Kurt Donald Cobain was an American singer and musician, best known as the guitarist and frontman of the rock band Nirvana. Cobain is remembered as one of the most iconic and influential rock musicians in the history of alternative music. Born in Aberdeen, Cobain formed the band Nirvana with Krist Novoselic and Aaron Burckhard in 1987 and established it as part of the Seattle music scene which became known as grunge. After signing with major label DGC Records, Nirvana found success with "Smells Like Teen Spirit" from their second album Nevermind. Following the success of Nevermind, Nirvana was labelled "the flagship band" of Generation X, Cobain was hailed as "the spokesman of a generation". During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with heroin addiction and chronic health problems such as depression, he struggled with the personal and professional pressures of fame, his marriage to musician Courtney Love. On April 8, 1994, at the age of 27, Cobain was found dead at his home in Seattle, police concluded he died on April 5 from a self-inflicted shotgun wound to his head.
Cobain has been described as a "Generation X icon". He was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, along with Nirvana bandmates Dave Grohl and Novoselic, in their first year of eligibility in 2014. In 2003, David Fricke of Rolling Stone ranked him the 12th greatest guitarist of all time, he was ranked 7th by MTV in the "22 Greatest Voices in Music". In 2006, he was placed 20th by Hit Parader on their list of the "100 Greatest Metal Singers of All Time". Cobain was born at Grays Harbor Hospital in Aberdeen, Washington on February 20, 1967, the son of waitress Wendy Elizabeth and automotive mechanic Donald Leland Cobain, his parents were married on July 1965, in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. His ancestry included Dutch, French, German and Scottish, his Irish ancestors emigrated from Carrickmore, County Tyrone in 1875. Researchers found that they were shoemakers named "Cobane", who came from Inishatieve, a townland within Carrickmore, they first settled in Cornwall, Canada, in Washington.
Cobain himself believed his family came from County Cork. His younger sister, was born on April 24, 1970. Cobain's family had a musical background, his maternal uncle, Chuck Fradenburg, played in a band called The Beachcombers. Kurt was described as being a happy and excitable child, who exhibited sensitivity and care, his talent as an artist was evident from an early age, as he would draw his favorite characters from films and cartoons, such as the Creature from the Black Lagoon and Donald Duck, in his bedroom. This enthusiasm was encouraged by his grandmother, Iris Cobain, a professional artist. Cobain began developing an interest in music at a young age. According to his aunt Mari, he began singing at the age of two. At age four, he started singing, writing a song about a trip to a local park, he listened to artists like the Ramones and Electric Light Orchestra, from a young age, would sing songs like Arlo Guthrie's "Motorcycle Song," The Beatles' "Hey Jude," Terry Jacks' "Seasons in the Sun", the theme song to the television show of the band The Monkees.
When Cobain was nine years old, his parents divorced. He said that the divorce had a profound effect on his life, while his mother noted that his personality changed dramatically. In a 1993 interview, he elaborated: I remember feeling ashamed, for some reason. I was ashamed of my parents. I couldn't face some of my friends at school anymore, because I wanted to have the classic, you know, typical family. Mother, father. I wanted that security, so I resented my parents for quite a few years because of that. Cobain's parents both found new partners after the divorce. Although his father had promised not to remarry, after meeting Jenny Westeby, he did, to Kurt's dismay. Cobain, his father and her two children and James, moved into a new household together. Cobain liked Westeby at first. In January 1979, Westeby gave birth to Chad Cobain; this new family, which Cobain insisted was not his real one, was in stark contrast to the attention Cobain was used to receiving as an only boy, he soon began to express resentment toward his stepmother.
