click links in text for more info

Vernon Bellecourt

Vernon Bellecourt was a member of the White Earth Band of Ojibwe, a Native American rights activist, a leader in the American Indian Movement. In the Ojibwe language, his name meant "Man of Dawn." One of 12 children in his family, Bellecourt was born on the White Earth Indian Reservation, where he lived until he was 16 years old. In 1947 his family moved to the city of Minneapolis, where his parents sought better opportunities for themselves and their children; when Bellecourt was 19, he was convicted of robbing a Minneapolis–Saint Paul tavern and sentenced to time in St. Cloud prison. At his release, he started working as a hairdresser and opened a series of beauty salons in Saint Paul, he had children with his wife. In the mid 1960s, he moved his family near Aspen, Colorado. Bellecourt was a long-time leader in the American Indian Movement, which his younger brother, Clyde Bellecourt, helped found in 1968. Vernon soon became involved as well, he co-founded the AIM chapter in Denver, was its first Executive Director.

It worked in urban areas to ensure civil rights for American Indians, as well as to educate people about their cultural and spiritual heritage. Bellecourt took part in the 1972 Trail of Broken Treaties caravan to Washington, DC, he served as a negotiator during AIM's occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs headquarters building at the Department of Interior. Bellecourt was present during the 1973 Wounded Knee occupation at Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, he acted as fundraiser during the 71-day standoff with federal agents. After Wounded Knee, Bellecourt worked with the International Indian Treaty Council, which advocates on behalf of Indigenous rights throughout the Western Hemisphere, he became a leader of AIM's work abroad, meeting with foreign leaders such as Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, Muammar al-Gaddafi of Libya, Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat. Bellecourt was active for many years in the campaign to free AIM activist Leonard Peltier, convicted in 1977 of killing two FBI agents during a 1975 shootout on the Pine Ridge Reservation.

Peltier was sentenced to two consecutive life sentences. As president of the National Coalition on Racism in Sports and Media, Bellecourt worked to end the unauthorized use of American Indian tribal land nicknames in American sports. Bellecourt fought against nicknames such as the Washington Redskins, Atlanta Braves or Kansas City Chiefs, he was arrested twice in Cleveland in protest of Chief Wahoo. During the 1997 World Series Bellecourt was arrested for setting fire to a stuffed doll of Chief Wahoo while protesting outside of Jacobs Field. Charges against him were dropped. Bellecourt was not charged. In August 2007, Bellecourt accepted an invitation from the Venezuelan government to attend the First International Congress of Anti-imperialist Indigenous Peoples of America, he met with President Hugo Chavez in Venezuela. The two discussed the possibility of Chavez' providing aid to Native American groups. According to his brother Clyde, Bellecourt was hospitalized, he died of pneumonia in Minneapolis where he lived.

Native American mascot controversy De Leon, David. Leaders from the 1960s: A Biographical Sourcebook of American Activism. Greenwood Press. P. 29. ISBN 0-313-27414-2. American Indian Cultural Support

Damo (philosopher)

Damo was a Pythagorean philosopher said by many to have been the daughter of Pythagoras and Theano. Though references to Damo can be found in the works of Diogenes Laërtius and Iamblichus, little is known about her life. Tradition relates that she was born in Croton, was the daughter of Pythagoras and Theano. According to Iamblichus, Damo married Meno the Crotonian; some accounts refer to her as an only daughter, while others indicate that she had two sisters and Myia. With their brother Telauges, they became members of the Pythagorean sect founded by their father; as the sect credited Pythagoras with authorship for members' work, it is that Damo contributed to the doctrines ascribed to the philosopher. According to one story, Pythagoras bequeathed his writings to Damo, she kept them safe, refusing to sell them, believing that poverty and her father's solemn injunctions were more precious than gold. Damo, in turn, passed the writings on to her daughter Bitale and Telauges, to her mother's brother.

The writings, as well as those by Damo herself, are not known to have survived. According to Iamblichus, she was a sister of Telauges. Coppleston, Frederick, S. J. A History of Philosophy. London: Search Press, 1946. Guthrie, W. K. C. "Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism," in Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol. 7. Edited by Paul Edwards. NY: Macmillan, 1967. Jamblichus, C. Life of Pythagoras. London: John M. Watkins, 1926. Kersey, Ethel M. Women Philosophers: a Bio-critical Source Book. CT: Greenwood Press, 1989. Philip, J. A. Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966. Schure, Edouard; the Ancient Mysteries of Delphi: Pythagoras. NY: Rudolf Steiner, 1971. Waithe, Mary Ellen, ed. A History of Women Philosophers. Vol. 1. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987

Aysel Teymurzadeh

For the Azerbaijani singer Aysel Mammadova, see Aisel Aysel Teymurzadeh is an Azerbaijani pop and R&B singer. She has become well known after singing the song "Always" along with Arash during the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest in Moscow finishing third. Aysel was born in the Azerbaijani capital Baku, the youngest of the three daughters of a journalist and university professor, she is a descendant of journalist Hasan bey Zardabi. Her maternal grandmother was half-Ukrainian. Aysel started to sing at the age of four and the piano became her passion since childhood. Aysel graduated from the Intellect Lyceum in Baku and attended Texas High School in 2005–2006. Within days of her arrival in the United States, she signed up for the local choir and began training for young vocalists competitions. While in the U. S. Aysel won three gold medals at contests held in the Southern Arkansas University and in the University of Texas at Austin. In 2005, she participated in Season 4 of the national song contest Yeni Ulduz.

