The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
William Moseley is an American film actor and musician who has starred in a number of cult classic horror films, including House of 1000 Corpses, Repo! The Genetic Opera and The Devil's Rejects, his first big role was in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 as Chop Top. On the HBO TV series Carnivàle Moseley had a recurring role as camp cook Possum, he has released records with guitarist Buckethead in the band Cornbugs, as well as featuring on the guitarist's solo work. For a period of time, Moseley operated as a journalist, writing for such magazines as Omni Magazine, National Lampoon and Psychology Today. At the age of 29, Moseley got his first film role in Alan Rudolph's Endangered Species as a cab driver. In 1985's Osa he played a character named "Quilt Face." His third role has become one of his most well known. In 2000 he reprised his role as Chop Top in All American Massacre, directed by Tobe Hooper's son William, but the film was never released to the public. Two years after TCM 2, he played Frank in 1988's Mamba.
In 1988 appeared as a soldier in the remake of the Steve McQueen film The Blob. He next played Darrell in the film Pink Cadillac starring Clint Eastwood, he played the lead role of Ricky Caldwell in Silent Night, Deadly Night 3: Better Watch Out!. In 1990, Moseley appeared in four films: Crash and Burn, The First Power, The End of Innocence, playing Johnny, in Tom Savini's remake of George A. Romero's 1968 zombie film, Night of the Living Dead. In 1993, he had a small role in the cult hit Army of Darkness as the Deadite Captain. A year he was featured in the video game Corpse Killer. In 1997 he did voiceover work, for Anders Jacobsson's Evil Ed, he would not, have a role as popular as Chop Top until 2003, when he starred as the maniacal Otis B. Driftwood in Rob Zombie's directorial debut House of 1000 Corpses; as Otis, he again became an icon in the horror community. In 2005, he reprised the role of Otis in the sequel The Devil's Rejects and in 2009 he played Otis in a voice cameo in Rob Zombie's animated film The Haunted World of El Superbeasto.
Moseley's performance in Rejects inspired an independent campaign for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar nomination, which failed. He played in other Rob Zombie films such as Halloween and the Grindhouse fake trailer segment Werewolf Women of the SS. In 2008, Moseley played the role of Luigi Largo in Repo! The Genetic Opera. In this futuristic, genetic opera, he was able to network with Nivek Ogre of Skinny Puppy and ohGr, subsequently appearing on ohGr's new album Devils in my Details, he speaks at the beginning or ending of the songs in vivid, poetic rants. He appears on Eyecandy, Feelin' Chicken, Timebomb and Witness. Additionally, in 2008, Moseley appeared as a telemarketer in the music video for Combichrist's Sent to Destroy". Moseley contributed songs to the 2008 soundtrack of Vampira: The Movie, a documentary by Kevin Sean Michaels on Maila Nurmi, in which he stars, it was released on a division of Alpha Video. He appears as Kozlowski in Robert Lieberman's 2009 thriller film The Tortured, in 2012 played as The Magician in The Devil's Carnival.
Moseley has provided voice-over recordings for the Florida-based heavy metal band – Generichrist and British goth-metal band Sinnergod on the track "Overture" which features on their 2013 debut album Seven Deadly Sinphonies. He made appearances in Texas Chainsaw 3D and American Exorcist. Moseley was born in Stamford, grew up in Barrington Hills, is a graduate of Yale University, he has Marion Moseley and Jane Moseley. Moseley was the lead singer of Cornbugs, a three-man band he had between 1999 and 2007 with avant-garde rock/metal guitarist Buckethead and Deli Creeps' drummer, Pinchface, he contributed vocal parts to the songs I Come in Peace and Onions Unleashed from Buckethead's album Giant Robot and Jowls from Buckethead's album Monsters and Robots as Chop Top. Moseley, along with Rani Sharone, released the album No Way Down, calling themselves Spider Mountain. A sample of Moseley shouting "dog will hunt!" in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 is used in the hit Primus song "Jerry Was a Race Car Driver".