Cobain's mother began dating a man, abusive. Cobain witnessed the domestic violence inflicted upon her, with one incident resulting in her being hospitalized with a broken arm. Wendy steadfastly refused to press charges, remaining committed to the relationship. Cobain behaved insolently toward adults during this period of his youth, began bullying another boy at school; such misconduct caused his father and Westeby to take him to a therapist, who concluded that he would benefit from a single family environment. Both sides of the family to no avail. On June 28, 1979, Cobain's mother granted full custody to his father. Cobain's teenage rebellion became overwhelming for his father, who placed his son in the care of family and friends. While living with the born-again Christian family of his friend Jesse Reed, he became a devout Christian and attended church services, he renounced Christianity, engagi
Dame Vivienne Isabel Westwood is a British fashion designer and businesswoman responsible for bringing modern punk and new wave fashions into the mainstream. Westwood came to public notice when she made clothes for Malcolm McLaren's boutique in the King's Road, which became known as "SEX", it was their ability to synthesise clothing and music that shaped the 1970s UK punk scene, dominated by McLaren's band, the Sex Pistols. She was inspired by the shock-value of punk—"seeing if one could put a spoke in the system". Westwood went on to open four shops in London expanding throughout the United Kingdom and the world, selling an varied range of merchandise, some of it linked to her many political causes such as the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, climate change and civil rights groups. Westwood was born in the village of Tintwistle, Cheshire, on 8 April 1941, the daughter of Gordon Swire and Dora Swire, who had married two years two weeks after the outbreak of World War II. At the time of Vivienne's birth, her father was employed as a storekeeper in an aircraft factory.
She attended Glossop Grammar School. In 1958, her family moved to Middlesex, she studied silversmithing at Harrow School of Art but left after one term, saying "I didn't know how a working-class girl like me could make a living in the art world". After taking up a job in a factory and studying at a teacher-training college, she became a primary school teacher. During this period, she created her own jewellery. While she continued teaching and making jewellery, this led to her discovering design when she met Malcolm McLaren who became a major inspiration to her designs in punk fashion. In 1962, she met a Hoover factory apprentice, in Harrow, they married on 21 July 1962. In 1963, she gave birth to Benjamin Westwood. Once she met Malcolm McLaren, it meant the end of Westwood's marriage to Derek. Westwood and McLaren moved to a council flat in Clapham, while living there, they had a son together in 1967, Joseph Corré. Westwood continued to teach until 1971. McLaren became manager of the punk band the Sex Pistols and subsequently the two garnered attention as the band wore Westwood's and McLaren's designs.
Westwood was one of the architects of the punk fashion phenomenon of the 1970s, saying "I was messianic about punk, seeing if one could put a spoke in the system in some way". Westwood was the designer who let her clothes speak for themselves, as independent designs and as her own statements of culture; this idea that she uses her clothing as a statement of her own is a motif consistent throughout her time as a designer. Although this is a factor as to why she was ridiculed as a designer, it was such a strong proclamation to his and her designs that she remained this way within her collections; this idea was attributed to her past collaborations with Gary Ness, who assisted Westwood throughout her designing with inspirations and titles for her collections. McLaren and Westwood's first fashion collection to be shown to press and potential international buyers was Pirate. Subsequently, the partnership of McLaren and Westwood -, underlined by the fact that both their names appeared on all labelling - showed collections in Paris and London with the thematic titles Savages, Buffalo/Nostalgia Of Mud, Punkature and Worlds End 1984.
After the partnership with McLaren was dissolved, Westwood showed one more collection featuring the Worlds End label: "Clint Eastwood". She dubbed the period 1981-85 "New Romantic" and 1988–91 as "The Pagan Years" during which "Vivienne's heroes changed from punks and ragamuffins to'Tatler' girls wearing clothes that parodied the upper class". From 1985-87, Westwood took inspiration from the ballet Petrushka to design the mini-crini, an abbreviated version of the Victorian crinoline, its mini-length, bouffant silhouette inspired the puffball skirts presented by more established designers such as Christian Lacroix. The mini-crini was described in 1989 as a combination of two conflicting ideals - the crinoline, representing a "mythology of restriction and encumbrance in woman's dress", the miniskirt, representing an "equally dubious mythology of liberation". In 2007, Westwood was called upon to design an academic gown of a prestigious academic institution, she was approached by Patricia Rawlings, Baroness Rawlings Chairperson of King's College London after King's petitioned the Privy Council for its own right to award degree-awarding powers in its own right.
