The City and Borough of Juneau known as Juneau, is the capital city of Alaska. Located in the Gastineau Channel and the Alaskan panhandle, it is a unified municipality and the second largest city in the United States by area. Juneau was named the capital of Alaska in 1906, when the government of what was the District of Alaska was moved from Sitka as dictated by the U. S. Congress in 1900; the municipality unified on July 1, 1970, when the city of Juneau merged with the city of Douglas and the surrounding Greater Juneau Borough to form the current municipality, larger by area than both Rhode Island and Delaware. Downtown Juneau is nestled across the channel from Douglas Island; as of the 2010 census, the City and Borough had a population of 31,276. In 2018, the population estimate from the United States Census Bureau was 32,114, making it the second most populous city in Alaska after Anchorage. Juneau experiences a daily influx of 6,000 people from visiting cruise ships between the months of May and September.
The city is named after a gold prospector from Quebec, Joe Juneau, though the place was for a time called Rockwell and Harrisburg. The Tlingit name of the town is Dzántik'i Héeni, Auke Bay just north of Juneau proper is called Áak'w in Tlingit; the Taku River, just south of Juneau, was named after the cold t'aakh wind, which blows down from the mountains. Juneau is unique among U. S. capitals in. Honolulu, Hawaii, is the only other state capital not connected by road to the rest of North America; the absence of a road network is due to the rugged terrain surrounding the city. This in turn makes Juneau a de facto island city in terms of transportation, since all goods coming in and out must go by plane or boat, in spite of the city's being on the Alaskan mainland. Downtown Juneau sits at sea level, with tides averaging 16 feet, below steep mountains about 3,500 feet to 4,000 feet high. Atop these mountains is the Juneau Icefield, a large ice mass from which about 30 glaciers flow; the Mendenhall glacier has been retreating.
The Alaska State Capitol in downtown Juneau was built as the Federal and Territorial Building in 1931. Prior to statehood, it housed the federal courthouse and a post office, it housed the territorial legislature and many other territorial offices, including that of the governor. Today, Juneau remains the home of the state legislature and the offices of the governor and lieutenant governor; some other executive branch offices have moved elsewhere in the state. Long before European settlement in the Americas, the Gastineau Channel was a favorite fishing ground for the Auke and Taku tribes, who had inhabited the surrounding area for thousands of years; the A'akw Kwáan had a burying ground here. In the 21st century it is known as Indian Point, they annually harvested herring during the spawning season, celebrated this bounty. Since the late 20th century, the A'akw Kwáan, together with the Sealaska Heritage Institute, have resisted European-American development of Indian Point, including proposals by the National Park Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
They consider it sacred territory, both because of the burying ground and the importance of the point in their traditions of gathering sustenance from the sea. They continue to gather clams, gumboots and sea urchins here, as well as tree bark for medicinal uses; the city and state supported Sealaska Heritage Institute in documenting the 78-acre site, in August 2016 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. "It is the first traditional cultural property in Southeast Alaska to be placed on the register."Descendants of these indigenous cultures include the Tlingit people. Native cultures have rich artistic traditions expressed in carving, orating and dancing. Juneau has become a major social center for the Tlingit and Tsimshian of Southeast Alaska. Although the Russians had a colony in the Alaska territory from 1784 to 1867, they did not settle in Juneau, they conducted extensive fur trading with Alaskan Natives of the Aleutian Islands and Kodiak. The first European to see the Juneau area was Joseph Whidbey, master of the Discovery during George Vancouver’s 1791–95 expedition.
He and his party explored the region in July–August 1794. Early in August he viewed the length of Gastineau Channel from the south, noting a small island in mid-channel, he recorded seeing the channel again, this time from the west. He said. After the California gold rush, miners migrated up the Pacific Coast and explored the West, seeking other gold deposits. In 1880, Sitka mining engineer George Pilz offered a reward to any local chief in Alaska who could lead him to gold-bearing ore. Chief Kowee arrived with some ore, several prospectors were sent to investigate. On their first trip to Gold Creek, they found deposits of little interest. However, at Chief Kowee's urging, Pilz sent Joe Juneau and Richard Harris back to the Gastineau Channel, directing them to Snow Slide Gulch. According to the Rev. Samuel Young, in his book Alaska Days with John Muir, it was their party's campsite
Kim Min-goo is a South Korea professional basketball player who plays for the Busan KT Sonicboom of the Korean Basketball League. At the 2013 FIBA Asia Championship in Manila, he was named to the tournament's All-Star Team; as a freshman at Kyung Hee University, Kim became the team's starting guard leading his team to the 2010 Korea University Basketball League Finals. As a sophomore during the 2011 season Kim averaged 19.1 points, 5.9 assists and 8.4 rebounds citing as the best guard in the college league. He helped his team win the national championship. In August 2011, Kim was selected for the South Korean collegiate national team to compete in the 2011 Summer Universiade; as a junior during the 2012 season Kim averaged 22.6 points, 5.8 assists and 6.1 rebounds. He was named the Regular Season MVP for the second year in a row and helped his team win its second national championship; as a senior in 2013 Kim was selected for the South Korean national team to compete in the 2013 FIBA Asia Championship.
During the competition Kim served as the backup shooting guard, manning the position when starter Cho Sung-Min was not in the game. However, Kim averaged 12.7 points, 2.7 assists and 4.1 rebounds in only 19.9 minutes per game, topped the entire tournament with 25 three-point field goals made in nine games. Although Team Korea failed to win the championship losing to the Philippines in the semifinal game, they clinched the slot for next year's FIBA World Cup defeating Chinese Taipei 75-57 in the third place game. In the semifinal game against the Philippines, Kim scored 27 points on 9-of-15 shooting overall and 5-of-11 from the three-point range. In the third-place game against Chinese Taipei, Kim led Team Korea with a game-high 21 points and shot 5-of-10 from the three-point range. FIBA.com profile
The Banking and Finance Union was a British trade union. The union was founded in 1946 as the National Union of Bank Employees, when the Bank Officers' Guild and the Scottish Bankers' Association merged. In 1979, it was renamed the Banking and Finance Union. In 1999, it merged with the NatWest Staff Association and the Barclays Group Staff Union to form UNIFI. By the time of its merger, the union had 113,000 members, in national and international banks, the Bank of England, insurance companies, building societies, finance houses and the Financial Services Authority, it was affiliated to the Trades Union Congress. 1946: T. G. Edwards 1959: James Hornby 1963: Alfred Brooks 1972: Leif Mills 1996: Ed Sweeney Catalogue of the BIFU archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick Catalogue of the BOG archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick