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Ziziphus jujuba called jujube, red date, Chinese date, is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family. It is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching a height of 5–12 metres with thorny branches; the leaves are shiny-green, ovate-acute, 2–7 centimetres long and 1–3 centimetres wide, with three conspicuous veins at the base, a finely toothed margin. The flowers are 5 mm wide, with five inconspicuous yellowish-green petals; the fruit is an edible oval drupe 1.5–3 centimetres deep. There is a single hard kernel, similar to an olive pit, containing two seeds, its precise natural distribution is uncertain due to extensive cultivation, but is thought to be in southern Asia, between Lebanon, northern India, southern and central China, also southeastern Europe though more introduced there. This plant has been introduced in Madagascar and grows as an invasive species in the western part of the island; this plant is known as the "hinap" or "finab" in the eastern part of Bulgaria where it grows wild but is a garden shrub, kept for its fruit.

The fruit is picked in the autumn. The trees grow wild in the eastern Caribbean, are reported to exist in Jamaica, The Bahamas, Trinidad as well. In Antigua and Barbuda, the fruit is called "dumps" or "dums", it is known as "pomme surette" on the French islands of the Caribbean. This fruit, more known as "Indian jujube" elsewhere, is different from the "jujube" fruit, cultivated in various parts of southern California. Altun Ha an ancient Mayan city in Belize, located in the Belize District about 50 kilometres north of Belize City and the surrounding woods boasts some jujube tree and shrub varieties where it is referred to as plums for lack of a better word among locals; the species has a curious nomenclatural history, due to a combination of botanical naming regulations, variations in spelling. It was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus as Rhamnus zizyphus, in Species Plantarum in 1753. In 1768, Philip Miller concluded it was sufficiently distinct from Rhamnus to merit separation into a new genus, which he named Ziziphus jujube, using Linnaeus' species name for the genus but with a accidental single letter spelling difference, "i" for "y".

For the species name, he used a different name. However, because of Miller's different spelling, the combination the earlier species name with the new genus, Ziziphus zizyphus, is not a tautonym, was therefore permitted as a botanical name; this combination was made by Hermann Karsten in 1882. In 2006, a proposal was made to suppress the name Ziziphus zizyphus in favor of Ziziphus jujuba, this proposal was accepted in 2011. Ziziphus jujuba is thus the correct scientific name for this species. In Arabic-speaking regions the jujube and alternatively the species Z. lotus are related to the lote-trees which are mentioned in the Quran, while in Palestine it is rather the species Z. spina-christi, called sidr. Varieties of jujube include Li, Sherwood, Silverhill, So, Shui Men and GA 866. Jujube was domesticated in south Asia by 9000 BC. Over 400 cultivars have been selected; the tree tolerates a wide range of temperatures and rainfall, though it requires hot summers and sufficient water for acceptable fruiting.

Unlike most of the other species in the genus, it tolerates cold winters, surviving temperatures down to about −15 °C and the tree is for instance cultivated in Beijing. This enables the jujube to grow in mountain or desert habitats, provided there is access to underground water throughout the summer; the jujube, Z. jujuba grows in cooler regions of Asia. Five or more other species of Ziziphus are distributed in milder climates to hot deserts of Asia and Africa. In Madagascar, jujube trees grow extensively in the western half of the island, from the north all the way to the south, it is eaten by free-ranging zebus, its seeds grow in zebu feces. It is an invasive species there, threatening protected areas; the freshly harvested, as well as the candied dried fruit, are eaten as a snack, or with coffee. Smoked jujubes are referred to as black jujubes. Both China and Korea produce a sweetened tea syrup containing jujube fruit in glass jars, canned jujube tea or jujube tea in the form of teabags. To a lesser extent, jujube fruit is made into jujube vinegar.

They are used for making pickles in west Bangladesh. In China, a wine made from jujube fruit is called hong zao jiu. Sometimes pieces of jujube fruit are preserved by storing them in a jar filled with baijiu, which allows them to be kept fresh for a long time through the winter; such jujubes are called jiu zao. The fruit is a significant ingredient in a wide variety of Chinese delicacies. In Vietnam and Taiwan mature, nearly ripe fruit is harvested and sold on the local markets and exported to Southeast Asian countries; the dried fruit is used in desserts in China and Vietnam, such as ching bo leung, a cold beverage that includes the dried jujube, fresh seaweed and lotus seeds. In Korea, jujubes are called daechu an


Zoophoria is a board game designed by Jim Billingham, published in 2014 by JLS Games. It is a family strategy game. A game of Zoophoria takes place over seven rounds. Players start with three employees and two secret targets; each day, a new selection of animals, buildings, food supplies and more will be available. Players will draft three items from the 19 available as new additions to their habitat. Strategy and planning must be used to create a habitat that can manage the daily food and trash production. If the growing collection of animals is fed and remain healthy, the habitat is kept clean, visitors will come to enjoy the zoo. Over 90 animals from around the world are available to build your habitat. Earn extra visitors by creating themed exhibits containing mammals, birds, endangered species and more. Over 50 unique employees and buildings are available to provide assistance. Upgrade or add a new keeper to produce more food. Install trash cans and recycling bins to keep the zoo clean. Enlist veterinarians to ensure animals don’t get sick.

Add restaurants, photo spots, souvenir stands or other guest services to attract more visitors. The player who attracts the most visitors to the zoo will win the challenge and earn the title, Director of Zoophoria. An expansion is under development. A Tabletopia version was published in March 2016. Zoophoria on Tabletopia Over 90 unique animals from around the world available. Over 50 unique employees and buildings are available Official Website Official Website Facebook Page Facebook Page Zoophoria at BoardGameGeek Zoophoria on Tabletopia YouTube video of game play run through on Tabletopia YouTube video intro for Zoophoria Zoophoria on the Game Crafter

Joy of All Who Sorrow

In Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Christianity, the Joy of All Who Sorrow is a title given to the Theotokos. The iconography is Russian, without Byzantine precedent, it is a type of icon that depicts the Theotokos in a specific manner, standing beneath her Son, in Heaven as a king, surrounded by people and angels. In addition, specific hymns are dedicated to celebrating her role of bringing hope and salvation into the world, thus becoming joy for all who sorrow: "To Thee, the champion leader, do we Thy servants dedicate a hymn of victory and thanksgiving, as ones who have been delivered from eternal death by the Grace of Christ our God Who was born of Thee and by Thy maternal mediation before Him; as Thou dost have invincible might, free us from all misfortunes and sorrowful circumstances who cry aloud:Rejoice, O Virgin Theotokos, full of Grace, Joy of all who sorrow!". Many Orthodox parishes are named "Joy of all who Sorrow" and specific commemoration of the Joy of all who Sorrow is on July 23, on Orthodox calendars.

Joy of All Who Sorrow on OrthodoxWiki

Mona Das

Mona Das is an American politician from the state of Washington. She has represented the 47th district in the Washington State Senate since 2019. Das was born in Munger, India, her family immigrated to the United States. She graduated from the University of Cincinnati with a Bachelor of Arts in psychology, she received a Master of Business Administration in sustainable business from Pinchot University in 2012. At an Chamber of Commerce event, Das claimed that the Democratic Caucus was racist and sexist behind closed doors; this was reported on by someone from the Kent Reporter. Das on her FB claimed that she had been mischaracterized by this reporter, threatened to use her political position to created some legal ramifications in Washington State, for what she did not clarify; the full video of the event and her statements emerged and she had to walk back her admonition of the reporter. The Dem Party did a formal investigation of her claimed about the Dem Party Caucus, including the interview of women and people of color in the party, found them to be untrue.

In 2018 she ran for the Washington State Senate in the 47th district against Senator Joe Fain. She narrowly won the election. Das’s father is from Dariapur, in Kharagpur, Munger district in Bihar, India. Profile at Vote Smart

The Fortnightly Review

The Fortnightly Review was one of the most prominent and influential magazines in nineteenth-century England. It was founded in 1865 by Anthony Trollope, Frederic Harrison, Edward Spencer Beesly, six others with an investment of £9,000. George Henry Lewes, the partner of George Eliot, was its first editor, followed by John Morley; the print magazine ceased publication in 1954. An online "new series" started to appear in 2009; the Fortnightly Review aimed to offer a platform for a range of ideas, in reaction to the partisan journalism of its day. Indeed, in announcing the first issue of the Fortnightly in the Saturday Review of 13 May 1865, G. H. Lewes wrote, "The object of THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW is to become the organ of the unbiassed expression of many and various minds on topics of general interest in Politics, Philosophy and Art." But by the time Lewes left due to ill health and was replaced by 28-year-old John Morley, the Fortnightly had become known as a partisan and Liberal magazine. It was one of the first publications to name the authors of its articles at a time when work appeared anonymously or under a pseudonym.