In 2008, the Westwood-designed academic dresses for King's College London have been unveiled. On the gowns, Westwood commented: "Through my reworking of the traditional robe I tried to link the past, the present and the future. We are what we know."Westwood received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2008, she was made a Doctor of Letters at the campus in Galashiels for her contribution to the industry and use of Scottish textiles In July 2011, Westwood's collections were presented at the catwalk of The Brandery fashion show in Barcelona. One of Westwood’s first immersion into the fashion world began during the punk era, where she dabbled in both men’s and women’s design in uniforms which combined her forties dressmaking with touches of Savile Row, she worked with Richard Branson on this collection. These pieces were more functional designs of Westwood, as they were for work but stil
In visual arts and other mediums, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s. Prominent artists associated with minimalism include Donald Judd, John McCracken, Agnes Martin, Dan Flavin, Robert Morris, Anne Truitt, Frank Stella, it derives from the reductive aspects of modernism and is interpreted as a reaction against abstract expressionism and a bridge to postminimal art practices. Minimalism in music features repetition and gradual variation, such as the works of La Monte Young, Terry Riley, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Julius Eastman, John Adams; the term minimalist colloquially refers to anything, spare or stripped to its essentials. It has accordingly been used to describe the plays and novels of Samuel Beckett, the films of Robert Bresson, the stories of Raymond Carver, the automobile designs of Colin Chapman. Minimalism in visual art referred to as "minimal art", "literalist art" and "ABC Art" emerged in New York in the early 1960s as new and older artists moved toward geometric abstraction.
Judd's sculpture was showcased in 1964 at Green Gallery in Manhattan, as were Flavin's first fluorescent light works, while other leading Manhattan galleries like Leo Castelli Gallery and Pace Gallery began to showcase artists focused on geometric abstraction. In addition there were two seminal and influential museum exhibitions: Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculpture shown from April 27 – June 12, 1966 at the Jewish Museum in New York, organized by the museum's Curator of Painting and Sculpture, Kynaston McShine and Systemic Painting, at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum curated by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 that showcased Geometric abstraction in the American art world via Shaped canvas, Color Field, Hard-edge painting. In the wake of those exhibitions and a few others the art movement called. In a more broad and general sense, one finds European roots of minimalism in the geometric abstractions of painters associated with the Bauhaus, in the works of Kazimir Malevich, Piet Mondrian and other artists associated with the De Stijl movement, the Russian Constructivist movement, in the work of the Romanian sculptor Constantin Brâncuși.
In France between 1947 and 1948, Yves Klein conceived his Monotone Symphony that consisted of a single 20-minute sustained chord followed by a 20-minute silence – a precedent to both La Monte Young's drone music and John Cage's 4′33″. Klein had painted monochromes as early as 1949, held the first private exhibition of this work in 1950—but his first public showing was the publication of the Artist's book Yves: Peintures in November 1954. Minimal art is inspired in part by the paintings of Barnett Newman, Ad Reinhardt, Josef Albers, the works of artists as diverse as Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Giorgio Morandi, others. Minimalism was a reaction against the painterly subjectivity of Abstract Expressionism, dominant in the New York School during the 1940s and 1950s. Artist and critic Thomas Lawson noted in his 1981 Artforum essay Last Exit: Painting, minimalism did not reject Clement Greenberg's claims about modernist painting's reduction to surface and materials so much as take his claims literally.
According to Lawson, minimalism was the result though the term "minimalism" was not embraced by the artists associated with it, many practitioners of art designated minimalist by critics did not identify it as a movement as such. Taking exception to this claim was Clement Greenberg himself; the philosopher or art historian who can envision me—or anyone at all—arriving at aesthetic judgments in this way reads shockingly more into himself or herself than into my article. In contrast to the previous decade's more subjective Abstract Expressionists, with the exceptions of Barnett Newman and Ad Reinhardt, they explicitly stated that their art was not about self-expression, unlike the previous decade's more subjective philosophy about art making theirs was'objective'. In general, minimalism's features included geometric cubic forms purged of much metaphor, equality of parts, neutral surfaces, industrial materials. Robert Morris, a theorist and artist, wrote a three part essay, "Notes on Sculpture 1–3" published across three issues of Artforum in 1966.
