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Kepelino

Zepherin "Kepelino" Kahōʻāliʻi Keauokalani was a Native Hawaiian cultural historian who wrote Kepelino's Traditions of Hawaii. Born into a family descended from both the Hawaiian priestly class and nobility, Kepelino converted to Roman Catholicism with his family at an early age, he was educated by Catholic missionaries and joined the mission to Tahiti before returning to finish his education in Honolulu. He became an editor of a Hawaiian language newspaper for Hawaiian Catholics and contributed many written works to the history and culture of Hawaii. Serving as a private secretary to Queen Emma of Hawaii, he espoused her candidacy for the throne in the 1874 monarchical election against Kalākaua. After the queen's loss in the election and Kalākaua's accession to the throne, Kepelino became involved in an attempt to overthrow the new king in favor of Queen Emma, which led to his trial and imprisonment for treason. Kepelino is the Hawaiianized pronunciation of Zephyrin, his names are rendered in many forms.

Confusingly, he used the names Keauokalani interchangeably as his surname. He signed his names as Z. Teauotalani, Zepherin Keauokalani, John P. Zephyrina Kahoalii and other alternate forms; the most complete name he used was Zepherin Kuhopu Kahoalii Kameeiamoku Kuikauwai. Born at Kailua-Kona, on the island of Hawaii, around 1830, he was named Kahōʻāliʻikumaieiwakamoku, which meant "to-be-the-chief-of-the-nine-districts", after the traditional districts of Hilo, Puna, Kaʻū, North Kona, South Kona, North Kohala, South Kohala, Hāmākua, Mokuola, his father Namiki was a descendant of the priestly lineage of Paʻao, his mother Kahiwa Kānekapōlei was a daughter of King Kamehameha I, the founder of the Kingdom of Hawaii. A sister named. In 1853, Kepelino met French writer Jules Rémy and provided him with a genealogy of the priestly line of Paʻao. Rémy would use of Namiki's unpublished works in his narrative Récits d'un vieux sauvage pour servir à l'histoire ancienne de Havaii; until the 1839 Edict of Toleration, Roman Catholicism was banned, French missionaries were deported and Hawaiians converts persecuted under the reign of the ultra Protestant Queen Kaʻahumanu who ruled as regent for King Kamehameha III.

French military intervention in 1839 forced the Kamehameha III to lift the persecution and allow the Catholic missionaries to establish a mission in the Hawaiian Islands. On June 26, 1840, Catholic missionaries Father Arsenius Walsh and Father Ernest Heurtel came from Honolulu to Kailua to establish a mission on the island of Hawaii, which became the St. Michael the Archangel Church. Kepelino and his parents were among the first Hawaiians in Kailua to convert to the Catholic faith. After his conversion, he was given the name Zepherin or Kepelino after the second-century Pope Zephyrinus. Sent to Honolulu, Kepelino was educated by the Catholic missionaries to be a lay teacher and received a basic education in reading, writing and arithmetic. In 1847, he accompanied Father Heurtel as an assistant missionary to Tahiti, in hope that he would be able to attract young Tahitian converts to Catholicism, his passage was paid by the Vicar Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands. Heurtel and Kepelino arrived in Tahiti on July 6 after a thirty-one days voyage.

The Tahitian Catholic mission was unsuccessful. Competition from the established Protestant mission, founded in 1797 by the London Missionary Society, proved too fierce, the family and children of Tahitian Protestants were ordered by the Protestant clergy to not socialize with Kepelino. Without an assigned purpose, the restless youth became idle and cause mischief in the mission. Father Heurtel, fearing the young Hawaiian would be "lost in this Babylon of ours", wrote a letter to Bishop Maigret on August 25, asking Kepelino be sent back to Hawaii: Something else. I had taken along with me Zepherin in order to try to attract the kanaka children to the school, he would have succeeded if it had been possible. There are children who liked him much, but the Protestant ministers are as bad at Tahiti as those of Sandwich and they caused to be demolished what he wanted to build, they told the parents that if they allowed the children to go to the Pope they would cease to belong to the church. The intimidated parents have forbidden their children to come to see us, they all have left.

Since Zepherin, having nothing more to occupy him, has got bored. I ask Bishop, to send him to Hawaii by the first occasion. Returning to Hawaii, nothing much is known about his life for a period of time. Between 1861 and 1869, he continued his education at the College of ʻĀhuimanu, founded in 1846 by the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. Learning English, French and Greek, he was taught by Bishop Maigret. From 1860 to 1861, he wrote for the Hawaiian Catholic newspaper Ka Hae Kiritiano where he published what were described as “controversial letters” under the name of “Z. Kahoalii”. In 1869, he wrote letters for another newspaper Ka Hae Katolika and composed three dirges for Father Walsh. All these publications were dated from Honouliuli, Oahu where he was living. During this period, Kepelino lived with a student of Hawaiian lore named Koha and became part of small group of Hawaiians who met to discuss Hawaiian histo

Staffordshire County League (South)

The Staffordshire County League was an English football league that existed from 1892 until 1996 and catered for clubs in the South Staffordshire area. It was known at various times as the Walsall & District Junior League, Walsall & District League, Walsall Senior League; the league was formed as the Walsall & District Junior League in May 1892 following a meeting of representatives of various local clubs at the People's Coffee House in Walsall. The nine founder members were Bloxwich Strollers, Brownhills Albion, Cannock Town, Cotterill's, Lichfield Leomansley, Tettenhall Wood, Walsall Rangers, Wolverhampton Presbyterians and Wolverhampton St Chad's, but Lichfield Leomansley and Walsall Rangers withdrew during the 1892–93 season and their playing records were removed. Brownhills Albion won the inaugural championship. In 1897 the league dropped the word "Junior" from its title, as its member clubs were felt to be of a higher standard than the name suggested. A new Walsall & District Junior League was formed the following year for lesser clubs.

As with many other leagues in this era, clubs left the league and new clubs joined every season, with the league fluctuating in size every year. In 1908 a Second Division was added; the league began to decline in size until in the 1913–14 season only five teams competed, one of those resigned after only three matches. After that season, the league shut down for the duration of the First World War; the league resumed in 1920 with 15 member clubs, including the reserve teams of a number of more senior clubs, a year was renamed the Walsall Senior League. Following the 1922–23 season, however, a number of clubs resigned to join the Birmingham Combination and the league closed down once again, owing to insufficient numbers, it resumed play in 1930, once again as the Walsall & District League, but once again declined in size, as clubs found it hard to continue during the difficult economic conditions of the 1930s. The league once again shut down during the Second World War. After the war the league once again adopted the Walsall Senior League name, but in 1950 adopted its final name of the Staffordshire County League.

In the early 1950s the competition was dominated by Shelfield Athletic, who won the league for five consecutive seasons. A Second Division was again added in 1956. Walsall & District Junior LeagueWalsall & District LeagueDivision Two was added in 1908. Division Two was abandoned after one season; the League was inactive between 1914 and 1920. Walsall Senior LeagueThe League was inactive between 1923 and 1930. Walsall & District LeagueThe League was inactive from 1939 until 1945 Walsall Senior LeagueStaffordshire County League Division Two was added in 1956. Division Two was abandoned after one season. Division Two was added in 1964. Division Two was abandoned after one season. Division Two was added in 1969. In 1974 Division One was renamed Division Two was renamed Division One; the League was reduced to a single division in 1993. The League folded in 1996. General Robinson, Michael. Non-League Football Tables 1889–2013. Soccerbooks. ISBN 978-1-86223-273-0. Specific