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A jumbotron, sometimes referred to as jumbovision, is a video display using large-screen television technology. The original technology was developed in the early 1980s by Mitsubishi Electric and Sony, which coined JumboTron as a brand name in 1985, it is used in sports stadiums and concert venues to show close up shots of an event, as well as outdoor public places. The jumbotron was invented in Japan during the early 1980s, but there is a dispute between two rival Japanese companies, Mitsubishi Electric and Sony, over its invention. In 1980, Mitsubishi introduced the first large-scale video board, the Diamond Vision, a large screen using cathode-ray tube technology similar to traditional tube televisions, they demonstrated the technology at the 1980 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles. In 1985, the term "JumboTron" was coined by Sony for its large-scale video board; the JumboTron was the brand name for the large-scale video boards manufactured by Sony, is recognized as one of the largest non-projection video displays manufactured.

Sony creative director Yasuo Kuroki, who helped create the Walkman, is credited with the development of the JumboTron. It was introduced at the Expo'85 held in May 1985 at Ibaraki, it had a display resolution of 450,000 pixels, using a new proprietary Sony technology called the Trini-lite. It was a microprocessor-based light bulb developed by one of Kuroki's colleagues, chief Betamax engineer Yuji Watanabe. Trini-lite technology allowed screen clarity and computer control, laying the foundation for the first Sony Jumbotrons. While the JumboTron and similar large-screen displays are physically large, they ranged from low to medium display resolutions. While the original Sony JumboTron in 1985 had a 450,000-pixel resolution, comparable to standard-definition televisions of that era, certain models had lower resolutions; the JumboTron at the now-demolished Tampa Stadium in Tampa, measured 30 ft diagonally with a resolution of only 240x192 pixels, below VHS resolution. Screen size since varies depending on the venue.

The display introduced in 1985 was 40 meters wide by 25 meters tall. Newer, LED-based large screens have an order of magnitude greater than the early JumboTron resolution at a fraction of the cost. For example, the much publicized center-hung video board in the Dallas Cowboys' AT&T Stadium is 72 feet tall and 160 feet wide, displaying HDTV at 1920 x 1080 resolution, 45 times more pixels; the largest JumboTron in use was located at SkyDome in Toronto and measured 10 m tall by 33.5 m wide at a cost of US$17 million. By comparison, a similar-sized LED system sold today would cost around $3 million; the Rogers Centre JumboTron was replaced in 2005 by a Daktronics ProStar as part of a stadium revitalization project. The JumboTron was not an LED display, since blue LEDs were unavailable at the time, the only green LEDs available were of the traditional yellow-green variety, which were unsuitable for an RGB display; each display consisted of multiple modules composed of 16 or more small flood-beam CRTs, each of which included from 2 to 16 pixels composed of red and blue phosphors.

Sony displayed one of the earliest versions at the Expo'85 World's Fair in Tsukuba. JumboTron systems adopted LED technology as blue and pure green LEDs were developed. LED-based systems have about ten times the lifespan of CRT-based systems, a key reason for the change. Although JumboTron is a registered trademark owned by the Sony Corporation, Sony stopped manufacturing the devices under that name in 2001 and the word jumbotron has since become a genericized trademark. Scoreboard § Video board animation LED display TrinitronDisplays similar to the JumboTron include Barco LED Screens D3 LED's Dynamic Digital Displays Daktronics ProStar Mitsubishi Electric Diamond Vision Panasonic AstroVision Philips Vidiwall Toshiba TechnoRainbow Meares, Harriet. Precedents and Issues with Billboard Live's JumboTron: The First Electronic Board on West Hollywood's Sunset Strip. H. Meares. Media related to Jumbotron at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of jumbotron at Wiktionary Quotations related to Jumbotron at Wikiquote

Watkin Williams (bishop)

Watkin Herbert Williams was Dean of St Asaph from 1892 to 1899. and Bishop of Bangor from 1899 to 1925. Williams was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church and ordained in 1871, he was vicar of Bodelwyddan from 1872 to 1892 and Archdeacon of St Asaph from 1889 to 1892. He was a active Freemason, initiated as a student in 1868 in Oxford's Apollo University Lodge. In Wales he joined the Royal Denbigh Lodge, became its Worshipful Master in 1883, becoming Provincial Grand Chaplain for North Wales in the same year, he became the Grand Chaplain of the United Grand Lodge of England, the most senior clerical appointment in Freemasonry, in 1898. Portraits of Watkin Williams at the National Portrait Gallery, London

The Two Boys (1936 film)

