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Julia Tuttle

Julia DeForest Tuttle was an American businesswoman who owned the property upon which Miami, was built. For this reason, she is called the "Mother of Miami." She is the only woman to found a major American city. Julia Sturtevant was the daughter of a Florida planter and state senator, she married Frederick Leonard Tuttle on January 22, 1867. They had two children: a daughter, Frances Emeline, a son, Henry Ethelbert. Julia Tuttle first visited the Biscayne Bay region of southern Florida in 1875 with her husband, visiting a 40-acre orange grove her father had purchased, she loved the experience, but returned to Cleveland, with her family. Tuttle came to Fort Dallas, from Cleveland, Ohio, on a steamship after her father and mother had moved to South Florida. A little over ten years in 1886, her husband died. Upon his death, she found; this placed Julia in dire financial straits. To supplement her small income, she had to turn their four-story home into a boarding house and tearoom for young ladies. In 1890, when her father died and left her his land in Florida, she sold her home in Cleveland and relocated to Biscayne Bay.

Tuttle used the money from her parents' estate to purchase the James Egan grant of 640 acres, where the city of Miami is now located, on the north side of the river, including the old Fort Dallas stone buildings, the two-story rock house built by Richard Fitzpatrick's slaves some 50 years earlier. This was converted into her home. In 1891, Tuttle brought her family to live there, she repaired and converted the home into one of the show places in the area with a sweeping view of the river and Biscayne Bay. Tuttle decided to take a leading role in the movement to start a new city on the Miami River, but knew that a decent transportation was necessary to attract development. Tuttle tried to induce Henry Flagler to extend his railroad to Fort Dallas, offered to divide her large real estate holdings if he would do this, she wanted to extend it to that place. She wrote numerous letters to Flagler in this connection and made the trip to St. Augustine and in person repeated her offer, her efforts were of no avail at that time.

The Great Freeze of 1894-1895 devastated the old orange belt of central and northern Florida, destroying valuable groves and wiping out fortunes overnight. Either Flagler recalled Tuttle's story of the tropical Biscayne Bay weather and sent some men to investigate, or Tuttle alerted Flagler that the freeze had spared the Miami River, sending as evidence a bouquet of flowers and foliage to Flagler, whose order to extend the Florida East Coast Railway was given. On February 15, 1896, Joseph B. Reilly, John Sewell, E. G. Sewell, the vanguard of the Flagler forces and the work of building the Royal Palm Hotel was commenced. Under an agreement between the two, Tuttle supplied Flagler with the land for a hotel and a railroad station for free, they split the remainder of her 640 acres north of the Miami River in alternating sections. On April 22, 1896, train service of the Florida East Coast Railway came to the area. On July 28, male residents voted to incorporate Miami. Thereafter, the city grew from a small town to a metropolis.

In 1898, Tuttle fell ill with apparent meningitis. Plans were made to move her to Asheville, North Carolina, by rail for treatment, but her condition deteriorated before she could be transported, she died on September 14, 1898, at age 49. Her funeral took place at her Fort Dallas home, she was buried in a place of honor at the City of Miami Cemetery. Tuttle died leaving a large amount of debt the result of her altruistic land grants to Flagler, her children sold her remaining land to pay off the debt. For that reason, her name was forgotten until it was placed on a causeway for Interstate 195 over Biscayne Bay. In contrast, the name of William Brickell, a large landowner on the south side of the Miami River who contributed to Tuttle's efforts to incorporate the city, was used on the south side of what became Miami. Just as Tuttle is called the Mother of Miami, Flagler became known as the Father of Miami. Coincidentally, both Tuttle and Flagler had lived in Cleveland, where they first met. In addition to the Julia Tuttle Causeway, the memory of Tuttle has been honored with a sculpture in Bayfront Park, by Daub and Firmin.

