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Julius Caesar (play)

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1599. It is one of several plays written by Shakespeare based on true events from Roman history, such as Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra. Set in Rome in 44 BC, the play depicts the moral dilemma of Brutus as he joins a conspiracy led by Cassius to murder Julius Caesar to prevent him from becoming dictator of Rome. Following Caesar's death, Rome is thrust into a period of civil war, the republic the conspirators sought to preserve is lost forever. Although the play is named Julius Caesar, Brutus speaks more than four times as many lines as the title character; the play opens with two tribunes discovering the commoners of Rome celebrating Julius Caesar's triumphant return from defeating the sons of his military rival, Pompey. The tribunes, insulting the crowd for their change in loyalty from Pompey to Caesar, attempt to end the festivities and break up the commoners, who return the insults.

During the feast of Lupercal, Caesar holds a victory parade and a soothsayer warns him to "Beware the ides of March", which he ignores. Meanwhile, Cassius attempts to convince Brutus to join his conspiracy to kill Caesar. Although Brutus, friendly towards Caesar, is hesitant to kill him, he agrees that Caesar may be abusing his power, they hear from Casca that Mark Antony has offered Caesar the crown of Rome three times and that each time Caesar refused it with increasing reluctance, in hopes that the crowd watching the exchange would beg him to accept the crown, yet the crowd applauded Caesar for denying the crown, upsetting Caesar, due to his wanting to accept the crown. On the eve of the ides of March, the conspirators meet and reveal that they have forged letters of support from the Roman people to tempt Brutus into joining. Brutus reads the letters and, after much moral debate, decides to join the conspiracy, thinking that Caesar should be killed to prevent him from doing anything against the people of Rome if he were to be crowned.

After ignoring the soothsayer, as well as his wife Calpurnia's own premonitions, Caesar goes to the Senate. The conspirators approach him with a fake petition pleading on behalf of Metellus Cimber's banished brother; as Caesar predictably rejects the petition and the others stab him. At this point, Caesar utters the famous line "Et tu, Brute?", concluding with "Then fall, Caesar!" The conspirators make clear that they committed this murder for the good of Rome, not for their own purposes, do not attempt to flee the scene. Brutus delivers an oration defending his own actions, for the moment, the crowd is on his side. However, Mark Antony makes a subtle and eloquent speech over Caesar's corpse, beginning with the much-quoted "Friends, countrymen, lend me your ears!" In this way, he deftly turns public opinion against the assassins by manipulating the emotions of the common people, in contrast to the rational tone of Brutus's speech, yet there is method in his rhetorical speech and gestures: he reminds them of the good Caesar had done for Rome, his sympathy with the poor, his refusal of the crown at the Lupercal, thus questioning Brutus's claim of Caesar's ambition.

Antony as he states his intentions against it, rouses the mob to drive the conspirators from Rome. Amid the violence, an innocent poet, Cinna, is confused with the conspirator Lucius Cinna and is taken by the mob, which kills him for such "offenses" as his bad verses. Brutus next attacks Cassius for soiling the noble act of regicide by having accepted bribes; the two are reconciled after Brutus reveals that his beloved wife committed suicide under the stress of his absence from Rome. That night, Caesar's ghost appears to Brutus with a warning of defeat. At the battle and Brutus, knowing that they will both die, smile their last smiles to each other and hold hands. During the battle, Cassius has his servant kill him after hearing of the capture of his best friend, Titinius. After Titinius, not captured, sees Cassius's corpse, he commits suicide. However, Brutus wins that stage of the battle. With a heavy heart, Brutus battles again the next day, he commits suicide by running on his own sword, held for him by a loyal soldier.

The play ends with a tribute to Brutus by Antony, who proclaims that Brutus has remained "the noblest Roman of them all" because he was the only conspirator who acted, in his mind, for the good of Rome. There is a small hint at the friction between Mark Antony and Octavius which characterises another of Shakespeare's Roman plays and Cleopatra; the main source of the play is Thomas North's translation of Plutarch's Lives. Shakespeare makes Caesar's triumph take place on the day of Lupercalia instead of six months earlier. For dramatic effect, he makes the Capitol the venue of Caesar's death rather than the Curia Pompeia. Caesar's murder, the funeral, Antony's oration, the reading of the will and the arrival of Octavius all take place


Preqin provides financial data and information on the alternative assets market, as well as tools to support investment in alternatives. By the company's own definition, its data encompasses private capital and hedge funds, including fund, fund manager and deal information, as well as market-wide benchmarks; the asset classes it covers are: private equity, venture capital, hedge funds, private debt, real estate, natural resources and secondaries. Preqin launched as ‘Private Equity Intelligence’ in 2003. Founded by Mark O’Hare and Nick Arnott, it began by listing private equity performance data, relying on the Freedom of Information Act; as the company expanded it began to collect data for more asset classes, it now covers private equity, venture capital, hedge funds, private debt, real estate, natural resources and secondaries. It gets most of its data from direct contact with market participants. In 2017, Preqin won the Alt Credit Intelligence US Services award for ‘Best Data and Information Provider’, as well as the Corporate LiveWire Global Fund Award for ‘Data Provider of the Year’.