In these essays, Morris attempted to define a conceptual framework and formal elements for himself and one that would embrace the practices of his contemporaries. These essays paid great attention to the idea of the gestalt – "parts... bound together in such a way that they create a maximum resistance to perceptual separation." Morris described an art represented by a "marked lateral spread and no regularized units or symmetrical intervals..." in "Notes on Sculpture 4: Beyond O
Missoni is a high-end Italian fashion house based in Varese, known for its colorful knitwear designs. The company was founded by Ottavio and Rosita Missoni in 1953; the business was founded in 1953, when Ottavio and Rosita Missoni set up a small knitwear workshop in Gallarate, Italy. They presented their first collection under the Missoni label in Milan in 1958; the business prospered, with the support of fashion editor Anna Piaggi at Arianna magazine. Rosita met the French stylist Emmanuelle Khanh in New York in 1965, which led to a collaboration and a new collection the following year. In April 1967, they were invited to show at the Pitti Palace in Florence. Rosita told the models to remove their bras because they were the wrong color, showed through the thin lamé blouses; the material caused a sensation. The Missonis were not invited back the following year. Missoni designs were championed in the USA by Diana Vreeland, editor of American Vogue, a Missoni boutique was opened in Bloomingdales. Missoni reached the peak of its influence in the fashion world in the early 1970s.
Tai Missoni became more interested in other projects, designing costumes for La Scala and tapestries. Rosita Missoni lost interest in fashion in the 1990s and was succeeded by her daughter Angela in 1998 while Rosita took over Missoni Home. On 13 September 2011, Missoni made headlines when Target Stores offered low-cost variants of Missoni products in their stores and on their website. Most items sold out within 24 hours, there were long queues outside stores and the Target website was overloaded; some items appeared at higher prices on eBay within hours and Target did not restock. In February 2014, Angela Missoni hired Rossella Jardini, former creative director of Moschino, as a consultant. In 2017, Jennifer Lopez teamed up with Missoni along with Women’s Cancer Research Fund and Saks Fifth Avenue to set a fund raise for cancer research. Lopez will help promote the $35 limited-edition Missoni tees, the profits will go to 12 different cancer charities. Missoni brands include Missoni Sport, licensed out, brought in-house in January 2002, is now discontinued.
Missoni Home has its roots in furnishing fabrics produced in 1981 in collaboration with Rosita's family firm. They launched their first perfume in 1982. In November 2005, Missoni and the Rezidor Hotel Group signed an agreement to create Hotel Missoni, with plans to have 30 hotels open or in development by 2012, their Edinburgh hotel has been rebranded as Radisson Collection Edinburgh. The hotel agreement ceased in 2014. In 2017, Missoni Baia, Missoni's first venture into residential real estate development, broke ground in Miami, Florida; the 249 unit complex will be completed by the end of 2020. In 1996 the Missonis transferred control of the business to their three children: Vittorio Missoni became marketing director. Margherita Missoni used to both model for Missoni as well. Today she runs her own line of children's clothing, not associated with Missoni SpA. On 4 January 2013 a plane carrying Vittorio Missoni CEO of Missoni, went missing off the coast of Venezuela. On 27 June 2013, the Venezuelan government announced that remains of the aircraft had been found north of Los Roques archipelago.
Vittorio's body was recovered along with those of the other passengers. Sanai, Darius. "Go Faster Stripes". LUX Magazine. Retrieved 6 March 2014
Björk Guðmundsdóttir is an Icelandic singer, composer, record producer, DJ. Over her four-decade career, she has developed an eclectic musical style that draws on a range of influences and genres spanning electronic, experimental, trip hop, IDM, avant-garde music. Born and raised in Reykjavík, she began her music career at age 11 and first gained international recognition as the lead singer of the alternative rock band the Sugarcubes, whose 1987 single "Birthday" was a hit on US and UK indie stations and a favourite among music critics. After the band's breakup, Björk embarked on a solo career in 1993, coming to prominence as a solo artist with albums such as Debut and Homogenic, while collaborating with a range of artists and exploring a variety of multimedia projects. Several of Björk's albums have reached the top 20 on the Billboard 200 chart, the most recent being Vulnicura. Björk has had 31 singles reach the top 40 on pop charts around the world, with 22 top 40 hits in the UK, including the top 10 hits "It's Oh So Quiet", "Army of Me", "Hyperballad".