As of January 2009, Teymurzadeh was majoring in International Relations at the Azerbaijan University of Languages. In January 2009, Teymurzadeh was selected internally by İTV to represent Azerbaijan in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, Russia along with Iranian-Swedish singer Arash with the song "Always". Aysel became the first female singer to represent the country at the Eurovision Song Contest and only the second act to do so. On May 16, 2009, Aysel Teymurzadeh and Arash finished third with 207 points, among the 25 performers that qualified for the Eurovision grand final. Aysel together with Arash became the winner of the 4th Annual ESC Radio Awards in the category of the Best Group. On May 28, Teymurzadeh announced going on a European tour with Arash, involving concerts in countries such as Sweden and Russia. Upon return she announced that together with Arash and his team she is working on an album, which will be released by Sony BMG and Warner Music; the date of release is unknown.

She starred in a high-profile TV commercial for Danone yogurts, broadcast on Azerbaijani and Georgian TV channels. In 2012, Aysel Teymurzadeh was among five musicians from Azerbaijan chosen as the jury in the Danish national selection of the 2012 Eurovision contestant. In 2012, Teymurzadeh married Murad Adigozalov, 39, director of the Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Society and divorced father of two children. According to some sources, her plan after marriage was to leave the big stage and only perform on official events; the couple has three children: two sons born in 2012 and 2016, a daughter born in 2014. 2009 — "Always" 2010 — "Fallin'" 2010 — "Azerbaijan" 2010 — "Yanaram" 2010 — "Don't Let the Morning Come" 2010 — "San" 2011 — "Tonight" Azerbaijan in the Eurovision Song Contest Azerbaijan in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 Aysel Teymurzadeh on IMDb


Mineiro, or the Brazilian mountain dialect, is the Brazilian Portuguese term the characteristic accent spoken in the heart of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, in its capital, Belo Horizonte. This dialect is hard to understand for people outside the region where it is spoken due to heavy assimilation and elision; the term refers to the inhabitants of Minas Gerais. Minas Gerais was settled during the late 17th and early 18th centuries by a mix of recent Portuguese immigrants and earlier colonists that came from São Paulo. There was an intense rivalry between the two groups, fighting over the gold mines; these conflicts required the intervention of the Portuguese Crown after a serious uprisal developed into civil war with the final defeat of the paulistas in 1708. In the 19th century, the state was being forgotten due the decline of gold mining. Due to this isolation, the state was influenced by the dialect of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast, while the south and the Triangulo Mineiro region, began to speak the rustic dialect of São Paulo.

The central region of Minas Gerais, developed their own dialect, known as Mineiro or mountain dialect. This dialect is present in cities of the center and southest of the state, surrounded by mountains and mines; the influence of mineiro has been increasing and spreading, due to local pride and rejection of other accents. Reduction of final and initial unstressed vowels with e, i and u: parte becomes *partch. Common to most of Brazil. Assimilation of consecutive vowels: o urubu becomes *u rubu. Debuccalization of final /r/ and /s/: cantar becomes *cantá and os livros {{IPA| becomes *us lívru. Common to most of Brazil. Soft pronunciation of "r": rato is pronounced. Common in other parts of Brazil. Loss of the plural ending -s in adjectives and nouns, retained only in articles and verbs: meus filhos becomes *meus filho, *meus fii OR *meus fiu. Realization of most /ʎ/ as: alho becomes homophonous with aio; the most characteristic feature of the Mineiro accent, though it is less present in Belo Horizonte.

Replacement of some diphthongs with long vowels: fio becomes fii, pouco becomes poco. Apocope of final syllables. -lho becomes, -inho becomes *-im'. Diphthongization of stressed vowels: mas becomes *mais and três becomes *treis Common in other parts of Brazil Rio de Janeiro. Intense elision: abra as asas becomes *abrazaza. Para onde nós estamos indo? Becomes Pronoistamuíno?. However, see: this is far from being the most common usage. Loss of initial "e" in words beginning with "es": esporte becomes. Mineiro lacks notable features of other accents, including the retroflex R, palatalization of S, strong dental R, or "singsong" nordestino intonation. Brazilian Portuguese Portuguese dialects Portuguese phonology Caipira Mineiros

UFC Fight Night: McDonald vs. Lineker

UFC Fight Night: McDonald vs. Lineker was a mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship held on July 13, 2016, at Denny Sanford Premier Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota; this was the first UFC event under the ownership of a group led by Endeavor which included Silver Lake Partners, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, MSD Capital. The event was the first that the organization has hosted in South Dakota. A lightweight bout between The Ultimate Fighter winners was scheduled to headline the event, as The Ultimate Fighter: Team Lesnar vs. Team dos Santos winner Tony Ferguson was expected to face The Ultimate Fighter: Live winner Michael Chiesa. However, Chiesa pulled out due to a back injury on June 27. On the following day, it was announced that promotional newcomer Lando Vannata would replace him and the bout would be moved to the co-main event, as a bantamweight bout between former interim UFC Bantamweight Championship challenger Michael McDonald and John Lineker was revealed as the new headliner.

Alex White was expected to face The Ultimate Fighter: Team McGregor vs. Team Faber winner Ryan Hall, but pulled out on June 28 due to an undisclosed injury. Hall elected to fight on a different date rather than have the promotion find him a replacement; the following fighters were awarded $50,000 bonuses: Fight of the Night: Tony Ferguson vs. Lando Vannata Performance of the Night: John Lineker and Louis Smolka List of UFC events 2016 in UFC