It won six separate awards in 2016, including The Queen's Award for Enterprise in International Trade. Preqin provides data on fundraising, performance, dry powder, AUM and deal flow, as well as information on compensation, fund terms and employment, it publishes research reports that draw from its data and include contributions from alternative investment professionals, as well as Preqin subject experts. In 2018 the business launched a research report titled Women in Alternatives, which detailed underrepresentation of women in the alternative assets industry. Preqin is headquartered in London, has offices in seven more international locations: New York, San Francisco, Hong Kong, Bangalore and Guangzhou, it has on-the-ground research teams in many of these regions and gathering data and information on markets worldwide. Preqin's methods of data collection include web data extraction, direct conversations with fund managers, on and offshore web research, FOIA requests and manager-initiated data contributions.

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Larry Murray

Vice Admiral Larry E. Murray, is a Canadian civil servant, retired Vice Admiral and former acting Chief of the Defence Staff. Born in Stratford, Murray served as the Commanding Officer of various ships including the minesweepers HMCS Chaleur and HMCS Miramichi and the destroyer HMCS Iroquois, he was appointed Commander of the First Canadian Destroyer Squadron in 1987 and Director-General of Maritime Doctrine & Operations at the National Defence Headquarters in 1989. He went on to be Assistant Deputy Minister in 1991 and Deputy Commander of Maritime Command in 1993, he became Commander of Maritime Command, Nova Scotia in 1994. He became Vice Chief of the Defence Staff in 1995 continuing in that role while serving as Acting Chief of Defence Staff from October 8, 1996, until September 17, 1997. In 1997, Murray was appointed Associate Deputy Minister of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and in 1999 was appointed Deputy Minister of Veterans Affairs Canada, he was subsequently appointed Deputy Minister of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and served in that role from 2003 until his retirement from the public sector in 2007.

Murray was a member of the Task Force on Governance and Cultural Change in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, a Trudeau Foundation Mentor, served as President of the Nova Scotia Mainland Division of the Navy League of Canada. From 2008 to 2015, he served as an external Member of the National Defence Audit Committee and, from 2009 to 2017, as Chair of the Privy Council Audit Committee. In June 2010, Vice-Admiral Murray took over the honorary position of Grand President of the Royal Canadian Legion. In 2015, Murray became Chair of the Independent Review Panel on Defence Acquisition. In 1983, Murray was made an Officer of the Order of Military Merit, was promoted to the grade of Commander in 1994. In 1998, he was a recipient of the Vimy Award, which recognizes a Canadian who has made a significant and outstanding contribution to the defence and security of Canada and the preservation of its democratic values. Murray served in the honorary position of Colonel Commandant of the Chaplain Branch of the Canadian Forces for five years and was appointed a Member of the Order of St John in 2001.

He was awarded the Minister of Veterans Affairs Commendation for his contribution to the care and well-being of veterans and to the remembrance of their service and sacrifice. On June 28, 2013, he was appointed Member of the Order of Canada, "for his leadership in the public service and for his regional and national voluntary commitments". "Government of Canada biography". Archived from the original on December 30, 2004. Retrieved March 24, 2006

Kawartha Nordic Ski Club

The Kawartha Nordic Ski Club is a Nordic ski area located in North Kawartha township, Peterborough County, Ontario. It was founded in 1976 by a group of avid cross country skiers in Ontario. Today, it offers over 40 kilometres of both classic and skate trails, as well as 10 km of snowshoe trails through scenic, Canadian Shield wilderness. KNSC is a not-for-profit organization, governed by a volunteer board of directors, operated by numerous volunteers; the club has received funding from the Ontario Trillium Foundation, in 2002, 2007, 2011, 2014 to improve trails and purchase grooming equipment. 44°37′12.36″N 78°7′54.84″W Current trail conditions are posted on the Kawartha Nordic website. Skiers often post information on the club's chat forum. KNSC offers both children and adult ski instruction; the children's programs follow the Cross Country Canada skill development program for Jackrabbit and Track Attack. The youth'Athlete Development Program' is focussed on more advanced training and racing for 13- to 18-year-olds.

Adult programs include group lessons by knowledgeable club members. A series of coaching and officials training is offered. KNSC was founded in 1976 by a group of avid cross country skiers in Peterborough and focussed on operation of the Kawartha Ski Tour; this event attracted skiers from across Ontario as a loppet running from Apsley to Buckhorn, a distance of 40 kilometres. A 16-acre property was purchased by the club to secure access to ski trails that were developed around the ski tour; the tour was cancelled in the early 1990s due in part to inconsistent snow conditions. Marjorie Shephard's book "The Kawartha Nordic Ski Club 1974-2004, 30 Dedicated Years" details the club's history over this time. With support of the Ontario Trillium Foundation, KNSC opened skating trails for the 2002-2003 season and membership grew steadily; the club was outgrowing its facilities and so in 2004, the Nordic Legacy campaign was initiated to purchase 350 acres of land and build a new chalet. The club benefited from the generosity of the Church family who purchased the new property in 2004 on an interim basis to protect it from other uses.