Chop Top's BBQ, Bill Moseley's official site Vampira: The Movie soundtrack featuring Bill Moseley Bill Moseley on IMDb Interview with Bill Moseley at Eye for Film
Limbeck is an American rock band that formed in Laguna Niguel, California in 1999. The group featured Robb MacLean on lead vocals and guitar, Patrick Carrie guitar and backing vocals, Justin Entsminger on bass, Jon Phillip, who replaced Matthew Stephens on drums in 2005, their sound was a mix of alternative country with pop punk origins. Their first album, This Chapter Is Called Titles, was released in 2000, their sound had shifted by the release of Hi, Everything's Great in 2003 to showcase a more country-indebted sound. The group toured often supporting or touring alongside bands such as Motion City Soundtrack and the All-American Rejects, their third album, Let Me Come Home saw release in 2005, the band issued their final, self-titled release in 2007. Though the band ceased touring and recording by 2010, they have continued to reunite for several shows and mini-tours; the band's name comes from the name of a character on the television show Charles in Charge, Buddy Lembeck. The group claimed to be influenced by Fleetwood Mac, The Beach Boys, Tom Petty, Ryan Adams, Beck, ELO, Big Star, The Replacements, The Beatles, Old 97's and The Flying Burrito Brothers.
While classified as indie rock due to their small niche in Southern California, the band's musical style has been described as alternative country music. Their style has been likened to that of Old 97's, Ryan Adams, Teenage Fanclub, their original sound was power pop and emo inspired, as heard in their early releases, including This Chapter Is Called Titles. The band became more and more alt. country influenced and changed their sound entirely with their release of Hi, Everything's Great. By the end of their time as a band, Limbeck had all but abandoned their early songs playing this material live, if ever; the band titled the 2005 album Let Me Come Home in part as a reaction to critics saying that the previous album, Hi, Everything's Great, was a "road-trip album". The band has discussed the influence of their lengthy tours upon their music. Limbeck has toured the US several times, including as opening act for The All-American Rejects in 2003, they opened for the band during their UK tour in 2004 together with Motion City Soundtrack.
Geography plays a role in the band's recordings: several songs name interstate highways known to Orange County and San Diego County residents, such as I-8, CA-22, I-15. In 2000, the band was featured in an iMac commercial; the commercial featured the iMac video editing software in which the band created a music video under the name Garage Monkeys. The band never broke up, though each of the members have since moved on to other projects: Carrie & MacLean are still in Southern California, where they've started a new group called The Young Dudes. In 2011, Jonny joined Milwaukee, WI band Trapper Schoepp & The Shades, but left the band in late 2014. JP is attending school to become a substance abuse counselor, does studio recording, plays drums for Josh Berwanger of the Anniversary. In December 2012, Limbeck reunited for the "Holidaze with Limbeck" tour; the tour included three shows in a show in Phoenix, Arizona. Reubens Accomplice and Trapper Schoepp and The Shades opened the shows. On March 4th, 2016, Limbeck played Phoenix, AZ at the Rebel Lounge to celebrate 15 years of doing shows with Psycho Steve.
In September 2016, Limbeck played 5 shows out west with their past tour buddies Piebald. The tour brought them to San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego, Phoenix. On Oct 9, 2017, Doghouse Records announced that Limbeck's 2007 album Limbeck, will be reissued by the end of the year, to celebrate its 10-year anniversary; the album will come out on LP and digital format, will feature updated artwork by Jesse LeDoux, a full remaster, contain demos and b-sides from that era. This Chapter Is Called Titles Hi, Everything's Great Let Me Come Home Limbeck The Skiball Champs EP Connection EP Tour Support EP Limbeck/Motion City Soundtrack 7" Split Tour EP Hey, Everything's Fine; the Delicacy of Living Modestly "Julia" "People Don't Change" "The State" - iTunes exclusive digital single "Big Drag", Doghouse - b/w "Home", "Let's Talk About the Weather" "Let Me Come Home" A Tribute to Tom Petty: Pacific Ridge Record's Heroes of Classic Rock - "The Apartment Song" Sound Relief Volume One: From CA to NYC - "Why Don't You Just Leave Already?"
