Park Square, Leeds
Park Square is a Georgian public square in central Leeds, West Yorkshire. The square is a traditional Georgian park; the square is in Leeds' financial quarter and is surrounded by Georgian buildings, which are occupied as offices, many by barristers and solicitors. Park Square was part of a fashionable West End housing development, known as the Park Estates, developed at the end of the eighteenth century for the upwardly mobile wealthy, to give them some distance from industry and the river, but within easy reach of the commercial centre, it was laid out from 1788, being completed in its original form in 1810 with houses'well built in the modern tradition'. Somewhat grander dwellings were available in nearby Park Place. In naming the area, the word'street' was avoided in favour of terms such as'Row','Parade','Place' and'Square', considered more prestigious, as had been done in Georgian developments such as Bath and Bristol, it featured a private garden square and a church, St Paul's, on the south side which offered exclusive pew and interment rights to the residents.
However the initial aim of a purely residential area was not maintained when a large warehouse and cloth cutting works, St Paul's House, was built in 1878 for ready-made mass production tailor John Barran on St Paul's Street, with its rear aspect taking up half the south side of the square. This was, however, in grand Arabic-Saracenic style by architect Thomas Ambler, notable as the first planned and designed clothing factory; the building was modernized and converted to offices in 1977, with a new main entrance on Park Square South. The other half of the south side of the square was taken up by St Paul's Church. In 1938 Rivers House was built on the site in Neo-Georgian style as offices for the Water Board, it is now private flats: Park Square Residences. Number 9, Park Square East is Vicarage Chambers, being on the site of the former vicarage of St Paul's Church. For much of the 20th century a major feature was a bronze statue by Alfred Drury of Circe who changed the companions of Odysseus into swine, shown around her feet.
This is Grade II listed, but was moved to the Leeds Museum in 2008. Pioneering surgeon Berkeley Moynihan had his consultancy rooms on the Square. Sir Clifford Allbutt, inventor of the clinical thermometer had his consulting rooms at number 35. After marrying in 1808, brewer Joshua Tetley settled in Park Square. City Square, Leeds Millennium Square, Leeds St Pauls House, Leeds Leodis Aerial View of Park Square in 1926 Leodis Photograph of Circe statue in 1972 Leodis Photograph of Circe statue in 1999
Beerhouse Act 1830
The Beerhouse Act 1830 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which liberalised the regulations governing the brewing and sale of beer. It was modified by subsequent legislation and repealed in 1993, it was one of the Licensing Acts 1828 to 1886. The precursor to the Beerhouse Act was the Alehouse Act 1828, which established a general annual licensing meeting to be held in every city, division and riding, for the purposes of granting licences to inns and victualling houses to sell exciseable liquors to be drunk on the premises. Enacted two years the Beerhouse Act enabled any rate-payer to brew and sell beer on payment of a licence costing two guineas; the intention was to increase competition between brewers. It resulted in the opening of thousands of new public houses and breweries throughout the country in the expanding industrial centres of the north of England. According to the Act itself, Parliament considered it was "expedient for the better supplying the public with Beer in England, to give greater facilities for the sale thereof, than was afforded by licences to keepers of Inns and Victualling Houses."
The Act's supporters hoped that by increasing competition in the brewing and sale of beer, thus lowering its price, the population might be weaned off more alcoholic drinks such as gin. But it proved to be controversial, removing as it did the monopoly of local magistrates to lucratively regulate local trade in alcohol, not applying retrospectively to those who ran public houses, it was denounced as promoting drunkenness. By 1841 licences under the new law had been issued to 45,500 commercial brewers. One factor in the Act was the dismantling of provisions for detailed recording of licences, which were restored by subsequent regulatory legislation: the Wine and Beerhouse Act 1869 and the Wine and Beerhouse Act Amendment Act 1870; the Bill itself was amended, notably in 1834 and 1840. The final remaining provisions of the Act were repealed on 11 November 1993, by the Statute Law Act 1993, s. 1, Sch. 1 Pt. XIII GroupI; the passage of the Act during the reign of King William IV led to many taverns and public houses being named in his honour.