She is reported to have sold between 20 and 40 million records worldwide as of 2015. She has won the 2010 Polar Music Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in recognition of her "deeply personal music and lyrics, her precise arrangements and her unique voice." Björk was included in Time's 2015 list of the 100 most influential people in the world. She was ranked both sixtieth and eighty-first in Rolling Stone's 100 greatest singers and songwriters lists respectively. Björk won five BRIT Awards, has been nominated for 15 Grammy Awards. Outside her music career, Björk starred in the 2000 Lars von Trier film Dancer in the Dark, for which she won the Best Actress Award at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival, was nominated for Academy Award for Best Original Song for "I've Seen It All", her 2011 album Biophillia was marketed as an interactive app album with its own education program. Björk has been an advocate for environmental causes in her home country Iceland. A full-scale retrospective exhibition dedicated to Björk was held at the New York Museum of Modern Art in 2015.
Björk was born on 21 November 1965 in Reykjavík. Björk's mother is activist Hildur Rúna Hauksdóttir, who protested against the development of Iceland's Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant. Björk's father is a union leader and electrician, they divorced when Björk was born and she moved with her mother to a commune. Her stepfather is a former guitarist in a band called Pops. At six, Björk enrolled at Reykjavík school Barnamúsíkskóli, where she studied classical piano and flute. After a school recital in which Björk sang Tina Charles' 1976 hit "I Love to Love", her teachers sent a recording of her singing the song to the RÚV radio station – Iceland's only radio station; the recording was nationally broadcast and, after hearing it, a representative of the Fálkinn record label offered Björk a recording contract. Her self-titled début, Björk, was recorded and released in Iceland in December 1977 when she was 11 years old. During her teens, after the diffusion of punk rock music in Iceland, she formed the all-girl punk band Spit and Snot.
A year in 1980, she formed a jazz fusion group called Exodus and collaborated in another group called JAM80. During the same year she graduated from music school. In 1982, she and bassist Jakob Magnússon formed another group, Tappi Tíkarrass, released EP Bitið fast í vitið, in August 1982, their album Miranda was released in December 1983. The group was featured in the documentary Rokk í Reykjavík, with Björk being featured on the cover of the VHS release. Around this time, Björk met guitarist Þór Eldon and surrealist group Medusa, which included poet Sjón, with whom she started a lifelong collaboration and formed a small group called Rokka Rokka Drum. Björk appeared as a featured artist on "Afi", a track from the Björgvin Gíslason 1983 record Örugglega. Due to the imminent discontinuance of radio show Áfangar, two radio personalities, Ásmundur Jónsson and Guðni Rúnar, called out to musicians to play on a last live radio show. Björk joined with Einar Melax, Einar Örn Benediktsson, Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson and Sigtryggur Baldursson, Birgir Mogensen to perform on the concert.
The group developed a gothic rock sound. During this experience, Björk began to develop her vocalisation -- punctuated by shrieks; the project performed as Gott kvöld during the concert but decided to keep playing together as a group and they used the name Kukl. Björk's acquaintance gave the group their studio to record in and released their first single in 1983, their first big performance was at a festival in Iceland, headlined by English anarchist punk band Crass, whose record label, Crass Records offered the band a record deal. The Eye was released in 1984 and was followed by a two-month tour in Europe, which included a performance at Roskilde Festival in Denmark, making Kukl the first Icelandic band to play at the festival. During this period Björk published a hand-coloured book of poems. Um Úrnat frá Björk was distributed in 1984. In 1985, Björk continued touring with Kukl, their second album, called Holidays in Europe, came out in 1986. The band split up due to personal conflict, with Björk keeping a collaboration with Óttarsson, named The Elgar Sisters.