We're Not Generation X Sound Relief Volume One: From CA to NYC - "Why Don't You Just Leave Already?" Doghouse 100 - "Don't Turn Around, She's Not Worth It" ¡Policia! - A Tribute to the Police - "So Lonely" Paupers, Princes & Kings: The Songs of Bob Dylan - "Tonight, I'll Be Staying Here With You" Limbeck's Official site Limbeck on Twitter.com Limbeck feature on hardrock.com The Limbeck Street Team Limbeck on Purevolume Limbeck at Doghouse Records Limbeck interview by Jamie Pham on Absolutepunk.net Limbeck profile at AbsolutePunk.net Limbeck interview by Jamie Pham on TheSoCalScene
Lance James Henriksen is an American actor, voice actor and artist, best known for his roles in science fiction and horror films such as Bishop in the Alien film franchise, Frank Black in Fox television series Millennium. Henriksen is a voice actor who has voiced Kerchak the gorilla in the 1999 Walt Disney Feature Animation film Tarzan and Fleet Admiral Steven Hackett in BioWare's Mass Effect video game trilogy. Henriksen was born in Manhattan, his father, James Henriksen, was a Norwegian merchant sailor and boxer nicknamed "Icewater" who spent most of his life at sea. His mother, Margueritte Werner, struggled to find work as a dance instructor and model, his parents divorced when he was two years old, only his mother raised him and his brother. As he grew up, Henriksen developed a reputation for getting into trouble at various schools, spent time in a children's home, his last completed grade in school was first grade. He attained the rank of Petty Officer Third Class. Henriksen found work as a laborer on ships.
For a time, he worked in Europe. His first job in the theater world was as a designer of theatrical sets, it was around this time that Henriksen taught himself to read, as he was illiterate up to age 30. For his first role, he put the entire script to tape with the help of a friend, learning everyone's part in addition to his own. In his early 30s, Henriksen began acting in New York City. In film, Henriksen first appeared in It Ain't Easy in 1972; this was followed with a variety of supporting roles in films including Dog Day Afternoon, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Damien: Omen II. He played Police Chief Steve Kimbrough in Piranha Part Two: The Spawning, the astronaut Walter Schirra in The Right Stuff, actor Charles Bronson in the television film Reason for Living: The Jill Ireland Story; when James Cameron was writing The Terminator, he had envisioned Henriksen, with whom he had worked on Piranha II: The Spawning, playing the title role, a cyborg. However, the role went to Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Henriksen does appear in the supporting role of Sergeant Hal Vukovich. Henriksen played the android Bishop, an artificial life-form, in Aliens and Alien 3, as the unnamed designer of the Bishop android. Henriksen played Charles Bishop Weyland in Alien vs. Predator, he played the vampire leader Jesse Hooker in Kathryn Bigelow's cult film Near Dark. Henriksen portrays gunfighters in Westerns Dead Man and The Quick and the Dead and appears alongside British actor Bruce Payne in Aurora: Operation Intercept in 1995, he would appear alongside Payne again in Face the Evil in 1997 and the dystopian classic Paranoia 1.0 in 2004. That same year, he played the role of Sheriff Doug Barnum in the film Powder. In 1996, Henriksen starred in the television series Millennium and produced by Chris Carter, the creator of The X-Files. Henriksen played Frank Black, a former FBI agent who possessed a unique ability to see into the minds of killers. Carter created the role for the actor, his performances on Millennium earned him critical acclaim, a People's Choice Award nomination for Favorite New Male TV Star, three consecutive Golden Globe nominations for Best Performance by an Actor in a TV Series.
