and Courage – 2013 Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award Only Indian in the International Association of Cape Horners Mac Gregor Medal for military reconnaissance – 2013 CNS Commendation 2009 National Maritime Foundation Award Doctor of Philosophy, h.c. from Jharkhand Rai University Achievements First Indian and 2nd Asian to sail solo, non stop, around the earth Shore support for Sagar Parikrama I Yacht Services Manager of Volvo Ocean Race 2008 stopover at Kochi Podium finishes in Korea Cup 2014 and 2015 Bronze medal in YAI Nationals 2015 Author of "151 Solitary Days at Sea, Sailing Non-stop, Around the World" & "Kadal Ottakku Kshanichappol" Formerly council member of the Yachting Association of India YouTube video links Ted Talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jlAjbKyCFLY Sailing Across the Globe: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiNYNpZI6Ok