Leeds city centre
Leeds city centre is the city centre of Leeds, England. It is within the Leeds Central parliamentary constituency, represented by Hilary Benn as MP since a by-election in 1999; the term central Leeds is used to describe the city centre, although it refers to a wider area within the Inner Ring Road. While the city centre has no formal definition, it is bounded by the Inner Ring Road to the north and the River Aire to the south and can be divided into four-quarters. Arena Quarter is a mixed city centre development with residential and office developments in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, it is located in Leeds city centre and the area is best known for housing Leeds Arena. Its location is directly north of Merrion Street in Leeds city centre; the inner ring road borders the district on both the east and north boundary, with Woodhouse Lane acting as the district's western boundary. It is made up of residential properties and developments, including Sky Plaza and Opal 3. Other major institutions are located within the Quarter, including the Yorkshire Bank HQ and the Merrion Centre.
It was announced that Hume House would be built within the Quarter, the tallest building in Yorkshire. The Calls is an area of Leeds city centre close to the River Aire, it is directly south to the west of Crown Point Road. The area's decline began in the early 20th century when Leeds' industry moved away from the centre out towards Hunslet, Holbeck and Kirkstall. From 1985 to 1995 Leeds Corporation carried out a major regeneration with a careful conversion of listed building warehouses and new build in sympathetic style for a mixed-use area. Many of the area's old industrial buildings have now been converted into modern flats and commercial buildings; the lower end of The Calls bars. The Civic Quarter is the area north of the Headrow and is predominantly home to a number of Victorian buildings. Prominent landmarks include the Leeds Magistrates' and Crown Courts, the City Library and City Gallery, Leeds Town Hall, completed in 1858 and opened by Queen Victoria. Queen Square is found here; the city's largest hospital, the Leeds General Infirmary, has been operating here since 1869.
Behind Leeds Town Hall are Leeds Civic Hall. Millennium Square was a flagship project to mark the year 2000 and hosts regular concerts, with past performers including the Kaiser Chiefs, Bridewell Taxis, HARD-Fi, Fall Out Boy and Embrace. Leeds Civic Hall was opened in 1933 by King George V and is home to the Lord Mayor's Room and the council chambers. Many barristers' chambers and solicitors' offices are found here because of the close proximity to the courts. Nearby are Leeds Metropolitan University, the University of Leeds, Leeds College of Art and the Park Lane and Technology campuses of Leeds City College; the Cultural Quarter is situated in the east of the city centre. Landmarks here include the BBC building, which moved from Woodhouse Lane just north of the city centre in August 2004, the West Yorkshire Playhouse, which opened in March 1990, Leeds College of Music, which moved to its current location in 1997, Northern Ballet which moved to the area in 2010; the Cultural Quarter is where the Royal Armouries Museum can be found, although it is more in the south of the city centre than it is the east.
The building, designed by architect Derek Walker, was built at a cost of £42.5 million and completed in two years, has since become one of the city's major tourist attractions. Leeds Dock lies on the fringes of the Cultural Quarter; the Financial Quarter is bounded by Park Row to the East, Leeds Inner Ring Road to the west, The Headrow to the north and Wellington Street to the south. It is centred on one of the green spaces in Leeds city centre; the City Centre Loop passes through the quarter, using City Square, Quebec Street, King Street and East Parade. Leeds Law School is located at Cloth Hall Court. Major names can be found in The Bank of England. In recent years, the district has grown out towards the west of the city; the recent Wellington Place development and the wider Wellington Gardens area of the city contain a number of international corporations. Wellington Place is under construction. Holbeck Urban Village was Holbeck's closest area to the centre of Leeds. Due to the expansion of the city, it is now considered part of the city centre and was rezoned as Holbeck Urban Village, following the completion of a number of developments.
Is the name given by local government and planning agencies to a mixed-use urban renewal area south of Leeds railway station in Holbeck, West Yorkshire, England. Bridgewater Place and Granary Wharf are located within Holbeck Urban Village; the new HS2 station will border this area of Leeds, why much of the area is considered prime location for development. The Victorian District known as the Shopping Quarter, extends south from the Headrow and includes Leeds' major shopping locations, it is considered the retail core of Leeds, containing Corn Exchange, Leeds Kirkgate Market, Trinity Leeds and both Victoria Gate and Victoria Quarter. The naming of the district is due to the number of Victorian buildings in the district, but the historical Briggate, one of the oldest shopping streets in Leeds. Two main shopping locations carry the "Victoria" name in the district, Victoria Quarter and Victoria Gate. Victoria Quarter is one of the oldest buildings in central Leeds and houses one of the UK's only Harvey Nichols stores
Liquor is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content; as liquors contain more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones. As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, mead, sake, or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled; these all have a low alcohol content less than 15%. Brandy is a liquor produced by the distillation of wine, has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, gin, tequila and whisky; the term "spirit" refers to liquor that contains no added sugar and has at least 20% alcohol by volume. Liquor bottled with added sugar and added flavorings, such as Grand Marnier and American schnapps, are known instead as liqueurs.