Akin, Edward N.. The Cleveland Connection: Revelations from the John D. Rockefeller - Julia Tuttle Correspondences. In Tequesta: the Journal of the Historical Association of Southern Florida, no. XLII. Frank, Andrew K. Before the Pioneers: Indians, Settlers and the Founding of Miami Peters, Thelma. Biscayne Country, 1870-1926. Miami, Fla.: Banyan Books, c1981. Tuttle Family Papers. Finding aid. Wiggins, Larry; the Birth of the City of Miami. In Tequesta: the Journal of the Historical Association of Southern Florida, no. LV

Willem De Looper

Willem Johan de Looper was an American abstract artist, chief curator at The Phillips Collection. Willem de Looper, born October 30, 1932, was the third child of Wilhelmina Johanna and Henri Bastiaan de Looper, he had a Montessori education. During the German occupation of the Netherlands during World War II, the family moved three times, once settling with a family friend, a musician; this started a lifelong love of music that would influence de Looper's visual art. As the war ended and American publications, like The New Yorker, Saturday Evening Post, Life became available, de Looper immersed himself in their content and spent a great deal of time copying the illustrations, he developed a fascination with and love of America and American culture. In 1950, at age 17, de Looper immigrated to Washington, D. C. joining his older brother Hans who worked at the International Monetary Fund. He started an undergraduate education in business and economics and changed his major to art. At American University de Looper studied with Robert Gates, Sarah Marindah Baker, Ben Summerford.

De Looper continued to live with his brother during his university years and his brother financed his education. He traveled home to visit his parents as well as Dutch art museums. After graduating from American University in 1957, de Looper served two years in the U. S. Army in Germany. During his tour in Europe, in 1958, he attended the Brussels World's Fair and saw Abstract Expressionist paintings for the first time in the American Pavilion, he traveled as much as he could throughout the continent to see art and collected and studied art magazines and journals. He married during this time, Lili Mentrop, a childhood friend, but the marriage was brief. After returning from the Army in 1959, de Looper worked as a museum guard for the Phillips Collection, he claimed that during 1962-1963, he filled a notebook with watercolors influenced by Phillips Collection artists such as Paul Klee, John Marin, Arthur Dove. He experimented with styles and processes of the Color Field artists In the 1960s, he exhibited his work at the Franz Bader Gallery, International Monetary Fund, Society of Washington Artists, Jefferson Place Gallery.

In 1966, de Looper had his first solo exhibition at the Jefferson Place Gallery in Washington, DC. The gallery would go on to host solo exhibitions of his work every year through 1974. After his second marriage in 1969 to Frauke Weber, the couple moved into the St. Regis building on California Street in Northwest Washington D. C. where he had a large studio space, which brought on a period of working on larger canvases. De Looper continued pursuing his career as an artist while working for the Philips Collection, became assistant curator in 1972 curator at the museum from 1982 - 1987. De Looper has shown at many established galleries and museums such as The National Gallery of Art, The Phillips Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden and Corcoran Gallery of Art; the Phillips Collection hosted solo shows of his work in 1975 and 2002. He died January 2009 of emphysema. 2008 American University Art Museum 2002 The Phillips Collection 1996 The Art Gallery at the University of Maryland 1966 Jefferson Place Gallery official website Oral history interview with Willem De Looper, 1992 Jan. 26 and Feb. 29, Archives of American Art http://www.artnet.com/artists/willem-de-looper/

Pop model

Pop model is Belgian pop singer Lio's third studio album of new material and fourth album overall. It features two of her biggest hits: "Les brunes comptent pas pour des prunes" and "Fallait pas commencer", it was certified gold in France. Pop model was released after the failure of her previous album, Amour toujours. Between the two albums, Lio teamed up with French TV presenter Jacky and scored a Top 50 hit with the single "Tétèoù?", written and produced by her then-boyfriend, singer-songwriter Alain Chamfort. According to Lio's autobiography, Alain Chamfort worked on the production of the lead single "Les brunes comptent pas pour des prunes" as a "breakup gift"; the album was released by the record company Polydor in 1986. It was re-released by Ze Records in 2005 with four bonus tracks, including a cover of T. Rex's "Hot Love", the English version of "Les brunes comptent pas pour des prunes" and the extended versions of many songs. Backing vocalsHelena Noguerra Backing vocals, arranged by – Sylvaine Bordy Bass – Marc Navez Cello – David Shamban Drums – Gilbert Levy, Philippe Draï Guitar – Vincent Palmer Guitar, arranged by – Yann Lecker Keyboards, arranged by – John Cale PercussionMarcal Filho Producer – Alain Chamfort, John Cale, Marc Moulin, Michel Esteban Saxophone – Spider Mittleman Synthesizer, mixed by – Steven Stanley TrumpetDale Turner Viola – Peter Hatch Violin – Edith S. Shayne, Henri Ferber*, Michael Markman