The Two Boys is a 1936 French drama film directed by Fernand Rivers. It is based on the 1880 novel of the same name by Pierre Decourcelle, made into a silent film The Two Boys; the film's sets were designed by Robert Gys. Paul Barge Rivers Cadet as Mulot Lucienne Cauvières as Soeur Simplice Dorville as La Limace Annie Ducaux as Colette Maurice Escande as Georges de Kerlor Serge Grave as Claudinet Jean Heuzé as Brisquet Armand Lurville as Saint-Hyriex Louise Marquet as Brigitte Rolla Norman as Jacques d'Alboise Marguerite Pierry as Zéphyrine Augustine Prieur as Victoire Rogers as Fadard Germaine Rouer as Hélène de Kerlor Robert Seller as Firmin Marcel Seulin as Le petit Claude Jacques Tavoli as Fanfan Jean-Pierre Thisse as Le petit Jean Goble, Alan; the Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film. Walter de Gruyter, 1999; the Two Boys on IMDb

Rotary Stadium

Jane & Gerry Swan Track at Rotary Stadium is a lighted, multi-purpose stadium located in Abbotsford, British Columbia. It features a rubberized 400 metre running track with full field event facilities; the grandstand contains 4,000 seats. Rotary Stadium is the home of the Valley Royals Track & Field Club, the Fraser Valley Venom, the Abbotsford Falcons; the Valley Royals and Rotary Stadium are lasting legacies of the efforts by Gerry Swan. Over the years, the Valley Royals have hosted many prestigious events at Jane & Gerry Swan Track at Rotary Stadium. For the past few years, the stadium and neighbouring fields have been used for BC Lions training camp activities. Rotary Stadium is part of Abbotsford Exhibition Park, a 75-acre park located in the heart of Abbotsford; the park will be undergoing a revitalization project based on the Exhibition Park Master Plan. Satellite view of Exhibition Stadium on Google Maps Facility Records - Jane & Gerry Swan Track at Rotary Stadium

Baldeo Das Birla

Baldeo Das Birla was an Indian entrepreneur and philanthropist. He contributed to the establishment of the Medical College Calcutta, built the Laxminarayan Temple, Delhi known as Birla Mandir, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939; when Britain was trading opium with China, Baldeo Das Birla, an adopted son of Shiv Narayan Birla used this opportunity to engage cargo ships in partnership with other tradesmen to trade opium with China. In 1887, Baldeo Das moved to Calcutta to set up business. In the book by his great-grandson, Yash Birla mentioned that Baldeo Das Birla was named Raja by the British; the book further states that both Baldeo and his wife were both simple people who were religious and superstitious. Baladeo Birla and his wife had four sons: Jugal Kishore, Rameshwar Das, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Braj Mohan Birla. Baldeo Das was awarded the Raibahadur title in 1917. In 1920, he started living in Banares pursuing religious studies. In 1925, he was awarded the title of "Raja" by the Maharaja of Dumraon.

He was awarded D. Litt. by Banaras Hindu University. Chhandogyopnishada Rahasya, 1926 Vedanta va Atmavichara, 1935 Darshanik Vichara, 1950 Birla family Birla Foundation Medical College and Hospital Building, Calcutta Business Online article URL accessed on 1 April 2006

Kenneth Mitchell (politician)

Kenneth C. "Ken" Mitchell is a Democratic Party politician from the New York City borough of Staten Island who had served in the New York City Council representing the North Shore of that borough. He is the Executive Director of the Staten Island Zoo. From March 1, 2010 to October 3, 2011 Mitchell served as Interim Executive Director of the institution. A third generation Staten Islander, Mitchell attended P. S. 45 and the Blessed Sacrament School and St. Peter's Boys High School, he is a graduate of Wagner College and New York Law School and is licensed to practice law in New York and New Jersey. At age 22, Mitchell recognized overdevelopment in Staten Island to be a problem and worked to rezone his neighborhood of Barrett Park to prevent such unnecessary expansion, he began his legal career as a Law Clerk for New York State Supreme Court Justice Michael J. Brennan and was a Court Attorney for the New York City Criminal Court in Staten Island. Mitchell served as chief of staff and General Counsel to former Councilman Mike McMahon for seven years.

Mitchell was elected to the New York City Council in a special election in February 2009 and represented the North Shore of Staten Island. He was defeated in his bid for re-election during the September 2009 Democratic primary by a community activist, Debi Rose, he appeared on the ballot in the general election on November 3, 2009 as a candidate for the Conservative Party of New York. Rose beat him in the New York City general election and thus succeeded him in January 2010. Prior to being elected to the New York City Council, Mitchell had worked with and served on the boards of many local charities and community groups including the Dr. Theodore A. Atlas Foundation, The Staten Island Zoological Society, The Children's Aid Society at Goodhue Center and the Staten Island Film Festival, he has received service awards from United Activities Unlimited, Warren Jacques Memorial Committee and the North Shore Democratic Club. Mitchell was inducted as a member into the Sons of American Legion, Livingston Post 1369.

Mitchell resides in West New Brighton with his wife, Jacquelyn, a local elementary public school teacher. He is the son of a retired postal worker and a hospital worker