The series was cancelled in 1999. On television, Henriksen appeared in the ensemble of Into the West, a miniseries executive-produced by Steven Spielberg, he appeared in a Brazilian soap opera, Caminhos do Coração from Rede Record, aired in 2007–2008. Henriksen guest-starred on a Season 6 episode of NCIS playing an Arizona sheriff, appeared in a recurring role as The Major on NBC's The Blacklist. In the years after Millennium, Henriksen has become an active voice actor, lending his distinctive voice to a number of animated features and video game titles. In Disney's Tarzan and its direct-to-video followup, he is Kerchak, the ape who serves as Tarzan's surrogate father, he provided the voice for the alien supervillain Brainiac in Superman: Brainiac Attacks and for the character Mulciber in Godkiller. Henriksen is the voice of the character Molov in the video game Red Faction II and has contributed to GUN, Run Like Hell, the canceled title Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, the role-playing game Mass Effect as Admiral Hackett of the Human Systems Alliance.
Henriksen was the voice behind PlayStation 3's internet promotional videos. In 2005, Henriksen was the voice of Andrei Rublev in Cartoon Network's IGPX; the actor lent his voice to the animated television series Transformers: Animated as the character Lockdown. In 2009, Henriksen voiced Lieutenant General Shepherd in the award-winning game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, he would voice Karl Bishop Weyland in Aliens vs. Predator. Henriksen voiced Master Gnost-Dural in Star Wars: The Old Republic, he reprised his role as Admiral Hackett in Mass Effect 3, he is the narrator of the recent Verizon Droid commercials. Henriksen reprised his role as Bishop in Aliens: Colonial Marines. Henriksen maintains a prominent role in live action television, he has starred in a 2003 series of Australian television commercials for Visa, titled Unexplained and Big Cats. In these commercials, Henriksen speaks as a Frank Black-type character about
Fender Telecaster Deluxe
The Fender Telecaster Deluxe is a solid-body electric guitar produced from 1972 to 1981, since re-issued by Fender in 2004 as the'72 Telecaster Deluxe. The popularity of heavy rock in the late 1960s led Fender to re-think its strategy of using single-coil pickups, as they were not perceived as being suitable for the thick sound and extended sustain favored by heavy rock guitarists using double-coil humbucking pickups. Fender hired former Gibson employee Seth Lover, the inventor of the humbucker himself, to design a humbucking pickup for use in a number of Fender guitars; the result was a pickup known as the Wide Range humbucker, it was used in a variety of different Fender models including the Deluxe and Thinline Telecasters as well as a semi-hollowbody design called the Starcaster. The Deluxe conceived as the top-of-the-line model in the Telecaster series, was the last of these to be released, in late 1972; the "humbucker" Telecasters failed to draw potential customers away from competition like Gibson's Les Paul model, the Telecaster Deluxe was discontinued in 1981.
However, in 2004 Fender decided to re-issue the Deluxe in response to the belated popularity of the original 1970s version. The Deluxe is unique amongst Telecasters in that the neck has an enlarged headstock – a similar 21-fret neck was used by Fender Stratocaster models manufactured in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s; the main difference between the Telecaster Deluxe and Stratocaster necks from this period is that the Telecaster Deluxe neck used medium jumbo frets while the Stratocaster necks featured narrower fretwire. The Telecaster's neck features the "Micro-Tilt" angle adjustment device located in the heel of the neck, similar to other Fender models of the period; the body shape was similar to other Telecaster models of the era, with one minor difference – a "belly cut" contour similar to that featured on all Stratocasters was added to the back of the guitar. The Deluxe had the same "glitch" in its shape as the other Telecasters – a less-pronounced curve where the upper bout meets the neck joint, compared to earlier Telecasters.