Liquor has an alcohol concentration higher than 30%. Beer and wine, which are not distilled, are limited to a maximum alcohol content of about 20% ABV, as most yeasts cannot metabolise when the concentration of alcohol is above this level; the origin of "liquor" and its close relative "liquid" was the Latin verb liquere, meaning "to be fluid". According to the Oxford English Dictionary, an early use of the word in the English language, meaning "a liquid", can be dated to 1225; the first use the OED mentions of its meaning "a liquid for drinking" occurred in the 14th century. Its use as a term for "an intoxicating alcoholic drink" appeared in the 16th century; the term "spirit" in reference to alcohol stems from Middle Eastern alchemy. These alchemists were more concerned with medical elixirs than with transmuting lead into gold; the vapor given off and collected during an alchemical process was called a spirit of the original material. Early evidence of distillation comes from Akkadian tablets dated circa 1200 BC describing perfumery operations, providing textual evidence that an early, primitive form of distillation was known to the Babylonians of ancient Mesopotamia.
Early evidence of distillation comes from alchemists working in Alexandria, Roman Egypt, in the 1st century. Distilled water was described in the 2nd century AD by Alexander of Aphrodisias. Alchemists in Roman Egypt were using a distillation alembic or still device in the 3rd century. Distillation was known in the ancient Indian subcontinent, evident from baked clay retorts and receivers found at Taxila and Charsadda in modern Pakistan, dating back to the early centuries of the Christian era; these "Gandhara stills" were only capable of producing weak liquor, as there was no efficient means of collecting the vapors at low heat. Distillation in China could have begun during the Eastern Han dynasty, but the distillation of beverages began in the Jin and Southern Song dynasties according to archaeological evidence. Freeze distillation involves freezing the alcoholic beverage and removing the ice; the freezing technique had limitations in geography and implementation limiting how this method was put to use.
The medieval Arabs used the distillation process extensively, there is evidence that they distilled alcohol. Al-Kindi unambiguously described the distillation of wine in the 9th century; the process spread to Italy, where evidence of the distillation of alcohol comes from the School of Salerno in southern Italy during the 12th century. In China, archaeological evidence indicates that the true distillation of alcohol began during the 12th century Jin or Southern Song dynasties. A still has been found at an archaeological site in Qinglong, dating to the 12th century. In India, the true distillation of alcohol was introduced from the Middle East, was in wide use in the Delhi Sultanate by the 14th century. Fractional distillation was developed by Taddeo Alderotti in the 13th century; the production method was written in code. In 1437, "burned water" was mentioned in the records of the County of Katzenelnbogen in Germany, it was served in a narrow glass called a Goderulffe. Claims upon the origin of specific beverages are controversial invoking national pride, but they are plausible after the 12th century AD, when Irish whiskey and German brandy became available.
These spirits would have had a much lower alcohol content than the alchemists' pure distillations, they were first thought of as medicinal elixirs. Liquor consumption rose in Europe in and after the mid-14th century, when distilled liquors were used as remedies for the Black Death. Around 1400, methods to distill spirits from wheat and rye beers, a cheaper option than grapes, were discovered, thus began the "national" drinks of Europe: jenever, Schnaps, borovička, akvavit/snaps, ouzo and poitín. The actual names emerged only in the 16th century, it is legal to distill beverage alcohol as a hobby for personal use in some countries, including New Zealand and the Netherlands. In the United States, it is illegal to distill beverage alcohol without
Robert Arthington was a British investor and premillennialist. He was the son of a wealthy brewery owner from, he was converted to Protestantism. Although he was an excellent student at Cambridge University, he did not earn any degree, he devoted his wealth to Christian evangelism. He committed himself to a life of tramp and a recluse, minimising his entire expenditure on his own welfare; this was due to his strong premillennialism that when the Gospel of Jesus is spread to the entire world the Second Coming of Christ would happen. He was the benefactor to the success of Baptist Missionary Society and London Missionary Society, thereby becoming the principal factor in the spread of Protestantism and formal education in the remotest parts of the world. Robert Arthington was born on 20 May 1823 in Hunslet Lane, Leeds, he was the only son among four children of Maria née Jowitt. His father was a successful brewery owner. Both his parents were committed members of the Society of Friends and were the leading figures in Leeds.
