Joseph Michael Schenck was a Russian-born American film studio executive. Schenck was born to a Jewish family in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian Empire, he emigrated to New York City on July 1892 under the name Ossip Schenker. Recognizing the potential, in 1909 the Schenck brothers purchased Palisades Amusement Park and afterward became participants in the fledgling motion picture industry in partnership with Marcus Loew, operating a chain of movie theaters. In 1916, through his involvement in the film business, Joseph Schenck met and married Norma Talmadge, a top young star with Vitagraph Studios, he would be the first of her three husbands. Schenck supervised and nurtured her career in alliance with her mother. In 1917 the couple formed the Norma Talmadge Film Corporation, they divorced in 1934. After parting ways with his brother, Joseph Schenck moved to the West Coast where the future of the film industry seemed to lie. Within a few years Schenck was made the second president of the new United Artists.
The Political Graveyard reports that he was an alternate delegate from California to the 1928 Republican National Convention. In 1933 he partnered with Darryl F. Zanuck to create Twentieth Century Pictures, which merged with Fox Film Corporation in 1935; as chairman of the new 20th Century Fox, he was one of the most powerful and influential people in the film business. Caught in a payoff scheme to buy peace with the militant unions, he was convicted of income tax evasion and spent time in prison before being granted a presidential pardon. Following his release, he returned to 20th Century Fox where he became infatuated with the unknown Marilyn Monroe, played a key role in launching her career. One of the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, in 1952 he was given a special Academy Award in recognition of his contribution to the development of the film industry, he has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6757 Hollywood Blvd. Schenck retired in 1957 and shortly afterward suffered a stroke, from which he never recovered.
The South African national Australian rules football team represent South Africa in the sport of Australian rules football. The senior side represents the best South African born players as selected from clubs and leagues of AFL South Africa. South Africa had its international debut at the 2002 Australian Football International Cup but the inexperienced team went through the tournament winless, it registered its first international win in the 2005 Australian Football International Cup against Japan. Since 2007, through significant development funding and reciprocal tours, South Africa has competed against junior teams from Australia; this resulted in a dramatic improvement at senior level, with South Africa defeating Ireland by a narrow margin to place 3rd overall in the 2008 AFIC. The team is nicknamed the Lions, although at the 2002 International Cup and 2005 International Cup they were known as the Buffaloes, they have worn a different jumper at each International Cup, with the first jumper green with gold and red wings, the second green with a gold yoke, the current jumper based on the Flag of South Africa with a stylised Lion.
The team competed in the 2002 Australian Football International Cup in Melbourne, finishing in 11th place. A much improved Buffaloes outfit achieved 8th ranking at the 2005 International Cup; the Buffalo's best and fairest player is Steven Malinga. Since 2006, the team has played annually against the "Flying Boomerangs" under 18 indigenous Australian squad, with tours alternating between South Africa and the Northern Territory in Australia. On 14 April 2007, the Buffaloes played a historic match against Australia's AIS Under 17 squad at North West Cricket Stadium in Potchefstroom, South Africa; the team was soundly defeated. In that year, the Buffaloes defeated the touring Australian Convicts side. In the warm-up to the 2008 Australian Football International Cup, South Africa gave a Melbourne-based multicultural team organised by the AFL and known as "Team Africa" a football lesson. Surprising many with their skill and pace, they went on to go undefeated through the first 3 pool rounds including a win against the USA and secured a finals berth against the 2005 runners-up Papua New Guinea.
However Papua New Guinea were too good for the much improved South Africans. New Zealand 25.13 def. South Africa 0.1 Canada 4.11 def. South Africa 1.5 Samoa 12.15 def. South Africa 1.4 Ireland 15.8 def. South Africa 3.3 USA 20.12 def. South Africa 0.4 USA 9.8 def. South Africa 4.10 South Africa 4.6 def. Japan 4.4 Ireland 10.9 def. South Africa 1.4 South Africa 12.12 def. Spain 2.1 Samoa 7.8 def. South Africa 3.3 Canada 3.9 def. South Africa 2.6 Australia 23.24 def. South Africa 1.6, North West Cricket Stadium in Potchefstroom South Africa def. Australian Convicts Flying Boomerangs 19.9 def. South Africa 2.11 Flying Boomerangs 11.10 def. South Africa 8.9 South Africa 14.19 def. Team Africa 3.3 South Africa 20.26 def. China 0.0 South Africa 9.11 def. Denmark 3.2 South Africa 8.10 def. USA 5.6 Papua New Guinea 9.8 def. South Africa 2.3 South Africa 4.9 def. Ireland 5.2 Australia 23.14 def. South Africa 3.2 Flying Boomerangs 9.13 def. South Africa 8.9, Mohadin Cricket Ground, Potchefstroom Flying Boomerangs 17.10 def.
