2000–01 Vyshcha Liha
The 2000–01 Vyshcha Liha season was the 10th since its establishment. FC Dynamo Kyiv were the defending champions. Stal Alchevsk, the runners-up of the 1999–2000 Ukrainian First League – Note: the 1999–2000 Ukrainian First League was won by the second team of Dynamo Kyiv, FC Dynamo-2 Kyiv, which could not be promoted. Notable TransfersGeorgi Demetradze, FC Dynamo Kyiv to Real Sociedad Serhiy Zakarlyuka, CSCA Kyiv to FC Metalurh Donetsk ukrsoccerhistory.com - source of information
Nigeria national football team
The Nigeria national football team known as the Super Eagles, represents Nigeria in international association football and is controlled by the Nigeria Football Federation. They are three-time Africa Cup of Nations winners, with their recent title in 2013, after defeating Burkina Faso in the final. In April 1994, the Super Eagles were ranked 5th in the FIFA rankings, the highest FIFA ranking position achieved by an African football team. Throughout history, the team has qualified for six of the last seven FIFA World Cups, missing only the 2006 World Cup hosted in Germany, have reached the round of 16 three times, their first World Cup appearance was the 1994 edition. After playing other colonies in unofficial games since the 1930s, Nigeria played its first official game in October 1949, while still a British colony; the team played warm-up games in England against various amateur teams including Bromley, Dulwich Hamlet, Bishop Auckland and South Liverpool. The team's first major success was a gold medal in the 2nd All-Africa games, with 3rd-place finishes in the 1976 and 1978 African Cup of Nations to follow.
In 1980, with players such as Segun Odegbami and Best Ogedegbe, the team, led by Christian Chukwu, won the Cup for the first time in Lagos. Nigeria Olympic men's football team won the football event at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, beating Mexico and Argentina in the process, they were runners-up in the same event at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, losing to Argentina in a rematch of the 1996 event. In 1984 and 1988, Nigeria reached the Cup of Nations final. Three of the five African titles won by Cameroon have been won by defeating Nigeria. Missing out to Cameroon on many occasions has created an intense rivalry between both nations. Three notable occasions; the Nigeria national team has traditionally utilized a mostly-solid green on green primary set with white numbering and highlights. The shade of green has varied over the years. An olive drab-tinged, forest green was favored during the 1980s to the early 1990s, jade has appeared in each of those decades as well. Over the last decade, the team has appeared to settle on the more standard office green which most resembles the shade used on the flag.
Nigeria's first national teams used a solid scarlet top over white shorts and socks until the country adopted its current colors after its independence. On 23 April 2015, Nike was announced to be the supplier of Nigeria's kits after Adidas ended their kit contract with the Nigeria Football Federation. Before that, Nike supplied Nigeria's kit between 1998 and 2003. Nigeria's national team image has undergone much evolution throughout its history. Prior to independence, they were called the Red Devils due to their red topped kits; the name was changed to the Green Eagles after independence in reference to the Nigerian state flag as well as the eagle which adorns the country's coat of arms. During the 1988 Africa Cup of Nations, they were still called the Green Eagles, but following their controversial loss in the final, the team's name was changed to the "Super Eagles". Today, only the senior men's national team uses the nickname; the women's national team is called the "Super Falcons", Nigeria's underage male teams are nicknamed the "Flying Eagles" & the "Golden Eaglets".
Many important matches have been played against various nations. Of these nations, Ghana is considered Nigeria's primary rival as the two sides have met one another more than any other opponent; the record is dominated by Ghana. The most notable of these periods are the early contests during the 1950s, matches that took place in the early 2000s. FIFA lists the first official match between the two as a World Cup qualifier match in 1960; however both national teams had engaged in competitive matches dating back to 1950. The national teams of these two West African countries were formed during the time in which both remained protectorates of the British Empire. At that time the modern-day nation of Ghana was known as the Gold Coast. Nigeria, prior to adopting the national colors of green and white, wore scarlet tops over white shorts and were known as the "Red Devils"; the two sides played for several rivalry and tournament cups during this period in which full international competition was barred to them.