He studied at Cambridge University with excellent academic record. Following his mother and two of his sisters, he left the Society of Friends and joined the South Parade Baptist Church in 1848. Robert Sr. closed his business in 1846 to live a life of temperance. Both the parents died in 1864 leaving an inheritance of £200,000 to Robert Jr. Robert Arthington never started his own business in spite of his huge fortune. Instead, he invested his wealth in British and American railways, which catapulted him to greater wealth, he used his riches to the strengthening of missionary works. He contributed massively to Baptist Missionary Society of London, to London Missionary Society, it was only because of his philanthropic deeds that many remote parts of the world received Christianity. One of Arthington's achievements was his contribution of £1,000 to BMS to launch Congo Mission in 1877. A steamer Peace was purchased from Arthington's initial donation of £4,000 in 1880 and additional £1,000 in 1882; the project was to advance the mission at Congo River up to LMS Tanganyika Mission, funded by Arthington.
In 1884 he gave another £2,000 to BMS for extension of the mission as far as Kisangani. In 1892 he added £ 10,000 to the fund, it was further reported that Arthington was an anonymous donor of £5,000 to the Church Missionary Society to enhance mission expedition in Uganda. Arthington established his own Arthington Aborigines Mission in 1889 for evangelisation of tribal people in northeast India. Two British missionaries J. H. Lorrain and F. W. Savidge, they started teaching and preaching to the Mizo tribes of Mizoram in 1894. They helped to create the written language of the natives, textbooks and vernacular Bible; this was formal education among the Mizos. However, due to conflicting Arthington's impatience and their method of evangelism, they left the Arthington mission in 1898 to set up their own field in Arunachal Pradesh. Arthington turned his attention to the Kond people of Orissa, which resulted in mass conversion; the same mission sent William Pettigrew from Edinburgh to Manipur in 1894. However, the Raja of Manipur forbid him to preach among Meiteis in the Imphal.
He worked with great success among the remote tribes such as Tangkhul Kukis. Arthington made a total donation of £20,000 to the Leeds Hospital for Women and Children during his lifetime. In recognition of his charity a new hospital at Cookridge was named Robert Arthington Hospital, he financed the hospital and was opened in May 1905. It was running until 2008. Following his father's lifestyle, Arthington spent his life in strict moderation as a bachelor, he bought a plot of land in Headingley Lane from Misses Marshall 1868 and built a large stone house there. He moved from Hunslet to this house at 57 Headingley but occupying only a single room, he cooked his own meals, wore the same cloth for seventeen years and made friends with students who were in need. He slept on a chair, he did not allow anyone accesses except special visitors. He would not light the room for visitors, as he believed that "it was possible to speak as well in the dark as you could in the light", he limited his weekly expenditure to half crown.
This self-imposed austerity and eccentricity earned him a nickname "Headingley Miser". By his restricted expenditure he could contribute large amounts of money to Christian missions for global evanglisation, he willed his estate worth about five million dollars to the missions. His ideology was led by premillennialism that the spread of Christianity would hasten the Second Coming of Christ as foretold in the Gospel, his temperance commitment was most influence by a letter from a missionary, found among his belongings after his death. The missionary wrote, "Were I in England again, I would gladly live in one room, make the floor my bed, a box my chair, another my table, rather than the heathen should perish for the lack of knowledge of Jesus Christ." Arthington lived less like this. Robert Arthington died on 9 October 1900. In his deathbed, he requested to have read to him the Sermon on the Mount and Psalm 72. After the reading, he said, "Yes, it is all there – all!" The inscription on his tombstone bears "Robert Arthington, His life and wealth was devoted to the spread of the Gospel among the Heathen."Arthington had prepared his last will and testament on 9 Ju
Armley is a district in the west of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It starts less than 1 mile from Leeds city centre. Like much of Leeds, Armley grew in the Industrial Revolution and had several mills, one of which houses now the Leeds Industrial Museum at Armley Mills. Armley is predominantly and a working class area of the city, still retains many smaller industrial businesses, has many rows of back-to-back terraced houses, it sits in the Armley ward of Leeds City Leeds West parliamentary constituency. Armley is mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book reference to "Ristone, Ermelai". At the time there were eight villagers in Ermelai; the actual population is indeterminable as this only accounts for the'head of household'. Armley Mills, now the Leeds Industrial Museum at Armley Mills, was the world's largest woollen mill when it was built in 1788. In the 18th and 19th centuries Armley was, through its mills, a major contributor to the economy of the city of Leeds. Many of the buildings standing in and around Armley were built in the 1800s, including many of the churches, schools and houses.