As might be expected from its name, it appeared every two weeks during its first year, at 2 shillings a copy, but was published monthly thereafter. John Sutherland called it an English Revue des Deux Mondes and noted that it was "pitched at a higher level than other English journals of its class"; the Fortnightly prospered under John Morley, its sales increasing to 2,500 by 1872. Morley, a liberal, published articles favouring reform in academia, work place relations, female emancipation and religion. A host of famous and soon-to-be-famous literary figures were featured in its pages, with three novels by Anthony Trollope and two by George Meredith appearing in serial form; the first novel serialised in the magazine was Trollope's The Belton Estate, from 15 May 1865 to 1 January 1866. Trollope's The Eustace Diamonds and his radical novel Lady Anna made their first appearance there; the Fortnightly published the poetry of Algernon Charles Swinburne, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Morris. Morley fell out of favour with the more conservative publishers of the journal and was replaced by T. H. S. Escott in 1882.

The new editor published political articles from across the spectrum in a return to the Review's original intention. Ill health forced him to relinquish the reins in 1886 when Frank Harris took over for eight successful years. Houghton reports that "almost every distinguished English writer and critic of the day was among his contributors". Harris' liberal views led to his replacement as editor in 1894 by the long serving W. L. Courtney, who featured work from some of the giants of early 20th century literature, including James Joyce, W. B. Yeats, Ezra Pound. In addition to literature and politics, the magazine published several articles on science, notably astronomy, animal behaviour and topical issues of instinct and morality. Oscar Wilde's aphoristic preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray was published in the March 1891 issue; the Fortnightly Review published several ghost stories by Oliver Onions. The print magazine ceased publication in 1954. In 2009 a group of British and American scholars and writers, including philosopher Anthony O'Hear, director of the Royal Institute of Philosophy, began publication of a "new series" online at, with the aim of extending Lewes's original editorial ambitions to modern politics, philosophy and art.

New articles are sometimes juxtaposed with significant archival material. In partnership with the University of Kansas, where Harris once attended, the Fortnightly publishes the winning essay of the Trollope Prize and a series of books and monographs under its "Odd Volumes" imprint; the current editors are Denis Boyles. Turner, Mark. "Hybrid Journalism: Women and the progressive Fortnightly". In Kate Campbell. Journalism and Modernity: From Hazlitt to Modernism. Edinburgh University Press. Pp. 72–90. ISBN 0748621024. Everett, Edwin Mallard; the Party of Humanity: The Fortnightly Review and Its Contributors, 1865–1874. Russell and Russell. ISBN 0846215381. Houghton, Walter, ed. "The Fortnightly Review". The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824–1900. Vol. 2. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 1966. Pp. 173–183. Sullivan, Alvin, ed. "The Fortnightly Review". British Literary Magazines, Vol. 3. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983-. Pp. 131–135. The Fortnightly Review Rossetti Archive of selected volumes. Abstract of Science articles

Osborn House

The Osborn House is a historic house at 456 Rock Street in Fall River, built in the Greek Revival style. The house was designed by Rhode Island architect Russell Warren for Joseph Durfee in 1843. Four years after the house was built, Joseph Durfee died, the house was occupied by his daughter Elizabeth who had married William Carr in 1848. In 1880 the Carr's daughter Delia married James Osborn; the house remained in the Osborn family until 1951 when it was given to the Presbyterian Church, next door. The church sold the house in 1977 to Federico Santi & John Gacher who restored the house and had it placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, they sold the house in 1985. Today, the house is occupied by several offices, is known as the Carr-Osborn House. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fall River, Massachusetts Highlands Historic District List of historic houses in Massachusetts Website on Carr Osborn House