This was attributed to more modern routing machines installed in the production line at the time. The 2004 re-issue differs from the original in that it does not have the 1970s "notchless" body style; the Fender Custom Shop produced Factory Special Run limited-edition versions of the guitar in 2005. These FSR'72 Tele Deluxes are made in California; the Deluxe features 2 Seth Lover-designed Wide Range humbuckers with "Cunife" rod magnets in the place of pole-pieces. This design yielded clearer sound more similar to that of single coil pickups, they were wound with 6,800 turns of copper wire, yielding a DC resistance of 10.6 kΩ. The 2004 reissue version of the pickup was redesigned by Fender employee Bill Turner in order to achieve a similar sound in the absence of cunife magnets. While looking identical to the original 1970s version it differs in its construction, featuring an alnico bar magnet underneath non-magnetized pole-pieces, it is in fact an ordinary humbucker placed in the larger Wide Range Humbucker casing, the gap is filled with wax.
This is one important reason. Another reason is the use of 250kΩ tone pots, while the original used 1 MΩ pots. Using 250kΩ pots with hot humbuckers results in a dark and muddy sound. Most Deluxes produced have a "hard-tail" fixed bridge with Stratocaster-style string saddles, although for the first couple of years of production a vibrato bridge could be ordered with the guitar – this was the same bridge used on most Stratocasters; as this was not a standard option, models with the vibrato bridge are quite rare. Fender reintroduced the Tele Deluxe with the tremolo bridge option as a part of the Classic Player series as of 2009 together with a new variant featuring Black Dove P90-style single-coil pickups; the volume/tone knobs used on the early Deluxes were similar to those used on Fender's "Blackface"/"Silverface" range of amplifiers with a chromed "skirt" tip on the top, however in the late 1970s these were replaced with black knobs identical to those used on the Stratocaster. For 2010 Fender has released a limited factory special run of 72 Deluxe Telecasters in their Road Worn Line available in black and olympic white nitrocellulose finishes with the neck and body being aged in appearance, along with aged hardware.
The Telecaster Deluxe is similar to another Fender model sold in the 1970s – the Telecaster Custom. The Custom can be differentiated from the Deluxe by its use of the "classic Tele"-style neck & headstock, as well as the "ashtray" style bridge and single-coil slanted bridge pickup used by all other Telecaster models; the Custom was available with a rosewood fretboard, whereas the Deluxe was only available with maple. The Telecaster Thinline featured a version with two "Wide Range" humbuckers, in most other respects these guitars are similar. Electronically, the Tele Deluxe resembles the Gibson Les Paul – as both models have dual humbucking pickups, an upper-bout mounted 3-way pickup selector switch, independent volume/tone controls for each pickup. A small number of Telecaster Deluxes' left the factory fitted with Stratocaster tremolos; these tremolo equipped Telecaste
The Beastie Boys were an American hip hop group from New York City formed in 1981. The group comprised Adam "MCA" Yauch and Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz; the Beastie Boys were formed as a four-piece hardcore punk band, the Young Aborigines, in 1979 by Mike D, MCA, John Berry and Kate Schellenbach. They appeared on the compilation cassette New York Thrash, contributing two songs from their first EP, Polly Wog Stew, in 1982. Berry was replaced by Horovitz. After achieving local success with the 1983 experimental hip hop single "Cooky Puss", the Beastie Boys made a full transition to hip hop, Schellenbach left the group soon after, they toured with Madonna in 1985 and a year released their debut album Licensed to Ill. It was followed by Paul's Boutique, Check Your Head, Ill Communication, Hello Nasty, To the 5 Boroughs, The Mix-Up, Hot Sauce Committee Part Two; the Beastie Boys have sold 26 million records in the United States and 50 million records worldwide, making them the biggest-selling rap group since Billboard began recording sales in 1991.