Nigeria's neighbors to the east, have played Nigeria a number of times over the years. The teams have met three times in the African Cup of Nations Final with Cameroon winning each time. Both carry histories of continental success and World Cup representation, nearly unrivaled on the African continent. There is a number of competitive matches with Algeria dating back to the 1970s; the two sides met twice in the African Cup of Nations finals, with each nation splitting the win totals. It was a 1–1 draw in Algeria on 8 October 1993 that enabled Nigeria to claim its first World Cup berth in the 1994 edition of the tournament. Nigeria's western neighbor, has played competitive matches with the team since the period of European colonization when they were known as Dahomey, but with only two wins and two draws to Benin's credit against Nigeria's fourteen wins, with the sides having only met six times since 1980, Benin remains a regarde
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Sweden national football team
The Sweden national football team represents Sweden in association football and is controlled by the Swedish Football Association, the governing body for football in Sweden. Sweden's home ground is Friends Arena in Stockholm and the team is coached by Janne Andersson. From 1945 to late 1950s, they were considered one of the greatest teams in Europe. Sweden made their first World Cup appearance in 1934. Sweden has made six appearances in the European Championships, they finished second in the 1958 FIFA World Cup, third in both 1950 and 1994. Sweden's accomplishments include a gold medal in the 1948 Summer Olympics, bronze medals in 1924 and 1952, they reached the semi-finals in UEFA Euro 1992. Sweden has traditionally been a strong team in international football, with 11 World Cup appearances and 3 medals in the Olympics; the Swedish team finished second in the 1958 World Cup, when it was the host team, being beaten by Brazil 5–2 in the final. Sweden has finished third twice, in 1950 and 1994. In 1938, they finished fourth.
Sweden played its first international game against Norway on 12 an 11 -- 3 victory. Other matches in 1908 were played against Great Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium. In the same year, Sweden competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for the first time. Sweden, lost a game in the Olympics against the Great Britain 1–12, the biggest loss in the Swedish national team's history. In 1916, Sweden defeated Denmark for the first time. Sweden played in the 1912 Olympics, the 1920 Olympics, in the 1924 Olympics, where Sweden took the bronze and their first medal ever; the 1938 World Cup was Sweden's second qualification for the World Cup. In the first round, they were scheduled to play against Austria, but after Germany's occupation of Austria, the Austrian team could not continue playing in the tournament. Instead, Sweden went straight to the quarter-finals match against Cuba, they beat Cuba 8 -- 0 with both Harry Gustav Wetterström scoring hat-tricks. In the semi-final match against Hungary, Sweden lost 1–5.
Sweden's next match was the third-place match against Brazil. In that game the Swedes lost 2–4, ended in fourth place for the first and only time in Swedish football history. In the first round, Sweden played against Austria; the Austrian team had qualified without their professional players, a surprise since the Austrian league had many professional players who were allowed to play in the tournament. The match was played at White Hart Lane in London and Sweden won 3–0. In the second game, Sweden played against Korea and won 12–0, one of the two largest margin wins Sweden has had. In the semi-final Sweden met their archrivals from Denmark beating them 4–2; the final was played at legendary Wembley Stadium in London. The attendance was around 40,000 people, high for a football game in those days. Sweden took on Yugoslavia in the final and won 3–1, with goals by Gunnar Gren, Stjepan Bobek and Gunnar Nordahl; this was Sweden's first championship win in any international football tournament. In the 1950 World Cup, the Swedish football association did not allow any professional Swedish football players to take part.
Sweden only fielded amateur players during the tournament. Qualifying for the tournament as one of six European national teams, Sweden played in the same group as Italy and Paraguay. In the first match, Sweden beat Italy 3–2 in São Paulo; the second match was a 2–2 draw against Paraguay. With the most points in the group, Sweden advanced to the next round, their first game in the second stage – a group format – was against the hosts Brazil. It was played at the Maracanã Stadium with a total attendance of more than 138,000, to this day the record attendance for the Swedish national team; the game ended 7–1 to Brazil and it is rumored that everyone in the Brazilian audience waved the Swedes goodbye with their scarfs. The next game was against Uruguay, who Sweden played against for the first time in World Cup history. Played in São Paulo, Uruguay won the game 3 -- 2; the final game for Sweden in the tournament was played against Spain. Sweden won 3 -- 1 with goals by Bror Mellberg and Karl-Erik Palmér.