Ledgard Way is named after the entrepreneur Samuel Ledgard. Armley has picturesque views over the rest of Leeds from certain vantage points. William Tetley started his business of malters in Armley in the 1740s, his grandson Joshua Tetley founded Tetley's Brewery in Hunslet in 1822. Damage caused by a raid in the Leeds Blitz in March 1941 and slum clearance schemes brought about the redevelopment of much of Armley in a programme beginning in the 1950s and finishing in the early 1970s. From the 1870s until 1956, Armley was home to the J W Roberts asbestos mattress and boiler lining factory; this facility exposed residents to asbestos fibres and resulted in a mesothelioma cancer cluster which persists to this day. One of the victims, June Hancock, launched a court action against Turner & Newall, the company that owned the J W Roberts' factory in 1993. Although the court case was successful, corporate restructuring had, as of 2005, avoided the case being settled. Hancock's story was the subject of a play, Dust, by Kenneth F. Yates, performed in Armley and at the West Yorkshire Playhouse in July 2009.
The parish church, St Bartholomew's, is home to a notable pipe organ built by the German organ builder Edmund Schulze. Built for Meanwood Towers in 1866-69, it was opened by S. S. Wesley, it was moved to St Bartholomew's in 1879. Schulze's work, this organ in particular, had enormous influence on the development of British organ building in the 19th century. Both church and organ have been restored; the smaller Christ Church is located at the end of Theaker Lane nearer the centre of Armley. Legend has it that a pedlar called Charlie used to rest and water his pony and trap in Whingate Park in the 19th century, he sold spicy shortbread to the citizens of Upper Armley for 1d a piece. Today the triangular-shaped park is known as Charley Cake Park. According to Armley Through the Camera, written in 1901, the park was "within memory of many present residents of Armley, a patch of wasteland; some of them played cricket on its turf". There were two railway stations in Armley. Armley Moor railway station on the line between Leeds and Bradford Exchange closed 1966, Armley Canal Road railway station on the line between Leeds and Shipley closed 1965.
Armley is located between the M621 motorway and the River Aire, stretching from the New Wortley roundabout to the start of the Stanningley By-pass and Cockshott Lane where it merges into Bramley. Armley Town Street includes charity shops and food and independent retailers. There are bus links to Leeds, Bradford and Huddersfield. Armley's Town Street has free off-road car parking, but parking is on-street, with few car parks in the centre. Armley's only supermarket is a LIDL on Armley Road, but Aldi in neighbouring Wortley in a five minute walk from Town Street, Wortley has an Asda and Bramley has Tesco, Aldi and Farmfoods. Towards Farnley there is a Sainsburys; the former Kwiksave store in Pudsey is now a branch of Sainsbury's. Other amenities include Armley Park, Gott's Park Golf Club and Armley Mills Industrial Museum, numerous former cinemas and churches; the old Methodist chapel is now a carpet outlet, like a similar chapel in Holbeck. There are present-day Methodist churches in Wesley Road, built in 1987, in Whingate, built in 1884.
The Wesley Road Chapel is a Local Ecumenical Partnership involving the Baptist and United Reformed Churches. The current church is the fourth on this site, where the original Methodist Wesleyan chapel stood and where John Wesley once preached. Armley's original leisure centre, based on the old Armley swimming baths, was demolished in 2009; the land is now a large car park for the new leisure centre. The closure of the original 25-metre swimming pool with redundant and unused space attracted some controversy because of the age and local architectural significance of the building; the new centre has state-of-the-art equipment. Morley and Beeston will receive new leisure centres under a programme being run by Leeds City Council. HM Prison Leeds Armley Gaol is located in Armley. Armley housing includes Victorian back-to-back houses, through terraces and tower blocks. There is much council housing, although most of the housing stock is built and dates from the 1960s. Back-to-back housing has been converted to through terraces.