South Africa 5.6, Nyanga Cricket Ground, Cape Town Australia 26.22 def. South Africa 4.5, Cape Town South Africa 4.2 def. Denmark 1.3, Blacktown Olympic Park South Africa 18.6 def. China 0.0, Blacktown Olympic Park South Africa 14.8 def. Japan 1.4, Mona Park, Auburn South Africa 2.6 def. by United States 7.14, ANZ Stadium South Africa 7.9 def. Great Britain 2.3, Ransford Oval, Royal Park South Africa 7.10 def. Nauru 7.4, McAllister Oval, Royal Park South Africa 23.22 def. Pakistan 2.2, Ransford Oval, Royal Park South Africa 13.4 def. Tonga 2.5, Western Oval, Royal Park Papua New Guinea 7.8 def. by South Africa 8.11, St. Mary's Oval, Geelong Ireland 8.5 def. South Africa 4.4, Ransford Oval, Royal Park New Zealand 6.8 def. South Africa 6.7, Ransford Oval, Royal Park South Africa 4.4 def. by Great Britain 9.11, McAlister Oval, Royal Park South Africa 2.5 def. by United States 9.10, Wesley College, Glen Waverley South Africa 4.5 def. Fiji 3.8, Anthony Costa Oval, Geelong Papua New Guinea 16.17 def. South Africa 0.4, Ransford Oval, Royal Park South Africa 7.11 def.
Holyoke Saint Patrick's Day Parade parade is hosted every year on the Sunday of the week of Saint Patrick's Day. Each parade attracts around 400,000 spectators from all over the United States of America. Past participants have included President John F. Kennedy, two Speakers of the House and other notable officials. Drawing on the Irish heritage of Holyoke, in its earliest days known as "Ireland Parish", the inaugural Saint Patrick's Day Parade was hosted on March 16, 1952, after a group of local businessmen met at the local Brian Boru Club and proposed the idea. Since that time the Holyoke Saint Patrick's Parade Committee which has since grown to more than 100 people and presents multiple awards to distinguished citizens every year; as with the United States at-large, the parade has been participated in by people both of Irish and non-Irish heritage alike, has come to be a reflection of Holyoke's syncretic culture, an example being local vendors selling such combinations as Café con leche with Irish soda bread, wide variety of bands participating from all over the country, including but not limited to, the Aqua String Band, the Hawthorne Callaberos, the Tian Guo Marching Band.
Parade Spectator Estimates By Year Since its inaugural event in 1952, the parade has grown substantially. The event, considered as much a regional as local venue, attracts many spectators from surrounding states and Ireland itself in recent years. In 2011 the UMass Donahue Institute estimated the parade brought in $20 million dollars annually to the local economy, through its participants and spectators; each year since its first iteration, the parade has had grand marshal. Over the years a number of other awards have been created, including the Thomas Rohan Award, named for the first grand marshall, for citizens contributing outstanding work to the parade. Additional awards include the Citizenship Award honoring those of non-Irish descent who have made substantial contributions to the parade, the George E. O’Connell Award to members of the parade committee who have made longstanding efforts to fundraising, the Daniel J. Gallivan Award for others who have made significant contributions to the parade who do not reside in Holyoke, the Ambassador Award to those who promote international ties between the United States and Ireland.
The parade enjoys an audience beyond its participants, with more than 1.2 million viewers watching over the channel and online streams of local PBS affiliate WGBY, which broadcast it every year from 2001 through 2018. WWLP resumed as the broadcaster of the parade in 2019 through its CW channel, included a livestream. Other local media outlets including WGGB-TV and the Springfield Republican cover the event. History of the Irish in Holyoke Holyoke Caledonian Pipe Band, regular feature in the parade since the first and oldest continuously operating pipe band in North America Saint Patrick's Day Blais, Madelaine. "The Queen of the Green". The New York Times Magazine. Pp. 58–63. Gold, Catherine Dower. Fifty Years of Marching Together 1952-2001: A Social History of the St. Patrick's Committee of Holyoke, Massachusetts Parade. Westhampton, Mass.: Edgar C. Alward & Jean A. Alward. Past Parades. Holyoke St. Patrick's Day Parade Committee. 2001. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Wong, Hinlan. Economic Contribution Analysis of the 2011 Holyoke St. Patrick's Parade.
UMass Donahue Institute. Official website, Holyoke St. Patrick's Committee WGBY Official Stream, WGBY-57 PBS SpringfieldHolyoke St Patrick's Parade: Behind the Scenes, WGBY video chronicling setup of parade in 2010 Surrounding municipality committees organized to send delegations of honored persons and community groups as contingents to the parade- Agawam St. Patrick's CommitteeChicopee St. Patrick's Parade CommitteeGreater Easthampton St. Patrick's Day Committee, representing Easthampton and SouthamptonNorthampton St. Patrick's AssociationSpringfield St. Patrick's CommitteeSons of Erin, organizing Westfield's Parade Contingent St. Patrick's Committee of West Springfield