Sweden took their first World Cup medal. As Sweden was the best placed European team, Sweden was, as the time, regarded "unofficial European champions". At the Summer Olympics in 1952 in Helsinki, Sweden continued to achieve success and won an Olympic bronze; the following year, the Football Association decided not to allow foreign professionals to play in the national team and the team failed to qualify for the World Championships in Switzerland in 1954 when Sweden only came second in their qualifying group behind Belgium. In 1956, the Swedish football federation allowed the professional footballers to play for the national team again, giving Swedish football fans hope for the 1958 FIFA World Cup. Sweden, the host nation, were in the same group as Mexico and Wales; the first game, Sweden vs Mexico, was played at Sweden's national stadium, Råsunda Stadium and was attended by around 32,000 people. Sweden won the game 3–0, taking the lead in Group 3; the next match was against Hungary, who had finished 2nd in the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland and were the 1952 Olympic Champions.
Played at Råsunda, this game ended 2–1 to Sweden, with both goals scored by Kurt Hamrin. In the next match, against Wales, Sweden drew 0–0. Making it through to the quarter-finals, playing at Råsunda for the fourth time in this tournament, Sweden
2004–05 Vyshcha Liha
The 2004–05 Vyshcha Liha season was the fourteenth since its establishment. The season started on July 2004, with all eight games of the first round; the last day of the competition was June 16, 2005. Shakhtar Donetsk won its second champion's title place ahead of the reigning champions Dynamo that held for the last couple of seasons; the Miners only lost two of their games, one at home to Metalist Kharkiv that had just returned to the top league and another one in Simferopol to Tavriya. Shakhtar won both of their match-ups with Dynamo Kyiv; the top scorers competition was won by Oleksandr Kosyrin from Chornomorets Odessa who had 14 precise shots on goal. Illichivets Mariupol was close to qualify for the European competition once again. Both clubs from the Kiev region, FC Obolon Kyiv and FC Borysfen Boryspil, that performed well last season were forced into relegation due to their poor performance. Strikingly bad season had Borysfen that won three games. Zakarpattia Uzhhorod, the winners of the 2003–04 Ukrainian First League – Metalist Kharkiv, the runners-up of the 2003–04 Ukrainian First League – ukrsoccerhistory.com - source of information
In association football and ice hockey, a goal celebration is the practice of celebrating the scoring of a goal. The celebration is performed by the goalscorer, may involve his or her teammates, the manager or coaching staff and/or the supporters of the team. Whilst referring to the celebration of a goal in general, the term can be applied to specific actions, such as a player removing his shirt or performing a somersault. Many unique goal celebrations have been immortalised, such as in a statue, postage stamps, magazine covers, or in video games: Cristiano Ronaldo, Gareth Bale, Lionel Messi among many others are featured in the FIFA series. A goal song or goal celebration music is a piece of music, lasting about 30 to 45 seconds long, played in sports like football or ice hockey after a goal is scored. A goal horn sometimes sounds before the song is played in the National Hockey League. A well-known goal song is Bellini's "Samba de Janeiro", played after each Bolton Wanderers goal when they play at home and was used as the goal song in UEFA Euro 2008.
Van Halen’s "Jump" is played every time A. C. Milan scores a goal at the San Siro. "Song 2" by Blur is played at some Austrian clubs. In North America, "Rock and Roll" of the Glitter Band is a popular goal song; when played as a goal song, the fans chant out "Hey!" along with the chorus. In ice hockey, the use of goal songs is popular. Prior to 2012, a goal by the NHL's Montreal Canadiens, on home ice, is followed by U2's "Vertigo"; the New York Rangers play the song "Slapshot", written by Ray Castoldi, the music director at Madison Square Garden. The Chicago Blackhawks play "Chelsea Dagger" by The Fratellis after every home goal. Donbass Arena, the home ground of Ukrainian football club Shakhtar Donetsk, has a tradition of playing music each time home players score goals, with a track corresponding to the nationality of a scorer. For example, "Sabre Dance" by the Armenian Aram Khachaturian was played whenever his compatriot Henrikh Mkhitaryan scored, a song that became popular in Donetsk due to Mkhitaryan's high goal-scoring rate."Seven Nation Army" by The White Stripes is played whenever Australian A-League club Melbourne Victory and Bundesliga club Bayern Munich scores a goal.