With seven platinum-selling albums from 1986 to 2004, the Beastie Boys were one of the longest-lived hip hop acts worldwide. In 2012, they became the third rap group to be inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. In the same year, MCA died of cancer. In 2014, Mike D confirmed. Prior to forming the Beastie Boys, Michael Diamond was part of a number of bands such as the Walden Jazz Band, BAN, The Young Aborigines; the Beastie Boys formed in July 1981 when the Young Aborigines bassist Jeremy Shatan left New York City for the summer and the remaining members Michael Diamond, John Berry and Kate Schellenbach formed a new hardcore punk band with Adam Yauch called Beastie Boys. In an interview on The Tonight Show in October 2018, Mike D stated that the Beastie name is an acronym, it stands for "Boys Entering Anarchistic States Towards Inner Excellence". The band supported Bad Brains, the Dead Kennedys, the Misfits and Reagan Youth at venues such as CBGB, A7, Trudy Hellers Place and Max's Kansas City, playing at the latter venue on its closing night.
In November 1982, the Beastie Boys recorded the 7" EP Polly Wog Stew at 171A studios, an early recorded example of New York hardcore. On November 13, 1982, the Beastie Boys played Philip Pucci's birthday for the purposes of his short concert film of the Beastie Boys, Beastie. Pucci held the concert in Bard College's Preston Drama Dance Department Theatre; this performance marked the Beastie Boys' first on screen appearance in a published motion picture. Pucci's concept for Beastie was to distribute a mixture of both a half dozen 16 mm Bell & Howell Filmo cameras, 16 mm Bolex cameras to audience members and ask that they capture the Beastie Boys performance from the audience's own point of view while a master sync sound camera filmed from the balcony of the abandoned theater where the performance was held; the opening band for that performance was The Young and the Useless, which featured Adam Horovitz as the lead singer. A one-minute clip of Beastie was subsequently excerpted and licensed by the Beastie Boys for use in the "Egg Raid on Mojo" segment of the "Skills to Pay the Bills" long-form home video released by Capitol Records.
"Skills to Pay the Bills" went on to be certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. Berry left the group in 1982 and was replaced by Horovitz, who had become close friends with the Beastie Boys; as of that year, the Beastie Boys band made a full transition to hip hop, was composed of three young Americans of Jewish descent: "Mike D", "MCA", "Ad-Rock". The band recorded and performed its first hip hop track, "Cooky Puss", based on a prank call by the group to a Carvel Ice Cream franchise in 1983, it was a part of the new lineup's first EP called Cooky Puss, the first piece of work that showed their incorporation of the underground rap phenomenon and the use of samples. It became a hit in New York underground dance clubs and night clubs. "Beastie Revolution" was sampled for a British Airways commercial. The Beastie Boys sued them over the use of the song. Due to the success of "Cooky Puss", they began to incorporate rap into their sets, they ended up getting an NYU student named Rick Rubin.
Soon thereafter, Rubin began producing records. He formed Def Jam Recordings with fellow NY University student Russell Simmons, approached the band about producing them for his new label. Around the same time, the band made a more complete switch over from a punk rock outfit to a three-man rap trio with drummer Kate Schellenbach leaving the group and Diamond and Horovitz each adopting their own hip hop monikers—Mike D, MCA and Ad-Rock respectively, they released the 12-inch single "Rock Hard" in 1984, which would be the second record released by Def Jam crediting Rubin as producer. In 1985, the band opened for John Lydon's post-Sex Pistols band Public Image Ltd. as well as supporting Madonna on her North American The Virgin Tour. Headlining with Fishbone and Murphy's Law with DJ Hurricane and in the year, the group was on the Raising Hell tour with Run-DMC, Whodini, LL Cool J, the Timex Social Club. With their exposure on this tour, the track "Hold It Now, Hit It" charted on Billboard's US R&B and dance charts.