The Cossar Cabin and surrounding 16 acres of land were sold in 2005. Construction of the new chalet continued through the winter of 2005-2006 and members went without a main chalet that year. By December 2006, the club opened a brand new square log chalet on the new Nordic legacy property south of the old property; that year, 10 kilometres of snowshoe trails were opened. The next major expansion was to come in 2008 with the purchase of a Pisten Bulley groomer which improved the quality of grooming and overall skiing experience. For the 2010-2011 ski season, hydro was installed at the club and Wild Rock Outfitters operated a ski shop in the parking lot offering rentals and day passes. A third Trillium grant was received in 2011 for the purchase of a newer Pisten Bulley groomer. In 2014, a fourth Trillium grant was received to expand youth facilities. Lighting was installed on 2.5 km of trails surrounding the Woodfine Chalet. A well and septic were installed for washrooms to be located in a separate washroom building adjacent to the main chalet.

Four staff positions were hired for the 2014-2015 season for day lodge attendant, head coach and youth program coordinator. * includes days mid-season where trails may be closed due to weather Kawartha Nordic Ski Club website

Keith Jessop

Keith Jessop was a British salvage diver and successful marine treasure hunter. Born in Keighley, West Riding of Yorkshire, as the son of a penniless Yorkshire mill-worker, he left school without a single qualification, but to make ends meet he started salvaging scrap metal from shallow-water wrecks off the coast of Scotland, using the inner tube of a tractor tyre covered in wire mesh as a vessel. Jessop learned to deep-dive during further risky recoveries in treacherous waters. With advances in technology, which allowed longer and deeper dives than could be imagined before, his dream of becoming a deep-sea salvager became a reality. Jessop became professionally trained in deep-sea diving and over several decades Jessop had unearthed hundreds of wrecks around the world making several million pounds from his discoveries, it was not, until 1981 that Jessop was involved in one of the greatest deep-sea salvage operations in history. One day in April 1981 Jessop's survey ship called the Damtor began searching for the wreck of the cruiser HMS Edinburgh in the Barents Sea in the Arctic Ocean of the coast of Russia.

The ship had been sunk in battle in 1942 during the Second World War while carrying payment for military equipment from Murmansk in Russia to Scotland. His company, called Jessop Marine, won the contract for the salvage rights to the wreck of Edinburgh because his methods, involving complex cutting machinery and divers, were deemed more appropriate for a war grave, compared to the explosives-oriented methods of other companies. In late April 1981, the survey ship discovered the ship's final resting place at an approximate position of 72.00°N, 35.00°E, at a depth of 245 metres within ten days of the start of the operation. Using specialist camera equipment, the Dammtor took detailed film of the wreck, which allowed Jessop and his divers to plan the salvage operation; that year, on 30 August, the dive-support vessel Stephaniturm journeyed to the site, salvage operations began in earnest. Leading the operation undersea, by mid-September of that year Jessop was able to salvage from the wreck over $100,000,000 in Russian gold bullion—431 bars out of 465—making him the greatest underwater treasurer in history.

His autobiography Goldfinder written in 2001 tells the story of Jessop's life and the salvage of such underwater treasures as HMS Edinburgh. Jessop's son Graham is a successful deep-sea salvage diver having opened his own business. Jessop died in France on 22 May 2010, at the age of 77. Official site

Monument to the Liberator Soldier (Kharkiv)

The Monument to the Liberator Soldier called "Pavlusha" is a large monument in Kharkiv to the Soviet troops who liberated the city from German occupation in 1943. The monument is located across from the August 23 metro station, it was dedicated in 1981. The sculptors were Y. I. Ryk and I. P. Yastryebov, the architects were A. A. Maksimenko, E. A. Svyatchenko, E. Y. Cherkasov; the centerpiece is a large statue of a Red Army soldier with a carbine raised high in his right hand. The statue is flanked by two artillery pieces and walls with replicas of the Order of Victory and the Order of the Patriotic War. By 2009, the monument was in need of maintenance; this had been the responsibility of the Green Areas Trust, but this body was now defunct, so the monument had not been maintained for a decade, required attention including testing for structural integrity and refacing of the pedestal. The repair was paid for by extrabudgetary funds. Money was raised by regional party leaders. Repair and cleaning of the pedestal alone cost more than 60,000 hryvnia.

The project was completed within six months, in time for Victory Day of 2010. Further cleaning and restoration was done in 2012. Kharkivites call the monument "Pavlusha", or "The Soldier", it is a popular meeting background for photographs. In 2013, the National Bank of Ukraine issued a commemorative coin "Liberation of Kharkiv from the Fascist Invaders" as part of the series Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, showing the statue on the obverse