A group hug of the players on the pitch with the scorer underneath, or the players jumping on each other’s shoulders. The scorer running to corner flag, standing with one of his hands holding the flagpole while screaming – Gabriel Batistuta’s similar celebration when he played for Fiorentina inspired the design of his life-size bronze statue; the scorer putting an index finger to his lips, as if telling the crowd to be quiet – Real Madrid forward Raúl memorably celebrated in this manner when scoring against fierce rivals Barcelona at the Nou Camp in 1999. The scorer pretending to fire a machine gun, as done by Gabriel Batistuta and Edinson Cavani; the scorer turning his wrist near his ear, this is done while running. It was used many times, by Luca Toni; the scorer diving onto the grass with arms and legs outstretched. This was first done by Jürgen Klinsmann, shortly after he joined Tottenham Hotspur. Klinsmann was performing this goal celebration to satirise his own reputation for diving to win free-kicks and penalties.
It became known as "a Klinsmann". The scorer walking or running away in a nonchalant style with a "cocky" smirk as if to say, "I'm the best, easy, etc." An adaptation of this involves the scorer standing still and turning or looking around with said look. This was done by Manchester United striker Eric Cantona, by Zlatan Ibrahimović. Ibrahimovic popularised shaping the fingers on both hands in the shape of a heart for his goal celebrations; the scorer kissing the ring finger – as Raúl always did. Married players are saluting to their husbands/wives with this celebration. Rivaldo famously performed this celebration in the quarter-final match against Denmark in the 1998 FIFA World Cup; the scorer sliding on his knees – done by Didier Drogba. The scorer outstretching both arms and running around changing the angle of arms mimicking an aeroplane; this was made famous by former Brazilian striker Careca and earned Italian forward Vincenzo Montella his nickname of "little aeroplane". The scorer outstretching both arms and running staight.
Brazilian striker Ronaldo celebrated in this manner in his early career – his goal celebration was the basis for Pirelli’s 1998 commercial where he replaced the figure of Christ from the Christ the Redeemer statue while in an Inter Milan strip. Zlatan Ibrahimović, whose idol was Ronaldo celebrates with both arms outstretched; the scorer rocking his arms from side as though rocking a baby. This signifies that the scorer became a parent, whether or not for the first time, it was brought to the world’s attention by Brazilian striker Bebeto at the 1994 FIFA World Cup after his quarter-final goal against the Netherlands, celebrating his son Mattheus, born two days before. The scorer putting the ball underneath their shirt to indicate the pregnancy of a loved one; the scorer sucking his thumb as a tribute to his child or to signify that scoring a goal is like child's play, over the years this has become a trademark celebration of Roma legend Francesco Totti. The scorer pointing towards the skies, either to express gratitude to God or to reference a person, deceased – Kaká invariably gave thanks.
Bebeto the Brazilian striker at the 1990 world cup stretched out his arms and rocked them as a mother cradling a baby. The scorer putting hi
Politiken is a leading Danish daily broadsheet newspaper, published by JP/Politikens Hus in Copenhagen, Denmark. It played a role in the formation of the Danish Social Liberal Party. Since 1970 it maintains a liberal stance, it now runs politiken.dk. The paper's design has won several international awards, a number of its journalists have won the Cavling Prize. Dagbladet Politiken was founded on 1 October 1884 in Copenhagen by Viggo Hørup, Edvard Brandes and Hermann Bing. Hørup and Brandes formed the newspaper after being fired as editors from the Morgenbladet over political differences. Hørup led the paper as editor-in-chief for fifteen years from its start in 1884. In 1904, the tabloid Ekstra Bladet was founded as a supplement to Politiken and was spun off as an independent newspaper on 1 January 1905; the paper established its present location in central Copenhagen at The City Hall Square in 1912. In 1987 Politiken started its business supplement; the paper was published by Politikens Hus until 1 January 2003 when the company merged with Jyllands-Posten A/S to form JP/Politikens Hus.