The track "She's on It" from the Krush Groove soundtrack continued in a rap/metal vein while a double A-side 12", "Paul Revere/
Even If It Kills Me
If It Kills Me is the third studio album by American rock band Motion City Soundtrack. Produced by Ric Ocasek, Adam Schlesinger and Eli Janney, the album was released on September 18, 2007, in the United States by Epitaph Records. Motion City Soundtrack, based in Minneapolis, made a breakthrough with their second album, Commit This to Memory, garnering praise and independent buzz upon its 2005 release. Following the release, the band toured relentlessly over the next two years, during which time frontman Justin Pierre struggled with alcohol and substance abuse; these addictions were infused into the writing process of Even If Kills Me, recorded in early 2007 Stratosphere Studios in Chelsea and the legendary Electric Lady Studios in Greenwich Village. The album debuted at number 16 on the Billboard 200 and number one on the magazine's Independent Albums chart, representing a career best at the time. "Broken Heart" and "This Is for Real" were the album's first two singles. The album received favorable reviews from music critics.
The band played to larger crowds on the tours supporting Commit This to Memory, including over 9,000 fans on a Chicago date in 2005. The group "toured incessantly," including dates on the Warped Tour 2005. Afterwards, the band joined the Nintendo Fusion Tour with Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the Disco, The Starting Line, their largest nationwide tour to that point. During this time, Pierre's substance abuse nearly disbanded the group. "I think it's an understatement to say it is tough to be tied to Justin's emotions," Cain remarked. If It Kills Me was recorded in early 2007 at Stratosphere Studios in Chelsea and Electric Lady Studios in Greenwich Village. While recording the album, Pierre strove to sing more than he had in the past, out of fear he would blow his voice out touring the album, he felt his vocal performances on the album were not his best. He struggled with writer's block during the sessions and found himself writing lyrics while recording the song, which had never happened before. In addition, the band were worried their songs would not be catchy enough after their predecessor was so successful.
The album was co-produced by Adam Schlesinger of Fountains of Wayne and Eli Janney of Girls Against Boys. "Adam works ten times faster than most people and he's onto the next thing before you have a chance to think about what you did, so it was kind of like playing catch up," Pierre recalled. Part of the record being produced by Ric Ocasek of The Cars. Weezer's 1994 debut was among the band's collective favorite albums, they jumped at the chance to work with Ocasek; the band was close to not booking Ocasek, "but he called us back at the 11th hour," said Pierre. Schlesinger and Janney pushed the band to try new things, while Ocasek was more content with leaving things as is. Pierre expanded upon this in a 2015 interview, noting that he was disappointed with Ocasek's involvement: Pierre called Chris Shaw, Ocasek's engineer, the "MVP" of the album, noting that he picked the best vocal takes and made it sound "amazing." Following completion of the album, Pierre entered a three-week rehabilitation program for alcohol and drug abuse.
The band were apart for a six-week stretch in the summer of 2007, marking their longest break apart in five years. "It might sound cliched, but we all had a chance to do some growing up," said Cain. Pierre's improved mental state inspired the lyrics; the album still finds Pierre "stuck between bursting bouts of giddiness and depression," best reflected in the album's singles, which represent "flip sides of the romantic coin." The presence of Johnson's Moog is stronger than it was on the band's last effort, where it took a back seat to guitar-driven rock."Last Night" originated counter to the band's typical writing process: Cain began finger-picking on the guitar, unusual to the band's style, the group composed the song on the spot. Pierre wrote the lyrics in one sitting, with the demo version's lyrics bearing close resemblance to the final version. Drawing inspiration from the film Memento, he noted to an interviewer that he included a secret code to the song: "Think of that movie and listen to that song again.
It might make more sense." The song retains its catchiness. "The Conversation" is a "minimalist piano ballad" unlike much anything the band had done to this point. The song arose when Taylor was tooling around a piano at the band's rehearsal space, Pierre accompanied him, they were unsure due to the song's bare structure, felt it too reminiscent of the work of Ben Folds The song is based off a conversation Pierre had with his girlfriend during a relationship that fell apart during the writing of their previous album."Hello Helicopter" is the band's only overtly political track, is written from an apathetic point of view. "I try not to be too heavy-handed. It's kind of just a laundry list of things that bum me out," said Pierre; the song includes guest vocals from Max Bemis of Say Anything, Rachel Minton of Zolof the Rock and Roll Destroyer and Shawn Harris of The Matches