Some of the songs they recorded ended up as B-sides to Björk solo singles. I
Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known as Pelé, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward. He is regarded by many in the sport, including football writers and fans, as the greatest player of all time. In 1999, he was voted World Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the Century award; that same year, Pelé was elected Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee. According to the IFFHS, Pelé is the most successful domestic league goal-scorer in football history scoring 650 goals in 694 League matches, in total 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and is a Guinness World Record. During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the best-paid athlete in the world. Pelé began playing for Santos at age 15 and the Brazil national team at 16. During his international career, he won three FIFA World Cups: 1958, 1962 and 1970, being the only player to do so.
Pelé is the all-time leading goalscorer for Brazil with 77 goals in 92 games. At club level he is the record goalscorer for Santos, led them to the 1962 and 1963 Copa Libertadores. Known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football, Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world, his teams toured internationally in order to take full advantage of his popularity. Since retiring in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide ambassador for football and has made many acting and commercial ventures. In 2010, he was named the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos. Averaging a goal per game throughout his career, Pelé was adept at striking the ball with either foot in addition to anticipating his opponents' movements on the field. While predominantly a striker, he could drop deep and take on a playmaking role, providing assists with his vision and passing ability, he would use his dribbling skills to go past opponents. In Brazil, he is hailed as a national hero for his accomplishments in football and for his outspoken support of policies that improve the social conditions of the poor.
Throughout his career and in his retirement, Pelé received several individual and team awards for his performance in the field, his record-breaking achievements, legacy in the sport. Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on 23 October 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho and Celeste Arantes, he was the elder of two siblings. He was named after the American inventor Thomas Edison, his parents decided to remove the "i" and call him "Edson", but there was a mistake on the birth certificate, leading many documents to show his name as "Edison", not "Edson", as he is called. He was nicknamed "Dico" by his family, he received the nickname "Pelé" during his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name did his old friends. Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, that it is Hebrew for "miracle", the word has no known meaning in Portuguese.
Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru in the state of São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his father, he could not afford a proper football and played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper and tied with a string or a grapefruit, he played for several amateur teams in his youth, including Sete de Setembro, Canto do Rio, São Paulinho, Amériquinha. Pelé led Bauru Athletic Club juniors to two São Paulo state youth championships. In his mid-teens, he played. Indoor football had just become popular in Bauru, he was part of the first Futebol de Salão competition in the region. Pelé and his team won several others. According to Pelé, indoor football presented difficult challenges. Pelé accredits indoor football for helping. In addition, indoor football allowed him to play with adults. In one of the tournaments he participated, he was considered too young to play, but went on to end up top scorer with fourteen or fifteen goals. "That gave me a lot of confidence", Pelé said, "I knew not to be afraid of whatever might come".
In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world." Pelé impressed Santos coach Lula during his trial at the Estádio Vila Belmiro, he signed a professional contract with the club in June 1956. Pelé was promoted in the local media as a future superstar, he made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match. When the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil national team. After the 1958 and the 1962 World Cup, wealthy Euro
Festival international du livre d'art et du film
The International Art Books and Films Festival or FILAF, is an international festival about artbooks and films which takes place annually in Perpignan since 2011. Its goal is to award the best books and films about art produced each year in the world. Noting the world absence of a real event only interested in the art book, in the field of art film, the Cogito Association and its president Sébastien Planas created the international artbooks and films festival in Perpignan, whose first edition took place in June 2011The aim of the festival is to present to the general public a selection of the best books and films on art published or produced during the past year on an international scale. Authors, directors and selected artists are invited to Perpignan to present their work. A week of conferences, readings, workshops for children, professional round tables, thematic evenings, allows the world of art to meet and present its most important productions; the Festival relies on a scientific professional committee, recognized in each of their disciplines, responsible for selection throughout the year.