Thus, Jyllands-Posten became its sister paper. Politiken is published in broadsheet format; the newspaper publishes an international edition named Politiken Weekly which compiles the most important stories of the week for Danes living abroad. On 28 April 1940, three weeks after the German invasion of Denmark, Politiken ran an editorial in which Winston Churchill was called "a dangerous man"; the editorial was written by foreign affairs editor Einard Schou after a conversation in the editor-in-chief's office with chairman of the board and soon-to-be-again Danish foreign minister Erik Scavenius. The aim is thought to have been to please the German occupation force, though no other Danish newspaper took such steps at the time, it was enough to keep within the newly introduced censorship. The article led to 15,000 readers, about 10% of subscribers, cancelling their subscriptions in protest. During the early 1900s Politiken had a cultural radical political stance; the paper was connected to the Danish Social Liberal Party, but the newspaper declared its political independence in 1970.
The paper has a far-leaning social and centre-left stance. In February 2010 the editor in chief at the time Tøger Seidenfaden apologized to anyone, offended by the newspaper's decision to reprint the cartoon drawing by Kurt Westergaard depicting Muhammed with a bomb in his turban, published in Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten. Seidenfaden explained that "Politiken has never intended to reprint the cartoon drawing as a statement of editorial opinion or values but as part of the newspaper's news coverage". Politiken started with a daily circulation of 2,000 copies, its circulation was 23,142 copies in 1901. In 1910 its circulation rose to 41,400 copies, it became one of Denmark's leading newspapers in terms of both circulated copies and number of readers. Its circulation was 165,615 copies in 1950. During the last six months of 1957 the paper had a circulation of 148,169 copies on weekdays, it fell to 142,847 copies in 1960. The circulation of the paper was 134,728 in 1970, 138,921 copies in 1980 and 152,435 copies in 1990.
During the second half of 1997 its circulation was 146,000 copies on weekdays. Politiken had a circulation of 143,000 copies on weekdays and 185,000 copies on Sundays in the first quarter of 2000, making it the third best selling newspaper in the country, it was 142,780 copies in 2000. In 2002 it was the third best-selling newspaper in the country with a circulation of 142,000 copies; the circulation of the paper was 137,000 copies in 2003, making it again the third best selling newspaper in the country. In 2004 the paper had a circulation of 134,000 copies; the circulation of Politiken was 110,230 copies in 2007. The number of copies sold per day in the first half of 2012 were 97,820 on weekdays and Saturdays, 120,411 on Sundays; the same year the number of readers were 375,000 on weekdays and Saturdays, 479,000 readers on Sundays. The paper had a circulation of 88,597 copies in 2013, its online newspaper, politiken.dk, received around 800,000 monthly users in 2011 and was the tenth most viewed page among the members of the Association of Danish Interactive Media.
Internationally, Politiken has received recognition for its design through the form of several awards. In 2012 Politiken was declared'World's Best' along with four other newspapers in a competition carried out by the Society for News Design. In 2014 the paper was chosen as one of Scandinavia’s best-designed newspapers in the Best of Scandinavian News Design competition; the paper's design and brand was given as the reason, when in 2010, the European Newspapers Congress awarded Politiken with the European Newspaper Award in the national newspaper category. Politiken has been known for its photography. Jan Grarup, winner of several World Press Photo Awards and numerous other prizes, was a staff photographer from 2003 until 2009. Anselm Hüwe is one of the contemporary awarded photographers. Cavlingprisen is a Danish honorary award for journalism, it was named after a former editor-in-chief at Politiken Henrik Cavling. Cavling award winners at Politiken: 1945 Henrik V. Ringsted 1946 Kristian Find 1962 Jørgen Hartmann-Petersen 1966 Herbert Pundik 1967 Sune Skallerup Sørensen 1968 Erik Nørgaard 1974 Anne Wolden-Ræthinge 1976 Inger Østergaard 1982 J. B.
Holmgaard 1992 Svend Bjering Schmidt 2006 Miriam Dalsgaard and Olav Hergel Politiken has had a number of editors in chief since its inception. In some periods there were more than one edit