Corporation residential tower blocks, built to replace older housing stock at the centre of Armley, neighbouring Wortley, are amongst the tallest in Leeds. Alfred Atkinson VC – born at A
The Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Paul, Sheffield called Sheffield Cathedral, is the cathedral church for the Church of England diocese of Sheffield, England. A parish church, it was elevated to cathedral status when the diocese was created in 1914. Sheffield Cathedral is one of five Grade I listed buildings in the city, along with Town Hall, Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet, the parish churches at Ecclesfield and Bradfield, it is located in the city centre on Church Street and served by Sheffield Supertram's Cathedral stop. It is one of three stops to be served by all tram lines; the site of the cathedral has a long history of Christian use. The shaft of the 9th-century Sheffield Cross, believed to have been sited here, is now held by the British Museum, it is probable that Sheffield's parish church, a satellite of Worksop Priory, was constructed here in the 12th century by William de Lovetot at the opposite end of the town to Sheffield Castle. This established the area of the parish of Sheffield, unchanged until the 19th century.
This church was burnt down in 1266 during the Second Barons' War against King Henry III. Another parish church was completed in 1280, but this church was demolished and rebuilt about 1430 on a cruciform floor plan; the Shrewsbury Chapel was added in the next century, a vestry chapel was added in 1777. The north and south walls of the nave were rebuilt in 1790–93 and a major restoration by Flockton & Gibbs, which included the addition of new north and south transepts, was completed in 1880; the church was dedicated to Saint Peter, but from some time after the reformation into the 19th century it was dedicated to Holy Trinity. The parish of Sheffield was subdivided into smaller parishes in 1848; the church is still the parish church for the smaller Parish of Sheffield, but in 1914 it was made the cathedral church for the newly created Diocese of Sheffield. Plans were drafted by Charles Nicholson to extend the church and reorient it on its axis, but due to World War II these were scaled down; the resulting additions leave the church an awkward shape in plan, but with an impressive south elevation.
On Thursday 2 April 2015, the Royal Maundy service was held in Sheffield Cathedral. The Queen distributed specially-minted Maundy money to 89 women; the east end of the current church is the oldest. In the east wall of the sanctuary there are stones from the 13th-century church. Dating from the 15th century are the sanctuary and chancel; the 15th-century cruciform church included lofts and a rood chapel but these were ordered to be removed by Elizabeth I. Their scars can be seen on the walls; the chancel roof dates to the 16th century and is a hammerbeam roof with gilded angels. The outstretched wings are a modern gift from the 1960s by George Bailey. In the 1770s, rebuilding included the addition of tracery into the windows and a resurfacing of the walls with moorstone; the addition of the vestry chapel of St Katherine destroyed the cruciform shape of the plan. The Shrewsbury Chapel was constructed in order to house the Tudor monuments of the Earls of Shrewsbury; the altarpiece in this chapel is considered medieval in date.
On the south wall of the Shrewsbury Chapel is the alabaster monument to George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury with its architectural surround, armoured effigy, Latin inscription. Several members of the family are buried in the vault; the monument on the left towards the sanctuary is to 4th Earl of Shrewsbury. It is made of fine marble, carved in an Italian style to depict the Earl and his two wives in positions of prayer, they are both fine examples of Tudor monuments. The east window is a monument to James Montgomery. In the 1880s further reconstruction and rebuilding removed the galleries, moved the organ to the north transept to clear the chancel, installed new oak pews; the north and south transepts and west end were extended. A screen was constructed by local craftsmen for the Shrewsbury Chapel but was modified and moved to the north aisle in the 1900s. During restoration work in 2013, it was discovered that a number of the Shrewsbury coffins were missing from the crypt. Charles Nicholson's design in the 1900s called for a radical realignment of the church axis by 90 degrees.
However and World Wars forced the designs to change. Those changes were implemented throughout the 20th century; the bulk of the changes have affected the northern part of the cathedral, extensively expanded. To the north of the nave is the chapel of Saint George, which commemorates the York and Lancaster Regiment, it is furnished with regiment flags and a screen made up of the bayonets and swords of the first regiment. Under the chapel of St George is the vaulted crypt chapel of All Saints and the Te Deum window, designed by Christopher Webb. At the furthest north end is the Chapel of the Holy Spirit with a four-part vaulting system and a beautifully painted screen; the main entrance of the church is at the expanded west end, added in 1966 when the church was rededicated. The baptism font is at this end; the lantern tower was an earlier addition to improve light but its glass was replaced by an abstract design designed by Amber Hiscott in 1998–99. In September 2010 it was announced that the cathedral would be applying for a £980,000 Heritage Lottery Fund grant to fund a £1.25 million scheme to make the building more attractive to visitors.
As of 8 February 2019: Dean — Peter Bradley Vice-Dean & Canon Precentor — Chris Burke Canon Missioner — Keith Farrow vacancy — since Burke's 2