It mobilizes an annually renewed jury which, at the end of the festival, awards the Gold FILAF, the Silver FILAF and the Special Jury Prize. Between 2011 and 2016, many must-have celebrities participated to the scientific committee for the selection of books and films: Xavier Canonne, Hélène Joubert, Philippe Régnier, Guillaume Faroult, Pierre Jaubert, Florence Viguier, Eberhard Hinkel, Hervé Lœvenbruck, Chantal Herrmann, André Delpuech, Bernard Benoliel or Laurence Des Cars. In 2018 the scientific committee is composed of: Didier Brousse, Didier Ottinger, Alexandre Curnier, Samuel Hoppe, Pierre Samoyault, Stéphane Corréard, Alba Zamolo, Patricia Falguières 2012Catherine Millet, editor-in-chief of the art review art press and Honorary President of the jury Fabrice Hergott, director at Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Guillaume Houzé, sponsorship director in Galeries Lafayette Group Xavier Cannone, director at Photography Museum in Charleroi Pierre Thoretton, filmmaker.2013Robert Storr, art critic and Honorary President of the jury Jean-Paul Boucheny and producer Jennifer Flay, director at FIAC Paris Line Ouellet, director at Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec Éric de Chassey, director at the French Academy in Rome Laurent Le Bon, director at the Picaso Museum in Paris Marta Gili, director at Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume in Paris.2014Stéphane Corréard, director of the Contemporary art fair in Montrouge and Jury President Laure Flammarion, filmmaker Laurent Brancowitz, musician in the band Phoenix and collector Simon Baker, photography curator at the Tate Modern in London Luciano Rigolini, producer at Arte Patricia Falguières, art historian and president of the Centre national des arts plastiques.2015Albert Serra, Catalan filmmaker and Jury President Aurélien Bellanger, Prix de Flore 2014 Dominique Païni, art critic and curator Anne Tronche, art critic Nazanin Pouyandeh, Iranian artist.2016> Book jury Jean-Hubert Martin and Jury President Chiara Parisi, director of the cultural action at Monnaie de Paris Olivier Gabet, director at Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris Marco Velardi, editor-in-chief of the art and design review Apartamento.> Film jury Charles de Meaux, producer, co-founder at Ana Sanders Films and Jury President Catherine Derosier-Pouchous, producer for the film productions in Musée du Louvre, Paris Jean-Pierre Devillers, filmmaker Matthieu Copeland, curator and co-founder at Ana Sanders Films2017> Book jury Nicolas Bourriaud, Director of the Montpellier Contemporain and President of the jury Florence Loewy, eponym gallery and library in Paris Grégoire Robinne, Fondator of Dilecta's editions Nicolas Daubanes, artist>Film jury Clément Cogitore, movie director and President of the jury Colette Barbier, Directress of the Ricard business foundation Vicenç Altaió, actor Thomas Levy-Lasne, author and scenarist2018 >Book jury Bernard Marcadé, art critic and expository commissioner Léa Bismuth, art critic and expository commissioner Eric Mangion, director of the Art Center of the Arson Villa in Nice Arnaud Labelle-Rojaux and artist>Film jury Cristian Mungiu, film director, Romanian scenarist and producer and President of the jury Virginie Jacquet, Directress of the gallery and the librairie du Jour agnès b Eduard Escoffet, Catalan poet Valérie Mréjen, novelist and visual artist 2012: Matali Crasset, Yves Michaud, Ferran Adrià, Werner Hoffman 2013: Nathalie Heinich, Miquel Barceló 2014: Joan Roca i Fontané 2015: Philippe Djian 2016: Michel Houellebecq, Matali Crasset, Julien Carreyn, Enrique Vila-Matas, Gérard Garouste 2018: Gilles Barbier, Nicolas Godin, Luke Rhinehart 2011: Jean-Paul Boucheny 2012: Adrian Maben 2013: Juergen Teller 2014: Daniel Buren, André S. Labarthe, Roman Signer 2015: Sophie Calle, Agnès Varda, Alain Fleischer 2016: Bertrand Lavier, Kenneth Goldsmith 2017: Jef Cornelis, Annette Messager, Jean-Michel